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HOT OSM Community mapping in Lower Shire, Malawi

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General presentation about the HOT project in Malawi funded by GFDRR

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HOT OSM Community mapping in Lower Shire, Malawi

  1. 1. OpenStreetMap (OSM) community mapping for Flood Preparedness in Lower Shire, Malawi 30/07/2014 Severin Menard Humanitarian OpenStreetMap Team (AKA H.O.T.)
  2. 2. 1 OpenStreetMap is a web project aiming at creating a map of the entire world, accessible, free and downloadable for anyone. It has been started in 2004 by a student from UK. = + What is OpenStreetMap? www.osm.org It is based on the joint action of thousands of contributors working voluntarily. Anyone can participate. +150,000 users created more than 2 billion nodes as of today. The ongoing OSM contributions can be followed on http://live.openstreetmap.fr/
  3. 3. OSM focuses on all the visible, physical objects like: roads, buildings, land uses, facilities (health, education..) shops, industries, water and sanitation, natural spaces... but also not visible like administrative boundaries or transportation lines. OSM does not store information about populations or sensitive data. 1 Mapping any feature existing in the field, visible or not
  4. 4. 1 OSM is a free map, not submitted to political constraints Example in China where OSM has no random offset
  5. 5. 1 “Legal” Details Was Licensed CC-BY-SA 2.0 Moved towards ODbL Kate Chapman's article about OdbL: http://www.maploser.com/2012/03/03/odbl-what-the-heck-can-you-do-with-it/
  6. 6. 1 OSM governance The ecosystem of the OSM community Citizens Associations Local governments (ex: BNPB, the National Disaster Management Agency in Indonesia) NGOs International Organizations (UN, WB, USAID, AUSAid) Academia Private actors: • Microsoft, Foursquare • Cloudmade, Geofabrik, Camptocamp, MapBox The growth of the OSM project is fostered by • OpenStreetMap Foundation & local Chapters • Humanitarian OpenStreetMap Team for Humanitarian/Development contexts
  7. 7. 1 OSM Wiki http://wiki.openstreetmap.org
  8. 8. 1 http://lists.openstreetmap.org/listinfo OSM mailing lists (geographic, thematic)
  9. 9. 1 La cartographie Collaborative Idea (same as Wikipedia): A large number of individuals contributing together will tend to create high quality data. Free mapping and quality ● Validation tools within editor Different kind of practises and tools strengthen this: ● Quality control tools over an area ● Easy access to each step of the history of every object ● Easy access to all the contributions of every mapper ● Possibility to revert any bad contribution
  10. 10. 1 Quality assurance in OpenStreetMap : validation tools for users within the editors
  11. 11. 1 Quality assurance in OpenStreetMap : Specific checking services Eg: Keepright!
  12. 12. History 1 The complete history of every object is accessible
  13. 13. History 1 It is possible to know what has been updated recently over an area
  14. 14. History 1 It is possible to know who are the active contributors in an area
  15. 15. 1 OpenStreetMap and humanitarian data: since the Haiti Earthquake in 2010 Port-au-Prince on OSM, January 12, 2010 Port-au-Prince on OSM, 28 days later Within a few days, the response of the OSM community to map the affected areas has been intensive, as seen in this video.
  16. 16. 1 A new interest from the humanitarian organizations to work with the virtual, technical communities
  17. 17. Coordination 1 HOT is part of the Digital Humanitarian Network http://digitalhumanitarians.com
  18. 18. 1 Free mapping and open data, a new humanitarian field Humanitarian/ Development organizations A NGO has been created in August 2010 to create a bridge between the community of OSM contributors and the humanitarian and development stakeholders. An organization working to promote the use of open data and volunteered geographic information within the humanitarian and development contexts The Humanitarian OpenStreetMap Team activate a response to quickly provide baseline data to the humanitarian stakeholders. The Humanitarian OpenStreetMap Team also works or worked on field projects in Indonesia (AusAID), Haiti (USAID), Senegal (IOF), Burundi, CAR, Chad, Kenya (DG ECHO), in order to both create baseline data and build up local capacities by training future trainers to OSM techniques.
  19. 19. 1 OSM Community Mapping in the Lower Shire http://hot.openstreetmap.org/projects/osm_community_mapping_for_flood_preparedness_in_ From late July to late September, a team of 3 HOT contractors will carry out a project in Malawi whose main aim is to achieve a Community Mapping Exercise for the Lower Shire, tin the two flood-prone districts, Chikwawa and Nsanje. The objectives are as follow: ● Hold a series of meetings and training sessions on open data and community mapping, engaging government Departements, university students (especially from the Polytechnic School in Blantyre), NGOs and civil society ● Apply the training by collecting geospatial data in the field in the two most flood prone districts of Malawi (Chikhwawa and Nsanje), edit and upload it in partnership with the OSM worldwide community that has already shown it huge impact when mapping on imagery or editing field collected data with Field Papers ● Explain how to host the data on the Malawi Open Spatial Data Portal (MASDAP) and use it effectively, especially by holding a training on the INASAFE tool to perform contingency planning with the OSM data, as already made elsewhere, especially in Indonesia ● Identify and support community mobilizers to ensure sustainability of the outcomes, and make the community autonomous, able to update and enhance the OSM data, use it when crisis arises, and link with the local disaster management authorities and the OSM worldwide community.
