DISASTER MANAGEMENT BY RAVI KUMAR KASAYYA CHANDRUDU
DISASTERA hazard causing heavy loss to life, property and livelihood.
• TYPES OF DISASTER:NATURALDISASTER MANMADE DISASTERFLOODS DEFORESTATIONCYCLONES TERRORISMDROUGHT POLLUTON
DROUGHTS : It has a serious affecton economy , ecological resources , foodshortage , starvation of millions of peopleetc.,FLOODS : Nearly 1/5th of the globaldeath count is due to floodsVOLCANIC ERRUPTIONS :causes changes in composition of air , hotsprings , earth teremer precedes volcanicerupptions.
MAN MADE DISASTERS:The flow of industrial waste in towater bodiesRoad accidents
EFFECTS OF DISASTER:• 1. It completely disrupts the normal day to day life• 2. It negatively influences the emergency systems• 3. Normal needs and processes like food, shelter, health, etc. are affected
• DISASTER MANAGEMENT:• Discipline dealing with and avoiding risks• Involves preparing, supporting, and rebuilding society when natural or man made disasters occur• Continuous process by which all individuals, groups, and communities manage hazards in an effort to avoid the impact of disasters
• NEED OF DISASTER MANAGEMENT:•For Early Warning•To foreseeing future disasters•To Take prevention methods on reliableinformation•To prohibit Natural disaster occurrencesources
PHASES OF DISASTER MANAGEMENT: PREVENTION MITIGATE RECOVER PREPARE RESPOND
PREVENTION: Trying to prevent the fore comingdisastersMITIGATION: An attempt to prevent the hazardsfrom developing in to disastersPREPARE: It includes planning , training etc., to mitigate the effects of natural & manRESPONSE: It includes the mobilization ofemergency servicesRECOVERY: Its aim is to restore the affected areato its previous state
Applications of Information Technology inDisaster Management: •Remote Sensing •Early Warning Systems •Internet (Victims and missing persons tracking through the internet) •National data bases
Example: Using internet• A Web Service system Update NEWS and information about Natural Disasters in SE Asia Clearing house of available satellite data for Natural disaster managementData Providers Users Data Upload Data Download 25th CEO WGISS Plenary, Feb 25-29, 2008, Sanya, China
Disaster Planning and Projects: Livestock Water quality Waste management Financial planning Mental health
Disaster Mitigation Methods:•Education•Training•Development of expertise Disaster recovery center