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Agriculture

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  • 1. Culture = cultivation agri = soil
  • 2. Agriculture is the science, art and industry of managing the growth of plants and animals for make use of by humans. In general, agriculture includes soil cultivation, growing and harvesting crops, raising and breeding livestock, dairy,
  • 3. Depending upon the geographical conditions, demand of produce, labor and level of technology, farming is divided into TWO main types Subsis tence Farmi ng Comme rcial Farmin g
  • 4. Practised to meet the needs of the farmer’s family Low levels of technology and small amount of labour is used Output of subsistence farming is used for the existence of the farmer’s family
  • 5. Subsistence Farming
  • 6. Farmer cultivates a small plot of land Uses simple tools and more labour More than one crop annually because of more number of days with sunshine
  • 7. What is shifting cultivation? Oh yeah~
  • 8. Easy to grow quickly Not long term Environmentally friendly because it is organic farming Not good for land that is used only for one type of crop It is often a form of weed control. Not enough food It can play a part in pest management. Not cost effective Troublesome to move around all the time It may reduce the incidence of soil-borne diseases.
  • 9. Cutting of trees Burning of felled trees
  • 10. • Minimize cultivation as much as possible. • Try to use less aggressive forms of cultivation. • Cultivate at an appropriate soil moisture content (especially when using aggressive implements) • • When you are using implements that mix soil throughout the cultivation depth, restrict the depth of working to 5 cm or less.