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Common Rules for...
Common Rules for...Commas★"Opener" Commas (at the beginning)★"Interrupter" Commas (in the middle)★"Compound" Commas ( join...
The "Opener" Comma
The "Opener" CommaRULE #1: Use a comma to set off an opener or after any          introductory element in a sentence.
The "Opener" Comma  RULE #1: Use a comma to set off an opener or after any               introductory element in a sentenc...
The "Opener" Comma  RULE #1: Use a comma to set off an opener or after any               introductory element in a sentenc...
The "Opener" Comma  RULE #1: Use a comma to set off an opener or after any               introductory element in a sentenc...
The "Opener" Comma  RULE #1: Use a comma to set off an opener or after any               introductory element in a sentenc...
The "Opener" Comma  RULE #1: Use a comma to set off an opener or after any               introductory element in a sentenc...
The "Opener" Comma  RULE #1: Use a comma to set off an opener or after any               introductory element in a sentenc...
The "Opener" Comma  RULE #1: Use a comma to set off an opener or after any               introductory element in a sentenc...
The "Interrupter" Comma
The "Interrupter" CommaRULE #2: Use two commas to set off an interrupter or a         phrase that interrupts the main sent...
The "Interrupter" CommaRULE #2: Use two commas to set off an interrupter or a         phrase that interrupts the main sent...
The "Interrupter" Comma  RULE #2: Use two commas to set off an interrupter or a           phrase that interrupts the main ...
The "Interrupter" Comma  RULE #2: Use two commas to set off an interrupter or a           phrase that interrupts the main ...
The "Interrupter" Comma  RULE #2: Use two commas to set off an interrupter or a           phrase that interrupts the main ...
The "Interrupter" Comma  RULE #2: Use two commas to set off an interrupter or a           phrase that interrupts the main ...
The "Interrupter" Comma  RULE #2: Use two commas to set off an interrupter or a           phrase that interrupts the main ...
The "Interrupter" Comma  RULE #2: Use two commas to set off an interrupter or a           phrase that interrupts the main ...
The "Interrupter" Comma  RULE #2: Use two commas to set off an interrupter or a           phrase that interrupts the main ...
The "Compound" Comma
The "Compound" CommaRULE #3: Use a comma and conjunction to connect two complete sentences
The "Compound" CommaRULE #3: Use a comma and conjunction to connect two complete sentences                                ...
The "Compound" CommaRULE #3: Use a comma and conjunction to connect two complete sentences                                ...
The "Compound" CommaRULE #3: Use a comma and conjunction to connect two complete sentences                                ...
The "Compound" Comma RULE #3: Use a comma and conjunction to connect two complete sentences                               ...
The "Compound" Comma RULE #3: Use a comma and conjunction to connect two complete sentences                               ...
The "Compound" Comma RULE #3: Use a comma and conjunction to connect two complete sentences                               ...
The "Compound" Comma RULE #3: Use a comma and conjunction to connect two complete sentences                               ...
The "Compound" Comma RULE #3: Use a comma and conjunction to connect two complete sentences                               ...
The "Compound" Comma RULE #3: Use a comma and conjunction to connect two complete sentences                               ...
The "Compound" Comma RULE #3: Use a comma and conjunction to connect two complete sentences                               ...
The "Compound" Comma RULE #3: Use a comma and conjunction to connect two complete sentences                               ...
The "Compound" Comma RULE #3: Use a comma and conjunction to connect two complete sentences                               ...
The "Compound" Comma RULE #3: Use a comma and conjunction to connect two complete sentences                               ...
The "Compound" Comma RULE #3: Use a comma and conjunction to connect two complete sentences                               ...
The "Compound" Comma RULE #3: Use a comma and conjunction to connect two complete sentences                               ...
The "Compound" Comma RULE #3: Use a comma and conjunction to connect two complete sentences                               ...
The "Compound" Comma RULE #3: Use a comma and conjunction to connect two complete sentences                               ...
The "Compound" Comma RULE #3: Use a comma and conjunction to connect two complete sentences                               ...
The "Compound" Comma RULE #3: Use a comma and conjunction to connect two complete sentences                               ...
The "Compound" Comma RULE #3: Use a comma and conjunction to connect two complete sentences                               ...
The "Series" Comma
The "Series" CommaRule #4: Use commas between items and phrases in a series:
The "Series" CommaRule #4: Use commas between items and phrases in a series:  Sente        , ,  n          c      ,   and ...
