Cisco mobile offload_architecture_21062012
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    Cisco mobile offload_architecture_21062012 Cisco mobile offload_architecture_21062012 Presentation Transcript

    • Mobile Offload ArchitectureFramework Overview Daniela Hernandez Systems EngineerPresentation_ID © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 1
    • Agenda overview  Market Environment for Offload  Cisco SP WiFi Offload Architecture  Cisco Offload Convergent Core ArchitecturePresentation_ID © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 2
    • Market Environments 3Presentation_ID © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 3
    • Mobile Internet is Changing Everything New Devices More Broadband New New Pricing Applications Video will be 66% of Mobile Traffic by 2014Presentation_ID © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 4
    •  By 2015, global IP What is a zettabye? traffic will reach an • One sextillion bytes annual run rate of 966 • Approximately 10 to the exabytes per year 21st power (1,000,000,000,000,000, 966 Exabytes is equal to: 000,000) bytes • 8X more than all IP traffic generated in 2008 (121 EB) • 28 million DVDs per hour Source: Cisco Visual Networking Index (VNI) Global IP Traffic Forecast, 2010–2015 © 2011 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 5Presentation_ID © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 5
    • 90.000 32% CAGR 2010–2015 80.000 7.77% Mobile Data (92% CAGR) 70.000 Fixed/Wired (24% CAGR) 60.000 Fixed/Wi-fi (39% CAGR) 46.1% Petabytes / Month 50.000 40.000 30.000 46.2% 20.000 10.000 0 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015Source: Cisco Visual Networking Index (VNI) Global IP Traffic Forecast, 2010–2015Presentation_ID © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 8
    • 70.000 34% CAGR 2010–2015 VoIP 60.000 Online Gaming 15% 50.000 Web/Data Petabytes / Month File Sharing 24% 40.000 Internet Video 30.000 61% 20.000 10.000 0 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 Online Gaming and VoIP forecast to be 0.79% of all consumer Internet traffic in 2015 Source: Cisco Visual Networking Index (VNI) Global IP Traffic Forecast, 2010–2015Presentation_ID © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 10
    • Visual Networking Devices Driving Mobile Data Growth – 2010 Mobile Device ComparisonsE-reader = 2 X (monthly basic mobile phone data traffic)Smartphone = 10 X (monthly basic mobile phone data traffic) Digital Photo = 10 X (monthly basic mobile phone data traffic) Frame Video Camera = 100 X (monthly basic mobile phone data traffic) Mobile Phone = 300 X (monthly basic mobile phone data traffic) Projector Laptop = 1,300 X (monthly basic mobile phone data traffic) Source: Cisco Visual Networking Index (VNI) Global Mobile Data Forecast, 2009–2014 Presentation_ID © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 12
    • Mobile Operator Surprise of the Year:The “Smartphone” Is the Platform  It has the power to run the revenue-generating apps  Is Driving Data consumption  Growing in popularity (fashion & social)  Now a Differentiator for many 3G Mobile Operators We all remember our 1st shoe-phone…Presentation_ID © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 15
    • Mobile Data in the Home The “Home” is becoming more Mobile …  44% of data usage on smartphones occurs at home1  60% of mobile data traffic will be generated in the home by 20132  36% of mobile calls are initiated at home –One number; one address book Other 19% • The mobile phone Car competes in the home with 13% the PC & TV Home • New Entrant: Tablets Public Transport 36% 8% Work 24% 1 Nokia smartphone survey, Dec 2007 2 Informa Telecoms and Media, Mobile Broadband Access at Home report, Aug 2008Presentation_ID © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential Source: Analysys Research 2006 16
    • Driver for Change:Dealing with Non-Uniform Peaks Mobile Internet Demand is non-uniform • 12,000 devices attached to Wi-Fi during Superbowl XLV Peaks of demand in certain hotspots can exceed cell capacity • How to scale metro – continuing splitting Baseball stadium deployment – 5500 cells or do something different? devices generating 52 Mbps trafficPresentation_ID © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 17
