Teaching Today: An Introduction to Education 8 th  edition Part 2: Working with Students Chapter 5: How Has Diversity Impa...
Diversity <ul><li>One of the most dramatic changes in education has been an increased diversity of students. </li></ul><ul...
Diversity  (continued) <ul><li>Ethnic and racial diversity has increased significantly in the past 30 years. The largest p...
Diversity  (continued) <ul><li>Language diversity results from the more than 1 million immigrants that enter the US every ...
Diversity  (continued) <ul><li>Ability diversity has increased as a result of federal legislation directed at the teaching...
Focus Questions <ul><li>What are the advantages and challenges of increased student diversity? </li></ul><ul><li>How do yo...
Focus Questions <ul><li>When do you alter instructional methods and materials to meet the need of diverse students? </li><...
Multicultural Education <ul><li>Multicultural Education is education that promotes educational equity for all learners </l...
Page 112
Page 112
The Need for Accurate Information <ul><li>Genetic-deficit View </li></ul><ul><li>Certain groups are predisposed to fail </...
The Influence of Desegregation <ul><li>Brown v. Board of Education </li></ul><ul><li>“ de Facto segregation” </li></ul><ul...
Gender Issues <ul><li>Inequities experienced by female students </li></ul><ul><li>Inequities experienced by males </li></u...
Goals and Suggestions for Teachers <ul><li>Believe that All Students Can Learn </li></ul><ul><li>Modify Group Practices  <...
Providing Good Teachers <ul><li>The central ingredient in good schools is good teachers; yet, the learners who most need q...
Exceptional Learners <ul><li>Exceptional Learners generally deviate markedly from the norm. This includes gifted and talen...
Federal Legislation <ul><li>Federal Legislation requires schools to have  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Zero rejects </li></ul></u...
Federal Legislation  (continued) <ul><li>Federal Legislation Requires a Variety of Educational Settings –  Continuum of pl...
Federal Legislation  (continued) <ul><li>Federal Legislation Requires IEPs </li></ul><ul><li>- Developed  soon after the l...
Page 123
Inclusion Issues <ul><li>Arguments in Support of Inclusion </li></ul><ul><li>Arguments Opposing Inclusion </li></ul><ul><l...
A day in the life….Page 127 <ul><li>1. What dispositions are of critical importance in high- stress situations?  </li></ul...
Characteristics of Learners with Specific Disabilities <ul><li>Speech Impairments </li></ul><ul><li>Visual Impairments </l...
Assistive Technology <ul><li>Assistive Technologies are individual pieces of equipment or complex system of equipment desi...
Overrepresentation of Minorities <ul><li>African Americans account for 14.5% of the national school population </li></ul><...
Which group is missing…..
Gifted Learners <ul><li>Gifted Learners have outstanding intellectual ability or creative talent, the development of which...
Gifted Learners <ul><li>The Selection Process </li></ul><ul><li>Pressures Facing Gifted Learners </li></ul><ul><li>Enrichm...
Reflections <ul><li>Who influenced your views? How will they affect your treatment of future students? </li></ul><ul><li>H...
Reflections  (continued) <ul><li>How should school district leaders deal with pressures to fund certain categories of lear...
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  1. 1. Teaching Today: An Introduction to Education 8 th edition Part 2: Working with Students Chapter 5: How Has Diversity Impacted Teaching? Teaching Today, 8e Armstrong, Henson and Savage Copyright © 2009 by Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved
  2. 2. Diversity <ul><li>One of the most dramatic changes in education has been an increased diversity of students. </li></ul><ul><li>Diversity includes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ethnic diversity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Language diversity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ability diversity </li></ul></ul>Teaching Today, 8e Armstrong, Henson and Savage Copyright © 2009 by Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved
  3. 3. Diversity (continued) <ul><li>Ethnic and racial diversity has increased significantly in the past 30 years. The largest percentage of increase has been in the Hispanic enrollment as they represent 19% of the public school enrollment </li></ul>Teaching Today, 8e Armstrong, Henson and Savage Copyright © 2009 by Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved
  4. 4. Diversity (continued) <ul><li>Language diversity results from the more than 1 million immigrants that enter the US every year. It is projected that by 2020 the foreign born population of the US will be 1 in 7 people. </li></ul>Teaching Today, 8e Armstrong, Henson and Savage Copyright © 2009 by Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved
  5. 5. Diversity (continued) <ul><li>Ability diversity has increased as a result of federal legislation directed at the teaching of special populations. As a result of No Child Left Behind legislation, students with special learning needs are placed in the “least restricted environment,” and that often means the regular classroom </li></ul>Teaching Today, 8e Armstrong, Henson and Savage Copyright © 2009 by Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved
  6. 6. Focus Questions <ul><li>What are the advantages and challenges of increased student diversity? </li></ul><ul><li>How do you prepare for the diversity you will encounter as a teacher? </li></ul><ul><li>Why did the social movement of desegregation impact education? </li></ul>Teaching Today, 8e Armstrong, Henson and Savage Copyright © 2009 by Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved
  7. 7. Focus Questions <ul><li>When do you alter instructional methods and materials to meet the need of diverse students? </li></ul><ul><li>Which activities help to develop cultural and ethnic pride and which are offensive? </li></ul>Teaching Today, 8e Armstrong, Henson and Savage Copyright © 2009 by Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved
  8. 8.
