4.3 - Political Geography

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Political geography.

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4.3 - Political Geography

  1. 1. Political Geography
  2. 2. <ul><li>Nations! </li></ul><ul><li>There’s a difference between a nation and state. </li></ul><ul><li>State </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Describes an independent unit that has control over the territory within its boundaries. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Nation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Group of people within a territory who have common culture and strong sense of unity. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Nation-state (the combo!) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>When the nation and the state match up in the same territory. </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>What’s a nation without a state look like, you ask? Good question. Here are a few: </li></ul><ul><li>The Kurds </li></ul>The Kurds are an ethnicity in the middle-east. Some would like their own state and so they occasionally cause problems in the various states in which they reside.
  4. 4. <ul><li>Basque </li></ul>The Basques in northern Spain have long had a separatist tradition.
  5. 5. <ul><li>Quebec </li></ul>The Quebecois are French-speaking and French in derivation (as opposed to the English-derived rest of Canada). They have tried seceding on several occasions.
  6. 6. <ul><li>Geographic characteristics </li></ul><ul><li>Size </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The size of a country can sometimes matter. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sometimes not, as the example of the British, Japanese, French, and German empires demonstrate. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sometimes do in that a larger population and a greater amount of natural resources aid in development. See U.S.A. and Russia. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Shape </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The shape of a country affects how easily its governed, how goods are distributed, how people move around, etc. Look at these countries: </li></ul></ul>How do these countries shapes affect them? What are the differences?
  8. 8. <ul><li>Location </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Where a country is (its relative location) has an effect. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Countries with sea access can trade more easily than those that are landlocked, for example. If you’re closer to peaceful countries, you’ll have fewer problems than if you’re around militant ones. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. So what are the countries of the world? Well, let’s see…

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