Presentation by Chengzheng Sun and Clarence (Skip) Ellis. Real-time CE (Cooperative Editing) systems allow multiple geographically dispersed users to view and edit a shared document at the same time. The Sun and Ellis presentation discusses the Major technological components of an Operational transformation System for CE, including: Distributed computing (Computer networks/Internet), Interactive computing (Human-Computer interaction), and, Collaborative computing (Human-Human interaction). Google established Operational Transformation as the heart and soul of the Collaborative Computing Age when they used the Operational Transformation as the Wave/Federation protocol. Florian Reuter pushed OT technology further when he developed OTXML, a flowing but very rich and complex document model for Collaborative Computing.