Howard Gardner


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Multiple Intelligences

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Howard Gardner

  1. 1. Howard Gardner Multiple Intelligences WilsonWeb Copyright 1997-1999 H.W. Wilson Company Created By: Cheryl Capozzoli & Tony DiMatteo
  2. 2. Gardner’s Life  Jewish parents who were refugees that fled from Germany in 1938  Howard Earl Gardner born July 11, 1943 in Scranton, PA  His older brother killed in a sledding accident  A good student  A pianist and thought it could be a professional career  Married to Ellen Winner  Has four children  Enjoys traveling and a range of art forms.
  3. 3. Gardner’s Education  Attended Preparatory School in Kingston, Pennsylvania  Attended Harvard College - studied history preparing for a law career  1965 - Graduate Gardner received his B.A. summa cum laude in Social Relations from Harvard College  1971 - Ph.D. in Developmental Psychology from Harvard University
  4. 4. Gardner’s Career  1972 - Boston V.A. Hospital, research psychologist  1973- Harvard University, Co-director of Project Zero  (a research group that studies human cognition and focuses mainly on the arts)  1979 - Professor of Medicine Boston Univ. School of Medicine  1986 - Professor of Education at Harvard Graduate School of Education  1984 – Professor of Neurology at Boston University School of Medicine
  5. 5. Some of Gardner’s Publications  The Arts and Human Development (1973)  Art, Mind, and Brain: A Cognitive Approach to Creativity (1982)  Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligence (1983)  The Unschooled Mind: How Children Think and How Schools Should Teach (1991)  Multiple Intelligences: The Theory in Practice (1993)  Changing the World: A Framework for the Study of Creativity(1994)  Who Owns Intelligence? (1999)  Book Publications
  6. 6. A Definition of Multiple Intelligences  A psychological theory about the mind.  Human beings learn in various levels of intelligences  Eight different human intelligences.  Humans learn, remember, perform, and understand in different ways and have all of these intelligences  Most intelligence tests only identify general intelligence (language/logic)  Genetics, environment, and experiences influence one’s level of intelligences  Multiple Intelligences is a tool not a goal  All humans possess these intelligences, but each person owns their unique learning style combination
  7. 7. Gardner’s Theory of Multiple Intelligences This theory is based on Gardner’s belief that “students have very different minds and they learn, remember, perform, and understand in various ways.” ( The Distance Learning Technology Resource Guide," by Carla Lane )  Visual/Spatial  Bodily-kinesthetic  Musical-Rhythmic  Logical- Mathematical  Interpersonal  Intrapersonal  Linguistic- Verbal  Naturalistic Other Possible Intellingences (moral, spiritual, existential)
  8. 8. How Technology Enhances Multiple Intelligences Check out some good examples of how to incorporate technology into Your lesson plans to help engage all types of learners. America Tomorrow
  9. 9. Take the Multiple Intelligence Test SPAN Statewide Parent Advocacy Network • Identify your multiple intelligences styles by take the test located at this site. • Identify your students multiple intelligences so that you can develop sound lesson plans for individual learning styles. • Check out some Examples of Learning Styles and what they indicate about you and your students.
  10. 10. Impact on Today’s Curriculum Educators- Strong Positive Response • Some schools looked to structure curriculum according to intelligences. • Some schools tried to design classrooms to reflect the understandings of Gardner.
  11. 11. Impact on Today’s Curriculum Teaching Techniques • Students think and learn in many different ways. • Provides educators with framework for organizing and reflection on curriculum assessment and pedagogical practices. • Approach meets needs of class learners.
  12. 12. Impact on Today’s Curriculum Alternative Ways of Thinking for Educators • A broad vision of education- teachers need to attend to all intelligences. • Developing local and flexible programs. • Looking to how morality and intelligence work together.
  13. 13. Impact on Today’s Curriculum Gardner’s Educational Philosophy • Cover too much material dooms the achievement of understanding. • Most likely to enhance understanding if we probe deeply in a small number of topics.
  14. 14. Key School • First school in world organized around Multiple Intelligneces Theory. • Gardner- psychologist not an educator, did not know best ways to teach a class or run a school.
  15. 15. Using Multiple Intelligences Theory for Assessment Original Research • Desire to get away from tests. • Look at Naturalistic sources of information. How people develop skills is important to their way of life. • Intelligence, on one level, is not adequate measure of a person’s intellectual abilities.
  16. 16. Using Multiple Intelligences Theory for Assessment Added Research • Project Spectrum- goal to create a set of measures where by one could ascertain the intellectual profile of young children. • Practical Intelligences for School- developed a set of curriculum and assessment for middle school curriculum • Project Zoo- work on design of performance based assessments, education for understanding, and the use of multiple intelligences to achieve more personalized curriculum, instruction, and assessment
  17. 17. Using Multiple Intelligences Theory for Assessment • Multiple Intelligence should not in and of itself be an educational goal.
  18. 18. Gardner’s Works 20 Books 353 Articles 166 Topical Articles Introductions, and book reviews Published Works
  19. 19. Gardner’s Future Work • Propose new intelligences- sexual, digital. • How the intelligences can best be mobilized to achieve specific pedagogical goals. • Explore the ways in which societal activities and domains of knowledge emerge and become periodically reconfigured.
  20. 20. Gardner’s Future Work • Multiple Intelligence Theory’s reliance on biological evidence. • Biological basis of Multiple Intelligence Theory needs urgently to be brought up to date.
  21. 21. Web Site References 1. NEA 2. America Tomorrow 3. SPAN - 4. ERIC Digest - 5. SUMIT-,HTM 6. Swopnet - 7. Multiple Intelligences after Twenty Years 8. Photo - WilsonWeb Copyright 1997-1999 H.W. Wilson Company 9. Wav Files - Wisconsin Education Association 10. Gardner, Howard Earl (1943- ) Gale Encyclopedia of Psychology by Marie Doorey 11. Indiana University Human Intelligence A Good Instructional Resource