The "Series" CommaRule #4: Use commas between items and phrases in a series:  Sente EXAMPLES:                   , ,      n...
The "Series" CommaRule #4: Use commas between items and phrases in a series:  Sente EXAMPLES:                   , ,      n...
The "Series" CommaRule #4: Use commas between items and phrases in a series:  Sente EXAMPLES:                   , ,      n...
The "Series" CommaRule #4: Use commas between items and phrases in a series:  Sente EXAMPLES:                   , ,      n...
The "Series" CommaRule #4: Use commas between items and phrases in a series:  Sente EXAMPLES:                   , ,      n...
The "Series" CommaRule #4: Use commas between items and phrases in a series:  Sente EXAMPLES:                   , ,      n...
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Comma Notes #1

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Notes for Introductory Commas, Compound Commas, Commas in a Series, and Interrupter Commas

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  • Transcript of "Comma Notes #1"

    1. 1. Common Rules for...
    2. 2. Common Rules for...Commas★"Opener" Commas (at the beginning)★"Interrupter" Commas (in the middle)★"Compound" Commas ( join em)★ "Series" Commas (list em)
    3. 3. The "Opener" Comma
    4. 4. The "Opener" CommaRULE #1: Use a comma to set off an opener or after any introductory element in a sentence.
    5. 5. The "Opener" Comma RULE #1: Use a comma to set off an opener or after any introductory element in a sentence. Opener , sentence .EXAMPLES: NotesAt the end of the game, lets order a pizza.No, I would rather order sub sandwiches.Jane, what do you want to order.Well, Im not sure I can wait that long.After we watch the halftime show, Ill be hungry.Wow, I cant believe were still talking about this.
    6. 6. The "Opener" Comma RULE #1: Use a comma to set off an opener or after any introductory element in a sentence. Opener , sentence .EXAMPLES: NotesAt the end of the game, lets order a pizza. ✓ Speaking to someoneNo, I would rather order sub sandwiches.Jane, what do you want to order.Well, Im not sure I can wait that long.After we watch the halftime show, Ill be hungry.Wow, I cant believe were still talking about this.
    7. 7. The "Opener" Comma RULE #1: Use a comma to set off an opener or after any introductory element in a sentence. Opener , sentence .EXAMPLES: NotesAt the end of the game, lets order a pizza. ✓ Speaking to someoneNo, I would rather order sub sandwiches. ✓ Yes /NoJane, what do you want to order.Well, Im not sure I can wait that long.After we watch the halftime show, Ill be hungry.Wow, I cant believe were still talking about this.
    8. 8. The "Opener" Comma RULE #1: Use a comma to set off an opener or after any introductory element in a sentence. Opener , sentence .EXAMPLES: NotesAt the end of the game, lets order a pizza. ✓ Speaking to someoneNo, I would rather order sub sandwiches. ✓ Yes /No ✓ AAAWWUBBIS wordsJane, what do you want to order.Well, Im not sure I can wait that long.After we watch the halftime show, Ill be hungry.Wow, I cant believe were still talking about this.
    9. 9. The "Opener" Comma RULE #1: Use a comma to set off an opener or after any introductory element in a sentence. Opener , sentence .EXAMPLES: NotesAt the end of the game, lets order a pizza. ✓ Speaking to someoneNo, I would rather order sub sandwiches. ✓ Yes /No ✓ AAAWWUBBIS wordsJane, what do you want to order. ✓ Mild Exclamations like hey,Well, Im not sure I can wait that long. wow, etc...After we watch the halftime show, Ill be hungry.Wow, I cant believe were still talking about this.
    10. 10. The "Opener" Comma RULE #1: Use a comma to set off an opener or after any introductory element in a sentence. Opener , sentence .EXAMPLES: NotesAt the end of the game, lets order a pizza. ✓ Speaking to someoneNo, I would rather order sub sandwiches. ✓ Yes /No ✓ AAAWWUBBIS wordsJane, what do you want to order. ✓ Mild Exclamations like hey,Well, Im not sure I can wait that long. wow, etc... ✓ Transition words/phrasesAfter we watch the halftime show, Ill be hungry.Wow, I cant believe were still talking about this.
