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Introduction to OpenStreetMap and Humanitarian OSM Team for Plan International Mapping Workshop, Nov 2012
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Introduction to OpenStreetMap and Humanitarian OSM Team for Plan International Mapping Workshop, Nov 2012


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Presentation about OSM for Humanitarian use at Plan International Mapping Workshop, Woking, Nov. 2012. …

Presentation about OSM for Humanitarian use at Plan International Mapping Workshop, Woking, Nov. 2012.
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  • There's 3 main stages with crisis mapping, first is data collection, second is applying the data to early days disaster response And the last is reconstruction and ongoing capacity building. Worth noting that the crisis in haiti is still ongoing.
  • The first was characteriesd by mass collaboration to create and collect data So, what happened. A refresher
  • Earlier in the Year, a very large earthquake shook the ground in haiti, near port au prince. The country was and remain quite deprived with awful conditions. Lots of people lost their lives, and many were trapped.
  • OSM looked like this on the day of the earthquake. And this was mainly responsibly by myself importing donated data from the CNGIS – the mapping office of Haitian government – following their previous disaster of severe flooding a year or two previously. That office, and most of the senior staff perished in the earthquake
  • 3 days later, and a lot of detail was added. The activity was tremendous
  • Closer in
  • By day 4, displacement camps were being added, as better up to date imagery became available
  • And by 2 weeks after the earthquake good detailed maps were created
  • There was a need for shapefile extracts, and also garmin gps images, to put the maps on gps units. These files were updated every 5 minutes!
  • It really was unique – the first time that people were able to reach out, remotely, from their armchairs even, and make a difference A source from a UN agency said that what would have taken a comercial mapping company tens of thousands if not millions and years to do, OSM too 3 weeks.
  • Lots of imagery was provided from multiple sources, all for free and a lot of them were, for the first time, allowed for OSM to trace over them
  • Here's some of the footprints of the imagery given. There were also some UAV oblique imagery. There was the need to tile that imagery up – so it can be traced, used as backdrops, for agencies to analyse.
  • The haiti crisis map, served by telascience, and mainly set up by chris schmidt sprang to life and was the primary place to go for tiles and imagery.
  • Myself, with my client at the New York Public Libray deployed an instance of my public domain map warper application – to rectify and serve the Library's collection of maps for the region – some of the only good detail maps available We also rectified the GeoEye imagery, which was misregistered.
  • So day 1 again
  • And a month later
  • In summary for the collection part
  • The data had to be used
  • Immediately it was used on GPS devices – the extracts were produced and were loaded up onto the devices. For the first time, responders had good level street maps to guide them. Mapaction – the UK based mapping organisation made good use of this service. The fairfax county urban search and rescue team wrote and expressed their thanks.
  • Mappers adapted quickly to tag earthquake damage of buildings for example
  • In order to help damage assessment efforts
  • The UNOCHA expressed an urgent need to map the spontanous camps that sprang up, and the mappers were able to instantly add the camps that they saw.
  • And the NGO was able to give food to the camps
  • Routing was crucial – particularly when roads were blocked. ORS, from university of bonn, produced a special haiti routing application – which enabled people to draw on that map blockages and obstacles, whilst also reading the osm data to see if there were obstacles recorded
  • The crisis is ongoing – the rainy season will start soon And theres a focus on increasing OSM work
  • The rains increase the likelhood of floods, disease and landslides
  • Deployments Theres been 3 deployments by osmers to Haiti - Nicolas, pictured, is currently out there with Kate Chapman In the box are printers, GPS units, laptops. Their mission is
  • The gis dept, the CNGIS is coming back online, (as it was destroyed) but some of the staff are learing OSM and taking ownership
  • The guys are doing lots of training with many different actors, and are seeing lots of enthusiasm
  • Transcript

