Each other myself ni1

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Grammar Unit 1

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Each other myself ni1

  1. 1. REFLEXIVE AND RECIPROCAL PRONOUNS Reflexive pronouns are formed by adding self (singular) or selves (plural) to my, your, our (possesive adjectives) or him, her, it, them (object pronouns). myself yourself himself herself itself ourselves yourselves themselves © Dulce Rosales
  2. 2. Common reflexive verbs in English: <ul><li>to enjoy oneself </li></ul><ul><li>to hurt oneself (cut oneself) </li></ul><ul><li>to kill oneself </li></ul><ul><li>to convince oneself </li></ul><ul><li>to deny oneself </li></ul><ul><li>to encourage oneself </li></ul><ul><li>to pay oneself </li></ul>
  3. 3. Reflexive pronouns are used in three instances in English. 1. With Reflexive Verbs Examples: I enjoyed myself last summer. Mark hurt himself while playing football We encourage ourselves to learn something new every week. Every morning he looks at himself in the mirror
  4. 4. 2. As an Object of a Preposition Referring to Subject <ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>Tom bought a motorcycle for himself </li></ul><ul><li>We made everything in this room </li></ul><ul><li>by ourselves. </li></ul><ul><li>Jackie took a weekend holiday </li></ul><ul><li>to be by herself. </li></ul>
  5. 5. 3 . To Emphasize Something Examples: <ul><li>No, I want to finish it myself ! ( I don’t want anyone to help me .) </li></ul><ul><li>She insists on talking to the doctor herself . ( She didn’t want anyone else to talk to the doctor.) </li></ul><ul><li>Frankie tends to eat everything himself . ( He doesn’t let the other dogs get any food.) </li></ul>
  6. 6. NOTICE : Many languages such as Spanish, German or French often use verb forms which use reflexive pronouns . Here are some examples get up, change clothes , get dressed, get better, to bathe , to shower , to shave, relax, get wet, meet , remember, forget , etc > THESE ARE NOT reflexive verbs in English.<
  7. 7. RECIPROCAL PRONOUNS <ul><li>If we say that John writes to Mary and that Mary writes to John , we are talking about a reciprocal action. This sort of actions are expressed by each other or one another : </li></ul><ul><li>- They write to each other / one another once a month. </li></ul><ul><li>- They get on very well with each other </li></ul><ul><li>- They don’t look like one another . </li></ul>
  8. 8. Decide whether you have to use the reflexive pronoun, the reciprocal pronoun (each other) or nothing. <ul><li>John hurt _________when climbing the tree. </li></ul><ul><li>Peter and Susan helped _________with the homework. </li></ul><ul><li>I feel _________much better today. </li></ul><ul><li>Did she make ________a cup of tea? </li></ul><ul><li>The handsome man looked at ________in the mirror. </li></ul><ul><li>Barbara and Bob smiled at _________. </li></ul><ul><li>We're meeting _________at the station. </li></ul><ul><li>During the meeting, Julia and Mark were talking to ____________. </li></ul><ul><li>I don't remember __________where we spent our holiday last year. </li></ul><ul><li>We need to concentrate ___________. </li></ul>© Dulce Rosales
  9. 9. Answers <ul><li>John hurt HIMSELF when climbing the tree. </li></ul><ul><li>Peter and Susan helped EACH OTHER with the homework. </li></ul><ul><li>I feel -----_much better today. </li></ul><ul><li>Did she make HERSELF a cup of tea? </li></ul><ul><li>The handsome man looked at HIMSELF _in the mirror. </li></ul><ul><li>Barbara and Bob smiled at EACH OTHER _________. </li></ul><ul><li>We're meeting _------_____at the station. </li></ul><ul><li>During the meeting, Julia and Mark were talking to EACH OTHER . </li></ul><ul><li>I don't remember _----_where we spent our holiday last year. </li></ul><ul><li>We need to concentrate _-------_. </li></ul>
  10. 10. In pairs, ask each other: <ul><li>When was the last time you hurt yourself? How? </li></ul><ul><li>Did you enjoy yourself last weekend? Why (not)? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you and your mother look like each other? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you and your best friend email each other? How often? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you and your best friend phone each other? How often? </li></ul><ul><li>Do people in your family help one another? How? </li></ul><ul><li>What’s the last thing you did for yourself? </li></ul><ul><li>What’s the last thing you did by yourself? </li></ul><ul><li>© Dulce Rosales </li></ul>

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