Howard Gardner’s:Multiple IntelligencesPresented to you by the:Jr. Gifted and Talented Class2003-2004
• Title Page and Table of Contents……..1-2• Introduction……..3-6• Verbal/Linguistic Intelligence……..7-11• Logical/Mathematical Intelligence……..12-17• Visual/Spatial Intelligence……..18-23• Bodily/Kinesthetic Intelligence……..24-29• Musical/Rhythmic Intelligence……..30-35• Interpersonal Intelligence……..36-40• Intrapersonal Intelligence……..41-44• Bibliography……..45-47• Credits……..48-61
The theory of multiple intelligences isHoward Gardner’s theory that proposes thatpeople are not born with all of the intelligencethey will ever have. It says that intelligencecan be learned throughout life. Also, it claimsthat everyone is intelligent in at least sevendifferent ways and can develop each aspect ofintelligence to an average level ofcompetency. Intelligence, as defined byGardner, is the ability to solve problems orfashion products that are valuable in one ormore cultural settings.
The 7 intelligences included in Gardner’s theory are:*Verbal/ Linguistic*Visual/ Spatial*Interpersonal*Musical/ Rhythmic*Logical/ Mathematical*Intrapersonal*Bodily/ Kinesthetic
There are 8 Criteria for Defining MultipleIntelligences:*Each of the intelligences can potentially be isolated by braindamage.*Each of the intelligences exists in exceptional people (savants orprodigies).*Each of the intelligences has a process of developing duringnormal child development and has a peak end-stateperformance.*Each of the intelligences is evidenced in species other thanhuman beings.*Each of the intelligences has been tested using various measuresnot necessarily associated with intelligence.*Each of the intelligences can work without the others beingpresent.*Each of the intelligences has a set of identifiable operations.*Each of the intelligences can be symbolized or has its ownunique symbol or set of symbols.
The theory of multiple intelligenceshas encouraged the idea that aperson is not born with all theintelligence they will ever possess.In the rest this slide show, each ofthe intelligences will be explainedto give you a better understandingof Howard Gardner’s theory.
~*Linguistic Intelligence*~Linguistic Intelligence (Word Smart) is the capacity to use language, yournative language, and perhaps other languages, to express whats on yourmind and to understand other people.Gardners Definition:Criteria Used for Linguistic Intelligence•Can understand words and manipulate the structure of language•Has highly developed communication skills including writing, speaking, and story-telling•Knows and correctly uses rules of grammar•Enjoys reading, writing, and speaking•Has a large vocabularyThis person learns best by:•Saying, hearing, and seeing words•Writing•Talking•Reading
•Author•Journalist•Poet•Playwright•Radio Announcer•Speech Pathologist(one who interprets)•Typist•Novelist•Comedian•Politician•Orator•Actor•CuratorThese people would do well in these careers.
Famous People WithLinguistic Intelligence•William Shakespeare•Edgar Allen Poe•Earnest Hemmingway•F. Scott Fitzgerald•Emily Dickinson•Agatha Christie•T.S. Eliot•Rudyard Kipling
Logical-MathematicalIntelligenceLogical-mathematical intelligence is thecapacity to use numbers effectively and reasonwell. Someone who has this kind of intelligenceis able to see cause and effect really well; also,they are able to identify a problem and solve itright there on the spot. People with thisintelligence think by reasoning, and they loveexperimenting, questioning, figuring out logicalpuzzles, and calculating.
What kinds of processes are used in thelogical-mathematical intelligencesequence?•Categorization•Classification•Inference•Generalization•Calculation•Hypothesis testing
What is spatial intelligence?Spatial intelligence is the brain’sability to perceive and interpret visualstimuli. In other words, it’s how ourminds process what we see. Althoughnot very recognized, spatialintelligence is very important in thearts and in everyday life.
Why is spatial intelligenceimportant?The way that we visually perceive andinterpret the world around us is animportant quality to have. In the arts, theability to transfer a vision to a painting,sculpture, or film is a key quality. Careerssuch as architecture, require a person totransfer a vision of a structure into ablueprint. Spatial intelligence is even usedby average people to remember small, butimportant facts; like how to travel fromyour school to your house. Everyone usesspatial intelligence in everyday life.
