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Causes of
World War I
GENERAL INFORMATION
ABOUT WWI
• Started on July 28, 1914
• Ended November 11, 1918
• Almost 8 million died because of the ...
Causes of WWI – MANIA!
Militarism - policy of building up a strong military to prepare for war
(ARMS RACE)

Alliances – ag...
Europe in 1914
Militarism
• World War I was the first war in which advanced
weaponry and tactics were used
• There was a race for creatin...
Alliances of World War I
• The Triple Alliance of Germany, Austria-Hungary
and Italy was counter-balanced by the Triple
En...
Alliances
Triple Alliance

Triple Entente

Conflict
Nationalism
The idea that people with the same
ethnic origins, language, and
political ideals had the right to
form sovere...
Imperialism
• Virtually all the major powers were engaged in a
scramble for empire to strenghten their
economies
• The fie...
Imperialism
• Great Britain, Germany and France needed
foreign markets after the increase in
manufacturing caused by the I...
European
Conquest of
Africa
The assassination of Archduke
Franz Ferdinand…also
known as the “Spark”
Assassination

Archduke Franz Ferdinand and
Duchess Sophie at Sarajevo, Bosnia,
on June 28th, 1914.
Austrian
Archduke Franz
Ferdinand was
killed in Bosnia by
a Serbian
nationalist group
called the Black
Hand who
believed t...
Domino Effect
Austria Hungary blamed Serbia for Ferdinand’s death and
declared war on Serbia.

Germany pledged their suppo...
Domino Effect
Germany declares war on Russia.
France pledges their support for Russia.
Germany declares war on France.

Ge...
COMBATANTS OF WWI
Allied Powers

Central Powers
Germany

Russia

Austria-Hungary

France

Ottoman Empire
Bulgaria

World W...
References
• http://www.thecorner.org/hist/wwi/colonial.
htm
• http://www.mrberlin.com/8th/WWI/World_
War_I_causes.ppt
• h...
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Causes ppt (used)

  1. 1. Causes of World War I
  2. 2. GENERAL INFORMATION ABOUT WWI • Started on July 28, 1914 • Ended November 11, 1918 • Almost 8 million died because of the war – Russia having the most : 1.7 million • 22,000,000 wounded
  3. 3. Causes of WWI – MANIA! Militarism - policy of building up a strong military to prepare for war (ARMS RACE) Alliances – agreements between nations to provide aid and protect on another •European powers formed rival alliances to protect themselves Nationalism – extreme pride in one’s country Imperialism – when one country takes over another country economically and politically. Assassination – of Austrian Archduke Francis Ferdinand
  4. 4. Europe in 1914
  5. 5. Militarism • World War I was the first war in which advanced weaponry and tactics were used • There was a race for creating more weapons of mass destruction among nations • There was a desire to create a large amount of weapons as well as a desire to build up a nation’s army and navy • Click on the link to see a short video (2:02) on Militarism in World War 1: • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D6_r6eB_nQY
  6. 6. Alliances of World War I • The Triple Alliance of Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy was counter-balanced by the Triple Entente of France, Russia, and Great Britain. • As a result, by 1907 Europe was divided into two armed and rather fearful camps. • Click on the link below to see a short video (3:32) on the alliances of World War I: • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UAeMeuuspmk
  7. 7. Alliances Triple Alliance Triple Entente Conflict
  8. 8. Nationalism The idea that people with the same ethnic origins, language, and political ideals had the right to form sovereign states through the process of self-determination MAIN IDEA OF NATIONALISM
  9. 9. Imperialism • Virtually all the major powers were engaged in a scramble for empire to strenghten their economies • The fiercest competition was between Britain and Germany and between France and Germany
  10. 10. Imperialism • Great Britain, Germany and France needed foreign markets after the increase in manufacturing caused by the Industrial Revolution. • These countries competed for economic expansion in Africa. • Clash of France against Germany and Britain in North Africa
  11. 11. European Conquest of Africa
  12. 12. The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand…also known as the “Spark”
  13. 13. Assassination Archduke Franz Ferdinand and Duchess Sophie at Sarajevo, Bosnia, on June 28th, 1914.
  14. 14. Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand was killed in Bosnia by a Serbian nationalist group called the Black Hand who believed that Bosnia should belong to Serbia.
  15. 15. Domino Effect Austria Hungary blamed Serbia for Ferdinand’s death and declared war on Serbia. Germany pledged their support for Austria -Hungary. Russia pledged their support for Serbia.
  16. 16. Domino Effect Germany declares war on Russia. France pledges their support for Russia. Germany declares war on France. Germany invades Belgium on the way to France. Great Britain supports Belgium and declares war on Germany.
  17. 17. COMBATANTS OF WWI Allied Powers Central Powers Germany Russia Austria-Hungary France Ottoman Empire Bulgaria World War I Great Britain Italy Japan United States (1917)
  18. 18. References • http://www.thecorner.org/hist/wwi/colonial. htm • http://www.mrberlin.com/8th/WWI/World_ War_I_causes.ppt • http://www.msroachesplace.com/causes1. ppt

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