    11. 11. The "Opener" Comma RULE #1: Use a comma to set off an opener or after any introductory element in a sentence. Opener , sentence .EXAMPLES: NotesAt the end of the game, lets order a pizza. ✓ Speaking to someoneNo, I would rather order sub sandwiches. ✓ Yes /No ✓ AAAWWUBBIS wordsJane, what do you want to order. ✓ Mild Exclamations like hey,Well, Im not sure I can wait that long. wow, etc... ✓ Transition words/phrasesAfter we watch the halftime show, Ill be hungry. ✓ openers may have one, a few, or many wordsWow, I cant believe were still talking about this.
    12. 12. The "Interrupter" Comma
    13. 13. The "Interrupter" CommaRULE #2: Use two commas to set off an interrupter or a phrase that interrupts the main sentence.
    14. 14. The "Interrupter" CommaRULE #2: Use two commas to set off an interrupter or a phrase that interrupts the main sentence. Sent , interrupter , ence .
    15. 15. The "Interrupter" Comma RULE #2: Use two commas to set off an interrupter or a phrase that interrupts the main sentence. Sent , interrupter , ence .EXAMPLES: , ,Please take those smelly socks to the garage Kris and putthem in the washing machine. , ,My essay to be perfectly honest flew out of the bus windowwhile I was riding to school. , ,What you just ate if you must know was squid eyeball stew.
    16. 16. The "Interrupter" Comma RULE #2: Use two commas to set off an interrupter or a phrase that interrupts the main sentence. Sent , interrupter , ence .EXAMPLES: , , NotesPlease take those smelly socks to the garage Kris and putthem in the washing machine. , ,My essay to be perfectly honest flew out of the bus windowwhile I was riding to school. , ,What you just ate if you must know was squid eyeball stew.
    17. 17. The "Interrupter" Comma RULE #2: Use two commas to set off an interrupter or a phrase that interrupts the main sentence. Sent , interrupter , ence .EXAMPLES: , , NotesPlease take those smelly socks to the garage Kris and put ✓ interruptersthem in the washing machine. always need 2 commas , ,My essay to be perfectly honest flew out of the bus windowwhile I was riding to school. , ,What you just ate if you must know was squid eyeball stew.
    18. 18. The "Interrupter" Comma RULE #2: Use two commas to set off an interrupter or a phrase that interrupts the main sentence. Sent , interrupter , ence .EXAMPLES: , , NotesPlease take those smelly socks to the garage Kris and put ✓ interruptersthem in the washing machine. always need 2 commas ✓ pull out the , ,My essay to be perfectly honest flew out of the bus window interrupter and sentence makeswhile I was riding to school. sense , ,What you just ate if you must know was squid eyeball stew.
    19. 19. The "Interrupter" Comma RULE #2: Use two commas to set off an interrupter or a phrase that interrupts the main sentence. Sent , interrupter , ence .EXAMPLES: , , NotesPlease take those smelly socks to the garage Kris and put ✓ interruptersthem in the washing machine. always need 2 commas ✓ pull out the , ,My essay to be perfectly honest flew out of the bus window interrupter and sentence makeswhile I was riding to school. sense ✓ extra information , ,What you just ate if you must know was squid eyeball stew.
    20. 20. The "Interrupter" Comma RULE #2: Use two commas to set off an interrupter or a phrase that interrupts the main sentence. Sent , interrupter , ence .EXAMPLES: , , NotesPlease take those smelly socks to the garage Kris and put ✓ interruptersthem in the washing machine. always need 2 commas ✓ pull out the , ,My essay to be perfectly honest flew out of the bus window interrupter and sentence makeswhile I was riding to school. sense ✓ extra information ✓ , , howeverWhat you just ate if you must know was squid eyeball stew.