Famous People With HighSpatial Intelligence• Leonardo Da Vinci• Pablo Picasso• Spike Lee• Vincent Van Gogh• Frank Lloyd Wright(architect)• Steven Spielberg• Ansel Adams(photographer)• Amelia Earhart• Auguste Rodin(sculptor)• Robert Fulton(inventor)• Michelangelo
What is Bodily-KinestheticIntelligence?It is expertise in using one’s whole body toexpress ideas and feelings.Examples: acting, dancing, sports, and using bodylanguageIt is the ability to use one’s hands to produce ortransform things.Examples: sculpting clay and hands-on learning
Bodily-Kinesthetic IntelligenceLove Dancing Running Jumping Building Touching GesturingNeed Role play Drama Movement Things to build Sports and physicalgames Tactile (touchable)experiences Hands-on learningThinking through physical sensations
Other Activities that Would beEnjoyed• Acting• Charades• Collections• Demonstrations• Experiments• Field Trips• Gymnastics• Impersonations• Inventing• Martial Arts• Miming• Puppetry• Visiting• Exercise
• Babe Ruth• Jim Thorpe• Kristi Yamaguchi• Mickey Mantle• Thomas Edison• Isadora Duncan• Cincinnatus• Fabergè• Wilbur Wright• Orville Wright
What is Musical Intelligence?Being musicallyintelligent means that youare able to distinguish thesounds around you andthat you have the ability tomake your own melodies.Even if you are onlysinging a song or makingmusic, you are using yourmusical intelligence!If you are musicallyintelligent, you are ableto:• Perceive• Discriminate• Transform• ExpressAll kinds of musical forms
Types of Musical IntelligenceFigural and Formal(“top-down”) (“ bottom-up”)This means that you This means that youare very intuitive about analytic and technicalthe nature of music and about music and itsits creation. creation.*Anyone can have either both or one of these forms *
CareersThis will give you just a taste for the jobs available in thisgrowing field.• Advertising Agent• Conductor• Disc Jockey• Film/Instrument Maker• Composer• Music Teacher• Sound Engineer• Music Therapist• Song Writer• Performing Musician• Piano Turner• Singer• Musical Theater Actor/Actress• Studio Engineer• Instrument Manager• Rapper
Famous MusiciansThese are just a few of the famous Musicians that helpedshape the field of Music.• Joan Baez• Zubin Mehta• Ethel Merman• Jean Redpath• Gustav Mahler• Leonard Bernstein• Ella Fitzgerald• Jenny Lind• Stephen Foster• Antonio Stradivari• Ludwig van Beethoven• Ray Charles• Robert Schumann• Sergei Rachmaninoff• Yehudi Menuhin• Willie Nelson• The Mavericks• Lawerence Welk• George Gershwin
ActivitiesThe following is a list of activities that can be used in aclassroom or anywhere else to enhance one’s own musicalintelligence.• Sing Ballads• Create Chants• Create Concept Songs• Discographies (lists ofmusical selections toenhance what you arelearning or teaching.)• Environmental Sounds• Humming• Illustrate With Sounds• Rhythms• Instrumental sounds• Listening• Lyrics• Mood Music• Music Composition or creation• Musical concepts• Musical Performance• Percussion and Raps• Reproduce sounds and rhythms• Singing and Songs• Vocal Sounds and TonalPatterns
Interpersonal IntelligenceGardners Definition:• Interpersonal intelligence, (peoplesmart), is understanding other people. It’s an ability we all need, but is at apremium if you are a teacher,clinician, salesperson, or a politician. Anybody who deals with other peoplehas to be skilled in the interpersonalsphere.
Interpersonally intelligent peopleenjoy:* Giving feedback to the teacher or to classmates• Understanding others feelings• Person-to-person communication• Cooperative learning strategies• Receiving feedback• Group projects• Teaching someone else something new• Learning from someone outside of school• Other points of view• Creating group rules• Acting in a play or simulation• Conducting an interview• Creating "phone buddies" for homework• Sensing others’ motives• Creating group rules
Famous Interpersonal People• Abraham Lincoln• George Washington• Ghandi• Dr.Joyce Brothers• Oprah Winfrey• Jesse Jackson• Martin Luther King• Rev. Billy Graham
Interpersonal Careers• Administrator• Anthropologist• Arbitrator• Counselor• Manager• Nurse• Personnel Director• Politician• Public Relations• Salesperson• School Principal• Sociologist• Therapist• Teacher• Travel Agent• Religious Leader• Psychologist
“What is intrapersonal intelligence?”Intrapersonal intelligence is self-knowledgeand the ability to act adaptively on the basisof that knowledge. This intelligence includeshaving an accurate picture of oneself (one’sstrengths and weaknesses); awareness ofinner moods, intentions, motivations,temperaments, and desires; and the capacityfor self-discipline, self-understanding, andself-esteem. Essentially, it’s how well youknow yourself.
* Aristotle* Emily Dickinson* General George Patton* Helen Keller* Malcolm X* Mohammed
*Autobiography *Awareness of Personal Feelings*Concentration *Expression of Feelings*Focusing *Free-Choice Time*Goal Setting *Higher-Order Thinking and Reasoning*Independent Studies Projects *Mood Awareness and Shifting*Personal Application * Personal Priorities*Personal Projection *Sensing the Emotions of the Moment*Self –Identification *Thinking Strategies
Book References• Multiple Intelligences: In The Classroomby Thomas Armstrong• Multiple Intelligences: The Theory in Practiceby Howard Gardner• Multiple Intelligence ApproachesAssessment: Solving the Assessment Conundrumby David Lazear
• Teaching & Learning Through MultipleIntelligencesby Linda Campbell• Multiple Intelligences: Activitiesby Deirdre Korff Wilkins, M.A.
A Bite From The Internet• http://www.arches.uga.edu/~hmt/webwrite/linguistics.htm• http://www.cookps.act.edu.au/mi_ling.htm• www.1stepenglish.com• www.ul.ie/~mearsa/9519211/• www.chariho.k12.RI.us• www.chariho.k12.us/curriculum/MISmart/inter.htm