Mise en scene

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Examples of mise-en-scene and Lighting

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Mise en scene

  1. 1. Mise - en -Scene <ul><li>what is it? </li></ul>
  2. 2. <ul><li>When applied to the cinema or TV, mise en scène refers to everything that appears before the camera and its arrangement – set, props, actors, costumes, and lighting. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Overall, mise en scène is used when the director wishes to give an impression of the characters or situation without vocally articulating it through the framework of spoken dialogue. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>The common example is that of a cluttered, disorganized apartment being used to reflect the disorganization in a character's life in general, or a spartanly decorated apartment to convey a character with an &quot;empty soul&quot;, in both cases specifically and intentionally ignoring any practicality in the setting. </li></ul>
  5. 5. So how do we decode what we see on screen?
  6. 6. <ul><li>Everything we see on screen could be termed a sign . From a type of gun, car, wristwatch, jacket to a haircut, all these are signs. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>These signs signify something, the physical object creates a series of thoughts in our mind, which when combined with the context in which they are placed help the film maker tell the story with great efficiency. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>The meaning is determined through a set of conventions created and understood by the audience, according to its combined social and cultural background. Shared meaning is thus given to these signs. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Denotation & Connotation
  10. 10. <ul><li>Denotation tends to be described as the definitional, 'literal', 'obvious' or 'commonsense' meaning of a sign. </li></ul><ul><li>In this case a gun is simply a gun, a method of killing - intimidating. </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>The term connotation is used to refer to the socio-cultural and 'personal' associations (ideological, emotional etc.) of the sign. These are typically related to the interpreter's class, age, gender, ethnicity and so on. </li></ul><ul><li>In this case the type/style of gun tells us much about its user, James Bond ’ s Walther vs. Dirty Harry ’ s Magnum for example. </li></ul>
  12. 12. So….
  13. 13. Deconstruct this..... Jungle = wildness / inhospitable Anne ’ s clothing = lingerie = inappropriate/sexual/ vulnerable - also soiled suggesting signs of struggle Hair, dirty, wet = signifies struggle/weariness
  14. 14. Kong ’ s pose= masculine/powerful/savage/petulant Anne = tiny, feminine/ vulnerable/weak out of her depth
  15. 15. OVER TO YOU…
  16. 16. OVER TO YOU…
  17. 17. OVER TO YOU…
  18. 18. Lighting
  19. 19. What lighting does <ul><li>Picks out relevant details and figures in a scene </li></ul><ul><li>Prioritises story information for audience </li></ul><ul><li>Establishes a set of values to what we are seeing, by throwing more and less light on the elements in a scene </li></ul><ul><li>Enforces emotional pull in a scene, heightening mood and atmosphere </li></ul><ul><li>Allows camera to see properly on a technical level </li></ul><ul><li>Creates a look for the film </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>The three light source set up, Key light, Fill and backlight </li></ul><ul><li>Using a combination of these allows the creation of atmosphere/mood, and the display of sufficient detail to allow the story to be told effectively </li></ul>LIGHTING TERMS
  21. 21. LIGHTING TERMS <ul><li>Key light Principal illumination source on a subject or scene. Normally positioned slightly off-center and angled to provide shadow detail. </li></ul><ul><li>Back light Lamp providing illumination from behind. Creates sense of depth by separating foreground subject from background area. Applied erroneously, causes severe silhouette. </li></ul><ul><li>Fill light Supplementary illumination, usually from a soft light positioned to the side of the subject, which lightens shadows created by the key light. </li></ul>
  22. 22. In a TV/variety/gameshow setup, elimination of shadow is important
  23. 23. But in film, shadow can be used as part of the storytelling technique - connotation here? Key Back fill
  24. 24. OTHER LIGHTING TERMS <ul><li>Ambient Light A light that doesn't highlight any one subject for a natural room light effect. Usually a non-directional light. </li></ul><ul><li>Artificial light Man-made illumination not limited to &quot;indoor&quot; variety: fluorescent bulbs, jack-o'-lanterns and a car's headlights all qualify. </li></ul><ul><li>Directional light Light that illuminates a relatively small area with distinct light beam; usually created with spotlight, yields harsh, defined shadows. </li></ul>

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