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A Craft of e-Teaching

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Craft of eTeaching; presentation of a paper written by Fred Garnett & Nigel Ecclesfield and presented at the 10th ELSE (ELearning & Software for Education) Conference held in Bucharest, Romania on April 24 & 25 2014; updated 28 April 2014 just extra links to add;

Published in: Education, Technology

A Craft of e-Teaching

  1. 1. A Craft of e-teaching ELSE10, Bucharest, April 2014 @fredgarnett
  2. 2. A Craft of e-teaching ELSE, Bucharest, April 2014 @fredgarnett *Background and Analytic Context *Learner-centric learning AND the changing role of the teacher *Digital Practitioner Research Methodology Outcomes
  3. 3. A Craft of e-teaching ELSE, Bucharest, April 2014 @fredgarnett Some definitions; Haythornthwaite “e-learning is (not) a technologically-driven addendum (rather) a complex set of social practices”
  4. 4. A Craft of e-teaching ELSE, Bucharest, April 2014 @fredgarnett Other approaches are available; *Laurillard’s pedagogical planner Our approach is based on a conceptualisation of post Web 2.0 learning AND on practical research into the emerging Digital Practitioner.
  5. 5. A Craft of e-teaching ELSE, Bucharest, April 2014 @fredgarnett Our conceptual and practical approach Our Learner-generated Contexts conceptual view starts w/ Luckin’s ecology of resources highlighting Whitworths cognitive schemas
  6. 6. Post-scarcity Ecology of Resources model Also Identifying “filters” as “Cognitive Schemas”, The world offers an infinite range of potential resources for learning. Institutions select specific combinations of organisation, administration & curriculum to “filter” & manage this potential
  7. 7. Post-scarcity Ecology of Resources model Also Identifying “filters” as “Cognitive Schemas”, Cognitive Schema 1 Cognitive Schema 2 Cognitive Schema 3 Teachers & people working in education, internalise institutional “filters” as “cognitive schemas” Consequently they fail to see the potential of new technology & new learning opportunities
  8. 8. A Craft of e-teaching ELSE, Bucharest, April 2014 @fredgarnett Open Context Model for Learning (2007) included a “development framework” *Pedagogy – subject mastery *Heutagogy - enabling creativity
  9. 9. P A H Teacher School Teacher/ Learner Learner Research Cognition Epistemic Cognition Meta- Cognition Adult Pedagogy Andragogy Heutagogy
  10. 10. A Craft of e-teaching ELSE, Bucharest, April 2014 @fredgarnett So, first, what is the Craft of Teaching? This reflects the depth, complexity and seriousness of the new professional skills teachers are now being asked to develop
  11. 11. A Craft of e-teaching ELSE, Bucharest, April 2014 @fredgarnett Evolving technology context for teachers
  12. 12. A Craft of e-teaching ELSE, Bucharest, April 2014 @fredgarnett But what is the consequence for teachers as this technology context continues to evolve; Teachers have to develop their own “ecology of resources,” what John Seely Brown calls “a new culture of learning,” beyond existing educational “cognitive schemas”
  13. 13. A Craft of e-teaching ELSE, Bucharest, April 2014 @fredgarnett So the craft of teaching requires e-teaching skills that can help learners develop their own learning strategies in; Environments which may have been designed with learning navigation in mind (e.g. xtlearn) or may not (Twitter, etc.)
  14. 14. A Craft of e-teaching ELSE, Bucharest, April 2014 @fredgarnett In this complex post-Web 2.0 world of various learning environments, e-learning now presents serious professional skill challenges for teachers before they can become competent e-teachers The Digital Practitioner research revealed surprisingly fresh, very encouraging answers
  15. 15. A Craft of e-teaching The Digital Practitioner; curious & confident In this variegated and complex post-Web 2.0 world of learning environments, e-learning now presents serious professional skill challenges for teachers before they become competent e-teachers The Digital Practitioner research revealed surprisingly fresh, very encouraging answers
  16. 16. A Craft of e-teaching ELSE, Bucharest, April 2014 @fredgarnett Digital Practitioner research, commissioned by UK educational agencies in 2011/12/13 surveyed the use of a range of educational technologies by 1500 UK college teachers Asked Questions on tech-related use but found a rich qualitative response in practitioner narratives
  17. 17. A Craft of e-teaching ELSE, Bucharest, April 2014 @fredgarnett Digital practice concerns were, in order; *Less about using tech to find efficiencies, *More bout using technologies to improve the quality of the teaching & learning experience