    • Mobile Operator Reality The Need for a New Financial Model… Macro RAN Opex & Capex Femtocell Opex & Capex Source: Unstrung Insider How to expand Capacity & Coverage at Exponential Rate while keeping CapEx and OpEx linear?Presentation_ID © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 19
    • Cisco M.O.VE™ Monetization, Optimization, and Videoscape Experience Mobile Videoscape Experience Across Devices, Networks, and Content Monetization Optimization • Premium offerings • Backend partnerships • Optimal data transport • Differentiated • Network awareness video services • Subscriber intelligence M.O.VEPresentation_ID © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 20
    • Access Offload • Principle –Divert UE access traffic to an unlicensed (e.g. WiFi) or licensed (e.g. 3G Femto) access every time possible. • Benefits –Save precious macro radio capacity –Address in-building coverage and capacity issue –Save backhaul costs by using broadband transportt • Drawbacks –QoS Guarantee (esp. when using unlicensed spectrum) –Client requirement for some archicture –Complex architecture requiring a new CPE and end-to-end provisioning (esp. Femto)Presentation_ID © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 21
    • Access Offload Alternatives • Unlicenced Spectrum – WiFi • Several options depending on the following points • Client •Clientless (manual selection, web auth or auto selection WISPr/HotSpot2.0) •Client-enabled (Connection manager for network selection and optionally network auth (EAP-SIM/AKA, etc.) • Traffic Handling •Direct Offload (i.e. no operator control) •Traffic Control on a dedicated network element •Aggregation at the mobile packet core (on a PDG per I-WLAN spec) • Mobility •Session mobility •Inter-AP mobility (likely to become an issue in dense WiFi areas such as hotzones/enterprise and also Community WiFi) – Covered later in this preso • Licenced Spectrum – 3G • Consumer/Enterprise Femtocell • Enterprise Picocell Not covered in this preso • Hotzone PicocellsPresentation_ID © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 22
    • Cisco SP WiFi Offload Architecture 25Presentation_ID © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 25
    • Key SP Wi-Fi Requirements  Seamless end-user experience –Intra-network and inter-network roaming/mobility  Carrier-grade operation –Wireless performance –Interference mitigation –Reliable coverage –Robust capacity and throughput –Control of security, management, mobility, authentication, billing, policy –Standards-based  End-to-end scalability –Designed to support millions of users and exponential traffic growthPresentation_ID © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 26
    • Macrocellular Network Challenges Traffic distribution Macrocell (3G/4G) 100  Voice coverage with 75 QPSK % of traffic uniform bandwidth, but not 25% Cells 16QAM always where people are 50 75% traff QPSK  Limited data capacity 64QAM/ 25 16QAM MIMO  Sub-optimal delivery of high BW to POPs 0 64QAM/  High CapEx/OpEx: $400K MIMO 0 50 100  Poor spectral efficiency % of Cells  New sites: Zoning issues Traffic distribution within single Cell QPSK Wi-Fi/Femto 100 16QAM  Delivers targeted coverage 75 % of traffic and capacity 75% traff 64QAM/  Support high-capacity data QPSK 50 25% Cell Coverage MIMO  Precision 16QAM of high delivery 25 BW to POPs 64QAM/  Min CapEx/OpEx MIMO 0 0 50 100  Good spectral efficiency 1 km % of Area  Low environmental impactPresentation_ID © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 27
    • Four Pillars Key SP Wi-Fi Requirements Mobility, Carrier-Grade, Scalability, Security Intelligent Unified Seamless Converged Radio Architecture Experience Core Cisco Solution PillarsPresentation_ID © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 28
    • Key SP Wi-Fi Requirements Mobility, Carrier-Grade, Scalability, Security Intelligent Unified Seamless Converged Radio Architecture Experience Core Cisco Solution PillarsPresentation_ID © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 29
    • Not All Access Points Are the Same Best in class Radio Resource Management coupled with ClientLink beamforming to deliver focused power to clients Improves Network Throughput and Coverage Sophisticated spectrum Intelligence to monitor the airwaves; CleanAir detect, locate and classify interference; alert Ops; and reconfigure the network to avoid Improves Network Reliability Band Optimized RF utilization by moving 5 GHz capable client out of the congested 2.4 GHz channels Select Improves Network Throughput Extends reliable multicast into the wireless network by Video converting multicast to unicast at the AP Stream Quality Video over WLANPresentation_ID © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 30
