Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

difference structuralism & post-structuralism


Published on

Published in: Education

difference structuralism & post-structuralism

  1. 1. Differences: Structuralism & Post-structuralism Name: Saryu D. Baraiya Subject: Literary Theory & Criticism (Paper-VII) Roll No: 27 Study: M.A. Year: Semester – II Submitted to: Department of English University: Maharaja Krishnakumarsinhji Bhavnagar University
  2. 2. Differences: Structuralism & Post-structuralism Structuralism: o It is a literary theory. o It can be related it with text and make study of text. o System of recurrent patterns or motifs. o Studied the underlying structure. Post-structuralism: o Post-structuralism is a response to Structuralism. o The rejection of the self-sufficiency of the structures. o Closely related to Post-modernism. o Argues that study of underlying structure is reason of bias and misinterpretation. o Study must be done on base of knowledge.
  3. 3. Differences: Structuralism & Post-structuralism  Two types of differences: Differences: Structuralism & Post-structuralism Practical Difference Theoretical Difference
  4. 4. Differences: Structuralism & Post-structuralism Theoretical Difference Origins Tone and Style Attitude to Language Project By
  5. 5. Differences: Structuralism & Post-structuralism Origin Structuralism Post-structuralism  Derives from Linguistics.  Observe accurately.  Collect data systematically.  Logical deduction.  Able to find reliable conclusion.  Inherits Scientific outlook.  Believes in system, method and reason.  Able to establish reliable truth.  Derives from Philosophy.  It is just oral.  Sceptical by nature.  Usually undercuts.  Questions notions and assumption.  Inherits habit of scepticism.  Fully conscious about the irony and paradox.
  6. 6. Differences: Structuralism & Post-structuralism Tone & Style Structuralism Post-structuralism  Abstraction and Generalization  Derivation from linguistic science  Example: ‘Introduction to the Structural Analysis of Narrative’ (1966) by Roland Barthes.  Tone: Typical  Step by step exposition.  Complete with diagrams  Style: Neutral and Typical  Scientific writing  Aim: Scientific coolness  Much more emotive  Bas on a word play  Puns and Allusion  Tone: Urgent and Euphoric  Style: Flamboyant and Self- consciously showy  Aim: An engaged warmth
  7. 7. Differences: Structuralism & Post-structuralism Attitude to Language Structuralism Post-structuralism  The linguistic medium  An orderly system  Not choice  Use: To think and to perceive  Language is threat  Reality is textual  Not achieving any knowledge through language  Verbal sign  Meanings are fluid  Not fully in control of language  Constantly ‘SLIPPAGE’ of subject  Metaphorical base of words Use: to deconstruct a text
  8. 8. Differences: Structuralism & Post-structuralism Project By Structuralism Post-structuralism  Questions our way of structuring and categorizing reality  Free of habitual modes of perception or categorization  More reliable view of thing  Much more fundamental  Human being as an independent entity  Individual is a product of social and linguistic force  Tissue of textualities  Scepticism as torch  Burn away intellectual ground  Western civilization built on it
  9. 9. Differences: Structuralism & Post-structuralism Practical Differences: Structuralism Post-structuralism o Parallels / Echoes o Balances oReflections / Repetitions o Symmetry o Contrasts o Patterns o Effect: to show textual unity and coherence o Contradictions/ Paradox o Shifts/ Breaks in: Tone, Viewpoint, Tense, Time, Person, Attitude o Conflicts o Absences/ Omissions o Linguistic quirks o Aporia o Effect: to show textual disunity
  10. 10. Thank you….