WCIT-12What Happens Next     Susan Crawford      @scrawfordscrawford@scrawford.net                          1
International Telecommunications           Regulations (ITRs)• Must fit within ITU Convention and Constitution• Establish ...
Russian Proposals• “Member States shall have equal rights to manage the  Internet, including in regard to the allotment, a...
European Telecommunications Network       Operators (ETNO) ProposalsNational regulators “shall endeavour to provide suffic...
ITU-T Deep Packet Inspection• "Requirements for Deep Packet Inspection in  Next Generation Networks” adopted during  World...
India Proposals“Member States shall promote cost-oriented pricing.Regulatory measures may be imposed to the extentthat thi...
No consensus• 40% did not sign (stay with 1988 ITRs)  – Inclusion of Internet not appropriate, particularly re    content ...
Implications• World is discussing the Internet• ITU plenipot meeting in 2014  – WCIT could not conflict with constitution/...
Goals and principles• Arguments in favor of free and open Internet  are compelling• Internet creates opportunities for cit...
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WCIT-12 What Happens Next by Susan Crawford

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CC Korea, 정보법학회, 하자센터 공동주최 특별포럼 "인터넷을 둘러싼 권력전쟁" 중

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WCIT-12 What Happens Next by Susan Crawford

  1. 1. WCIT-12What Happens Next Susan Crawford @scrawfordscrawford@scrawford.net 1
  2. 2. International Telecommunications Regulations (ITRs)• Must fit within ITU Convention and Constitution• Establish general standards for interconnection and charges for 1988-era telecommunications (traditional telephony)• US view: ITRs do not cover content or “information services” (Internet services)• US view: Not appropriate to threaten the Internet with top-down government regulation at the expense of multistakeholder processes that have encouraged economic growth and wealth creation of the Internet 2
  3. 3. Russian Proposals• “Member States shall have equal rights to manage the Internet, including in regard to the allotment, assignment and reclamation of Internet numbering, naming, addressing and identification resources and to support for the operation and development of basic Internet infrastructure.”• “Member States shall have the sovereign right to establish and implement public policy, including international policy, on matters of Internet governance, and to regulate the national Internet segment, as well as the activities within their territory of operating agencies providing Internet access or carrying Internet traffic.” 3
  4. 4. European Telecommunications Network Operators (ETNO) ProposalsNational regulators “shall endeavour to provide sufficient telecommunications facilities to meet requirements of and demand for international telecommunication services. For this purpose, and to ensure an adequate return on investment in high bandwidth infrastructures, operating agencies shall negotiate commercial agreements to achieve a sustainable system of fair compensation for telecommunications services and, where appropriate, respecting the principle of sending party network pays.” National regulators “shall cooperate in the development of international IP interconnections providing both, best effort delivery and end to end quality of service delivery.” 4
  5. 5. ITU-T Deep Packet Inspection• "Requirements for Deep Packet Inspection in Next Generation Networks” adopted during World Telecommunication Standardization Assembly, or WTSA - ITU-T meeting – requires inspection of encrypted communications – no acknowledgment of privacy concerns• Troubling in light of calls from Russia and a number of Middle Eastern countries to make ITU- T Recommendations mandatory for Internet technology companies and network operators to build into their products. 5
  6. 6. India Proposals“Member States shall promote cost-oriented pricing.Regulatory measures may be imposed to the extentthat this cannot be achieved through marketmechanisms and to the extent that such measuresdo not hinder competition.”“Member States are free to levy fiscal taxes oninternational telecommunication services inaccordance with their national laws.”
  7. 7. No consensus• 40% did not sign (stay with 1988 ITRs) – Inclusion of Internet not appropriate, particularly re content issues – Human rights amendment hijacked by Iran – Deal re Internet governance reached in small room (bad process)• Government control over definition of spam and security issues not desirable• Multistakeholder approach to Internet issues needed• But – ITRs improved through discussion 7
  8. 8. Implications• World is discussing the Internet• ITU plenipot meeting in 2014 – WCIT could not conflict with constitution/charter – All could be on the table in 2014• Risk to free flow of Internet communication are substantial 8
  9. 9. Goals and principles• Arguments in favor of free and open Internet are compelling• Internet creates opportunities for citizens to communicate, for consumers, for entrepreneurs - benefits for society.• South Korea could be a leader for free and open Internet 9

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