    • What is ClientLink Technology?  Silicon-level intelligence that focuses DL RF energy (Beamforming) directly to legacy 802.11a/g clients  Higher Signal Strength ► Higher Throughput (up to 85%)  Higher Signal Strength ► More Range (~20%) w/o Clientlink w/ ClientlinkDL: Downlink 31 Presentation_ID © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential
    • What is CleanAir Technology?  Silicon-level intelligence to automatically mitigate the impact of wireless interference, optimize network performance and reduce troubleshooting costs  Classification processed on Access Point  Interference impact & data sent to WLC for real-time action  WCS & MSE store data for location, history, and troubleshootingPresentation_ID © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 32
    • Interference’s Destructive Effect onWi-Fi Throughput Reduction Near Far Interference Type (25 ft) (75 ft) • Reduced data throughput TDD Phone 100% 100% • Less effective Video Camera 100% 57% range Wi-Fi • Impaired QoS for (busy neighbor) 90% 75% voice and video Microwave Oven 63% 53% • Potential complete link failure BT Headset 20% 17% DECT Phone 18% 10% Source: Farpoint Group, The Effects of Interference on General WLAN Traffic, Jan 2008Presentation_ID © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 34
    • What is BandSelect Technology? Access Point Assisted 5 GHz Band Selection Challenge Dual-Band Client Radio 2.4/5GHz Dual-Band clients persistently connect to 2.4 GHz Solution BandSelect directs clients to 5 GHz optimizing RF usage  Better usage of the higher capacity 5GHz band Discovery Response  Frees up 2.4 GHz for single-band clients Discovery Probes Looking for AP 2.4 5 802.11n Optimized RF utilization by moving 5 GHz capable client out of the congested 2.4 GHz channelsPresentation_ID © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 35
    • Key SP Wi-Fi Requirements Mobility, Carrier-Grade, Scalability, Security Intelligent Unified Seamless Converged Radio Architecture Experience Core Cisco Solution PillarsPresentation_ID © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 36
    • Evolution from Autonomousto Managed Access Unified Autonomous AP Architecture Pre 2005 Architecture Security Limited IP Services Security Gateway Mobility No Mobility Management NCS WLC WLC Complex Integrated ManagementManagement User Roaming © 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 37
    • Integrated Wireless Management Accelerated Deployment and Reduced OpEx Provisioning: Operational management Automatic image download through CAPWAP standard interface for visibility, control, troubleshooting, and reporting Self-Configuring: Zero-touch configuration Wireless Control System (WCS) Based on Customer Experience Operational Deployment Time Management Reduced by Network Visibility, Reduced by Stability, and End- User PerformancePresentation_ID © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 38
    • Hierarchical MobilityAccess Aggregation NCS AAA Indoor Portal Policy 1 Internet 2 WLC ISG Local Mobility Wi-Fi Mobility 3 WLC Redundant 4 Domain WLC/ISG/Internet Outdoor WLC MIP Mobility Domain Mobility = 32 x 1k = 32K AP s per Domain 5 6 WLC Local ISG Mobility 7 Internet 8 WLCPresentation_ID Open Auth © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. CAPWAP Cisco Confidential L2 IP 39
    • Key SP Wi-Fi Requirements Mobility, Carrier-Grade, Scalability, Security Intelligent Unified Seamless Converged Radio Architecture Experience Core Cisco Solution PillarsPresentation_ID © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 40
    • Cellular Mobility Experience on Wi-Fi GSM NGH Example: GSM Phone Example: iPhone • Automatic • Secure • EAP-BasedTurn on phone and get secure cellular connectivity Turn on phone and get secure Wi-Fi connectivityPresentation_ID © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 42
    • Next Generation Hotspot Roam, Authenticate, Monetize 1 2 3 4 802.1x , EAP-SIM Auto SIM credentials Encrypted Wi-Fi Link Mobile “concierge” service 802.11i Mobile Service Advertisement Protocol 802.11u (MSAP) RELIABLE SEAMLESS SECURE PROFITABLE Carrier-class Simplifies network Extends existing Enables location-based solution discovery and SIM-based and value-added selection for authentication services seamless cellular techniques over data offload encrypted Wi-FiPresentation_ID © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 43