  18. 18. A Craft of e-teaching ELSE, Bucharest, April 2014 @fredgarnett Digital practitioners are; 2) Curious about how emerging technologies can support learning 4) Choosing from a tapestry of technologies that might support learning objectives
  19. 19. A Craft of e-teaching ELSE, Bucharest, April 2014 @fredgarnett In our view… we are seeing a; *Learners are using their own technologies for learning – what Prof Sharples calls; So, as e-learning isnt just structured, loosely structured or unstructured online learning
  20. 20. A Craft of e-teaching ELSE, Bucharest, April 2014 @fredgarnett In our view; BUT the use of specific technologies will be determined by teacher judgments on its utility for learning; by its pedagogic value
  21. 21. A Craft of e-teaching 4 Recommendations for e-teachers
  22. 22. A Craft of e-teaching ELSE, Bucharest, April 2014 @fredgarnett 1. Good e-Teachers will need ; b) Along with an understanding of the potential of technology to support learning and teaching in a range of contexts, whether structured more for learning or more for communication
  23. 23. A Craft of e-teaching ELSE, Bucharest, April 2014 @fredgarnett 2. Good e-Teachers will need ; b) This might be achieved formally by developing professional portfolios, like CMALT (Certified Member of ALT - Association of Learning Technologists)
  24. 24. A Craft of e-teaching ELSE, Bucharest, April 2014 @fredgarnett 3. Good e-Teachers need shared information about learning affordances of new technology b) Teachers self-organising TeachMeets, or similar, to share their own learning technology expertise
  25. 25. A Craft of e-teaching ELSE, Bucharest, April 2014 @fredgarnett 4. Good e-Teachers will need ; Etienne Wenger has a great phrase to describe this process; he talks of having to "walk at 45 degrees” as a “Technology Steward”
  26. 26. A Craft of e-teaching ELSE, Bucharest, April 2014 @fredgarnett e-Teachers need to "walk at 45 degrees" between good pedagogical practice, as captured in the PAH Continuum, and the emerging networks of learning resources e-Teachers can now design “artfully-crafted, student-centred, learning experiences."
  27. 27. Transformation comes from; Designing “artfully-constructed, student- centred learning experiences”
  28. 28. A Craft of e-teaching • ALT, Certified Membership of ALT (CMALT) https://www.alt.ac.uk/get-involved/certified-membership, • Cochrane, T., 2010. Exploring mobile learning success factors. In ALT-J – Research in learning technology 18 (2), ALT, Oxford http://www.researchinlearningtechnology.net/index.php/rlt/article/view/10758 • Cochrane, T., 2013. “M-Learning as a catalyst for pedagogical change” in Zane L et al “Handbook of Mobile Education”, Routledge, London • Ecclesfield, N., Garnett, F. 2010. The Open Context Model of Learning and the Craft of Teaching https://curve.coventry.ac.uk/open/file/b719e069-ed88-d701-1348- bd4a3450f2d2/1/iPED2010Proc%282%29.pdf • Ecclesfield, N., Rebbeck, G., Garnett, F. 2013. The Case Of The Curious And The Confident - The Untold Story Of Changing Teacher Attitudes To E-Learning And “Technology In Action” In The FE Sector. In Compass: Journal of Learning and Teaching, [S.l.], v. 3, n. 5, ISSN 2044-0081. Available at: https://journals.gre.ac.uk/index.php/compass/article/view/71. • Laurillard, D., 2004. E-Learning in Higher Education. In Changing Higher Education, Ashwin P. (ed) Routledge, Falmer • Laurillard, D., 2013 Teaching as a Design Science: building pedagogical patterns for learning and technology, Routledge, London • Salmon, G., 2013. E-Tivities (2nd Edition), Routledge, London • Sharples, M., 2005. Towards a theory of mobile theory of learning, http://www.mlearn.org/mlearn2005/CD/papers/Sharples-%20Theory%20of%20Mobile.pdf • Wenger, E., White, N., and Smith, J., 2009. Digital Habitats: stewarding technology for communities”, CP Square, Portland
  29. 29. A Craft of e-teaching • Full ELSE conference paper Craft of e-Teaching (academia.edu) • Before and After MOOCs • Organisational Architecture of Participation for Education • What is Web 2.0? O’Reilly • Digital Habitats; Etienne Wenger • Intentional Communities of Practice; Thomas Cochrane • Social Networks of Learning; Caroline Haythornthwaite • Open Context Model of Learning & the Craft of Teaching • The Heutagogic Archive • Aggregate then Curate with xtlearn.net • Self-managed Learning – Stewart Hase & Chris Kenyon – Bloomsbury
  30. 30. A Craft of e-teaching ELSE Bucharest 2014 @fredgarnett @nigele1

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