  9. 9. Multicultural Education <ul><li>Multicultural Education is education that promotes educational equity for all learners </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Culturally appropriate practices must be utilized </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A culturally appropriate environment must be established </li></ul></ul>Teaching Today, 8e Armstrong, Henson and Savage Copyright © 2009 by Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved
  10. 10. Page 112
  11. 11. Page 112
  12. 12. The Need for Accurate Information <ul><li>Genetic-deficit View </li></ul><ul><li>Certain groups are predisposed to fail </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural Deficit View </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of stimulation in the home causes one to fail </li></ul><ul><li>Communication-process Position </li></ul><ul><li>Minority-group language patterns cause poor academic performance </li></ul>Teaching Today, 8e Armstrong, Henson and Savage Copyright © 2009 by Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved
  13. 13. The Influence of Desegregation <ul><li>Brown v. Board of Education </li></ul><ul><li>“ de Facto segregation” </li></ul><ul><li>Milliken v. Bradley </li></ul><ul><li>Busing </li></ul><ul><li>Magnet Schools </li></ul><ul><li>Within-school Segregation </li></ul><ul><li>Project……Wiki </li></ul>Teaching Today, 8e Armstrong, Henson and Savage Copyright © 2009 by Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved
  14. 14. Gender Issues <ul><li>Inequities experienced by female students </li></ul><ul><li>Inequities experienced by males </li></ul><ul><li>Single gender schools </li></ul>Teaching Today, 8e Armstrong, Henson and Savage Copyright © 2009 by Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved
  15. 15. Goals and Suggestions for Teachers <ul><li>Believe that All Students Can Learn </li></ul><ul><li>Modify Group Practices </li></ul><ul><li>Accommodate Learning-Style Differences </li></ul><ul><li>Learn More About Diversity </li></ul><ul><li>Reflect on Your Own Perspective </li></ul><ul><li>Rely Less on Standardized Tests </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid Class Favorites </li></ul><ul><li>Project……Wiki </li></ul>Teaching Today, 8e Armstrong, Henson and Savage Copyright © 2009 by Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved
  16. 16. Providing Good Teachers <ul><li>The central ingredient in good schools is good teachers; yet, the learners who most need quality teachers are the least likely to get them. </li></ul><ul><li>Teachers in predominantly minority schools tend to be less experienced, teaching out of their field, and holding emergency teaching certificates , in lieu of normal qualifications. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Exceptional Learners <ul><li>Exceptional Learners generally deviate markedly from the norm. This includes gifted and talented students, as well as those with learning disabilities, physical problems, and emotional or behavioral difficulties. </li></ul><ul><li>Exceptional Learners are protected by federal legislation. </li></ul>Teaching Today, 8e Armstrong, Henson and Savage Copyright © 2009 by Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved
  18. 18. Federal Legislation <ul><li>Federal Legislation requires schools to have </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Zero rejects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nondiscriminatory testing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Appropriate education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Individualized Education Plan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Least Restrictive Environment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Due Process </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Parent/guardian participation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mainstreaming </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Project……Wiki </li></ul></ul>Teaching Today, 8e Armstrong, Henson and Savage Copyright © 2009 by Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved
  19. 19. Federal Legislation (continued) <ul><li>Federal Legislation Requires a Variety of Educational Settings – Continuum of placement …. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Regular Classroom </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Special classes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Separate public-school facilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Separate private-school facilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Publicly supported residential facilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Private residential facilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Home bound or hospital settings </li></ul></ul>Teaching Today, 8e Armstrong, Henson and Savage Copyright © 2009 by Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved
  20. 20. Federal Legislation (continued) <ul><li>Federal Legislation Requires IEPs </li></ul><ul><li>- Developed soon after the learner’s condition is verified </li></ul><ul><li>- Must include the learner’s regular teacher, one or both parent/guardians, and a non-teacher, usually a counselor, and the child, when appropriate </li></ul><ul><li>- The team must meet at least annually to discuss progress </li></ul>Teaching Today, 8e Armstrong, Henson and Savage Copyright © 2009 by Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved
  21. 21.
