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Disasters happen in a
fallen world, and we can’t
do anything to prevent
them.
Types of
disaster
Natural
disaster
Man
made
disaster
VOLCONO ERUPTION
 A Volcano is a vent in the
earth through which hot
gases and molten rock rise
to the surface. A cone
shaped mountain of
erupted material around
such a vent is also called a
volcano.
 Volcanic eruption deadly,
damaging property and
infrastructure.
HURRICANES
Hurricanes are seasonal storms and are
most prevalent in August and September.
They develop from easterly waves, which
can later develop into a tropical
depression with winds up to 31 miles per
hour. Later,
it might develop into a tropical storm
with winds up to 73 miles per hour.
Hurricanes are huge tropical cyclones that
originate over oceans near the equator,
such as the Caribbean Sea
and the Gulf of Mexico.
CYCLONE
EARTH QUAKE
FLOOD A flood is an overflow of
an expanse of water
that submerges land.
Most common is when
rivers or streams
overflow their banks.
Excessive rain, a
ruptured dam or levee,
rapid ice melting in the
mountains
FLOODS IN RIO DE JANERIO,BRAZIL
Ninth place is for the floods that occurred in Brazil. Heavy rains in Brazil caused
flooding and on 11th January massive mudslides and floods in the Mountainous
Region of the state of Rio de Janeiro rendered 23000 homeless.
TURKEY EARTHQUAKE
An earthquake with the magnitude 7.1 hit eastern Turkey on 23rd October and it was
followed by more than 200 shocks. Over 2000 buildings were destroyed in Van and Ercis
cities’. It claimed almost 600 peoples’ lives. On 9th November another earthquake was
experienced which took away 38 lives and collapsed 25 buildings.
NORTH AUSTRALIAN FLOODS
Started in December 2010 and continued till January 2011, mainly targeting the
state of Queensland. 11900 houses, infrastructure and crops had worse damages.
Death causality was of 35 people.
Earthquake with 6.3 magnitude striking 10 km outside Christchurch on 22nd
February was experienced in New Zealand and it took away 182 lives.
On 13th June an earth quake of 6.4 magnitudes was followed which injured 40
people and on 23rd December an earthquake with a magnitude of 5.8 was
experienced, no serious injuries were reported for that quake.
NEW ZEALAND EARTHQUAKES
The floods which Thailand experienced that started from 31st of July and
persisted till December. More than 5th of the nation’s population got affected by
extensive flooding. The death toll exceeded 600. Still 15 provinces are flooded.
THAILAND FLOODS
US TORNADO BREAKOUT
In 2011 United States witnessed various weather disasters which resulted in damages
of about $1 billion and causality of 600 deaths. Mainly affected area included Alabama,
Mississippi, Missouri, North California and Tennessee. 362 tornados were experienced
just from 25th – 27th April, which killed almost 350 people in Alabama and 6 other
states.
TYPHOON IN PHILIPPINES
On December 19th a storm with the wind speed of 45-55miles per hour hit
Mindanao in southern Philippines and affected 167,000 people. It was followed by
a down pour causing landslides and flashy floods
EAST AFRICA DROUGHT
The drought in East Africa since mid of July 2011 including Kenya, Ethiopia, Uganda,
Somalia and Djibouti. Livestock killed and crops got destroyed due to the scarcity of
rains.
It support, Killing more than 100 children in a day, in some areas the current drought
is reported to be the worst drought in over 60 years.
TOHOKO EARTHQUAKE,JAPAN
The massive damaged caused by the Tohoko earthquake which hit Japan on March
11th and killed almost 16000 people. It is the largest earth quake in Japan’s history
with a magnitude 9.0 and is regarded as one of the 5 most powerful and devastating
earthquake in the world.
In 2011 there was the
deadly tsunami in Japan that
triggered the meltdown of a
nuclear reactor.
