ELECTIVE
GEOGRAPHY
OUR CHANGING
WORLD
GLOBAL TOURISM

IS TOURISM THE WAY TO GO?
GATEWAY 1
HOW DOES THE NATURE OF
TOURISM VARY FROM PLACE
TO PLACE?
Visit the Geography Unit Facebook
Page, look for the fo...
WHAT IS TOURISM

Tourism is the activity or
practice of touring.
The business of providing
accommodation, services for
the...
ARE THEY TOURISTS?
• Students on an overnight Learning
Journey to Malacca.

Categorise
the
information
into a table.
Touri...
WHO ARE TOURISTS?
Person who travel and stay in
places outside their usual
environment for more than 24
hours but not more...
HOW DO TOURIST
DESTINATIONS DIFFER?

• Scenic Beauty
• Good Facilities
• Rich Culture
• Places of Conflict
• Space Tourism...
SCENIC BEAUTY
SCENIC BEAUTY HONEYPOT TOURISM
Tourism that attracts large crowds to scenic
sites
Tend to be overcrowded during peak seaso...
SCENIC BEAUTY
LANDSCAPE BEAUTY

MOUNTAINS

•

Jiuzhaigou, China

•

Winter sports

•

Sahara
Desert, West
Africa

•

Mount...
SCENIC BEAUTY

EXAMPLES YOU SHOULD KNOW

COASTAL RESORTS

WILDLIFE

•

Southeast Asia –
Bali, Phuket

•

Safaris in the
pl...
PITSTOP 2
Turn to Pg8 of your textbook.

Let’s attempt Pitstop 2 together!
LET’S LOOK AT
VICTORIA FALLS
GOOD FACILITIES
GOOD FACILITIES
• MICE
• Educational facilities
• Medical and Spa facilities
• Theme Parks
GOOD FACILITIES MICE
•

Meetings, Incentives, Conventions &
Events

•

Venues that can host large-scale
meetings and conve...
GOOD FACILITIES EDUCATIONAL
•

Include attractions that attract people
in search for study tours (Angkor Wat)

•

Travel f...
GOOD FACILITIES –
MEDICAL AND SPA
•

Travelling for medical reasons –
Medical tourism

•

To avoid long waiting periods or...
GOOD FACILITIES –
MEDICAL AND SPA
•

Travelling for health reasons – Health
tourism

•

To maintain, enhance or restore th...
GOOD FACILITIES –
THEME PARKS
•

Places with amusement park settings
or attractions with a central theme

•

Refer to exte...
GOOD FACILITIES

EXAMPLES YOU SHOULD KNOW
MICE

Medical and Spa

•

Singapore

•

South Korea

•

Barcelona, Spain

•

•

...
PITSTOP 3
Turn to Pg 13 of your textbook.

Using what we have covered thus far,
complete the table (Qn 6).
4 minutes
RICH CULTURE
RICH CULTURE
• Heritage Tourism
• Film-induced Tourism
• Gourmet Food and Shopping
Tourism
• Pilgrimage Tourism
RICH CULTURE HERITAGE
Lost city of the Incas – Machu Picchu, Peru
RICH CULTURE HERITAGE
•

Locations for tourists to experience
different cultures and understand their
history better

•

P...
RICH CULTURE –
FILM-INDUCED
Hobbit Land, New Zealand
RICH CULTURE –
FILM-INDUCED
•

Locations featured in films

•

To understand how certain scenes in
the movies were filmed
...
RICH CULTURE –
GOURMET & SHOPPING
•

Tourism for the purpose of enjoying
cuisines or to shop

•

Gourmet – Hong Kong

•

S...
RICH CULTURE PILGRIMAGE
Good Friday at Jerusalem, Israel
RICH CULTURE –
PILGRIMAGE
•

Travel to take part in religious
activities

•

Usually involves a journey to a sacred
or rel...
RICH CULTURE

EXAMPLES YOU SHOULD KNOW
Heritage

Film-Induced

Pilgrimage

•

•

Mumbai, India
(Slumdog
Millionaire)

