Nouns to Verbs added Creating removed synthesizing need to add it back Gardner The 5 minds
National Training Laboratories – Bethel, Maine by ? Dale 1946, 1954, 1969 Atherton doceo Website http://www.learningandteaching.info/learning/myths.htm "NTL believes it to be accurate but says that it can no longer trace the original research that supports the numbers“ Magennis and Farrell (2005:48)
Dr. Tony Wagner (2008) Harvard’s Change Leadership Group
Global Ed Conf Nov 2013
ePortfolios as Environments
for Global Engagement,
Deep Learning and
Betty Hurley-Dasgupta, SUNY Empire State College
Please select the letter that best describes you:
A. Never used an ePortfolio
B. Some experience with using ePortfolios
C. Already using ePortfolios with my
eGogy- The Hypothesis…
“There is a need to create an eGogy
by synthesizing learning theories and
adding in the learning needs of the 21st century
teacher and student, and that a new “gogy”
(beyond “andra and peda”) would be
foundational, and contain essential characteristics
to guide eteaching, elearning, and the co-creating
of personal learning environments.”
“eGogy” developed by Dr. M. Kaufmann (2011)
II. Prior and New Knowledge on Learning…
"We must educate people on what nobody knew yesterday
and prepare people in our schools for what no one knows yet,
but what some people must know tomorrow."
“If the future is to remain open and free, we need people who can
tolerate the unknown, who will not need the support of completely
worked out systems or traditional blueprints from the past.”
Margaret Mead, PhD ,Anthropologist, 1901-1978
Bloom, Benjamin S. Taxonomy of Educational
Objectives (1956). Published by Allyn and
Bacon, Boston, MA. Copyright (c) 1984 by
Anderson, L.W., and D. Krathwohl (Eds.)
(2001). A Taxonomy for Learning, Teaching
and Assessing: a Revision of Bloom's
Taxonomy of Educational Objectives.
Longman, New York.
Churches, A. (2008). Blooms taxonomy blooms digitally. Retrieved from
“Children must be taught how to think, not what to think.”
Welcome to My PLE! by a 7th Grader
Margaret Mead, PhD and Anthropologist
Churches, A. (2008). Blooms taxonomy blooms digitally. Retrieved from http://www.techlearning.com/article/8670
Defining Critical Thinking
“Critical thinking is the intellectually disciplined
process of actively and skillfully
conceptualizing, applying, analyzing, synthesizin
g, and/or evaluating information gathered from, or
by, observation, experience, reflection, reasoning,
or communication, as a guide to belief and
(Scriven & Paul, 1987)
PLE Visualized: From Private to Public.
Deep and Surface Learning
Focus is on “what is signified”
Relates previous knowledge to new
Relates knowledge from different
Relates theoretical ideas to everyday
Relates and distinguishes evidence and
Organizes and structures content into
Emphasis is internal, from within the
Focus is on the “signs” (or on the
learning as a signifier of something
Focus on unrelated parts of the task
Information for assessment is simply
Facts and concepts are associated
Principles are not distinguished from
Task is treated as an external
Emphasis is external, from demands of
(Ramsden (1988), as cited in Atherton, 2005.)
The four themes supporting authentic learning are:
1. An activity that involves real-world problems and that mimics the work of
professionals; the activity involves presentation of findings to audiences beyond the
2. Use of open-ended inquiry, thinking skills and metacognition.
3. Students engage in discourse and social learning in a community of learners.
4. Students direct their own learning in project work.
Service Learning in Our 21st Century
Rule, A. (2006). Editorial: The components of Authentic Learning. Journal of
Authentic Learning, Vol 3, (1), pp. 1-10.
III. Future of eLearning and eTeaching….
Regarding the Global Achievement Gap … the “Best schools” are
not teaching or including in their curriculums the must have skills of
the future which are:
Critical thinking and problem solving
Collaboration across networks and leading by influence
Agility and adaptability
Initiative and entrepreneurialism
Effective oral and written communication
Accessing and analyzing information
Curiosity and imagination
(Wagner , 2008)
Personal Learning Environments
Eportfolios as PLEs
ePortfolios Provide an
ePortfolios provide an environment for:
Google sites with Evernote or Blogger
Digication, Wordpress, Epsilen, PebblePad, etc.
Authentic Learning in the 21st Century. by Lombardi, M. (2007) Educause
A theory for eLearning. Moderator & Summarizer: Nichols, M. (2003) New
Boomers, Gen-Xers & Millenials: Understanding the new students.
Oblinger, D. (2003) Educause Learning Initiative.
Connectivism: A learning theory for the digital age. Siemens, G. (2004)
Future of learning institutions in the digital age. By Davidson & Goldberg
(2009) MacArthur Foundation, MIT Press
Designing online learning. (Culatta, 2011) (4:02 min)
George Siemens on the …..
The changing Nature of Knowledge (Siemens, 2007a) (3:33 min)
The conflict of learning theories with human nature. (Siemens, 2007b)