CYCLONEDamage
Potential
Society
Poorer than
before
Disruption of
Normal life &
Development
Suffers
Huge Losses/
Damages
Elements at Risk
HAZARDDamage
Potential
Awareness- Effect
on Elements
Society
Quicker
Recovery
Action
Plans
Communities
More
ResilientHuge Losses/
Damages
Reduced
Losses
Elements at Risk
More Stable Society
HAZARDDamage
Potential
Elements at Risk
Slopes of hills
Sea & Sea-coast
Low-lying Areas
River/Stream Banks
Natural Features
Unsecured personal assets
Livelihood tools / Equipment
Public Infrastructure
Agri. & Horticultural crops
Weak Buildings
Huts & Semi-permanent Houses
People & Live-stock
Societal Elements
SCALE OF DISASTER
Is Dependent on :
• Lead Time Available.
• Intensity of Hazard.
• Duration.
• Spatial Extent.
• Density of Population & Assets.
• Time of Occurrence.
• Vulnerabilities existing in the Elements at Risk.
•Hazard X Vulnerability =
Disaster
ELEMENTS AT RISK
• People
• Livestock
• Rural Housing Stock
• Houses Vulnerable
• Crops, Trees, Telephone, Electric poles
• Boats, Looms, Working Implements
• Personal Property
• Electricity, Water and Food Supplies
• Infrastructure Support
AIMS OF DISASTER MANAGEMENT
• Reduce (Avoid, if possible) the
potential losses from hazards.
• Assure prompt and appropriate
assistance to victims when
necessary.
• Achieve rapid and durable
recovery.
DURING DISASTER
DISASTER MANAGEMENT CYCLE
PRE-DISASTER
STAGES OF DISASTER
Cyclone
Well Before
Weeks-Months
Just Before
- Hours
Actual Time
Period
Rescue RehabilitationRelief Reconstruction
BEFORE AFTERDURING
Jan - Apr MAY June- Oct
ROLE PLAYERS IN DISASTERS
• People : Individuals, House -Holds,
Volunteers
• Gram Panchayat : Sarpanch, Panchayati
Secretary, Panchayati Members
• Village Elders : Caste/Community/Religious
Leaders, Teachers, Doctors, Engineers,
Retired Army & Police Personnel
• Govt. Deptl. Officers : Agriculture, Medical,
Engineers (Housing, Roads & Buildings,
Irrigation) Revenue Department, Public
Health, Police etc. NGOs
DEFINITIONS OF “VULNERABILITY”
•“The extent to which a community,
structure, service or geographic
area is likely to be damaged or
disrupted by the impact of particular
disaster hazard…”
•“Vulnerability is the propensity of
things to be damaged by a hazard”.
DISASTER PREPAREDNESS
• Disaster preparedness aims at minimizing
the adverse effects of a hazard -
• Through effective precautionary actions
• Ensure timely, appropriate and efficient
organisation and delivery of emergency
response following the impact of a disaster.
PREPAREDNESS
• Vulnerability Analysis and Mapping to include
Resources.
• Assess strengthening requirements and execute.
• Funding for preparedness must be arranged.
• Peoples’ cooperation through Political leaders, elders,
Volunteers and NGOs
• Create lead time by interpreting Warnings
• Plan to include movement of resources with time
frame.
• Aim to reduce the destructive potential of cyclones,
timely & appropriate relief to victims and quick &
durable recovery
DISASTER PREPAREDNESS
FRAMEWORK
RehearsalsPublic
Education
and Training
Response
Mechanisms
Warning
Systems
Resource
Base
Information
System
Institutional
Framework
PlanningVulnerability
Assessment
COMPONENTS OF PREPAREDNESS
DISASTER RESPONSE ACTIVITIES
• Warning
• Evacuation/Mitigation
• Search and Rescue
• Assessment
• Emergency Relief
• Logistics and Supply
• Communication and information Management
• Survivor Response and coping
• Security
• EOC & coordination
• Expedite rehabilitation and reconstruction.
Role of individuals in prevention of pollution
1) Use low-phosphate, phosphate-free or biodegradable dishwashing
liquid, laundry detergent, and shampoo.
2) Don't use water fresheners in toilets.
3) Use manure or compost instead of commercial inorganic fertilizers to
fertilize gardens and yard plant.
