HIV/AIDS, ASTHMA, EPILEPSY, DIABETES, CYSTIC FIBROSIS, SICKLE CELL ANEMIA<br />HEALTH DISORDERS<br />
HEALTH DISORDERS AND SPECIAL EDUCATION<br />Sometimes, a child’s health disorder or chronic illness may impact their abili...
AIDS & HIV-1<br />Patterns of disease development in children<br />Onset 1-3 years of age<br />Stage 4: Symptoms of compro...
ASTHMA<br />Swelling and inflammation of the air passages that transport air from the mouth and nose to the lungs<br /><ul...
Coughing
Wheezing
Tightness in chest
Excessive sputum </li></li></ul><li>SEIZURE DISORDERS (EPILEPSY) <br />“Brain disorder in which clusters of nerve cells, o...
DIABETES<br />Developmental or hereditary disorder characterized by inadequate secretion of insulin<br />There are two typ...
DIABETES<br />Process<br />Glucose builds up in blood, causing extreme hunger, thirst, & frequent urination<br />Accompany...
CYSTIC FIBROSIS<br />Inherited, systemic, generalized disorder of secretion glands that begins at conception<br />Abnormal...
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Health disorders

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  • About 3 million people in US have some form of seizure disorderCan occur concomitantly with other disabilities such as autism, spina bifida, CP, and TBITonic/clonic – series of stiffening and relaxation of the muscles (grand mal)Absence – (petit mal), short periods of inattention, “spacing out” and losing time, generally won’t remember the episode, several times a day, may look like daydreaming to a teacherReally impacts ability to attend to instruction as well as retain information over time
  • Short-term IEPs written to reflect current needs, and adjust as needed. Not just annually. Often have vast improvement within first year of injury. Must continue to raise expectations to maximize recovery
  • Health disorders

    1. 1. HIV/AIDS, ASTHMA, EPILEPSY, DIABETES, CYSTIC FIBROSIS, SICKLE CELL ANEMIA<br />HEALTH DISORDERS<br />
    2. 2. HEALTH DISORDERS AND SPECIAL EDUCATION<br />Sometimes, a child’s health disorder or chronic illness may impact their ability to attend school or focus on instruction<br />Frequent hospital stays<br />Missing class during day for medical treatments/monitoring<br />Fatigue and pain impacting ability to attend to instruction <br />IDEA recognizes health disorders that adversely affect educational performance under “OTHER HEALTH IMPAIRMENT”<br />
    3. 3. AIDS & HIV-1<br />Patterns of disease development in children<br />Onset 1-3 years of age<br />Stage 4: Symptoms of compromised immune system<br />Fatigue<br />Weight loss<br />Illnesses<br />Rashes<br />Stage 5: development of chronic diseases<br />Immune system failure<br />
    4. 4. ASTHMA<br />Swelling and inflammation of the air passages that transport air from the mouth and nose to the lungs<br /><ul><li>Diminished breathing capacity
    5. 5. Coughing
    6. 6. Wheezing
    7. 7. Tightness in chest
    8. 8. Excessive sputum </li></li></ul><li>SEIZURE DISORDERS (EPILEPSY) <br />“Brain disorder in which clusters of nerve cells, or neurons, signal abnormally… causing strange sensations, emotions, and behavior or sometimes convulsions, muscle spasms, and loss of consciousness” <br />(National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, 2009a, p. 1)<br />Types of seizures:<br />Tonic/clonic <br />Absence<br />
    9. 9. DIABETES<br />Developmental or hereditary disorder characterized by inadequate secretion of insulin<br />There are two types: <br />Insulin dependant diabetes mellitus, type 1, or juvenile diabetes<br />Non-insulin-dependant diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) or adult onset diabetes<br />
    10. 10. DIABETES<br />Process<br />Glucose builds up in blood, causing extreme hunger, thirst, & frequent urination<br />Accompanying complications<br />Blindness<br />Cardiovascular disease<br />Kidney disease<br />
    11. 11. CYSTIC FIBROSIS<br />Inherited, systemic, generalized disorder of secretion glands that begins at conception<br />Abnormal secretions obstruct the functions of lungs, pancreas, & sweat glands <br />
    12. 12. ASTHMA, DIABETES, SICKLE CELL ANEMIA, CYSTIC FIBROSIS<br />Adversely affect educational performance <br />Health plans<br />Impact school day and time in class<br />Reduced life expectancy<br />Chronic absences<br />Home and hospital<br />
    13. 13. SICKLE CELL ANEMIA <br />Abnormality of hemoglobin molecule found within red blood cells <br />Blood oxygen level decreases, red blood cells go through a distortion process called sickling<br />Anemia:<br />Sickled cells block microvascular channels, which can cause extreme pain<br />May affect any organ system in body<br />Significant negative effects on physical growth & development <br />
    14. 14. EDUCATIONAL SUPPORTS & SERVICES<br />Appropriate teaching activities <br />High expectations<br />Positive behavioral support<br />Precise feedback<br />Organizational strategies & practice<br />Educational services<br />Problem solving<br />Social behaviors<br />Expressive &receptive language skills<br />Writing skills <br />Assistive technology<br />

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