  20. 20. 1 OSM Community Mapping in the Lower Shire http://hot.openstreetmap.org/projects/osm_community_mapping_for_flood_preparedness_in_ The time frame is as follows: ● Week 1 (starting July 29): meetings with stakeholders in Lilongwe ● Week 2 (starting August 4): OSM training and MASDAP/OSM sessions in Lilongwe ● Week 3 (starting August 11): OSM training in Blantyre, Polytechnic School ● Weeks 4 and 5 (starting August 18): OSM field community mapping in Chikwawa district ● Weeks 6 and 7 (starting September 1): OSM field community mapping in Nsanje district ● Week 8 (starting September 15): InaSafe training in Lilongwe
  21. 21. Contributing to OSM: 1 Mapping over Imagery
  22. 22. 1 Contributing to OSM: mapping over Imagery Bing allows the OpenStreetMap contributors to trace over all its imagery.
  23. 23. 1 Java Based OpenStreetMap Editor http://josm.openstreetmap.de/ Can be easily enhanced, many plugins, works well with sporadic connectivity
  24. 24. Humanitarian benefit: Baseline data from the crowd in crisis contexts
  25. 25. 1 Coordinating tool: the OSM Wiki http://wiki.openstreetmap.org/
  26. 26. 1 Coordinating tool: the Tasking Manager http://tasks.hotosm.org/
  27. 27. 1 The outcome: a detailed baseline data
  28. 28. 1 Data Export tool in various GIS formats: HOT Exports http://export.hotosm.org/
  29. 29. 1 If a crisis arises, please do not hesitate to request a Rapid Mapping from the HOT Community hot@openstreetmap.org
  30. 30. Contributing to OSM: 2 Field mapping
  31. 31. 1 Contributing to OSM: field mapping, Mapping Parties
  32. 32. Most Any GPS Will Work 1 Tools to contribute in OSM: GPS devices
  33. 33. 1 Tools to contribute in OSM: HOT too kits
  34. 34. 1 Tools to contribute in OSM: HOT too kits
  35. 35. 1 Tools to contribute in OSM: Walking of Field Papers http://walking-papers.org/ or http://fieldpapers.org/ Printable Map Collect Data by Writing Scan and Upload Edit for OpenStreetMap
  36. 36. 1 Tools to contribute in OSM: Survey forms fitting humanitarian data models (ex: UNDIT for roads)
  37. 37. 1 Tools to contribute in OSM: Editors for smartphones OsmTracker - Routing - Pedestrian - Edits/Bugs - Edits/Bugs & transports Vespucci - light online editor - online - Edits/Bugs
  38. 38. 1 Training materials: LearnOSM. for Beginners to Advanced Mappers or Trainers http://learnosm.org
  39. 39. Humanitarian benefit: field collected data
  40. 40. 1 Building mapping capacities within the local communities
  41. 41. Field mapping in urban areas Ex: Limonade, Haiti
  42. 42. Field mapping in urban areas Ex: Limonade, Haiti
  43. 43. Field mapping in rural areas Ex: Limonade, Haiti
  44. 44. Field mapping in rural areas Ex: Limonade, Haiti
  45. 45. Field mapping in refugee camps Ex: Gasorwe, Burundi (in partnership with UNHCR)
  46. 46. Contributing to OSM: 3 Importing existing open data
  47. 47. 1 A documented, reviewed process http://wiki.openstreetmap.org/wiki/Import An official agreement signed by the owner A documented import process monitored by a skilled Import Working Group
  48. 48. Humanitarian benefits: no loss over the time, easy access, living updatable data, avoids duplicates
  49. 49. 1 Various organizations already released datasets ● UN-JLC (Sudan, Haiti) ● UN-FAO Africover ● UNOSAT (Zaatari camp, Jordania) ● UNICEF (Health, Education, Watsan, Central African Republic) ● WRI (Landuses, Central African Republic)
  50. 50. 4 Tools and services for preparedness or crisis response
  51. 51. 1 OpenStreetMap services: a specific humanitarian rendering for OSM
  52. 52. 1 OpenStreetMap services: Walking of Field Papers http://walking-papers.org/ or http://fieldpapers.org/
  53. 53. 1 OpenStreetMap services: Automatic Town Maps http://maposmatic.org/
  54. 54. 1 OpenStreetMap services: Maps for GPS devices
  55. 55. 1 OpenStreetMap services: Maps for older GPS devices
  56. 56. 1 OpenStreetMap services: Maps for smartphones OsmAND - Routing - Pedestrian - Edits/Bugs - Edits/Bugs & transports
  57. 57. 1 OpenStreetMap services: Routing Tools
  58. 58. 1 OpenStreetMap services: Thematic maps http://www.itoworld.com
  59. 59. 1 OpenStreetMap services: Customizable Point of Interest Maps http://www.flosm.de/en/poi-map.html
  60. 60. 1 HOT Export job covering all Malawi http://export.hotosm.org/en/jobs/4843
  61. 61. InaSAFE Introduction InaSAFE is a free software that produces realistic natural hazard impact scenarios for better planning, preparedness and response activities.
  62. 62. Realistic Disaster Scenario informing Contingency Planning
  63. 63. InaSAFE Concept www.inasafe.org
  64. 64. Sourcing hazard information Communities frequent events only Communities frequent events only Previous Hazard footprint Previous Hazard footprint UniversityUniversity Local Government Local Government National science agency National science agency Hazard in InaSAFE refers to a single disaster scenario
  65. 65. Questions? severin.menard@hotosm.org Slideshows? slideshare.net/Sev_hotosm/

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