4) Use biological methods or integrated pest management to control
garden, yard, and household pests.
5) Don't pour pesticides, paints, solvents, oils, or other products
containing harmful chemicals down drain or on the ground. Contact the
authorities responsible for their disposal.
6) Recycle old motor oil and antifreeze at an auto service center that has an oil
recycling program.
7) If you get water from a private well or suspect that municipal water is
contaminated, have tested by an EPA certified laboratory for lead, nitrates,
trihalomethanes, radon, volatile, organic compounds and pesticides.
8)Run water from taps for several minutes every morning before using the water for
drinking or cooking. Save it and use it to water plants.
If you have a septic tank, monitor it yearly and have it cleaned out every three to
five years by a reputable contractor so that it won’t contribute to groundwater
pollution. Do not use a septic tank cleaner, which contain toxic chemicals that can
kill bacteria important to sewage decomposition and that can contaminate
groundwater if systems malfunction.
9) Support ecological land-use planning in your community.
10) Get to know your local water bodies and form watchdog groups to help monitor,
protect, and restore them.
NEXT WE HAVE TO SEE
WHAT WE LEARN FROM THE
NATURAL DISASTER………..
“Simply anything that causes
damages to the livelihood and
the nature takes whole
responsibility for that.”
Vulnerability of Today’s
Mankind:
Today more people than
ever are vulnerable to
natural disasters.
Global climate change
now threatens to increase
these number significantly
in the 21st Century.
EVERY CAUSE HAS AN EFFECT
Our attitude
towards Mother
Nature will determine
Mother Nature’s
attitude towards us.
For every cause
there is an effect.
Nature treats the
same way we are
treating her.
We can’t force
things, we can’t
force nature and
we can’t force
anything in life,
we only THINK
we can.
NON RESISTANCE
When disasters like
the Sandy storm
happen, we are
taught a very
important life lesson,
and that is to let go
of our expectations.
LET GO OF EXPECTATIONS
Let go of expectations and live the life you’re
destined for.
Peace comes only when we are true to our soul’s
nature.
FORGIVE AND FORGET
Forgive everyone and forget
all their faults because there
is more to life that.
You can’t resist and
you can’t fight
against the forces
of nature, you can
only pray and wait
for the storm to
pass, patiently.
PATIENCE
LOVE & COMPASSION
Whether you are directly
involved and affected by a
natural disaster or not,
whether is storm Sandy or
some other natural
disaster, you can’t help but
feel compassionate
towards every living being
affected by the fury of
Mother Nature, realizing
once again that we are all
ONE.
Love and compassion are necessities, not
luxuries.
Without them humanity cannot survive.
- Dalai lama
Nothing is ours to keep, not
our big and expensive
villas, not our beautiful and
luxurious cars, not the
lives of our families and
friends and not our own
lives.
LET GO OF ATTACHMENTS
In life, there’s many things that we have to learn to
let go.
We have to let go of situations, things, memories,
people and even ourselves.
BUILD YOUR CASTLES IN THE SKY
If you built
castles in the
sky ; your
work need not
be lost ;
that is
where
they
should
be.
Now put the
foundations
under them.
If you built castles in the sky ; your work
need not be lost ; that is where they should
be. Now put the foundations under them.
WE ARE ALL EQUAL
Storm Sandy and all
the world’s natural
disasters don’t just hit
and affect those who
are poor, but those
who are wealthy as
well
WHAT REALLY MATTERS IN LIFE
It’s not about the money, it’s not about the looks,
it’s not about the many things we think it is.
What really matters in life is to love yourself,
love those around you and to allow them to love
you back.
Planet Earth is our home, not just yours and not
just mine.
Pre-Historical Disasters :
Pre-Historical Disasters :
8,200 years ago the entire Western coast of
Jutland in Denmark was transformed by a
giant tsunami that flooded large parts of
Scotland.
In 1883 Krakatau blew up with a force
equivalent to 13,000 Hiroshima bombs.
All of these events had societal
consequences that can be traced in
archaeological and historical sources.
