Session 19_Lucy Waruingi


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Session 19_Lucy Waruingi

  1. 1. Introduction<br />Approaches for CBA in <br />Pastoral communities<br />5th International Conference on Community Based Adaptation to Climate Change, Dhaka Bangladesh. March 2011<br />Presented by: Lucy WARUINGI<br />Authors: Lucy Waruingi, David Western, Jeff Worden, John Kamanga, Godfrey Masinde<br />African Conservation Centre, Nairobi. KENYA<br />
  2. 2. The South Rift<br />
  3. 3. Principle of Co-existence <br />We do not inherit the land from our ancestors, we borrow it from our children <br />- Maasai Proverb<br />
  4. 4. Outline<br />Pastoralism, coexistence<br />Vulnerability of the rangelands<br />Building adaptive capacity <br /><ul><li>Rangeland resilience - Productivity
  5. 5. Pastoral livelihoods - Diversification
  6. 6. Local institutions - Governance</li></ul>From Pilot to Practice<br />
  7. 7. Pastoral livelihoods<br /> Semi-arid savannah landscape with a livestock driven economy in low rainfall zone (<250mm p.a.)<br />Mobility - The Maasai move their livestock through seasonal migrations and habitat selection.<br />Coexistence with wildlife – Maasai traditionally viewed wildlife as their second cattle<br />
  8. 8. Vulnerability of Rangelands<br />Environmental Drivers<br />The modern challenges of:<br />Sedenterization<br />Fragmented landscapes <br />Reduced mobility <br />Grazing pressure. <br />Landuse<br />Climate Change<br />Land Use <br />Climate <br />Change <br />Human <br />Population<br />
  9. 9. Building Adaptive Capacity <br />Rangeland Resilience<br />Pastoral Livelihoods<br />Local Institutions<br />
  10. 10. Building Adaptive Capacity <br />Rangeland Resilience<br /><ul><li>Establishing grass banks
  11. 11. Reafforestation
  12. 12. Resource use planning
  13. 13. Improved cattle breeds
  14. 14. Indigenous knowledge to support traditional systems of grazing and pasture management</li></li></ul><li>Building Adaptive Capacity <br />Pastoral Livelihoods<br />Innovative conservation mechanisms that provide financial incentives<br /><ul><li>Ecotourism businesses</li></ul>Lodges and camps<br />Cultural home stays<br />Beadwork<br /><ul><li>Research tourism
  15. 15. Bio-enterprises: bee keeping, aloe plantations
  16. 16. Energy saving stove (one-kuni)</li></ul>This has resulted inincreased biodiversity, enhanced the value of ecosystem services and diversified incomes of pastoral communities<br />
  17. 17. Building Adaptive Capacity <br />Local Institutions<br />To build ownership and sustainability of programs<br />To ensure equitable sharing of resources<br />For accountability and transparency<br />For engaging with stakeholders and partners<br />-- SORALO – South Rift Association of LandOwners and their local leadership who oversee the developments in communally owned group ranches and an action-by-doing approach<br />-- Local government<br />
  18. 18. Local Institutions<br />Community Resource Centres- Integrated learning<br />Formation of Community Learning networks – knowledge exchange, data/information storage and exchange<br />Community Resource Assessors – the resource owners are the investigators<br />Community based Science – what information does the community want<br /> <br /> <br />
  19. 19. Moving Forward....<br />
  20. 20. From PILOT to PRACTICE<br />Geographic scale –to create adequate grass banks, improved breeds to support the livestock base <br />Governance -- Form the communities into co-operatives (scaling up from associations),to ensure that proper benefit sharing mechanisms are established and extension services<br />Knowledge – two way process to enable integration of scientific and local true-tested knowledge and practice<br />Market access – link up with established outlets for uptakeof tourism, livestock and bio-enterprise products developed<br />Practice to Policy – engaging local govt and central govt<br />Resilience of land enhanced adaptive capacity of pastoral livelihoods<br />
  21. 21. THANK YOU<br />