  22. 22. Page 123
  23. 23.
  24. 24. Inclusion Issues <ul><li>Arguments in Support of Inclusion </li></ul><ul><li>Arguments Opposing Inclusion </li></ul><ul><li>What Research Says </li></ul><ul><li>Council for Exceptional Children </li></ul><ul><li>What do you say…… </li></ul><ul><li>List the support for and against inclusion and then indicate which of the points you agree with……..Page 125 </li></ul>Teaching Today, 8e Armstrong, Henson and Savage Copyright © 2009 by Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved
  25. 25. A day in the life….Page 127 <ul><li>1. What dispositions are of critical importance in high- stress situations? </li></ul><ul><li>2. What dispositions are reflected in Pats actions? </li></ul>
  26. 26. Characteristics of Learners with Specific Disabilities <ul><li>Speech Impairments </li></ul><ul><li>Visual Impairments </li></ul><ul><li>Hearing Impairments </li></ul><ul><li>ADD / ADHD </li></ul><ul><li>Orthopedic Impairments </li></ul><ul><li>Emotional Disturbance </li></ul><ul><li>Mental Retardation </li></ul>Teaching Today, 8e Armstrong, Henson and Savage Copyright © 2009 by Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved
  27. 27. Assistive Technology <ul><li>Assistive Technologies are individual pieces of equipment or complex system of equipment designed to maintain or improve the functional capabilities of learners with disabilities </li></ul><ul><li>Assistive Technologies help students organize their work, take notes, prepare written responses to assignments, access reference materials, and change information formats to meet their special learning needs. </li></ul>Teaching Today, 8e Armstrong, Henson and Savage Copyright © 2009 by Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved
  28. 28. Overrepresentation of Minorities <ul><li>African Americans account for 14.5% of the national school population </li></ul><ul><li>African Americans account for 20.3% of the learners characterized as having disabilities </li></ul><ul><li>In schools with high expectations for all students, there is no overrepresentation of African Americans </li></ul>Teaching Today, 8e Armstrong, Henson and Savage Copyright © 2009 by Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved
  29. 29. Which group is missing…..
  30. 30. Gifted Learners <ul><li>Gifted Learners have outstanding intellectual ability or creative talent, the development of which requires special activities or services not ordinarily provided by local education agencies. </li></ul>Teaching Today, 8e Armstrong, Henson and Savage Copyright © 2009 by Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved
  31. 31. Gifted Learners <ul><li>The Selection Process </li></ul><ul><li>Pressures Facing Gifted Learners </li></ul><ul><li>Enrichment Programs </li></ul><ul><li>Acceleration Programs </li></ul><ul><li>Developing Learners’ Potential </li></ul><ul><li>Make one statement about each of these here in your notes…. </li></ul>Teaching Today, 8e Armstrong, Henson and Savage Copyright © 2009 by Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved
  32. 32. Reflections <ul><li>Who influenced your views? How will they affect your treatment of future students? </li></ul><ul><li>How will you help students with varied cultural, ethnic, social, and economic backgrounds develop positive self-concepts while promoting a common commitment to democratic values? </li></ul>Teaching Today, 8e Armstrong, Henson and Savage Copyright © 2009 by Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved
  33. 33. Reflections (continued) <ul><li>How should school district leaders deal with pressures to fund certain categories of learners learn; are they also responsible for providing a high-quality education to all school learners? </li></ul><ul><li>How will you respond to critics who argue that gifted learners are already “advantaged” and do not need further support? </li></ul>Teaching Today, 8e Armstrong, Henson and Savage Copyright © 2009 by Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

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