THE HUMANITIES MAKE NATURAL DISASTERS
MORE TANGIBLE
Climate reports and disaster reports
describe in great detail how various
factors are intertwined scientifically
but they often don't give evidence-
based descriptions of what it will all
mean for the affected societies.
“PREVENTION IS BETTER THAN CURE”
Now at this time I remember
once a statement said by
Benjamin Franklin and that’s
“Death and taxes
are the only two certainties
in life, he neglected to add
natural catastrophes to the
list”.
CONCLUSION:
Disaster management
Disaster management
Disaster management

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Disaster management

  • 1.
  • 2. Disasters happen in a fallen world, and we can’t do anything to prevent them.
  • 4. VOLCONO ERUPTION  A Volcano is a vent in the earth through which hot gases and molten rock rise to the surface. A cone shaped mountain of erupted material around such a vent is also called a volcano.  Volcanic eruption deadly, damaging property and infrastructure.
  • 5. HURRICANES Hurricanes are seasonal storms and are most prevalent in August and September. They develop from easterly waves, which can later develop into a tropical depression with winds up to 31 miles per hour. Later, it might develop into a tropical storm with winds up to 73 miles per hour. Hurricanes are huge tropical cyclones that originate over oceans near the equator, such as the Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico.
  • 8.
  • 9. FLOOD A flood is an overflow of an expanse of water that submerges land. Most common is when rivers or streams overflow their banks. Excessive rain, a ruptured dam or levee, rapid ice melting in the mountains
  • 10.
  • 11. FLOODS IN RIO DE JANERIO,BRAZIL Ninth place is for the floods that occurred in Brazil. Heavy rains in Brazil caused flooding and on 11th January massive mudslides and floods in the Mountainous Region of the state of Rio de Janeiro rendered 23000 homeless.
  • 12. TURKEY EARTHQUAKE An earthquake with the magnitude 7.1 hit eastern Turkey on 23rd October and it was followed by more than 200 shocks. Over 2000 buildings were destroyed in Van and Ercis cities’. It claimed almost 600 peoples’ lives. On 9th November another earthquake was experienced which took away 38 lives and collapsed 25 buildings.
  • 13. NORTH AUSTRALIAN FLOODS Started in December 2010 and continued till January 2011, mainly targeting the state of Queensland. 11900 houses, infrastructure and crops had worse damages. Death causality was of 35 people.
  • 14. Earthquake with 6.3 magnitude striking 10 km outside Christchurch on 22nd February was experienced in New Zealand and it took away 182 lives. On 13th June an earth quake of 6.4 magnitudes was followed which injured 40 people and on 23rd December an earthquake with a magnitude of 5.8 was experienced, no serious injuries were reported for that quake. NEW ZEALAND EARTHQUAKES
  • 15. The floods which Thailand experienced that started from 31st of July and persisted till December. More than 5th of the nation’s population got affected by extensive flooding. The death toll exceeded 600. Still 15 provinces are flooded. THAILAND FLOODS
  • 16. US TORNADO BREAKOUT In 2011 United States witnessed various weather disasters which resulted in damages of about $1 billion and causality of 600 deaths. Mainly affected area included Alabama, Mississippi, Missouri, North California and Tennessee. 362 tornados were experienced just from 25th – 27th April, which killed almost 350 people in Alabama and 6 other states.
  • 17. TYPHOON IN PHILIPPINES On December 19th a storm with the wind speed of 45-55miles per hour hit Mindanao in southern Philippines and affected 167,000 people. It was followed by a down pour causing landslides and flashy floods
  • 18. EAST AFRICA DROUGHT The drought in East Africa since mid of July 2011 including Kenya, Ethiopia, Uganda, Somalia and Djibouti. Livestock killed and crops got destroyed due to the scarcity of rains. It support, Killing more than 100 children in a day, in some areas the current drought is reported to be the worst drought in over 60 years.
  • 19. TOHOKO EARTHQUAKE,JAPAN The massive damaged caused by the Tohoko earthquake which hit Japan on March 11th and killed almost 16000 people. It is the largest earth quake in Japan’s history with a magnitude 9.0 and is regarded as one of the 5 most powerful and devastating earthquake in the world.
