This is Karl MARX. Remember his name: he’s one of the most importan t thinkers of modern(ish) times. To put it short, this is wh at he thought: 1. Society is in a state of CONFLICT between the rich and the poor. 5. Marx called this arrangement the RELATIONS OF PRODUCTION and argued it EXPLOITED the SUBJECT CLASS (or the PROLETARIAT). 3. CAPITALISM is an economic system where a small minority of society own the FORCES OF PRODUCTION (factories & information). 4. This minority is called the RULING CLASS (or the BOURGEOSIE) – they employ people to work for them to produce goods that they sell. 2. Society uses a system called CAPITALISM to keep the rich - rich and the poor – poor.
Marx argued that there was serious CLASS CONFLICT in CAPITALIST society because of this exploitation. He argued that the RULING CLASS , in particular, were suffering from FALSE CLASS CONSCIOUSNESS . This means that they were just not aware of how much they were being exploited as workers and consumers. IDEOLOGY was responsible for this FALSE CLASS CONSCIOUSNESS .
Strengths of Marxism…. <ul><li>It’s a structuralist approach which links the major institutions. </li></ul><ul><li>Emphasises the importance of the econom. </li></ul><ul><li>Marxism has been a major influence on the media. </li></ul><ul><li>Acknowledges what people think of the way in which society is organised and their place in it. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Marxism can over-emphasise conflict when there must be harmony and shared values for social order to be possible. </li></ul><ul><li>Classic Marxism has ignored the role of women in society. </li></ul><ul><li>Society doesn’t always operate in the interests of the ruling class. </li></ul>