    21. 21. The "Interrupter" Comma RULE #2: Use two commas to set off an interrupter or a phrase that interrupts the main sentence. Sent , interrupter , ence .EXAMPLES: , , NotesPlease take those smelly socks to the garage Kris and put ✓ interruptersthem in the washing machine. always need 2 commas ✓ pull out the , ,My essay to be perfectly honest flew out of the bus window interrupter and sentence makeswhile I was riding to school. sense ✓ extra information ✓ , , howeverWhat you just ate if you must know was squid eyeball stew. ✓ speaking to people
    22. 22. The "Compound" Comma
    23. 23. The "Compound" CommaRULE #3: Use a comma and conjunction to connect two complete sentences
    24. 24. The "Compound" CommaRULE #3: Use a comma and conjunction to connect two complete sentences Coordinating Conjunctions and FANBOYS or for nor so but yet
    25. 25. The "Compound" CommaRULE #3: Use a comma and conjunction to connect two complete sentences Coordinating Conjunctions and FANBOYS or forSentence nor so but yet
    26. 26. The "Compound" CommaRULE #3: Use a comma and conjunction to connect two complete sentences Coordinating Conjunctions and FANBOYS or forSentence nor so sentence but yet
    27. 27. The "Compound" Comma RULE #3: Use a comma and conjunction to connect two complete sentences Coordinating Conjunctions and FANBOYS or , . for Sentence nor so sentence but yetExamples:
    28. 28. The "Compound" Comma RULE #3: Use a comma and conjunction to connect two complete sentences Coordinating Conjunctions and FANBOYS or , . for Sentence nor so sentence but yetExamples:I really like country music
    29. 29. The "Compound" Comma RULE #3: Use a comma and conjunction to connect two complete sentences Coordinating Conjunctions and FANBOYS or , . for Sentence nor so sentence but yetExamples:I really like country music I like classical music too.
    30. 30. The "Compound" Comma RULE #3: Use a comma and conjunction to connect two complete sentences Coordinating Conjunctions and FANBOYS or , . for Sentence nor so sentence but yetExamples:I really like country music but I like classical music too.
    31. 31. The "Compound" Comma RULE #3: Use a comma and conjunction to connect two complete sentences Coordinating Conjunctions and FANBOYS or , . for Sentence nor so sentence but yetExamples:I really like country music , but I like classical music too.
    32. 32. The "Compound" Comma RULE #3: Use a comma and conjunction to connect two complete sentences Coordinating Conjunctions and FANBOYS or , . for Sentence nor so sentence but yetExamples:I really like country music , but I like classical music too.Tigers have sharp claws and teeth
    33. 33. The "Compound" Comma RULE #3: Use a comma and conjunction to connect two complete sentences Coordinating Conjunctions and FANBOYS or , . for Sentence nor so sentence but yetExamples:I really like country music , but I like classical music too.Tigers have sharp claws and teeth they know how to use them.
    34. 34. The "Compound" Comma RULE #3: Use a comma and conjunction to connect two complete sentences Coordinating Conjunctions and FANBOYS or , . for Sentence nor so sentence but yetExamples:I really like country music , but I like classical music too.Tigers have sharp claws and teeth and they know how to use them.
    35. 35. The "Compound" Comma RULE #3: Use a comma and conjunction to connect two complete sentences Coordinating Conjunctions and FANBOYS or , . for Sentence nor so sentence but yetExamples:I really like country music , but I like classical music too.Tigers have sharp claws and teeth , and they know how to use them.
    36. 36. The "Compound" Comma RULE #3: Use a comma and conjunction to connect two complete sentences Coordinating Conjunctions and FANBOYS or , . for Sentence nor so sentence but yetExamples:I really like country music , but I like classical music too.Tigers have sharp claws and teeth , and they know how to use them.Im coughing all the time
    37. 37. The "Compound" Comma RULE #3: Use a comma and conjunction to connect two complete sentences Coordinating Conjunctions and FANBOYS or , . for Sentence nor so sentence but yetExamples:I really like country music , but I like classical music too.Tigers have sharp claws and teeth , and they know how to use them.Im coughing all the time ,
    38. 38. The "Compound" Comma RULE #3: Use a comma and conjunction to connect two complete sentences Coordinating Conjunctions and FANBOYS or , . for Sentence nor so sentence but yetExamples:I really like country music , but I like classical music too.Tigers have sharp claws and teeth , and they know how to use them.Im coughing all the time , so
    39. 39. The "Compound" Comma RULE #3: Use a comma and conjunction to connect two complete sentences Coordinating Conjunctions and FANBOYS or , . for Sentence nor so sentence but yetExamples:I really like country music , but I like classical music too.Tigers have sharp claws and teeth , and they know how to use them.Im coughing all the time , so I think I should see a doctor.
    40. 40. The "Compound" Comma RULE #3: Use a comma and conjunction to connect two complete sentences Coordinating Conjunctions and FANBOYS or , . for Sentence nor so sentence but yet NotesExamples:I really like country music , but I like classical music too.Tigers have sharp claws and teeth , and they know how to use them.Im coughing all the time , so I think I should see a doctor.
