2010-2014 No Woman, No Cry Empowering the Women Migrant Workers of India
We still cry!
"Sister, we tell our stories to so many journalists, so many people like you, but then nothing changes. We still cry. Our employers continue to harass us; still there are young ones in sex work. There are so many people working on this - the rescuers, the HIV people, people like you-and so much money going into this problem. But why doesn't anything change?"
- a woman migrant worker who was trafficked; in a conversation to a visitor.
Goal and objectives
Goal : Empowerment of women migrant workers from India at both source and countries of employment
To promote sustained policy dialogue and advocate for legal reform and policy formulation as appropriate
To promote and strengthen socio-economic security and rights of women migrant workers in collaboration with bilateral and multilateral partners in countries of origin and employment
To contribute to the knowledge base on gender, migration and development by engaging in quality research / studies on policy and programmatic issues
Pilot project : Developing a model of good practice
Policy advocacy for engendering the programmes and policies
Communication strategy for awareness raising on safe migration
Capacity-building of key stakeholders on safe migration related issues
Knowledge Management and Research
Pilot project : Develop a model of good practice at source ( select district in Andhra Pradesh) and destination countries – engage stakeholders, gender sensitive reintegration programmes, focus on economic literacy, base line and EPO evaluation component
Policy advocacy : on engendering the programmes, policies, budgets – Consultative meetings with government and civil society partners for policy harmonization, on protection issues; National Advisory body meeting; follow up of GFMD; implementing CEDAW GR 26 and other relevant national, regional and international instruments related to WMW
Develop Communication strategy for awareness raising on safe migration
Strategic Approaches 4. Capacity-building
Women migrant workers : on safe migration, improved access of services, pre departure skills training, Develop training curriculum and guidelines, economic literacy, protection schemes, reintegration initiatives; selection of new skills and development
Media Training : Policy dialogue/orientation on right based journalism, issues of wmw
Recruiting agent and their network: Policy dialogue /orientation for implementation of the code of conduct
National Coalition of civil society actors on issues of women migrant workers is established
Peer learning visits and activities to country of employment and origin, like UAE and others
Strategic approaches 5. Knowledge Management and Research :
Information exchange: analytical reports, technical publications and guidelines, best practices and successful models, Research findings
Dialogue forum on Safe migration on a social networking platform like Ning to facilitate regular evidence based policy dialogue with different stakeholders
Documentation of the good practices: On initiatives for protecting the rights of WMW, Up-scaling the good practices, financial schemes and reintegration
Support policy review and analysis, development of fact sheets and dissemination of census data on wmw
Research Base line survey:
Estimates of numbers:
WMW population, Highest density source area, Interstate and Internal, favoured Destination countries
Women migrant workers :
Profile; main issues they face (Pre-departure, transit, Destination, Returnee migrants
Existing knowledge on safe channels, HIV, sexual violence
Behaviour, Attitudinal and Practice studies at Source and Destination
Existing relevant laws and policies:
implementation and effectiveness, CEDAW implementation levels, Code of Conduct for Recruiting Agents
d) Stake holder analysis;
Logical Framework analysis, which will strengthen and realign the project logic
Remittances study : WMW percentage contribution to the GDP
Study on developing a ‘ business model project ’
Regional studies : on overseas market and selection of new trade, projection of migration trends and the favored destination sites
Research on fraudulent marriages in Punjab
Support a technical working group : technical inputs to the research studies, meets at 6 monthly intervals
6. Monitoring mechanisms:
Develop mechanisms to monitor the effectiveness of implementing CEDAW GR 26 and other relevant national, regional and international instruments related to WMW
Monitoring and Evaluation activities
At Countries of Employment
Stakeholder analysis especially looking at the legal process involved in immigration
Situation analysis of the Domestic Workers
CEDAW GR 26 implementation
TWG Functions: Research, Baseline, EOP, surveys KM, CB tools, Ethical Comm UNIFEM Focal Point for ICOE UNIFEM Mgmt & Secretariat function OMCAP & other training Institutes NGOs contracted for Pilots in AP WMW Communities in AP Advisory Board Members: ICOE,UNIFEM V V G NLTI ILO/ IOM Civil Society PWN+,WMW others ICOE-UNIFEM PROGRAMME TWG Members: VVGNLI ICOE UNIFEM ILO, IOM Tech Exp Ethics Comm
Women Migrant Workers Community of Practice NGO and staff State and district stakeholders teams UNIFEM / ICOE South Asia Secretariat Program Manager Research Manager Finance Manager Consultants, Community Members, Recruiting agents, UN, IOM, CARAM, NACO, INTL NGO, Other NGO
5 Lakh pop 8000-10,000 WMW Yellandu Madhira Khammam Burgapadu Paloncha SMS to Web to SMS Voice 2 Web 2 Voice Community Radio Recruiting Agents Panwala/Brokers Money lenders AP’s Khammam District – 5 Taluks 25 lakhs, ~50,000 wmw Post Office Sustainability by Community Life Competence Process PO/PE/IT-Kiosk Community Mobilization Capacity Building
Mobile Post Office
E-forum discussion Blogs Chat, Tele, Video Conf SMS, Audio, Video Discussion summary Discussion Transcripts Consolidated Replies Final Blog Group work Collaborative Document Reports, Guidelines, budgets FGD, Field or Immersion Visit Transliteration Translated docs KM Process in Ning Knowledge Assets or Resources consisting of Recommended Documents, Websites, Contacts, Organizations… Archives
All kinds of restrictions on female migration should be removed immediately: men and women should be given equal rights to choose to migrate or not.
To ensure decent work conditions for both men and women, 1990 UN Convention and relevant ILO conventions should be ratified by all sending countries
Civil societies of sending countries should create pressure on their governments to put migration on the agenda for different regional fora and also to convince the receiving countries to ratify.
Upcoming global forum should push for recognition of domestic work as wage labour and attempt to bring it under the labour laws of receiving countries
Social identity of women migrants should be respected. Social space of the migrant workers both men and women should be protected through ensuring strict working hours, better access to communicate with family, family reunification, holidays and recreation. All these should be placed in the negotiating table in bilateral and multilateral fora.
Female labour migration is complex. Pre-departure training for female migrant workers should be made mandatory in all labour sending countries.
Philippines and Sri Lanka developed institutions to better govern female
migration. Institutional mechanisms for experience sharing and learning from each other should be in place. SAARC, ASEAN, etc. could be such forum..
To lift women up from low end care giving to professional workers, other sending countries can learn from the Philippines, Sri Lanka and India about how to lift the standards of their training centers for health care workers.
Women migrants send home larger portion of their income than men. Women migrants deserve to be rewarded both nationally and internationally for their contributions.
To sustain women’s economic empowerment, gender segregated investment tools are required.
No one has ever done this before!
"Sir, no one has ever come and talked before like this, No NGO, No Government, No one from UN, No funder, ever! Today we saw our own dreams, recognized our own strengths, and will see how we can tackle our own issues."
- a returnee woman migrant worker to a male facilitator, after she had a “taste” of the Community Life Competence Process