•

V...
CONFLICT

DRC

Syria

N Korea
PLACES OF CONFLICT
– DARK TOURISM

HIROSHIMA
DARK TOURISM
•

Travel to places associated with death
and tragedy

•

Wars, battles, man-made tragedies

•

Tourists incl...
SPACE TOURISM
To infinity and beyond???
SPACE TOURISM
•

Travel beyond the earth’s atmosphere
into space

•

Suborbital flights can last less than a
day

•

Russi...
HOW CAN SINGAPORE COMPETE ?
HOW CAN SINGAPORE COMPETE ?
•

Make a list of Singapore’s tourist attractions

•

Classify which type of attractions they ...
FACTORS AFFECTING NATURE OF TOURISM
• Physical Factors
• Type of landscape
• Weather and Climate
• Human Factors
• Marketi...
ROLES OF DIFFERENT GROUPS
IN PROMOTING TOURISM
• Government
• Media
• International Organisations
• Org for Economic Co-op...
GOVERNMENT
• The government is directly involved in the
planning, funding and building infrastructure
projects linked to t...
MEDIA
• Includes television, radio, newspapers and
the Internet
• Positive reports can encourage more
tourists, eg good sh...
INTERNATIONAL ORGANISATIONS
• An international group of different countries that
work together for a common purpose
• Repo...
TRAVEL WRITERS
• Articles and reviews of travel writers appear
in guidebooks, travelogues, magazines and
Internet reviews
...
Unit 1 tourism part 1
Unit 1 tourism part 1
Unit 1 tourism part 1
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Unit 1 tourism part 1

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  • Incredible India 2013 (3 min)http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sPbdKPxjBGkAmazing Thailand (2 min)http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0i-Bj7Hma80&feature=c4-overview&list=UUb0bsaKyjYzlvJTTlXXdmSgSingapore a world of contrasts (2min)http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=va9awWNjInEGet lost (30sec)http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_FHseXyzj08
  • Click on pic for 1min19 sec BBC vid on Victoria falls.http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PTu8kX99hXI
  • Access Google maps and search for matching area : Chinotimba, Victoria Falls, Matabeleland North, Zimbabwe
  • Online countdown timer pagehttp://www.online-stopwatch.com/bar-timer/
  • Click on pic for vid on machupicchu 3min w michaelpalinhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P2YBVlgqqcoJapan vid Culture and facilitieshttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5ZeSaDfjTG0
  • Click on pic for vid on machupicchu 3min w michaelpalinhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P2YBVlgqqcoJapan vid Culture and facilitieshttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5ZeSaDfjTG0
  • Click on picture to watch “Road goes on MV – hobbits wandering ard aimlessly…:P”2 minshttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lr3dxhzojfcAlternative Vidhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tPUqFw1dXaQ
  • Click on pic for vid on machupicchu 3min w michaelpalinhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P2YBVlgqqcoJapan vid Culture and facilitieshttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5ZeSaDfjTG0
  • Click on pic for vid on machupicchu 3min w michaelpalinhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P2YBVlgqqcoJapan vid Culture and facilitieshttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5ZeSaDfjTG0
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Eeiuji7_v-UGood Friday @ Jerusalem 1min40sec
  • Click on pic for vid on machupicchu 3min w michaelpalinhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P2YBVlgqqcoJapan vid Culture and facilitieshttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5ZeSaDfjTG0
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8OpCCrxMTocClick on pic to watch 2min video on Hiroshima Memorial park.
  • Click on pic for vid on machupicchu 3min w michaelpalinhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P2YBVlgqqcoJapan vid Culture and facilitieshttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5ZeSaDfjTG0
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fzyYAVz3IGgVirgin Galactic advertisement 3mins
  • Click on pic for vid on machupicchu 3min w michaelpalinhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P2YBVlgqqcoJapan vid Culture and facilitieshttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5ZeSaDfjTG0
  • Singapore Tourism top 10http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P7ssp4a4UPo
  • Singapore Tourism top 10http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P7ssp4a4UPo
  • Each group given 5 random tourist brochuresGroups to prep A2 sheet / butcher with attractions and categoriesGallery walkabout for all to view the presentations.Each group to present their work (2mins each)
  • Each group given 5 random tourist brochuresGroups to prep A2 sheet / butcher with attractions and categoriesGallery walkabout for all to view the presentations.Each group to present their work (2mins each)
  • Unit 1 tourism part 1