    • 1. Introduction to OpenStreetMapPlan International WorkshopNov. 2012
    • 2. Tim Waters• GeoIQ / GeoCommons• Esri – DC R&D• Freelance developer• Topomancy LLC• OpenStreetMap Volunteer • Humanitarian OpenStreetMap Team @tim_waters
    • 3. What is OpenStreetMap?A web project to create a free and open map of the entire world
    • 4. History* Founded in the United Kingdom in 2004 bySteve Coast* Ordnance Survey Data was Expensive toUse* July 2005 the First Mapping Party TakesPlace* All volunteers
    • 5. OpenStreetMap Statistics Over 900,000 Registered Users from AllOver the World10,000s Edit Regularly
    • 6. BenefitsUp to dateFreeResponsiveCollaborativeData Sharing
    • 7. Open License CC-BY-SA/ODbL1. Credit OpenStreetMap2. Share improved data to community
    • 8. OpenStreetMap SchemaFolksonomy: collaboratively createdcreated system of tagging things.(The community creates theOpenStreetMap tagging scheming overtime)
    • 9. Nodes, Ways and Areas
    • 10. How can you edit?
    • 11. Potlatch2
    • 12.
    • 13. Java OpenStreetMap Editor (JOSM)
    • 14. What is the Humanitarian OpenStreetMap Team? An organization working to promote the use of open data and volunteered geographic information towards humanitarian response, disaster preparedness, and economic development.
    • 15. Where We Are Working on the Ground in 2012
    • 16. Remote Mapping
    • 17. OSM & Mobile Data Capture● Many options
    • 18. Mobile GPS Positives Negatives● Standalone GPS – Screen show track and OSM● Datalogger – Battery lasts long time.● Bluetooth datalogger – Can work with smartphone● Smartphone – Editable screen – POI adding
    • 19. Smartphones●●●● Blackberry, Symbion, J2me, Windows... etc
    • 20. OSMTracker●●
    • 21. OSM Mobile evaluations
    • 22. Cheap Resilient Best?● GPS, Pen, Paper● Aerial Imagery & tracing
    • 23. HOT OSMHumanitarian Field Guide to survey id=1gmgoMKwPstJdB_eyHEWhfmDQRGxq- wADfjFBAAyX484
    • 24. HOT OSMJOSM (Java-based OSM editor) basic editing field guide
    • 25. Getting OSM Data for GIS● Shapefile download● Database import / export● Plugins – Quantum GIS – ArcGIS● Garmin GPS export● Misc exports
    • 26. Quantum GIS plugin
    • 27. ArcGIS extension●
    • 28. GARMINMake your own ready made
    • 29. Shapefile Export●●●●● Extracts - land, water, administrative, natural, points, lines, polygons etc.
    • 30. Misc / Advanced● Running own database – keep up to date● Custom extracts● Connect to a map renderer● Connects to spatial export tools etc
    • 31. Pune Slum Case Study
    • 32. Pune - SHANKAR MAHARAJCandela Sanchez
    • 33. Pune - SHANKAR MAHARAJ
    • 34. Pune - SHANKAR MAHARAJ
    • 35. Ushahdi /
    • 36. HAITI Case Study Jan 2010 Earthquake
    • 37. 1 Data collection2 Apply to Disaster Response3 Reconstruction
    • 38. 1. Data CollectionCreation and Collectionof DataMass Collaboration
    • 39. 12 Jan 2010
    • 40. Day 1
    • 41. Day 3
    • 42. Day 1
    • 43. Day 2
    • 44. 1 Week
    • 45. 2 Weeks
    • 46. Change in how maps were used in humanitarian situationsFor the first time ever we now have a set of conditions where individuals from thecomfort and safety of their own home can literally help other people save lives in adisaster zone by contributing to OSM & UshahidiSchuyler ErleUN “Would have taken tens of thousands of pounds and years to do. OSM took 3 weeks.”
    • 47. DigitalGlobe, Google, NOAA,World Bank (ImageCAT GFDRR), GeoEye, SpotImage, CIA Geoeye “You can trace this imagery in OSM”
    • 48. Day 1
    • 49. Day 28
    • 50.  Satellite and aerial imagery was made available. Volunteers (>700) marshalled that imagery and made it usable. Volunteers traced the imagery into OSM. Volunteers prepared extracts of OSM for reuse.
    • 51. 1 Data collection2 Apply to Disaster Response3 Reconstruction
    • 52. Fairfax County Urban Search & Rescue Team“wish you could see their faces light up when I take their GPS unit andtell them that Im going to give them street level detail maps.Mapaction - training and loading up. Most SAR are firefighters.
    • 53. Tagging Earthquake Damageearthquake:damage: collapsed_buildingearthquake:damage: spontaneous_campearthquake:damage: damaged_infrastructureearthquake:damage: landslide
    • 54. Damage Assessment
    • 55. NEED to mapDistributing Food & Water “any spontaneous campsappearing in the imagery”Mapping requirement mentioned by United NationsOffice of Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs(UNOCHA) 69 Bearthquake:damage: spontaneous_camptourism: camp_siterefugee: yes
    • 56. ObstacleRouting – OpenRouteServiceDont even bother with GMaps!
    • 57. 1 Data collection2 Apply to Disaster Response3 Ongoing crisis & recovery
    • 58.
    • 59. Live OpenStreetMap Edits