    41. 41. The "Compound" Comma RULE #3: Use a comma and conjunction to connect two complete sentences Coordinating Conjunctions and FANBOYS or , . for Sentence nor so sentence but yet NotesExamples:I really like country music , but I like classical music too. ✓ Must have 2Tigers have sharp claws and teeth , and they know how to use them. complete sentences on both sides of the conjunctionIm coughing all the time , so I think I should see a doctor.
    42. 42. The "Compound" Comma RULE #3: Use a comma and conjunction to connect two complete sentences Coordinating Conjunctions and FANBOYS or , . for Sentence nor so sentence but yet NotesExamples:I really like country music , but I like classical music too. ✓ Must have 2Tigers have sharp claws and teeth , and they know how to use them. complete sentences on both sides of the conjunctionIm coughing all the time , so I think I should see a doctor. ✓ Dont use with compound subject.NOT if you dont have 2 complete sentences:
    43. 43. The "Compound" Comma RULE #3: Use a comma and conjunction to connect two complete sentences Coordinating Conjunctions and FANBOYS or , . for Sentence nor so sentence but yet NotesExamples:I really like country music , but I like classical music too. ✓ Must have 2Tigers have sharp claws and teeth , and they know how to use them. complete sentences on both sides of the conjunctionIm coughing all the time , so I think I should see a doctor. ✓ Dont use with compound subject.NOT if you dont have 2 complete sentences:Jenna is very excited for summer but doesnt want to go camping. NOT C OMPLETE SENTENCE
    44. 44. The "Series" Comma
    45. 45. The "Series" CommaRule #4: Use commas between items and phrases in a series:
    46. 46. The "Series" CommaRule #4: Use commas between items and phrases in a series: Sente , , n c , and optional e .
    47. 47. The "Series" CommaRule #4: Use commas between items and phrases in a series: Sente EXAMPLES: , , n c , and optional e . , , This morning I woke up got dressed brushed my , teeth and ate breakfast. , My favorite chips are mesquite barbeque cool , ranch and garden salsa. , , He went to the store to buy milk butter and eggs. , , John typed the letter Mary copied it and I mailed it.
    48. 48. The "Series" CommaRule #4: Use commas between items and phrases in a series: Sente EXAMPLES: , , n c , and optional e . , , This morning I woke up got dressed brushed my Notes , teeth and ate breakfast. , My favorite chips are mesquite barbeque cool , ranch and garden salsa. , , He went to the store to buy milk butter and eggs. , , John typed the letter Mary copied it and I mailed it.
    49. 49. The "Series" CommaRule #4: Use commas between items and phrases in a series: Sente EXAMPLES: , , n c , and optional e . , , This morning I woke up got dressed brushed my Notes , teeth and ate breakfast. ✓ The last comma before and is always optional. , My favorite chips are mesquite barbeque cool , ranch and garden salsa. , , He went to the store to buy milk butter and eggs. , , John typed the letter Mary copied it and I mailed it.
    50. 50. The "Series" CommaRule #4: Use commas between items and phrases in a series: Sente EXAMPLES: , , n c , and optional e . , , This morning I woke up got dressed brushed my Notes , teeth and ate breakfast. ✓ The last comma before and is always optional. , My favorite chips are mesquite barbeque cool ✓ Never put a comma after "and" , ranch and garden salsa. , , He went to the store to buy milk butter and eggs. , , John typed the letter Mary copied it and I mailed it.
    51. 51. The "Series" CommaRule #4: Use commas between items and phrases in a series: Sente EXAMPLES: , , n c , and optional e . , , This morning I woke up got dressed brushed my Notes , teeth and ate breakfast. ✓ The last comma before and is always optional. , My favorite chips are mesquite barbeque cool ✓ Never put a comma after "and" , ranch and garden salsa. ✓ , , He went to the store to buy milk butter and eggs. , , John typed the letter Mary copied it and I mailed it.
    52. 52. The "Series" CommaRule #4: Use commas between items and phrases in a series: Sente EXAMPLES: , , n c , and optional e . , , This morning I woke up got dressed brushed my Notes , teeth and ate breakfast. ✓ The last comma before and is always optional. , My favorite chips are mesquite barbeque cool ✓ Never put a comma after "and" , ranch and garden salsa. ✓ ✓ , , He went to the store to buy milk butter and eggs. , , John typed the letter Mary copied it and I mailed it.
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