    1. 1. ELECTIVE GEOGRAPHY OUR CHANGING WORLD GLOBAL TOURISM IS TOURISM THE WAY TO GO?
    2. 2. GATEWAY 1 HOW DOES THE NATURE OF TOURISM VARY FROM PLACE TO PLACE? Visit the Geography Unit Facebook Page, look for the fortnightly online research assignment and prepare for the questions.
    3. 3. WHAT IS TOURISM Tourism is the activity or practice of touring. The business of providing accommodation, services for the purpose of touring.
    4. 4. ARE THEY TOURISTS? • Students on an overnight Learning Journey to Malacca. Categorise the information into a table. Tourists VS Non-tourists • Students doing a week long Overseas Immersion Program in China. • A businessman who goes to London for a week to meet clients and have meetings. • A mother who brings her child back to her ancestral village in another country for a month-long visit? • Students going to their own school for a 3 day camp.
    5. 5. WHO ARE TOURISTS? Person who travel and stay in places outside their usual environment for more than 24 hours but not more than a consecutive year for leisure, business or other purposes. PG 5
    6. 6. HOW DO TOURIST DESTINATIONS DIFFER? • Scenic Beauty • Good Facilities • Rich Culture • Places of Conflict • Space Tourism PG 5
    7. 7. SCENIC BEAUTY
    8. 8. SCENIC BEAUTY HONEYPOT TOURISM Tourism that attracts large crowds to scenic sites Tend to be overcrowded during peak seasons Tourist facilities are developed at these sites eg: hotels, shopping centres, transport stations More tourists are attracted to these sites as a result, like bees to flowers (Honeypot)
    9. 9. SCENIC BEAUTY LANDSCAPE BEAUTY MOUNTAINS • Jiuzhaigou, China • Winter sports • Sahara Desert, West Africa • Mountaineering, hiking • Bird and wildlife watching • Himalayas, Asia • Rockies, North America • Grand Canyon, USA • Halong Bay, Vietnam • Victoria Falls, Zimbabwe & Zambia
    10. 10. SCENIC BEAUTY EXAMPLES YOU SHOULD KNOW COASTAL RESORTS WILDLIFE • Southeast Asia – Bali, Phuket • Safaris in the plains of Kenya • Mediterranean Sea Cancun, Caribbe an Islands • Great Barrier Reef, Australia (diving site) • Mexico – gulf of mexico
    11. 11. PITSTOP 2 Turn to Pg8 of your textbook. Let’s attempt Pitstop 2 together!
    12. 12. LET’S LOOK AT VICTORIA FALLS
    13. 13. GOOD FACILITIES
    14. 14. GOOD FACILITIES • MICE • Educational facilities • Medical and Spa facilities • Theme Parks
    15. 15. GOOD FACILITIES MICE • Meetings, Incentives, Conventions & Events • Venues that can host large-scale meetings and conventions • Supporting infrastructure – hotels, retail outlets, transport facilities • E.g Singapore (pg 8 & 9)
    16. 16. GOOD FACILITIES EDUCATIONAL • Include attractions that attract people in search for study tours (Angkor Wat) • Travel for education purposes or to learn something about a place • Intensive overseas education programme where universities are reputed for education excellence • E.g. United Kingdom (pg 10)
    17. 17. GOOD FACILITIES – MEDICAL AND SPA • Travelling for medical reasons – Medical tourism • To avoid long waiting periods or high medical costs back home • In search of higher quality medical care • Eg. South Korea – cosmetic surgery
    18. 18. GOOD FACILITIES – MEDICAL AND SPA • Travelling for health reasons – Health tourism • To maintain, enhance or restore their minds and bodies • Include spa towns, thermal springs and mud pools • Eg: Dead Sea (between Jordan and Israel) – (pg 11)
    19. 19. GOOD FACILITIES – THEME PARKS • Places with amusement park settings or attractions with a central theme • Refer to extensive examples in page 13…
    20. 20. GOOD FACILITIES EXAMPLES YOU SHOULD KNOW MICE Medical and Spa • Singapore • South Korea • Barcelona, Spain • • Berlin, Germany Budapest, Hung ary (spa) Educational Theme Parks • United Kingdom • • Melbourne, Austr alia Tokyo Disneyland • Universal Studios, Los Angeles • Beijing, China
    21. 21. PITSTOP 3 Turn to Pg 13 of your textbook. Using what we have covered thus far, complete the table (Qn 6). 4 minutes
    22. 22. RICH CULTURE
    23. 23. RICH CULTURE • Heritage Tourism • Film-induced Tourism • Gourmet Food and Shopping Tourism • Pilgrimage Tourism
    24. 24. RICH CULTURE HERITAGE Lost city of the Incas – Machu Picchu, Peru