    • ISG – Subscriber Management Subscriber Policy Layer AAA Policy Web DHCP Server Server Portal Server Internet/Core Guest Video Portal Audio Servers Open Garden Walled Garden Sits at the edge of the network • Subscriber Identification Communicates with other devices to control • Subscriber Services Determination all aspects of subscriber access in the • Dynamic Service update network • Per access and per service accounting Single point of contact • Session Lifecycle ManagementPresentation_ID © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 45
    • Cisco SP Wi-Fi Subscriber Management Home Network HLR AUC AAA Mobile Operator 3G/4G Core Cisco Cloud Connect MAP SS7 IP Transfer Point Network AAA Control Cicso ASR5K System 3G/4G Portal Mobile Packet Core AAA Subscriber management RADIUS authentication Web portal Cisco PMIPv6 Network policy control UCS Customer’s Internet Internet Wi-Fi APs Cisco Cisco ASR1K Intelligent NAT, Wireless Services Firewall Controllers Gateway CAPWAP DHCP Session management Usage statistics Wireless LAN policy Layer 4 redirection Policy enforcement RF management Transparent auto logon Roaming Presentation_ID © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 46
    • Policy 2.0 Use CasePersonalized Mobile ServiceFamily/Enterprise MobileData Portal –Manage settings for individual/child/sub-account users Parents can create new child –Establish different bandwidth accounts, suspend accounts, add Internet Allowance speed and usage quotas on a per user basis –Apply application-based (P2P, URL Filtering, quotas, and access restrictions –Time based usage restrictions (ei. “Internet lights out”) –Broadhop Services Portal Parent Account can configure controls on solution child accountsPresentation_ID © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 47
    • Key SP Wi-Fi Requirements Mobility, Carrier-Grade, Scalability, Security Intelligent Unified Seamless Converged Radio Architecture Experience Core Cisco Solution PillarsPresentation_ID © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 48
    • Offload Convergent Core CLIENT-CENTRIC/ METRO/ RESIDENTIAL UNTRUSTED HOTSPOT ACCESS ACCESS ACCESS Converged Subscriber Application Control Internet Partners AAA DHCP Captive WCS Policy Svcs Cloud Portal Mgmt Reporting TR-069 Cloud Services, Applications, CMTS Own or and Operations Wi-Fi DSL third party Controller and Fiber broadband Backhaul access Stadium/Large Indoor Hotspot Venue Residential Managed AP Metro Wi-Fi SMB Managed AP © 2011 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 49Presentation_ID © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 49
    • WiFi and Packet Core Integration Options Consideration Factors Trusted WiFi Untrusted WiFi Authentication integration only WiFi Data Integration into MPC Integrate into existing GGSN Accelerated EPC migration Common Policy integration 3GPP Billing integration Others: MPC- EPC, Lawful Intercept, IP session continuity, Seamless mobility, Network Integration, ASR5k insertionPresentation_ID © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 50
    • Integrating WiFi into 3G Packet CoreAll Client-less and Client-based configurations supported WLAN AAA 3GPP Converged, AAA Policy, Charging and Billing Systems Devices Trusted Wi-Fi IP Core Clientless – Un Tunneled User Data (IP) IPSG (IP) IPSG Clientless Per User PMIPv6 Tunnel MAG (PMIPv6) MAG Clientless Un Tunneled User Data (IP) P-GW eWAG (GTPv1) eWAG Per User GTP Tunnel GGSN Clientless Per User PMIPv6 Tunnel 3GPP2 HSGW Clientless Per User GTP Tunnel 3GPP SGSN 3G Cellular Secure Client Per User IPSec Tunnel GTP (Gn) based iWLAN TTG Untrusted Wi-Fi Mobile Packet CorePresentation_ID © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 51
    • Integrating WiFi into 4G Packet Core WLAN AAA 3GPP Converged, AAA Policy, Charging and Billing Systems Devices Trusted Wi-Fi IP Core Clientless S2a Per User PMIPv6 TunnelMAG (PMIPv6) MAG Client S2c – Per User DSMIPv6S2c – DSMIP6 P-GW Clientless S5 Per User GTP Tunnel 3GPP S-GW 4G CellularSecure Clientbased iWLAN Per User IPSec Tunnel S2b (PMIPv6 / GTPv2) Client S2c – Per User DSMIPv6 ePDGS2c – DSMIP6 Untrusted Wi-Fi Mobile Packet Core Presentation_ID © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 52