  • 20. In 2011 there was the deadly tsunami in Japan that triggered the meltdown of a nuclear reactor.
  • 21.
  • 22. CYCLONEDamage Potential Society Poorer than before Disruption of Normal life & Development Suffers Huge Losses/ Damages Elements at Risk
  • 24. HAZARDDamage Potential Elements at Risk Slopes of hills Sea & Sea-coast Low-lying Areas River/Stream Banks Natural Features Unsecured personal assets Livelihood tools / Equipment Public Infrastructure Agri. & Horticultural crops Weak Buildings Huts & Semi-permanent Houses People & Live-stock Societal Elements
  • 25. SCALE OF DISASTER Is Dependent on : • Lead Time Available. • Intensity of Hazard. • Duration. • Spatial Extent. • Density of Population & Assets. • Time of Occurrence. • Vulnerabilities existing in the Elements at Risk. •Hazard X Vulnerability = Disaster
  • 26. ELEMENTS AT RISK • People • Livestock • Rural Housing Stock • Houses Vulnerable • Crops, Trees, Telephone, Electric poles • Boats, Looms, Working Implements • Personal Property • Electricity, Water and Food Supplies • Infrastructure Support
  • 27. AIMS OF DISASTER MANAGEMENT • Reduce (Avoid, if possible) the potential losses from hazards. • Assure prompt and appropriate assistance to victims when necessary. • Achieve rapid and durable recovery.
  • 29. STAGES OF DISASTER Cyclone Well Before Weeks-Months Just Before - Hours Actual Time Period Rescue RehabilitationRelief Reconstruction BEFORE AFTERDURING Jan - Apr MAY June- Oct
  • 30. ROLE PLAYERS IN DISASTERS • People : Individuals, House -Holds, Volunteers • Gram Panchayat : Sarpanch, Panchayati Secretary, Panchayati Members • Village Elders : Caste/Community/Religious Leaders, Teachers, Doctors, Engineers, Retired Army & Police Personnel • Govt. Deptl. Officers : Agriculture, Medical, Engineers (Housing, Roads & Buildings, Irrigation) Revenue Department, Public Health, Police etc. NGOs
  • 31. DEFINITIONS OF “VULNERABILITY” •“The extent to which a community, structure, service or geographic area is likely to be damaged or disrupted by the impact of particular disaster hazard…” •“Vulnerability is the propensity of things to be damaged by a hazard”.
  • 32. DISASTER PREPAREDNESS • Disaster preparedness aims at minimizing the adverse effects of a hazard - • Through effective precautionary actions • Ensure timely, appropriate and efficient organisation and delivery of emergency response following the impact of a disaster.
  • 33. PREPAREDNESS • Vulnerability Analysis and Mapping to include Resources. • Assess strengthening requirements and execute. • Funding for preparedness must be arranged. • Peoples’ cooperation through Political leaders, elders, Volunteers and NGOs • Create lead time by interpreting Warnings • Plan to include movement of resources with time frame. • Aim to reduce the destructive potential of cyclones, timely & appropriate relief to victims and quick & durable recovery
  • 35. DISASTER RESPONSE ACTIVITIES • Warning • Evacuation/Mitigation • Search and Rescue • Assessment • Emergency Relief • Logistics and Supply • Communication and information Management • Survivor Response and coping • Security • EOC & coordination • Expedite rehabilitation and reconstruction.
  • 36. Role of individuals in prevention of pollution 1) Use low-phosphate, phosphate-free or biodegradable dishwashing liquid, laundry detergent, and shampoo. 2) Don't use water fresheners in toilets. 3) Use manure or compost instead of commercial inorganic fertilizers to fertilize gardens and yard plant. 4) Use biological methods or integrated pest management to control garden, yard, and household pests. 5) Don't pour pesticides, paints, solvents, oils, or other products containing harmful chemicals down drain or on the ground. Contact the authorities responsible for their disposal.
