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  • About 3 million people in US have some form of seizure disorderCan occur concomitantly with other disabilities such as autism, spina bifida, CP, and TBITonic/clonic – series of stiffening and relaxation of the muscles (grand mal)Absence – (petit mal), short periods of inattention, “spacing out” and losing time, generally won’t remember the episode, several times a day, may look like daydreaming to a teacherReally impacts ability to attend to instruction as well as retain information over time
  • Short-term IEPs written to reflect current needs, and adjust as needed. Not just annually. Often have vast improvement within first year of injury. Must continue to raise expectations to maximize recovery

Transcript

  • 1. HIV/AIDS, ASTHMA, EPILEPSY, DIABETES, CYSTIC FIBROSIS, SICKLE CELL ANEMIA
    HEALTH DISORDERS
  • 2. HEALTH DISORDERS AND SPECIAL EDUCATION
    Sometimes, a child’s health disorder or chronic illness may impact their ability to attend school or focus on instruction
    Frequent hospital stays
    Missing class during day for medical treatments/monitoring
    Fatigue and pain impacting ability to attend to instruction
    IDEA recognizes health disorders that adversely affect educational performance under “OTHER HEALTH IMPAIRMENT”
  • 3. AIDS & HIV-1
    Patterns of disease development in children
    Onset 1-3 years of age
    Stage 4: Symptoms of compromised immune system
    Fatigue
    Weight loss
    Illnesses
    Rashes
    Stage 5: development of chronic diseases
    Immune system failure
  • 4. ASTHMA
    Swelling and inflammation of the air passages that transport air from the mouth and nose to the lungs
    • Diminished breathing capacity
    • 5. Coughing
    • 6. Wheezing
    • 7. Tightness in chest
    • 8. Excessive sputum
  • SEIZURE DISORDERS (EPILEPSY)
    “Brain disorder in which clusters of nerve cells, or neurons, signal abnormally… causing strange sensations, emotions, and behavior or sometimes convulsions, muscle spasms, and loss of consciousness”
    (National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, 2009a, p. 1)
    Types of seizures:
    Tonic/clonic
    Absence
  • 9. DIABETES
    Developmental or hereditary disorder characterized by inadequate secretion of insulin
    There are two types:
    Insulin dependant diabetes mellitus, type 1, or juvenile diabetes
    Non-insulin-dependant diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) or adult onset diabetes
  • 10. DIABETES
    Process
    Glucose builds up in blood, causing extreme hunger, thirst, & frequent urination
    Accompanying complications
    Blindness
    Cardiovascular disease
    Kidney disease
  • 11. CYSTIC FIBROSIS
    Inherited, systemic, generalized disorder of secretion glands that begins at conception
    Abnormal secretions obstruct the functions of lungs, pancreas, & sweat glands
  • 12. ASTHMA, DIABETES, SICKLE CELL ANEMIA, CYSTIC FIBROSIS
    Adversely affect educational performance
    Health plans
    Impact school day and time in class
    Reduced life expectancy
    Chronic absences
    Home and hospital
  • 13. SICKLE CELL ANEMIA
    Abnormality of hemoglobin molecule found within red blood cells
    Blood oxygen level decreases, red blood cells go through a distortion process called sickling
    Anemia:
    Sickled cells block microvascular channels, which can cause extreme pain
    May affect any organ system in body
    Significant negative effects on physical growth & development
  • 14. EDUCATIONAL SUPPORTS & SERVICES
    Appropriate teaching activities
    High expectations
    Positive behavioral support
    Precise feedback
    Organizational strategies & practice
    Educational services
    Problem solving
    Social behaviors
    Expressive &receptive language skills
    Writing skills
    Assistive technology