    25. 25. RICH CULTURE HERITAGE • Locations for tourists to experience different cultures and understand their history better • Promotes a country’s identity, culture and history to international tourists • Eg: museums, traditional festivals, national and historical monuments
    26. 26. RICH CULTURE – FILM-INDUCED Hobbit Land, New Zealand
    27. 27. RICH CULTURE – FILM-INDUCED • Locations featured in films • To understand how certain scenes in the movies were filmed • To understand how these places inspired the film
    28. 28. RICH CULTURE – GOURMET & SHOPPING • Tourism for the purpose of enjoying cuisines or to shop • Gourmet – Hong Kong • Shopping – street markets of London, UK
    29. 29. RICH CULTURE PILGRIMAGE Good Friday at Jerusalem, Israel
    30. 30. RICH CULTURE – PILGRIMAGE • Travel to take part in religious activities • Usually involves a journey to a sacred or religious place • Major religious holidays also play a role in drawing large crowds
    31. 31. RICH CULTURE EXAMPLES YOU SHOULD KNOW Heritage Film-Induced Pilgrimage • • Mumbai, India (Slumdog Millionaire) • Vatican City (Easter for Catholics) • New Zealand (Lord of the Rings) • Mecca in Saudi Arabia (Hajj for Muslims) • Zhangjiajie National Forest Park, China (Avatar) • Varanasi, India (Ganga Festival for Hindus) Beijing, China (Forbidden City, Great wall of China) • Athens, Greece (Acropolis) • Machu Picchu, Peru
    32. 32. CONFLICT DRC Syria N Korea
    33. 33. PLACES OF CONFLICT – DARK TOURISM HIROSHIMA
    34. 34. DARK TOURISM • Travel to places associated with death and tragedy • Wars, battles, man-made tragedies • Tourists include survivors, relatives and friends of those affected, people interested to know more about the events • Eg: battlefields, museums, memorials, fortifications
    35. 35. SPACE TOURISM To infinity and beyond???
    36. 36. SPACE TOURISM • Travel beyond the earth’s atmosphere into space • Suborbital flights can last less than a day • Russian Space Agency - trips to International Space Station • Costly – US$20 to US$35 million • Trips last between 8 to 15 days
    37. 37. HOW CAN SINGAPORE COMPETE ?
    38. 38. HOW CAN SINGAPORE COMPETE ? • Make a list of Singapore’s tourist attractions • Classify which type of attractions they each belong to Scenic Beauty? Rich Culture? • Dark Tourism? Good Facilities? MICE • Heritage • Educational • Film-induced • Health and Spa • Gourmet & Shopping • Theme Parks • Pilgrimage
    39. 39. FACTORS AFFECTING NATURE OF TOURISM • Physical Factors • Type of landscape • Weather and Climate • Human Factors • Marketing • Infrastructure • Costs • Different groups of people promoting tourism • • • • Government Media International Organisations Travel writers
    40. 40. ROLES OF DIFFERENT GROUPS IN PROMOTING TOURISM • Government • Media • International Organisations • Org for Economic Co-operation & Development • UNWTO • Travel Writers
    41. 41. GOVERNMENT • The government is directly involved in the planning, funding and building infrastructure projects linked to tourism • Eg: airports, roads • Ensure safety and security of tourist sites • Set up agencies tasked to devise strategies to promote tourism • Eg: Singapore Tourism Board
    42. 42. MEDIA • Includes television, radio, newspapers and the Internet • Positive reports can encourage more tourists, eg good shopping opportunities • Negative reports can deter visitors, eg occurrence of natural disasters • Increases awareness of tourist destinations
    43. 43. INTERNATIONAL ORGANISATIONS • An international group of different countries that work together for a common purpose • Reports produced by such organisations can encourage or discourage tourists in visiting a place • Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Tourism Committee • UNWTO • Eg: Health updates and travel advisories provided by World Health Organisation (WHO) during the avian influenza would discourage visitors from visiting at-risk countries
    44. 44. TRAVEL WRITERS • Articles and reviews of travel writers appear in guidebooks, travelogues, magazines and Internet reviews • Includes suggested itineries, advice on the cheapest accommodation, best gourmet cuisine, the ‘dos and don’ts’ of tourist behaviour and etc • Source of inspiration to readers • Increases awareness of tourist destinations
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