I am going to tell you a story… Situations could be lots: •Anecdotes •Talking about your past to a friend•Giving details about something that happened at school/ the last weekend/a job interview •Telling about what happened on a holiday/ business trip USE : the past.Link ideas together:>sequence them:> order in which events happened. HOW?
Most common ways to sequence in writing or speaking: Beginning:• Firstly,… First of all,… To start off with, … Initially,…• Firstly, we were having coffee in…• First of all, I opened the cupboard…• To start off with, we decided our destination was New York.• Initially, I thought it was a bad idea, but then ...
Continuing:Then, … After that, … Next, … As soon as / When + full clause, ... but then Immediately, …• Then, I started to get worried.• After that, we knew that there would be no problem!• Next, we decided what to do.• As soon as we arrived, we unpacked our bags.
Interruptions / New Elements to the Story:• Suddenly, …Unexpectedly, …• Suddenly, a child burst into the room with a note for Ms. Smith.• Unexpectedly, the people in the room didnt agree with the mayor.
In informal conversations the listener(s) usually interrupt the main speaker• Really?• I can’t believe it!• You must be joking!• Oh my God!• And then what happened?• And then what did you do?• What did you do next?• And weren’t you excited/ afraid/ nervous/ tired?• Didn’t you feel embarrassed/ scared/stupid…?
Expressing Lack of Understanding•I dont get it.•(Im sorry.) I dont understand.•What do you mean?•Im not following you.•I dont quite follow you.•Im not sure I get what you mean.•What was that again?
Getting back to the topic• Anyway,…• Now, where was I?/ What was I saying?• Where were we?• What were you saying?• You were saying . . .• To get back to . . .• (Do you) know what I mean?