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  • 1. This project has been funded with support from the European Commission.This publication [communication] reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be heldresponsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.CREATING A CV AND COVER LETTERObjectives:Understanding the principles of preparing application documents - curriculum vitae(CV) and cover letterMastering of writing skills of application documentsIndependent preparation of curriculum vitae (CV) and cover letterStructure: up to 20 studentsTime: 90 minutes.Materials: Blackboard or flipchart, projector, sample cover letters, job advertisementProcedure1. The role of the curriculum vitae (CV) and cover letter in search of work.Teacher: Ask the students to brainstorm ideas why CV is an important self-marketing tool.Summarise the conclusions.A Curriculum Vitae is a document which presents your skills, experiences and attributes, it isyour most important tool when introducing yourself to your future employer. It should expressyour accomplishments in life and match your suitability to the specification of the job you areapplying for, ensuring that you receive an opportunity to prove yourself appropriate for it.However, there will be no opportunities without a profile which has been formatted correctly tograb the reader’s attention and emphasize your achievements.2. Types of resumes
  • 2. This project has been funded with support from the European Commission.This publication [communication] reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be heldresponsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.Teacher: Ask the students to search for different types of resume and brainstorm advantages anddisadvantages of using certain type of CV.CHRONOLOGICALLists information, most recent to least recent, and focuses on where and how skills wereobtained.FUNCTIONALA functional resume focuses on your professional skills by grouping positive attributes together,rather than straight work experience. Events are listed in reverse chronological order (the mostrecent events at the top). The focus of a functional resume is your talents and where they havebeen cultivated and put to good use.COMBINATIONWeaves the best from the chronological and functional formats together by classifying positionsand responsibilities under functional headings in reverse chronological order. The focus is onskills and emphasizing the environments in which they were developed.VIDEO CVVideo CV is a modern form of communication with a potential employer.A candidate can presenthis resume in the form of audio-visual self-presentation. In practice, the Video CV is designed tocomplement its traditional form and give the employer a chance for effective employeeselection.The ideal length of a video CV is 3-5 minutes.ONLINE CVThere are many web pages offering free tools for creating an online CV (Linked-in, Visual CVetc.). It might be a good equivalent to the traditional CV.3. Rules for writing curriculum vitae (CV).
  • 3. This project has been funded with support from the European Commission.This publication [communication] reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be heldresponsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.Teacher: Give a lecture on rules and common mistakes when writing a CV.1. PresentationYoull need both a print and an electronic version of your résumé. Your print resume is consideredyour primary marketing document and its appearance is critical. It must look sharp and dynamic.Yourrésumé must be current in its style, format and tone. Choose a sharp-looking font such as Bookman,Soutane, Krone or Fritz, or, if your font selection is limited, the more prevalent Times Roman,Helvetica or Arial fonts.2. FormatYoull just need to add headings or margins, insert rules, bold or italic type or edit sections to fit yourinformation more comfortably onto a page. Make it short and informative. Dont overdo bold anditalic type. Use nothing smaller than 10-point type.3. Spelling and GrammarProofread your résumé twice repeatedly focusing onspelling errors. Then ask three to five others toreview it, paying attention to your terminology and tone.4. ContentListing all your past employment isnt necessary or helpful. And, if you list responsibilities, includetheir scope and your contributions.5. FocusWrite a clear, well-defined objective or omit an objective and start with a "summary" or "careerprofile" instead.6. Selling
  • 4. This project has been funded with support from the European Commission.This publication [communication] reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be heldresponsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.A résumé should be more than a list of past jobs. It should serve as a personal sales andmarketing tool that attracts and impresses employers. Your qualifications, words, format andpresentation must all be packaged to sell yourself.4. Independent preparation of CV in response to the chosen job advertisement.Teacher: Provide the students with job advertisements and ask them to prepare their CV(imaginary data with real name) in response to one of the ads.5. Rules for writing a cover letter.Teacher: Ask students about the purpose of the cover letter. Give a lecture on rules and commonmistakes when writing a cover letter.A cover letter typically accompanies each resume you send out. Your cover letter may make thedifference between obtaining a job interview and having your resume ignored, so it makes goodsense to devote the necessary time and effort to writing effective cover letters.A cover lettershould complement, not duplicate, your resume. Its purpose is to interpret the data-oriented,factual resume and add a personal touch. A cover letter is often your earliest written contactwith a potential employer, creating a critical first impression.1) Don’t repeat your resume2) Keep it short3) Address it to the appropriate person or do not address at all4) Send it as a pdf6. Self-prepare a cover letter based on samples provided by the teacher.Teacher: Ask students to prepare their cover letters supplementing the CV.