5 factors affecting lls

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5 factors affecting lls

  1. 1. LEARNER STRATEGIES 5 FACTORS AFFECTING LANGUAGE LEARNING STRATEGIES WAN FARAH AFIFAH BINTI WAN MAIDIN
  2. 2. APTITUDE • Aptitude refers to the special ability involved in second language learning (Douglous et al 1995). • The relationship between aptitude and second language learning success is a very important one and various studies, such as Gardner (1980) and Skehan (1989) have reported that aptitude is a major factor determining the level of success of second language learning (Douglous et al 1995). • Some individuals may have strong memories but only average abilities in the other components of aptitude (Spada 1999).
  3. 3. MOTIVATION • A motivated student can be defined as someone who: "Expends effort, is persistent and attentive to the tasks at hand, has goals, desires and aspirations, enjoys the activity, makes attributions concerning success or failure, is aroused and makes use of strategies to aid in achieving goals (Dornyei 2003). • If students feel that they are not going to need the language in their lives, students may not be motivated and attitudes toward learning that language may be negative (Gass et al 1993).
  4. 4. PROFICIENCY • The relationship between language learners’ proficiency and their use of strategy use as well and found that students’ self-rating of proficiency levels was closely linked to their use of language learning strategies (Oxford and Nyikos 1989) • Language teachers could help less successful learners to promote their language proficiency by paying more attention to productive language learning strategies (Rubin 1975).
  5. 5. CULTURAL BACKGROUND • Particular strategies are often chosen because they are compatible with a students culturally influenced learning style (Oxford and Nyikos 1989). • In a study conducted by Politzer (1983), Hispanics were found to use mainly social strategies.
  6. 6. LEARNING STYLES • Introverts use metacognitive strategies more frequently whereas extroverts prefer to use social strategies (Ehrman & Oxford 1990 ). • Learners who prefer to study in groups use social and interactive strategies (Rossi-Le 1995).
  7. 7. THANK YOU
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