    • Cisco SP-WiFi ArchitectureConverged Core solution on ASR5K CAR EAP-SIM Wholesale IP •Portal EAP-AKA Services Services •HS2.0 Online- signupMSAP •Roaming PolicyServer Server AAA Gx CMIPv4 Clients PMIPv6 PMIPv6 AAA PMIPv6 BACC Local Services TTG/PDG/ ePDG Flex7500 SP WiFi WLC ASR 1K CPE Local SSID/ Manag’nt BYO L2/L3 Services WiFi PMIPv6 enabled WLC 3GPP Cisco IFOM H-REAP AP with CPE Clients PMIPv6 MAG Metro Hotspot Residential Client CentricPresentation_ID © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 53
    • Cisco Access Offload FrameworkMulti-RAN Technologies Convergence I-WLAN / IPSec / IKEv2 3rd Party AP Unlicensed CPE L3 L2VPN or IPSEC or PMIPv6 PMIPv6 AP CPE L2VPN Standalone Hotspot / L2VPN or IP Services SMB Internet PMIPv6 Cisco 1000 AP WLC ISG* S2a* Cisco ASR 5000 TTG, PDG, ePDG, Stadium LTE Cisco ASR 5000 PCRF eNodeB SGW, MME, SGSN L3 S1 S2b 3G Iu-PS Gx NobeB Carrier S1 Core Iu-PS S5/S8 Network LTE Gn HeNB S1/IPSec Cisco ASR 5000 Iuh/IPSec PGW, GGSN Native 3G Cisco ASR 5000 HNB HNBGW (inc. SeGW) LicensedPresentation_ID © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 54
    • Converged Core: ASR 5000 Separation of Platform and Functions Enhanced Charging Service Intelligent Traffic Control Stateful Firewall In-Line Content Filtering Peer-to-Peer Detection Dynamic Policy and Control Services* Heuristic DPI TPO Session Control Manager: P-CSCF, I-CSCF, S-CSCF, IPCF (PCRF) Network Function GGSN HA HNBGW PGW Modules* SGSN PDSN HSGW ASN GW TTG PDG Femto GW MME SGW Platforms ASR5K EMS *Current and future solutionsPresentation_ID © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 55
    • Evolved Packet Core One Network, Any G, Any Screen Powerful PerformanceWiFi, ASR 5000Femto Highly Intelligent2.5G 3G Reliable World’s #1 UMTS and CDMA Operators Flexible 4G Single Platform for all Control and Bearer Plane Functions Presentation_ID © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 56
    • Offload Architecture:ASR5000 Intelligent Gateway PDP QoS  P2P detection  Application proxy  Video Pacing termination (BW parameters)  Dynamic Policy  TCP Optimization  Media Optimization control  Header Enrichment Per user ACLs  Transrating  Parental Control/  HTTP Dynamic Policy  Analytics control Content Filtering Compression Real Time  Per-Subscriber  URL Re-write Charging Firewall  Advertising filters Parental Control/ Content filtering  Application  Analytics Detection NAT BW Shaping  URL Re-write Roaming based policy  Advertising filters Integrated Offload  Fair Usage Control Analytics  Analytics IP Point of Deep Packet Traffic Packet Video AttachmentPresentation_ID Inspection © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential Optimization Gateway 57
    • Seamless Services for Wi-Fi EAP SIMClientless AP IP Backbone CiscoAR AAA IP RAN EAP-AKA MAP MAP EAP-SIM TCAP TCAPClientless AP Radius WLC CiscoAR SUA SCCP CAPWAP AAA M3UA UDP SCTP SCTP IP IP ASR1K IP MAP HLR 802.1x - EAP-SIM /AKA MAG Radius PCRF / OCS Offline BillingClientless AP CiscoAR AAA S2a IP RAN Gx Gy GaClientless AP WLC S2a ASR5K CAPWAP IPSG ASR1K 802.1x - EAP-SIM /AKA MAG Internet Signalling Plane User PlanePresentation_ID © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 59
    • End-to-end SP WiFi Network Architecture  Unlicensed RAN complement to 3G/4G Mobile Broadband networks  Reduces RAN congestion AAA DHCP Captive WCS Policy Svcs Portal Mgmt Reporting  Improves Indoor Coverage Cloud Cloud Services, Applications, & TR-069 Operations  3G Data offload at high traffic locations  Low Network TCO CMTS DSL  Flexible & Scalable Fiber Internet Residential  Scales from Metro/indoor to Residential Smartphone Managed  Cloud based Operations & Services Mgmt AP/FEMTO Application Core Partners  Standards Based 3G Macro Site  802.11 a/b/g/n  802.11u – 802.1x Authentication Metro WiFi Aggregation ASR 5K  CAPWAP Mobility & Radio Resource Mgmt IP Services/FEMTO GW RAN  DOCSIS 3.0 & MEF Backhaul  TR-069 RGW Provisioning & Mgmt  3G Offload – 3GPP iWLAN  IPSEC - Untrusted Network Access SMB Managed AP  Client / Clientless Mobility - UWN CMIP/PMIP/DSMIP WLC On Premise Indoor Hotspot Content Stadium / Large VenuePresentation_ID © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 60
    • Contactos Para consultas:  Daniela Hernández – danielah@cisco.com  Daniel Peña – danpena@cisco.comPresentation_ID © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 82
    • Presentation_ID © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 83