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Origins Of WWI

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Origins Of  WWI Origins Of WWI Presentation Transcript

  • World War I Origins of War
  • The Causes of WWI • Militarism • Alliances • Nationalism • Imperialism • Assassination
  • Militarism • A nation’s policy of enlisting, training, equipping, and maintaining armed forces ready for war • The armed forces come to dominate a country’s national policy • A glorification of the military and war itself
  • Militarism • Industrialization (making things through power driven machines) led to wealth and power • This fueled an arms race, especially a naval race between Britain and Germany • During WWI, transportation and weapons technology developed rapidly — resulting in a war with more casualties than ever before
  • Defence Spending, 1870-1914
  • Alliances • Franco-Prussian War, 1871: “Germany” defeats France, forms a series of alliances to isolate France • German plans to rival the British navy upset the “balance of power” • France, looking for an ally to balance the threat created by Germany, turns to Russia • Austria-Hungary, facing a threat from Russia, sought support from Germany
  • Alliances Triple Alliance: • Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy Triple Entente: • Great Britain, France, and Russia
  • Alliances • Formed for defensive purposes, with the hope of reducing the threat of war • In reality, they had the opposite effect • If one member of the alliance become involved in a conflict, they could rely on the immediate assistance of its allies • Allowed boldness and made it impossible to localize fighting
  • Nationalism • Characterized by feelings of intense loyalty toward one’s own country and culture • Identification with a geographic area or an ethnic group • Can be thought of like a huge storm: can be peaceful or violent, build or destroy • Nationalism was a powerful force throughout Europe and major cause of international tension
  • Imperialism • A deliberate policy of gaining territory and/or control • Nationalism + Industrialism = Imperialism • Pre-WWI, imperialism is not new • However, rivalry among imperial powers is (First Moroccan Crisis, Second Moroccan Crisis)
  • Assassination • June 14, 1914, Arch Duke Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sophie are gunned down in Sarajevo, Bosnia • The assassinations are the “spark” that start World War I
  • Assassination • Franz Ferdinand is the Crown Prince of the Austro-Hungarian Empire • Shot by Gavrilo Princip, a Serbian nationalist • Princip was member of The Black Hand, a Serbian Nationalist Group