EUROSHA Project in KENYA Managing humanitarian information through avoluntary, open-source and open data approach with the Sahana and OpenStreetMap projects
The EUROSHA projectEUROSHA = European Open-Source Humanitarian AidVolunteersFunded by ECHO and implemented by a consortium of 9European NGOs.Participates to the European Commission’s general aim tocreate a European Volunteer aid corpsAims specifically at training and creating geographicinformation (3W-Who, What, Where & baseline data)thorough the open-source tools and open data approach ofthe Sahana and OpenStreetMap projects
The EUROSHA project- Training 26 European and African volunteers to the Sahana andOpenStreetMap information management tools and techniques- Deploying these volunteers during 6 months in 4 Africancountries (Chad, CAR, Burundi and Kenya). Hosted by a partnerorganization, the volunteers lead these activities: 1. Collection and edition of geographical information useful for crisis preparedness 2. Capacity building by providing training to organizations and communities interested by the approach 3. Promotion and outreachFor the benefit of the hosting partner organization as well as thewhole humanitarian system (including the local authorities) and thelocal communities
The EUROSHA project in Kenya6 volunteers (4 Europeam and 2 Kenyan)Hosted by PIPA (People in Peril), operational referent for theproject, in MoloAdministrative support of the volunteers by France VolontairesInternational (FVI)Technical support (on field and remote) by the HumanitarianOpenStreetMap Team (HOT) for the creation of baseline data alaOSM and scaling up a local OSM communityRemote technical support by the Sahana Foundation for the 3Wdata.
Projet EUROSHA Tchad – plan dactivitesPhase 1 piloteAire geographique : Gore et Sud TchadCalendrier 3 moisThematiques : education et camp mapping (carte de base) et 3W / projetsActivites : collecte de donnees et formationApproche ouverte `a dautres thematiques et besoins d acteurs humanitaires surles aspects collecte et formation.Restitution a mi projetGoreNdjamenaPhase 2Approfondissement Gore et Sud TchadRe-deploiement au Tchad selon opportunites dans dautres zones de projet ACRAet/ou partenaires.
OpenStreetMapA web project to create a free and open map of theentire world, built entirely from volunteers surveyingwith GPS, digitizing aerial imagery, collecting andliberating existing public sources of geographic data. = +
History and Stats 2004 Start of OSM 2012 OSM status Users 825,278 Uploaded GPS points 112,101,094 Nodes 1,594,576,286 Ways 151,330,005 Relations 1575387 http://wiki.openstreetmap.org/wiki/History_of_OpenStreetMap
Community life in real world - Mapping parties
Community life on inernet: Wiki, mailing list,forum
GovernanceThe ecosystem of the OSM communityCitizensAssociationsLocal governmentsNGOsInternational Organizations (UN, WB)AcademiaPrivate actors:• Google, Microsoft, Foursquare• AND• Cloudmade, Geofabrik, Camptocamp & DevelopmentSeedsThe growth of the OSM project is fostered by•OpenStreetMap Foundation & local Chapters (France, Spain )•Humanitarian OpenStreetMap Team (HOT) Hum/Dev contexts
Open Database License (OdbL)Open free and voluntary contributionvolontaire
Data Primitives in OSM Node : basic element Latitude & longitude Used for POIs Way : ordered interconnection of nodes Used for linear features Closed Way : first and last nodes of the way identical Used for areas Relation : group of any primitives with associated roles Used for relationships between objects and abstract objects
Tags/attributesIf the tagging system is fully flexible, allowing anyone to create new keys/values, it is stronglyrecommended to use the already existing, debated, approved and described tags so that theOSM data remains consolidated as much as possible.The OSM tags can be found on the wiki : http://wiki.openstreetmap.org/wiki/Map_Features
Importing databases (Public domain) Haiti: Base map layers (MINUSTAH/ CNIGS), Health Facility (WHO), Haiti damage assessment: ITHACA & UNOSAT vectors…
Tracing over imageryFree, Purchased,Negotiated
Web Maps: Walking Papers Combined, GPS and Walking Papers can be used for rapid surveying and ground truthing. Walking Papers allow users to print out small sections of the OSM map. In the field, these paper maps can be used to draw new features, annotate existing data, and take notes that will help with the import of GPS data. Icons in each of the corners and a unique code for each Walking Paper let users scan the paper and upload to OSM so the notes can be viewed in an editing environment.
Quality: Muki Aklay (UCL) positional accuracy comparisonsUnited Kingdom: OSM - Ordnance Survey Meridian II databaseHaiti: OSM - GoogleMapMaker – MINUSTAH/CNIGS The analysis shows that, where OSM was collected by several users and benefited from some quality assurance, the quality of the data is comparable and can be fit for many applications. The positional accuracy is about 6 metres, which is expected for the data collection methods that are used in OSM. The comparison of motorways shows about 80% overlap between OSM and OS .
OSM and Crisis Response in Haiti Port-au-Prince Before 28 Days Laterhttp://vimeo.com/9182869
High level imagery timely released under an “attribution only” license Google//GeoEye DigitalGlobe World Bank (ImageCAT GFDRR), SpotImage CIARaw imagery processed into tiles to be made available in OSM editors (potlatch,merkator & josm)Hundreds traced 24/7 over base map features, humanitarian features (camps) & alsodamagesIncentive for sharing restricted vector data setsFoster quality of field collection activities
Coordination- Advise using OSM- Plan training/ surveys
Support materialsHOT Hardware kit, / OSM Kit / Guides/ Training
Support materials Data models (tags/attributes)Les données attributaires OSM sont stockées sous forme d’une paire associant une clé(key) à des valeurs (values).Le système de tagging est complètement flexible, permettant de créer des clés et denouvelles valeurs ad hoc selon les besoins.Il est néanmoins recommandé de s’appuyer quand c’est possible sur les tags déjàexistants pour assurer une compatibilité de la donnée OSM.Le détail du système de tags OSM (clés/ valeurs) est accessible sur le wiki à cetteadresse : http://wiki.openstreetmap.org/wiki/Map_Features
Sahana• Non-profit organization – supported by global community of volunteers• Free and Open Source Software (FOSS) for humanitarian purposes• Mission is saving lifes through developing free and open source software that enables organizations and communities to better prepare for and respond to disasters• Supports the humanitarian geo-spatial data model used by OSM which allows Sahana to import and export POIs with OSM
Sahana first deployed toIndian Ocean Tsunami in 2004
Since the Haiti Earthquake• Eden software was first deployed for disaster responses purposes following the 2010 Haiti earthquake for public use and also to support a the food distribution programs of the UN World Food Programme.• Since the Haiti earthquake, Eden has been used for the following disasters by individuals, organizations and governments: – Wildfires in Chile – 2012 – Earthquake and Tsunami in Japan – 2011 – Flooding in Colombia – 2011 – Flooding in Venezuela – 2010 – Flooding in Pakistan – 2010 – Hurricane in Veracruz, Mexico – 2010• The following organizations also adopted Eden: – Asian Disaster Preparedness Center (ADPC) for its Disaster Risk Reduction Projects Portal, – IFRC Asia Pacific Disaster Management Unit, – Sahana Taiwan (Academia Sinica) – Supports Healthscapes at the University of Wisconsin-Madison
Sahana in the EUROSHA project• Improving Point Of Interest (POI) data – Organizations, projects, assets, and locations important for disaster management• OCHA 3W (Who does, What, Where)• Health Facility Registry
Serves as a database oforganizations and facilities