  • 37. 6) Recycle old motor oil and antifreeze at an auto service center that has an oil recycling program. 7) If you get water from a private well or suspect that municipal water is contaminated, have tested by an EPA certified laboratory for lead, nitrates, trihalomethanes, radon, volatile, organic compounds and pesticides. 8)Run water from taps for several minutes every morning before using the water for drinking or cooking. Save it and use it to water plants. If you have a septic tank, monitor it yearly and have it cleaned out every three to five years by a reputable contractor so that it won’t contribute to groundwater pollution. Do not use a septic tank cleaner, which contain toxic chemicals that can kill bacteria important to sewage decomposition and that can contaminate groundwater if systems malfunction. 9) Support ecological land-use planning in your community. 10) Get to know your local water bodies and form watchdog groups to help monitor, protect, and restore them.
  • 38. NEXT WE HAVE TO SEE WHAT WE LEARN FROM THE NATURAL DISASTER………..
  • 39.
  • 40. “Simply anything that causes damages to the livelihood and the nature takes whole responsibility for that.”
  • 41. Vulnerability of Today’s Mankind: Today more people than ever are vulnerable to natural disasters. Global climate change now threatens to increase these number significantly in the 21st Century.
  • 42. EVERY CAUSE HAS AN EFFECT Our attitude towards Mother Nature will determine Mother Nature’s attitude towards us. For every cause there is an effect. Nature treats the same way we are treating her.
  • 43. We can’t force things, we can’t force nature and we can’t force anything in life, we only THINK we can. NON RESISTANCE
  • 44. When disasters like the Sandy storm happen, we are taught a very important life lesson, and that is to let go of our expectations. LET GO OF EXPECTATIONS
  • 45. Let go of expectations and live the life you’re destined for. Peace comes only when we are true to our soul’s nature.
  • 46. FORGIVE AND FORGET Forgive everyone and forget all their faults because there is more to life that.
  • 47.
  • 48. You can’t resist and you can’t fight against the forces of nature, you can only pray and wait for the storm to pass, patiently. PATIENCE
  • 49.
  • 50. LOVE & COMPASSION Whether you are directly involved and affected by a natural disaster or not, whether is storm Sandy or some other natural disaster, you can’t help but feel compassionate towards every living being affected by the fury of Mother Nature, realizing once again that we are all ONE.
  • 51. Love and compassion are necessities, not luxuries. Without them humanity cannot survive. - Dalai lama
  • 52. Nothing is ours to keep, not our big and expensive villas, not our beautiful and luxurious cars, not the lives of our families and friends and not our own lives. LET GO OF ATTACHMENTS
  • 53. In life, there’s many things that we have to learn to let go. We have to let go of situations, things, memories, people and even ourselves.
  • 54. BUILD YOUR CASTLES IN THE SKY If you built castles in the sky ; your work need not be lost ; that is where they should be. Now put the foundations under them.
  • 55. If you built castles in the sky ; your work need not be lost ; that is where they should be. Now put the foundations under them.
  • 56. WE ARE ALL EQUAL Storm Sandy and all the world’s natural disasters don’t just hit and affect those who are poor, but those who are wealthy as well
  • 57.
  • 58. WHAT REALLY MATTERS IN LIFE It’s not about the money, it’s not about the looks, it’s not about the many things we think it is. What really matters in life is to love yourself, love those around you and to allow them to love you back. Planet Earth is our home, not just yours and not just mine.
  • 60. Pre-Historical Disasters : 8,200 years ago the entire Western coast of Jutland in Denmark was transformed by a giant tsunami that flooded large parts of Scotland. In 1883 Krakatau blew up with a force equivalent to 13,000 Hiroshima bombs. All of these events had societal consequences that can be traced in archaeological and historical sources.
  • 61. THE HUMANITIES MAKE NATURAL DISASTERS MORE TANGIBLE Climate reports and disaster reports describe in great detail how various factors are intertwined scientifically but they often don't give evidence- based descriptions of what it will all mean for the affected societies.
  • 62. “PREVENTION IS BETTER THAN CURE”
  • 63. Now at this time I remember once a statement said by Benjamin Franklin and that’s “Death and taxes are the only two certainties in life, he neglected to add natural catastrophes to the list”. CONCLUSION: