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- 1. Taking R on limit Kutergin AlexPerm State University, MiFIT 16 october 2012 Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 2. Outline 1 General words about R 2 Motivation and scope 3 The basic ways of speeding up the R-code 4 The special way of speeding up the R-code: package pnmath 5 Problem of data splitting: package iterator 6 Parallel computation with R: high-level parallelism (packages: parallel, snow and additional packages) 7 Parallel computation with R: low-level parallelism (package: Rmpi) 8 Parallel computation with R: parallel execution of for-loops (package: foreach) 9 Parallel computation with R: parallel computation with graphical processing unit (package: gputools) 10 Working with vary large datasets: package ﬁlehash and package bigmemory 11 Final words, some useful references and contacts Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 3. Outline 1 General words about R 2 Motivation and scope 3 The basic ways of speeding up the R-code 4 The special way of speeding up the R-code: package pnmath 5 Problem of data splitting: package iterator 6 Parallel computation with R: high-level parallelism (packages: parallel, snow and additional packages) 7 Parallel computation with R: low-level parallelism (package: Rmpi) 8 Parallel computation with R: parallel execution of for-loops (package: foreach) 9 Parallel computation with R: parallel computation with graphical processing unit (package: gputools) 10 Working with vary large datasets: package ﬁlehash and package bigmemory 11 Final words, some useful references and contacts Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 4. Outline 1 General words about R 2 Motivation and scope 3 The basic ways of speeding up the R-code 4 The special way of speeding up the R-code: package pnmath 5 Problem of data splitting: package iterator 6 Parallel computation with R: high-level parallelism (packages: parallel, snow and additional packages) 7 Parallel computation with R: low-level parallelism (package: Rmpi) 8 Parallel computation with R: parallel execution of for-loops (package: foreach) 9 Parallel computation with R: parallel computation with graphical processing unit (package: gputools) 10 Working with vary large datasets: package ﬁlehash and package bigmemory 11 Final words, some useful references and contacts Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 5. Outline 1 General words about R 2 Motivation and scope 3 The basic ways of speeding up the R-code 4 The special way of speeding up the R-code: package pnmath 5 Problem of data splitting: package iterator 6 Parallel computation with R: high-level parallelism (packages: parallel, snow and additional packages) 7 Parallel computation with R: low-level parallelism (package: Rmpi) 8 Parallel computation with R: parallel execution of for-loops (package: foreach) 9 Parallel computation with R: parallel computation with graphical processing unit (package: gputools) 10 Working with vary large datasets: package ﬁlehash and package bigmemory 11 Final words, some useful references and contacts Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 6. Outline 1 General words about R 2 Motivation and scope 3 The basic ways of speeding up the R-code 4 The special way of speeding up the R-code: package pnmath 5 Problem of data splitting: package iterator 6 Parallel computation with R: high-level parallelism (packages: parallel, snow and additional packages) 7 Parallel computation with R: low-level parallelism (package: Rmpi) 8 Parallel computation with R: parallel execution of for-loops (package: foreach) 9 Parallel computation with R: parallel computation with graphical processing unit (package: gputools) 10 Working with vary large datasets: package ﬁlehash and package bigmemory 11 Final words, some useful references and contacts Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 7. Outline 1 General words about R 2 Motivation and scope 3 The basic ways of speeding up the R-code 4 The special way of speeding up the R-code: package pnmath 5 Problem of data splitting: package iterator 6 Parallel computation with R: high-level parallelism (packages: parallel, snow and additional packages) 7 Parallel computation with R: low-level parallelism (package: Rmpi) 8 Parallel computation with R: parallel execution of for-loops (package: foreach) 9 Parallel computation with R: parallel computation with graphical processing unit (package: gputools) 10 Working with vary large datasets: package ﬁlehash and package bigmemory 11 Final words, some useful references and contacts Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 8. Outline 1 General words about R 2 Motivation and scope 3 The basic ways of speeding up the R-code 4 The special way of speeding up the R-code: package pnmath 5 Problem of data splitting: package iterator 6 Parallel computation with R: high-level parallelism (packages: parallel, snow and additional packages) 7 Parallel computation with R: low-level parallelism (package: Rmpi) 8 Parallel computation with R: parallel execution of for-loops (package: foreach) 9 Parallel computation with R: parallel computation with graphical processing unit (package: gputools) 10 Working with vary large datasets: package ﬁlehash and package bigmemory 11 Final words, some useful references and contacts Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 9. Outline 1 General words about R 2 Motivation and scope 3 The basic ways of speeding up the R-code 4 The special way of speeding up the R-code: package pnmath 5 Problem of data splitting: package iterator 6 Parallel computation with R: high-level parallelism (packages: parallel, snow and additional packages) 7 Parallel computation with R: low-level parallelism (package: Rmpi) 8 Parallel computation with R: parallel execution of for-loops (package: foreach) 9 Parallel computation with R: parallel computation with graphical processing unit (package: gputools) 10 Working with vary large datasets: package ﬁlehash and package bigmemory 11 Final words, some useful references and contacts Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 10. Outline 1 General words about R 2 Motivation and scope 3 The basic ways of speeding up the R-code 4 The special way of speeding up the R-code: package pnmath 5 Problem of data splitting: package iterator 6 Parallel computation with R: high-level parallelism (packages: parallel, snow and additional packages) 7 Parallel computation with R: low-level parallelism (package: Rmpi) 8 Parallel computation with R: parallel execution of for-loops (package: foreach) 9 Parallel computation with R: parallel computation with graphical processing unit (package: gputools) 10 Working with vary large datasets: package ﬁlehash and package bigmemory 11 Final words, some useful references and contacts Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 11. Outline 1 General words about R 2 Motivation and scope 3 The basic ways of speeding up the R-code 4 The special way of speeding up the R-code: package pnmath 5 Problem of data splitting: package iterator 6 Parallel computation with R: high-level parallelism (packages: parallel, snow and additional packages) 7 Parallel computation with R: low-level parallelism (package: Rmpi) 8 Parallel computation with R: parallel execution of for-loops (package: foreach) 9 Parallel computation with R: parallel computation with graphical processing unit (package: gputools) 10 Working with vary large datasets: package ﬁlehash and package bigmemory 11 Final words, some useful references and contacts Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 12. Outline 1 General words about R 2 Motivation and scope 3 The basic ways of speeding up the R-code 4 The special way of speeding up the R-code: package pnmath 5 Problem of data splitting: package iterator 6 Parallel computation with R: high-level parallelism (packages: parallel, snow and additional packages) 7 Parallel computation with R: low-level parallelism (package: Rmpi) 8 Parallel computation with R: parallel execution of for-loops (package: foreach) 9 Parallel computation with R: parallel computation with graphical processing unit (package: gputools) 10 Working with vary large datasets: package ﬁlehash and package bigmemory 11 Final words, some useful references and contacts Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 13. Outline 1 General words about R 2 Motivation and scope 3 The basic ways of speeding up the R-code 4 The special way of speeding up the R-code: package pnmath 5 Problem of data splitting: package iterator 6 Parallel computation with R: high-level parallelism (packages: parallel, snow and additional packages) 7 Parallel computation with R: low-level parallelism (package: Rmpi) 8 Parallel computation with R: parallel execution of for-loops (package: foreach) 9 Parallel computation with R: parallel computation with graphical processing unit (package: gputools) 10 Working with vary large datasets: package ﬁlehash and package bigmemory 11 Final words, some useful references and contacts Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 14. Outline 1 General words about R 2 Motivation and scope 3 The basic ways of speeding up the R-code 4 The special way of speeding up the R-code: package pnmath 5 Problem of data splitting: package iterator 6 Parallel computation with R: high-level parallelism (packages: parallel, snow and additional packages) 7 Parallel computation with R: low-level parallelism (package: Rmpi) 8 Parallel computation with R: parallel execution of for-loops (package: foreach) 9 Parallel computation with R: parallel computation with graphical processing unit (package: gputools) 10 Working with vary large datasets: package ﬁlehash and package bigmemory 11 Final words, some useful references and contacts Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 15. Outline 1 General words about R 2 Motivation and scope 3 The basic ways of speeding up the R-code 4 The special way of speeding up the R-code: package pnmath 5 Problem of data splitting: package iterator 6 Parallel computation with R: high-level parallelism (packages: parallel, snow and additional packages) 7 Parallel computation with R: low-level parallelism (package: Rmpi) 8 Parallel computation with R: parallel execution of for-loops (package: foreach) 9 Parallel computation with R: parallel computation with graphical processing unit (package: gputools) 10 Working with vary large datasets: package ﬁlehash and package bigmemory 11 Final words, some useful references and contacts Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 16. Outline 1 General words about R 2 Motivation and scope 3 The basic ways of speeding up the R-code 4 The special way of speeding up the R-code: package pnmath 5 Problem of data splitting: package iterator 6 Parallel computation with R: high-level parallelism (packages: parallel, snow and additional packages) 7 Parallel computation with R: low-level parallelism (package: Rmpi) 8 Parallel computation with R: parallel execution of for-loops (package: foreach) 9 Parallel computation with R: parallel computation with graphical processing unit (package: gputools) 10 Working with vary large datasets: package ﬁlehash and package bigmemory 11 Final words, some useful references and contacts Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 17. Outline 1 General words about R 2 Motivation and scope 3 The basic ways of speeding up the R-code 4 The special way of speeding up the R-code: package pnmath 5 Problem of data splitting: package iterator 6 Parallel computation with R: high-level parallelism (packages: parallel, snow and additional packages) 7 Parallel computation with R: low-level parallelism (package: Rmpi) 8 Parallel computation with R: parallel execution of for-loops (package: foreach) 9 Parallel computation with R: parallel computation with graphical processing unit (package: gputools) 10 Working with vary large datasets: package ﬁlehash and package bigmemory 11 Final words, some useful references and contacts Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 18. Outline 1 General words about R 2 Motivation and scope 3 The basic ways of speeding up the R-code 4 The special way of speeding up the R-code: package pnmath 5 Problem of data splitting: package iterator 6 Parallel computation with R: high-level parallelism (packages: parallel, snow and additional packages) 7 Parallel computation with R: low-level parallelism (package: Rmpi) 8 Parallel computation with R: parallel execution of for-loops (package: foreach) 9 Parallel computation with R: parallel computation with graphical processing unit (package: gputools) 10 Working with vary large datasets: package ﬁlehash and package bigmemory 11 Final words, some useful references and contacts Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 19. Outline 1 General words about R 2 Motivation and scope 3 The basic ways of speeding up the R-code 4 The special way of speeding up the R-code: package pnmath 5 Problem of data splitting: package iterator 6 Parallel computation with R: high-level parallelism (packages: parallel, snow and additional packages) 7 Parallel computation with R: low-level parallelism (package: Rmpi) 8 Parallel computation with R: parallel execution of for-loops (package: foreach) 9 Parallel computation with R: parallel computation with graphical processing unit (package: gputools) 10 Working with vary large datasets: package ﬁlehash and package bigmemory 11 Final words, some useful references and contacts Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 20. Outline 1 General words about R 2 Motivation and scope 3 The basic ways of speeding up the R-code 4 The special way of speeding up the R-code: package pnmath 5 Problem of data splitting: package iterator 6 Parallel computation with R: high-level parallelism (packages: parallel, snow and additional packages) 7 Parallel computation with R: low-level parallelism (package: Rmpi) 8 Parallel computation with R: parallel execution of for-loops (package: foreach) 9 Parallel computation with R: parallel computation with graphical processing unit (package: gputools) 10 Working with vary large datasets: package ﬁlehash and package bigmemory 11 Final words, some useful references and contacts Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 21. Outline 1 General words about R 2 Motivation and scope 3 The basic ways of speeding up the R-code 4 The special way of speeding up the R-code: package pnmath 5 Problem of data splitting: package iterator 6 Parallel computation with R: high-level parallelism (packages: parallel, snow and additional packages) 7 Parallel computation with R: low-level parallelism (package: Rmpi) 8 Parallel computation with R: parallel execution of for-loops (package: foreach) 9 Parallel computation with R: parallel computation with graphical processing unit (package: gputools) 10 Working with vary large datasets: package ﬁlehash and package bigmemory 11 Final words, some useful references and contacts Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 22. Outline 1 General words about R 2 Motivation and scope 3 The basic ways of speeding up the R-code 4 The special way of speeding up the R-code: package pnmath 5 Problem of data splitting: package iterator 6 Parallel computation with R: high-level parallelism (packages: parallel, snow and additional packages) 7 Parallel computation with R: low-level parallelism (package: Rmpi) 8 Parallel computation with R: parallel execution of for-loops (package: foreach) 9 Parallel computation with R: parallel computation with graphical processing unit (package: gputools) 10 Working with vary large datasets: package ﬁlehash and package bigmemory 11 Final words, some useful references and contacts Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 23. Outline 1 General words about R 2 Motivation and scope 3 The basic ways of speeding up the R-code 4 The special way of speeding up the R-code: package pnmath 5 Problem of data splitting: package iterator 6 Parallel computation with R: high-level parallelism (packages: parallel, snow and additional packages) 7 Parallel computation with R: low-level parallelism (package: Rmpi) 8 Parallel computation with R: parallel execution of for-loops (package: foreach) 9 Parallel computation with R: parallel computation with graphical processing unit (package: gputools) 10 Working with vary large datasets: package ﬁlehash and package bigmemory 11 Final words, some useful references and contacts Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 24. Outline 1 General words about R 2 Motivation and scope 3 The basic ways of speeding up the R-code 4 The special way of speeding up the R-code: package pnmath 5 Problem of data splitting: package iterator 6 Parallel computation with R: high-level parallelism (packages: parallel, snow and additional packages) 7 Parallel computation with R: low-level parallelism (package: Rmpi) 8 Parallel computation with R: parallel execution of for-loops (package: foreach) 9 Parallel computation with R: parallel computation with graphical processing unit (package: gputools) 10 Working with vary large datasets: package ﬁlehash and package bigmemory 11 Final words, some useful references and contacts Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 25. General words about R R software R is free powerful software for data analysis and statistical computing. R - console application with its own programming language running in interpreter mode. Lack of sophisticated GUI provides a number of advantages: there is no need to learn which algorithm is behind each button you can just learn the basic principles of R-programming and eﬀectively solve complex problems using R-programming language Download R R can be downloaded from following link: http://cran.r-project.org/ Project page: www.r-project.org Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 26. General words about R R software R is free powerful software for data analysis and statistical computing. R - console application with its own programming language running in interpreter mode. Lack of sophisticated GUI provides a number of advantages: there is no need to learn which algorithm is behind each button you can just learn the basic principles of R-programming and eﬀectively solve complex problems using R-programming language Download R R can be downloaded from following link: http://cran.r-project.org/ Project page: www.r-project.org Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 27. General words about R R software R is free powerful software for data analysis and statistical computing. R - console application with its own programming language running in interpreter mode. Lack of sophisticated GUI provides a number of advantages: there is no need to learn which algorithm is behind each button you can just learn the basic principles of R-programming and eﬀectively solve complex problems using R-programming language Download R R can be downloaded from following link: http://cran.r-project.org/ Project page: www.r-project.org Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 28. General words about R R software R is free powerful software for data analysis and statistical computing. R - console application with its own programming language running in interpreter mode. Lack of sophisticated GUI provides a number of advantages: there is no need to learn which algorithm is behind each button you can just learn the basic principles of R-programming and eﬀectively solve complex problems using R-programming language Download R R can be downloaded from following link: http://cran.r-project.org/ Project page: www.r-project.org Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 29. General words about R R software R is free powerful software for data analysis and statistical computing. R - console application with its own programming language running in interpreter mode. Lack of sophisticated GUI provides a number of advantages: there is no need to learn which algorithm is behind each button you can just learn the basic principles of R-programming and eﬀectively solve complex problems using R-programming language Download R R can be downloaded from following link: http://cran.r-project.org/ Project page: www.r-project.org Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 30. General words about R R software R is free powerful software for data analysis and statistical computing. R - console application with its own programming language running in interpreter mode. Lack of sophisticated GUI provides a number of advantages: there is no need to learn which algorithm is behind each button you can just learn the basic principles of R-programming and eﬀectively solve complex problems using R-programming language Download R R can be downloaded from following link: http://cran.r-project.org/ Project page: www.r-project.org Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 31. General words about R R software R is free powerful software for data analysis and statistical computing. R - console application with its own programming language running in interpreter mode. Lack of sophisticated GUI provides a number of advantages: there is no need to learn which algorithm is behind each button you can just learn the basic principles of R-programming and eﬀectively solve complex problems using R-programming language Download R R can be downloaded from following link: http://cran.r-project.org/ Project page: www.r-project.org Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 32. General words about R R software R is free powerful software for data analysis and statistical computing. R - console application with its own programming language running in interpreter mode. Lack of sophisticated GUI provides a number of advantages: there is no need to learn which algorithm is behind each button you can just learn the basic principles of R-programming and eﬀectively solve complex problems using R-programming language Download R R can be downloaded from following link: http://cran.r-project.org/ Project page: www.r-project.org Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 33. General words about R R software R is free powerful software for data analysis and statistical computing. R - console application with its own programming language running in interpreter mode. Lack of sophisticated GUI provides a number of advantages: there is no need to learn which algorithm is behind each button you can just learn the basic principles of R-programming and eﬀectively solve complex problems using R-programming language Download R R can be downloaded from following link: http://cran.r-project.org/ Project page: www.r-project.org Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 34. General words about R R software R is free powerful software for data analysis and statistical computing. R - console application with its own programming language running in interpreter mode. Lack of sophisticated GUI provides a number of advantages: there is no need to learn which algorithm is behind each button you can just learn the basic principles of R-programming and eﬀectively solve complex problems using R-programming language Download R R can be downloaded from following link: http://cran.r-project.org/ Project page: www.r-project.org Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 35. General words about R R software R is free powerful software for data analysis and statistical computing. R - console application with its own programming language running in interpreter mode. Lack of sophisticated GUI provides a number of advantages: there is no need to learn which algorithm is behind each button you can just learn the basic principles of R-programming and eﬀectively solve complex problems using R-programming language Download R R can be downloaded from following link: http://cran.r-project.org/ Project page: www.r-project.org Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 36. General words about RView of R work session Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 37. General words about Rpackages and information sources There are two sources of happiness for R-programmer Source of information Source of packages Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 38. Motivation and scope Motivation Computers become more productive. Progress in computer’s hardware and software is amazing. These computing power became available even in a laptop Constantly increasing growth of data’s volume and the complexity of problems associated with data processing The emergence of multi-core PCs and CUDA technology Scope We: simple students or not powerful guys. So we don’t have supercomputer We have Core i5 or Core i7 or another multi-core laptop or PC with support of CUDA technology We have some computational tasks and we want to solve them more eﬀectively Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 39. Motivation and scope Motivation Computers become more productive. Progress in computer’s hardware and software is amazing. These computing power became available even in a laptop Constantly increasing growth of data’s volume and the complexity of problems associated with data processing The emergence of multi-core PCs and CUDA technology Scope We: simple students or not powerful guys. So we don’t have supercomputer We have Core i5 or Core i7 or another multi-core laptop or PC with support of CUDA technology We have some computational tasks and we want to solve them more eﬀectively Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 40. Motivation and scope Motivation Computers become more productive. Progress in computer’s hardware and software is amazing. These computing power became available even in a laptop Constantly increasing growth of data’s volume and the complexity of problems associated with data processing The emergence of multi-core PCs and CUDA technology Scope We: simple students or not powerful guys. So we don’t have supercomputer We have Core i5 or Core i7 or another multi-core laptop or PC with support of CUDA technology We have some computational tasks and we want to solve them more eﬀectively Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 41. Motivation and scope Motivation Computers become more productive. Progress in computer’s hardware and software is amazing. These computing power became available even in a laptop Constantly increasing growth of data’s volume and the complexity of problems associated with data processing The emergence of multi-core PCs and CUDA technology Scope We: simple students or not powerful guys. So we don’t have supercomputer We have Core i5 or Core i7 or another multi-core laptop or PC with support of CUDA technology We have some computational tasks and we want to solve them more eﬀectively Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 42. Motivation and scope Motivation Computers become more productive. Progress in computer’s hardware and software is amazing. These computing power became available even in a laptop Constantly increasing growth of data’s volume and the complexity of problems associated with data processing The emergence of multi-core PCs and CUDA technology Scope We: simple students or not powerful guys. So we don’t have supercomputer We have Core i5 or Core i7 or another multi-core laptop or PC with support of CUDA technology We have some computational tasks and we want to solve them more eﬀectively Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 43. Motivation and scope Motivation Computers become more productive. Progress in computer’s hardware and software is amazing. These computing power became available even in a laptop Constantly increasing growth of data’s volume and the complexity of problems associated with data processing The emergence of multi-core PCs and CUDA technology Scope We: simple students or not powerful guys. So we don’t have supercomputer We have Core i5 or Core i7 or another multi-core laptop or PC with support of CUDA technology We have some computational tasks and we want to solve them more eﬀectively Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 44. Motivation and scope Motivation Computers become more productive. Progress in computer’s hardware and software is amazing. These computing power became available even in a laptop Constantly increasing growth of data’s volume and the complexity of problems associated with data processing The emergence of multi-core PCs and CUDA technology Scope We: simple students or not powerful guys. So we don’t have supercomputer We have Core i5 or Core i7 or another multi-core laptop or PC with support of CUDA technology We have some computational tasks and we want to solve them more eﬀectively Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 45. Motivation and scope Motivation Computers become more productive. Progress in computer’s hardware and software is amazing. These computing power became available even in a laptop Constantly increasing growth of data’s volume and the complexity of problems associated with data processing The emergence of multi-core PCs and CUDA technology Scope We: simple students or not powerful guys. So we don’t have supercomputer We have Core i5 or Core i7 or another multi-core laptop or PC with support of CUDA technology We have some computational tasks and we want to solve them more eﬀectively Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 46. Motivation and scope Motivation Computers become more productive. Progress in computer’s hardware and software is amazing. These computing power became available even in a laptop Constantly increasing growth of data’s volume and the complexity of problems associated with data processing The emergence of multi-core PCs and CUDA technology Scope We: simple students or not powerful guys. So we don’t have supercomputer We have Core i5 or Core i7 or another multi-core laptop or PC with support of CUDA technology We have some computational tasks and we want to solve them more eﬀectively Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 47. Motivation and scope Motivation Computers become more productive. Progress in computer’s hardware and software is amazing. These computing power became available even in a laptop Constantly increasing growth of data’s volume and the complexity of problems associated with data processing The emergence of multi-core PCs and CUDA technology Scope We: simple students or not powerful guys. So we don’t have supercomputer We have Core i5 or Core i7 or another multi-core laptop or PC with support of CUDA technology We have some computational tasks and we want to solve them more eﬀectively Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 48. Motivation and scope Motivation Computers become more productive. Progress in computer’s hardware and software is amazing. These computing power became available even in a laptop Constantly increasing growth of data’s volume and the complexity of problems associated with data processing The emergence of multi-core PCs and CUDA technology Scope We: simple students or not powerful guys. So we don’t have supercomputer We have Core i5 or Core i7 or another multi-core laptop or PC with support of CUDA technology We have some computational tasks and we want to solve them more eﬀectively Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 49. Motivation and scope Motivation Computers become more productive. Progress in computer’s hardware and software is amazing. These computing power became available even in a laptop Constantly increasing growth of data’s volume and the complexity of problems associated with data processing The emergence of multi-core PCs and CUDA technology Scope We: simple students or not powerful guys. So we don’t have supercomputer We have Core i5 or Core i7 or another multi-core laptop or PC with support of CUDA technology We have some computational tasks and we want to solve them more eﬀectively Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 50. Motivation and scope Motivation Computers become more productive. Progress in computer’s hardware and software is amazing. These computing power became available even in a laptop Constantly increasing growth of data’s volume and the complexity of problems associated with data processing The emergence of multi-core PCs and CUDA technology Scope We: simple students or not powerful guys. So we don’t have supercomputer We have Core i5 or Core i7 or another multi-core laptop or PC with support of CUDA technology We have some computational tasks and we want to solve them more eﬀectively Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 51. Motivation and scope Motivation Computers become more productive. Progress in computer’s hardware and software is amazing. These computing power became available even in a laptop Constantly increasing growth of data’s volume and the complexity of problems associated with data processing The emergence of multi-core PCs and CUDA technology Scope We: simple students or not powerful guys. So we don’t have supercomputer We have Core i5 or Core i7 or another multi-core laptop or PC with support of CUDA technology We have some computational tasks and we want to solve them more eﬀectively Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 52. Motivation and scope Motivation Computers become more productive. Progress in computer’s hardware and software is amazing. These computing power became available even in a laptop Constantly increasing growth of data’s volume and the complexity of problems associated with data processing The emergence of multi-core PCs and CUDA technology Scope We: simple students or not powerful guys. So we don’t have supercomputer We have Core i5 or Core i7 or another multi-core laptop or PC with support of CUDA technology We have some computational tasks and we want to solve them more eﬀectively Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 53. The basic ways of speeding up the R-codeHow to check time of code’s execution? First way to check time of code execution #return CPU (and other) times that expr used s y s t e m . t i m e () s y s t e m . t i m e ( s u m ( r u n i f (10000000) ) ) Second way to check time of code execution #determines how much real and CPU time (in seconds) the currently running R process has already taken p r o c . t i m e () s t a r t _ t i m e < - p r o c . t i m e () s u m ( r u n i f (10000000) ) e n d _ t i m e < - p r o c . t i m e () - s t a r t _ t i m e Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 54. The basic ways of speeding up the R-codeHow to check time of code’s execution? First way to check time of code execution #return CPU (and other) times that expr used s y s t e m . t i m e () s y s t e m . t i m e ( s u m ( r u n i f (10000000) ) ) Second way to check time of code execution #determines how much real and CPU time (in seconds) the currently running R process has already taken p r o c . t i m e () s t a r t _ t i m e < - p r o c . t i m e () s u m ( r u n i f (10000000) ) e n d _ t i m e < - p r o c . t i m e () - s t a r t _ t i m e Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 55. The basic ways of speeding up the R-codeHow to check time of code’s execution? First way to check time of code execution #return CPU (and other) times that expr used s y s t e m . t i m e () s y s t e m . t i m e ( s u m ( r u n i f (10000000) ) ) Second way to check time of code execution #determines how much real and CPU time (in seconds) the currently running R process has already taken p r o c . t i m e () s t a r t _ t i m e < - p r o c . t i m e () s u m ( r u n i f (10000000) ) e n d _ t i m e < - p r o c . t i m e () - s t a r t _ t i m e Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 56. The basic ways of speeding up the R-codeHow to check time of code’s execution? First way to check time of code execution #return CPU (and other) times that expr used s y s t e m . t i m e () s y s t e m . t i m e ( s u m ( r u n i f (10000000) ) ) Second way to check time of code execution #determines how much real and CPU time (in seconds) the currently running R process has already taken p r o c . t i m e () s t a r t _ t i m e < - p r o c . t i m e () s u m ( r u n i f (10000000) ) e n d _ t i m e < - p r o c . t i m e () - s t a r t _ t i m e Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 57. The basic ways of speeding up the R-codeHow to check time of code’s execution? First way to check time of code execution #return CPU (and other) times that expr used s y s t e m . t i m e () s y s t e m . t i m e ( s u m ( r u n i f (10000000) ) ) Second way to check time of code execution #determines how much real and CPU time (in seconds) the currently running R process has already taken p r o c . t i m e () s t a r t _ t i m e < - p r o c . t i m e () s u m ( r u n i f (10000000) ) e n d _ t i m e < - p r o c . t i m e () - s t a r t _ t i m e Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 58. The basic ways of speeding up the R-codeHow to check time of code’s execution? First way to check time of code execution #return CPU (and other) times that expr used s y s t e m . t i m e () s y s t e m . t i m e ( s u m ( r u n i f (10000000) ) ) Second way to check time of code execution #determines how much real and CPU time (in seconds) the currently running R process has already taken p r o c . t i m e () s t a r t _ t i m e < - p r o c . t i m e () s u m ( r u n i f (10000000) ) e n d _ t i m e < - p r o c . t i m e () - s t a r t _ t i m e Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 59. The basic ways of speeding up the R-codeHow to check time of code’s execution? First way to check time of code execution #return CPU (and other) times that expr used s y s t e m . t i m e () s y s t e m . t i m e ( s u m ( r u n i f (10000000) ) ) Second way to check time of code execution #determines how much real and CPU time (in seconds) the currently running R process has already taken p r o c . t i m e () s t a r t _ t i m e < - p r o c . t i m e () s u m ( r u n i f (10000000) ) e n d _ t i m e < - p r o c . t i m e () - s t a r t _ t i m e Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 60. The basic ways of speeding up the R-codeAnalysis of the eﬀectiveness of programs Function’s proﬁle Let us compare work of universal function lm() and more speciﬁc function lm.ﬁt() #Loading some dataset d a t a ( longley ) #Recording profile to file lm.out Rprof ( " l m . o u t " ) #Runnig lm() 1000 times i n v i s i b l e ( r e p l i c a t e (1000 , l m ( Employed ~ . -1 , d a t a = longley ) ) ) #Switch off profiling Rprof ( NULL ) Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 61. The basic ways of speeding up the R-codeAnalysis of the eﬀectiveness of programs #Preparing data for lm.fit() longleydm < - d a t a . m a t r i x ( d a t a . f r a m e ( longley ) ) #Recording profile to file lm.fit.out Rprof ( " l m . f i t . o u t " ) #Runnig lm.fit() 1000 times i n v i s i b l e ( r e p l i c a t e (1000 , l m . fit ( longleydm [ , -7] , longleydm [ ,7]) ) ) #Switch off profiling Rprof ( NULL ) #Results of profiling summaryRprof ( " l m . o u t " ) $ sampling . t i m e [1] 3.12 summaryRprof ( " l m . f i t . o u t " ) $ sampling . t i m e [1] 0.18 #What a difference! Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 62. The basic ways of speeding up the R-codeAnalysis of the eﬀectiveness of programs Package profr This package allows you to visualize the results of proﬁling library (" profr ") p l o t ( p a r s e _ rprof ( " l m . o u t " ) , main = " P r o f i l e ␣ o f ␣ lm () ") p l o t ( p a r s e _ rprof ( " l m . f i t . o u t " ) , main = " P r o f i l e ␣ of ␣ lm . fit () ") Package proftools This package allows you to visualize call graph for a function l i b r a r y (" R g r a p h v i z "); l i b r a r y (" p r o f t o o l s ") lmfitprod < - readProfileData ( " l m . f i t . o u t " ) pl o t P r o f i l e C al l Gr a p h ( lmfitprod ) Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 63. The basic ways of speeding up the R-codeAnalysis of the eﬀectiveness of programs Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 64. The basic ways of speeding up the R-codeAnalysis of the eﬀectiveness of programs Сall graph Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 65. The basic ways of speeding up the R-codeAnalysis of the eﬀectiveness of programs Another example of proﬁling: its = 2500; d i m = 1750 X = m a t r i x ( r n o r m ( its * d i m ) ,its , d i m ) my . cross . p r o d < - f u n c t i o n ( X ) { C = m a t r i x (0 , n c o l ( X ) , n c o l ( X ) ) f o r ( i in 1: n r o w ( X ) ) { C = C + X [i ,] % o % X [i ,] } return (C) } l i b r a r y ( proftools ) C = my . cross . p r o d ( X ) C1 = t ( X ) % * % X C2 = c r o s s p r o d ( X ) Rprof ( NULL ) p r i n t ( a l l . e q u a l ( C , C1 , C2 ) ) Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 66. The basic ways of speeding up the R-codeAnalysis of the eﬀectiveness of programs Result: l i b r a r y ( proftools ) profile . data <- readProfileData ( " m a t r i x - m u l t . o u t " ) flatProfile ( p r o f i l e . d a t a ) / total . pct total . t i m e self . pct self . t i m e my . cross . p r o d 87.31 88.36 0.04 0.04 + 49.84 50.44 49.84 50.44 %o% 37.37 37.82 0.00 0.00 outer 37.37 37.82 37.27 37.72 %*% 7.75 7.84 7.75 7.84 crossprod 4.86 4.92 4.86 4.92 t 0.16 0.16 0.06 0.06 t. default 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10 matrix 0.06 0.06 0.06 0.06 as . vector 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 67. The basic ways of speeding up the R-codeVectorization of code Note! Loops in R are slow! You can speed up your code by using operation with vectors and matrix. It’s another style of programming, but you have to use it! #Simple example of vectorization: #component-wise addition of two vectors #Generating some random data #First vector a < - r n o r m ( n = 10000000) #Second vector b < - r n o r m ( n = 10000000) #Vector for result x < - r e p (0 , l e n g t h ( a ) ) Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 68. The basic ways of speeding up the R-codeVectorization of code So, what about results? #Slow way time _1 <- system . time ( f o r ( i in 1: l e n g t h ( a ) ) { x [ i ] < - a [ i ]+ b [ i ] } ) ; t i m e _ 1[3] 36.97 #Fast way t i m e _ 2 < - s y s t e m . t i m e ( x < - a + b ) ; t i m e _ 2[3] 0.04 Acceleration < - t i m e _ 1[3] / t i m e _ 2[3] Acceleration 924.25 #That’s hot!!!! Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 69. The basic ways of speeding up the R-codeUsing magic of linear algebra Using linear algebra operations #Scalar product #Slow way s t a r t < - p r o c . t i m e () res < - 0 f o r ( i in 1: l e n g t h ( a ) ) { res < - res + a [ i ] * b [ i ] } e n d < - p r o c . t i m e () - s t a r t ; e n d [3] 16.71 #Fast s y s t e m . t i m e ( a % * % b ) [3] 0.09 #Even faster... s y s t e m . t i m e ( s u m ( a * b ) ) [3] 0.08 Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 70. The basic ways of speeding up the R-codeUsing magic of linear algebra Using linear algebra operations #Matrix multiplication slow version its < - 2500; d i m < - 1750; X < - m a t r i x ( r n o r m ( its * d i m ) ,its , d i m ) X _ transp < - t ( X ) res < - a r r a y ( NA , d i m = c (1750 , 1750) ) s t a r t < - p r o c . t i m e () f o r ( i in 1: n r o w ( X _ transp ) ) { f o r ( j in 1: n c o l ( X ) ) { res [i , j ] < - s u m ( X _ transp [i ,] * X [ , j ]) } } e n d < - p r o c . t i m e () - s t a r t ; e n d [3] 221.67 Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 71. The basic ways of speeding up the R-codeUsing magic of linear algebra Package BLAS BLAS means: Basic Linear Algebra Subprogram. This package contains the optimized algorithms for linear algebra operations and uses all cores of multi-core machine automatically. #Matrix multiplication fast version #BLAS matrix mult s y s t e m . t i m e ( X _ transp % * % X ) [3] 7.77 #Even faster... s y s t e m . t i m e ( c r o s s p r o d ( X ) ) [3] 4.98 Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 72. The basic ways of speeding up the R-codeUsing build-in R-functions Package base You can ﬁnd full list of build-in R-function in the documentation for this package #Let us define a function mySum < - f u n c t i o n ( N ) { sumVal < - 0 f o r ( i in 1: N ) { sumVal < - sumVal + i } r e t u r n ( sumVal ) } s y s t e m . t i m e ( mySum (1000000) ) [3] 0.62 s y s t e m . t i m e ( s u m ( a s . n u m e r i c ( s e q (1 , 1000000) ) ) ) [3] 0.05 Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 73. The basic ways of speeding up the R-codeUsing build-in R-functions Why are build R-functions faster? R programming language works in interpreter mode. This is always slowly than using the compiled code. So, when you call build-in R-function, you call optimized and compiled code. Also build-in functions are written in more low-level programming language (like C/C++ or FORTRAN) and this provides greater access to the capabilities of the hardware Note! You can select data from vector, matrix, data.frame or array using some condition that applies to row or column of data object. It’s fast and convenient #Extracting only positive values from first column of X its < - 2500; d i m < - 1750; X < - m a t r i x ( r n o r m ( its * d i m ) ,its , d i m ) X [ X [ ,1] >0 , 1] Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 74. The special way of speeding up the R-code Package pnmath Another easy way to get a speed-up is to use the pnmath package in R. This package takes many of the standard math functions in R and replaces them with multi-threaded versions, using OpenMP. Some functions get more of a speed-up than others with pnmath. #Generating random data v1 < - r u n i f (1000) v2 < - r u n i f (100000000) #Time of execution without pnmath s y s t e m . t i m e ( q t u k e y ( v1 ,2 ,3) ) s y s t e m . t i m e ( e x p ( v2 ) ) s y s t e m . t i m e ( s q r t ( v2 ) ) #Time of execution with pnmath l i b r a r y ( pnmath ) s y s t e m . t i m e ( q t u k e y ( v1 ,2 ,3) ) s y s t e m . t i m e ( e x p ( v2 ) ) s y s t e m . t i m e ( s q r t ( v2 ) ) Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 75. Problem of data splitting Our problem: Before you start the calculation you need to split your data set according the number of threads. Another reason is more eﬀective data processing in loops Package iterator The iterators package provides tools for iterating over various R data structures. Iterators are available for vectors, lists, matrices, arrays, data frames and ﬁles. By following very simple conventions, new iterators can be written to support any type of data source, such as database queries or dynamically generating data Download You can download this useful package from CRAN (available for Windows!): http: //cran.r-project.org/web/packages/iterators/index.html Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 76. Problem of data splitting Our problem: Before you start the calculation you need to split your data set according the number of threads. Another reason is more eﬀective data processing in loops Package iterator The iterators package provides tools for iterating over various R data structures. Iterators are available for vectors, lists, matrices, arrays, data frames and ﬁles. By following very simple conventions, new iterators can be written to support any type of data source, such as database queries or dynamically generating data Download You can download this useful package from CRAN (available for Windows!): http: //cran.r-project.org/web/packages/iterators/index.html Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 77. Problem of data splitting Our problem: Before you start the calculation you need to split your data set according the number of threads. Another reason is more eﬀective data processing in loops Package iterator The iterators package provides tools for iterating over various R data structures. Iterators are available for vectors, lists, matrices, arrays, data frames and ﬁles. By following very simple conventions, new iterators can be written to support any type of data source, such as database queries or dynamically generating data Download You can download this useful package from CRAN (available for Windows!): http: //cran.r-project.org/web/packages/iterators/index.html Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 78. Problem of data splitting Our problem: Before you start the calculation you need to split your data set according the number of threads. Another reason is more eﬀective data processing in loops Package iterator The iterators package provides tools for iterating over various R data structures. Iterators are available for vectors, lists, matrices, arrays, data frames and ﬁles. By following very simple conventions, new iterators can be written to support any type of data source, such as database queries or dynamically generating data Download You can download this useful package from CRAN (available for Windows!): http: //cran.r-project.org/web/packages/iterators/index.html Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 79. Problem of data splitting: package iteratorsCapabilities icount(count) This method returns the iterator that counts starting from one. Count - number of times that iterator will be ﬁre. If not speciﬁed, it will count forever nextElem() This function returns next value of pre-deﬁne iterator. When the iterator has no more values, it calls stop with massage "StopIteration" l i b r a r y ( iterators ) #create an iterator that counts from 1 to 3. it < - icount (2) nextElem ( it ) Example: [1] 1 nextElem ( it ) [1] 2 t r y ( nextElem ( it ) ) # expect a StopIteration exception Error : StopIteration Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 80. Problem of data splitting: package iteratorsCapabilities You can create iterators by rows of your data structure using iter() function: l i b r a r y ( iterators ) #Creating iterator by rows of data set irState < - iter ( state . x77 , b y = " r o w " ) nextElem ( irState ) Population Income Illiteracy Life Murder Area Alabama 3615 3624 2.1 69.05 15.1 50708 nextElem ( irState ) Population Income Illiteracy Life Murder Area Alaska 365 6315 1.5 69.31 11.3 566432 nextElem ( irState ) Population Income Illiteracy Life Murder Area Arizona 2212 4530 1.8 70.55 7.8 113417 Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 81. Problem of data splitting: package iteratorsCapabilities You can create iterators by columns of your data structure using iter() #Creating iterator by columns of data set icState < - iter ( state . x77 , b y = " c o l " ) nextElem ( icState ) Population Alabama 3615 Alaska 365 Arizona 2212 nextElem ( icState ) function: Illiteracy Alabama 2.1 Alaska 1.5 Arizona 1.8 nextElem ( icState ) Income Alabama 3624 Alaska 6315 Arizona 4530 Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 82. Problem of data splitting: package iteratorsCapabilities You can create iterators using iter() function from data object returned by some other function: l i b r a r y ( iterators ) #Define a function, wich generate random data GetDataStructure < - f u n c t i o n ( meanVal1 , meanVal2 , sdVal1 , sdVal2 ) { a < - r n o r m (4 , m e a n = meanVal1 , s d = sdVal1 ) b < - r n o r m (4 , m e a n = meanVal2 , s d = sdVal2 ) data <- a%o%b return ( data ) } ifun < - iter ( GetDataStructure (25 ,27 ,2.5 ,3.5) , b y = " r o w " ) nextElem ( ifun ) ; nextElem ( ifun ) [ ,1] [ ,2] [ ,3] [ ,4] [1 ,] 701.7055 939.6574 764.7724 799.6965 [ ,1] [ ,2] [ ,3] [ ,4] [1 ,] 647.6349 867.2512 705.8422 738.0752 Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 83. Problem of data splitting: package iteratorsCapabilities idiv(n, chunk, chunksize) This is more interesting iterator. It provides the ability to divide a numeric value into pieces n - number of times that iterator will ﬁre. If not speciﬁed, it will count forever chunks - the number of pieces that n should be divided into. It useful when you know the number of pieces that you want. If speciﬁed, the chunkSize should not be chunkSize - the maximum size of the pieces, that n should be divided into. It is useful when you know the size of the pieces that you want. If speciﬁed, the chunk should not be Some thoughts... However, practical application of this iterator is unclear. Perhaps it can be used to index vector or rows/columns of arrays Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 84. Problem of data splitting: package iteratorsCapabilities idiv(n, chunk, chunksize) This is more interesting iterator. It provides the ability to divide a numeric value into pieces n - number of times that iterator will ﬁre. If not speciﬁed, it will count forever chunks - the number of pieces that n should be divided into. It useful when you know the number of pieces that you want. If speciﬁed, the chunkSize should not be chunkSize - the maximum size of the pieces, that n should be divided into. It is useful when you know the size of the pieces that you want. If speciﬁed, the chunk should not be Some thoughts... However, practical application of this iterator is unclear. Perhaps it can be used to index vector or rows/columns of arrays Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 85. Problem of data splitting: package iteratorsCapabilities idiv(n, chunk, chunksize) This is more interesting iterator. It provides the ability to divide a numeric value into pieces n - number of times that iterator will ﬁre. If not speciﬁed, it will count forever chunks - the number of pieces that n should be divided into. It useful when you know the number of pieces that you want. If speciﬁed, the chunkSize should not be chunkSize - the maximum size of the pieces, that n should be divided into. It is useful when you know the size of the pieces that you want. If speciﬁed, the chunk should not be Some thoughts... However, practical application of this iterator is unclear. Perhaps it can be used to index vector or rows/columns of arrays Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 86. Problem of data splitting: package iteratorsCapabilities idiv(n, chunk, chunksize) This is more interesting iterator. It provides the ability to divide a numeric value into pieces n - number of times that iterator will ﬁre. If not speciﬁed, it will count forever chunks - the number of pieces that n should be divided into. It useful when you know the number of pieces that you want. If speciﬁed, the chunkSize should not be chunkSize - the maximum size of the pieces, that n should be divided into. It is useful when you know the size of the pieces that you want. If speciﬁed, the chunk should not be Some thoughts... However, practical application of this iterator is unclear. Perhaps it can be used to index vector or rows/columns of arrays Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 87. Problem of data splitting: package iteratorsCapabilities idiv(n, chunk, chunksize) This is more interesting iterator. It provides the ability to divide a numeric value into pieces n - number of times that iterator will ﬁre. If not speciﬁed, it will count forever chunks - the number of pieces that n should be divided into. It useful when you know the number of pieces that you want. If speciﬁed, the chunkSize should not be chunkSize - the maximum size of the pieces, that n should be divided into. It is useful when you know the size of the pieces that you want. If speciﬁed, the chunk should not be Some thoughts... However, practical application of this iterator is unclear. Perhaps it can be used to index vector or rows/columns of arrays Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 88. Problem of data splitting: package iteratorsCapabilities idiv(n, chunk, chunksize) This is more interesting iterator. It provides the ability to divide a numeric value into pieces n - number of times that iterator will ﬁre. If not speciﬁed, it will count forever chunks - the number of pieces that n should be divided into. It useful when you know the number of pieces that you want. If speciﬁed, the chunkSize should not be chunkSize - the maximum size of the pieces, that n should be divided into. It is useful when you know the size of the pieces that you want. If speciﬁed, the chunk should not be Some thoughts... However, practical application of this iterator is unclear. Perhaps it can be used to index vector or rows/columns of arrays Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 89. Problem of data splitting: package iteratorsCapabilities idiv(n, chunk, chunksize) This is more interesting iterator. It provides the ability to divide a numeric value into pieces n - number of times that iterator will ﬁre. If not speciﬁed, it will count forever chunks - the number of pieces that n should be divided into. It useful when you know the number of pieces that you want. If speciﬁed, the chunkSize should not be chunkSize - the maximum size of the pieces, that n should be divided into. It is useful when you know the size of the pieces that you want. If speciﬁed, the chunk should not be Some thoughts... However, practical application of this iterator is unclear. Perhaps it can be used to index vector or rows/columns of arrays Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 90. Problem of data splitting: package iteratorsCapabilities idiv(n, chunk, chunksize) This is more interesting iterator. It provides the ability to divide a numeric value into pieces n - number of times that iterator will ﬁre. If not speciﬁed, it will count forever chunks - the number of pieces that n should be divided into. It useful when you know the number of pieces that you want. If speciﬁed, the chunkSize should not be chunkSize - the maximum size of the pieces, that n should be divided into. It is useful when you know the size of the pieces that you want. If speciﬁed, the chunk should not be Some thoughts... However, practical application of this iterator is unclear. Perhaps it can be used to index vector or rows/columns of arrays Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 91. Problem of data splitting: package iteratorsCapabilities idiv(n, chunk, chunksize) This is more interesting iterator. It provides the ability to divide a numeric value into pieces n - number of times that iterator will ﬁre. If not speciﬁed, it will count forever chunks - the number of pieces that n should be divided into. It useful when you know the number of pieces that you want. If speciﬁed, the chunkSize should not be chunkSize - the maximum size of the pieces, that n should be divided into. It is useful when you know the size of the pieces that you want. If speciﬁed, the chunk should not be Some thoughts... However, practical application of this iterator is unclear. Perhaps it can be used to index vector or rows/columns of arrays Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 92. Problem of data splitting: package iteratorsCapabilities idiv(n, chunk, chunksize) This is more interesting iterator. It provides the ability to divide a numeric value into pieces n - number of times that iterator will ﬁre. If not speciﬁed, it will count forever chunks - the number of pieces that n should be divided into. It useful when you know the number of pieces that you want. If speciﬁed, the chunkSize should not be chunkSize - the maximum size of the pieces, that n should be divided into. It is useful when you know the size of the pieces that you want. If speciﬁed, the chunk should not be Some thoughts... However, practical application of this iterator is unclear. Perhaps it can be used to index vector or rows/columns of arrays Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 93. Problem of data splitting: package iteratorsCapabilities Example: l i b r a r y ( iterators ) # divide the value 10 into 3 pieces it < - idiv (10 , chunks =3) nextElem ( it ) [1] 4 nextElem ( it ) [1] 3 nextElem ( it ) [1] 3 t r y ( nextElem ( it ) ) # expect a StopIteration exception Error : StopIteration Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 94. Problem of data splitting: package iteratorsCapabilities Example: l i b r a r y ( iterators ) # divide the value 10 into pieces no larger than 3 it < - idiv (10 , chunkSize =3) nextElem ( it ) [1] 3 nextElem ( it ) [1] 3 nextElem ( it ) [1] 2 nextElem ( it ) [1] 2 t r y ( nextElem ( it ) ) # expect a StopIteration exception Error : StopIteration Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 95. Problem of data splitting: package iteratorsCapabilities iread.table(ﬁle,...., verbose = FALSE) This is very important iterator. It returns an iterator object over the rows of the data frame stored in a ﬁle in table format ﬁle - the name of the ﬁle to read data from ... - all additional arguments are passed on to the read.table function. See the documentation for read.table for more information verbose - logical ﬂag indicating whether or not to print the calls to read.table Note! In this version of iread.table, both the read.table arguments header and row.names must be speciﬁed. This is because the default values of this arguments depend on the contents of the beginning of the ﬁle. In order to make the subsequent calls to read.table work consistently, the user must speciﬁed those arguments explicitly Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 96. Problem of data splitting: package iteratorsCapabilities iread.table(ﬁle,...., verbose = FALSE) This is very important iterator. It returns an iterator object over the rows of the data frame stored in a ﬁle in table format ﬁle - the name of the ﬁle to read data from ... - all additional arguments are passed on to the read.table function. See the documentation for read.table for more information verbose - logical ﬂag indicating whether or not to print the calls to read.table Note! In this version of iread.table, both the read.table arguments header and row.names must be speciﬁed. This is because the default values of this arguments depend on the contents of the beginning of the ﬁle. In order to make the subsequent calls to read.table work consistently, the user must speciﬁed those arguments explicitly Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 97. Problem of data splitting: package iteratorsCapabilities iread.table(ﬁle,...., verbose = FALSE) This is very important iterator. It returns an iterator object over the rows of the data frame stored in a ﬁle in table format ﬁle - the name of the ﬁle to read data from ... - all additional arguments are passed on to the read.table function. See the documentation for read.table for more information verbose - logical ﬂag indicating whether or not to print the calls to read.table Note! In this version of iread.table, both the read.table arguments header and row.names must be speciﬁed. This is because the default values of this arguments depend on the contents of the beginning of the ﬁle. In order to make the subsequent calls to read.table work consistently, the user must speciﬁed those arguments explicitly Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 98. Problem of data splitting: package iteratorsCapabilities iread.table(ﬁle,...., verbose = FALSE) This is very important iterator. It returns an iterator object over the rows of the data frame stored in a ﬁle in table format ﬁle - the name of the ﬁle to read data from ... - all additional arguments are passed on to the read.table function. See the documentation for read.table for more information verbose - logical ﬂag indicating whether or not to print the calls to read.table Note! In this version of iread.table, both the read.table arguments header and row.names must be speciﬁed. This is because the default values of this arguments depend on the contents of the beginning of the ﬁle. In order to make the subsequent calls to read.table work consistently, the user must speciﬁed those arguments explicitly Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 99. Problem of data splitting: package iteratorsCapabilities iread.table(ﬁle,...., verbose = FALSE) This is very important iterator. It returns an iterator object over the rows of the data frame stored in a ﬁle in table format ﬁle - the name of the ﬁle to read data from ... - all additional arguments are passed on to the read.table function. See the documentation for read.table for more information verbose - logical ﬂag indicating whether or not to print the calls to read.table Note! In this version of iread.table, both the read.table arguments header and row.names must be speciﬁed. This is because the default values of this arguments depend on the contents of the beginning of the ﬁle. In order to make the subsequent calls to read.table work consistently, the user must speciﬁed those arguments explicitly Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 100. Problem of data splitting: package iteratorsCapabilities iread.table(ﬁle,...., verbose = FALSE) This is very important iterator. It returns an iterator object over the rows of the data frame stored in a ﬁle in table format ﬁle - the name of the ﬁle to read data from ... - all additional arguments are passed on to the read.table function. See the documentation for read.table for more information verbose - logical ﬂag indicating whether or not to print the calls to read.table Note! In this version of iread.table, both the read.table arguments header and row.names must be speciﬁed. This is because the default values of this arguments depend on the contents of the beginning of the ﬁle. In order to make the subsequent calls to read.table work consistently, the user must speciﬁed those arguments explicitly Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 101. Problem of data splitting: package iteratorsCapabilities iread.table(ﬁle,...., verbose = FALSE) This is very important iterator. It returns an iterator object over the rows of the data frame stored in a ﬁle in table format ﬁle - the name of the ﬁle to read data from ... - all additional arguments are passed on to the read.table function. See the documentation for read.table for more information verbose - logical ﬂag indicating whether or not to print the calls to read.table Note! In this version of iread.table, both the read.table arguments header and row.names must be speciﬁed. This is because the default values of this arguments depend on the contents of the beginning of the ﬁle. In order to make the subsequent calls to read.table work consistently, the user must speciﬁed those arguments explicitly Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 102. Problem of data splitting: package iteratorsCapabilities iread.table(ﬁle,...., verbose = FALSE) This is very important iterator. It returns an iterator object over the rows of the data frame stored in a ﬁle in table format ﬁle - the name of the ﬁle to read data from ... - all additional arguments are passed on to the read.table function. See the documentation for read.table for more information verbose - logical ﬂag indicating whether or not to print the calls to read.table Note! In this version of iread.table, both the read.table arguments header and row.names must be speciﬁed. This is because the default values of this arguments depend on the contents of the beginning of the ﬁle. In order to make the subsequent calls to read.table work consistently, the user must speciﬁed those arguments explicitly Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 103. Problem of data splitting: package iteratorsCapabilities iread.table(ﬁle,...., verbose = FALSE) This is very important iterator. It returns an iterator object over the rows of the data frame stored in a ﬁle in table format ﬁle - the name of the ﬁle to read data from ... - all additional arguments are passed on to the read.table function. See the documentation for read.table for more information verbose - logical ﬂag indicating whether or not to print the calls to read.table Note! In this version of iread.table, both the read.table arguments header and row.names must be speciﬁed. This is because the default values of this arguments depend on the contents of the beginning of the ﬁle. In order to make the subsequent calls to read.table work consistently, the user must speciﬁed those arguments explicitly Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 104. Problem of data splitting: package iteratorsCapabilities iread.table(ﬁle,...., verbose = FALSE) This is very important iterator. It returns an iterator object over the rows of the data frame stored in a ﬁle in table format ﬁle - the name of the ﬁle to read data from ... - all additional arguments are passed on to the read.table function. See the documentation for read.table for more information verbose - logical ﬂag indicating whether or not to print the calls to read.table Note! In this version of iread.table, both the read.table arguments header and row.names must be speciﬁed. This is because the default values of this arguments depend on the contents of the beginning of the ﬁle. In order to make the subsequent calls to read.table work consistently, the user must speciﬁed those arguments explicitly Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 105. Problem of data splitting: package iteratorsCapabilities Example: l i b r a r y ( iterators ) #Gnerating random data its < - 2000000; d i m < - 3; d a t a < - m a t r i x ( r n o r m ( its * d i m ) ,its , d i m ) #Writing them to HDD DATA _ PATH < - " E : / R _ w o r k s / d a t a . t x t " #Size of this file - 123 Mb w r i t e . t a b l e ( d a t a , f i l e = DATA _ PATH , a p p e n d = FALSE , sep = " t " , dec = " . " ) Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 106. Problem of data splitting: package iteratorsCapabilities #Creating an iterator from these file ifile < - iread . t a b l e ( DATA _ PATH , header = TRUE , r o w . n a m e s = NULL , verbose = FALSE ) row . names V1 V2 V3 1 1 -1.042623 -1.386382 0.399798 > nextElem ( ifile ) row . names V1 V2 V3 1 2 0.8841238 -1.296501 0.1580505 > nextElem ( ifile ) row . names V1 V2 V3 1 3 -0.3195784 -0.6830442 0.3647958 #It works very fast!!!! #remove the file f i l e . r e m o v e ( DATA _ PATH ) Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 107. Problem of data splitting: package iteratorsCapabilities isplit(x, f, drop = FALSE) Another important type of iterator. It returns the the iterator that divides the data in the vector x into the groups deﬁne by f x - vector or data frame of values to be split into groups f - a factor or list of factors used to categorize x drop - logical indicating if levels that do not occur should be dropped More detailed information you can ﬁnd in documentation Note! This is very useful! For example, you have data-vector and vector containing values of the factor corresponding these data. Factor has pre-deﬁned levels. Thus, you can extract data in loop for each of the levels of the factor without additional operations. Also you can deﬁne in loop’s body some conditions for each level of the factor and use this condition as a condition for if() control structures Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 108. Problem of data splitting: package iteratorsCapabilities isplit(x, f, drop = FALSE) Another important type of iterator. It returns the the iterator that divides the data in the vector x into the groups deﬁne by f x - vector or data frame of values to be split into groups f - a factor or list of factors used to categorize x drop - logical indicating if levels that do not occur should be dropped More detailed information you can ﬁnd in documentation Note! This is very useful! For example, you have data-vector and vector containing values of the factor corresponding these data. Factor has pre-deﬁned levels. Thus, you can extract data in loop for each of the levels of the factor without additional operations. Also you can deﬁne in loop’s body some conditions for each level of the factor and use this condition as a condition for if() control structures Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 109. Problem of data splitting: package iteratorsCapabilities isplit(x, f, drop = FALSE) Another important type of iterator. It returns the the iterator that divides the data in the vector x into the groups deﬁne by f x - vector or data frame of values to be split into groups f - a factor or list of factors used to categorize x drop - logical indicating if levels that do not occur should be dropped More detailed information you can ﬁnd in documentation Note! This is very useful! For example, you have data-vector and vector containing values of the factor corresponding these data. Factor has pre-deﬁned levels. Thus, you can extract data in loop for each of the levels of the factor without additional operations. Also you can deﬁne in loop’s body some conditions for each level of the factor and use this condition as a condition for if() control structures Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 110. Problem of data splitting: package iteratorsCapabilities isplit(x, f, drop = FALSE) Another important type of iterator. It returns the the iterator that divides the data in the vector x into the groups deﬁne by f x - vector or data frame of values to be split into groups f - a factor or list of factors used to categorize x drop - logical indicating if levels that do not occur should be dropped More detailed information you can ﬁnd in documentation Note! This is very useful! For example, you have data-vector and vector containing values of the factor corresponding these data. Factor has pre-deﬁned levels. Thus, you can extract data in loop for each of the levels of the factor without additional operations. Also you can deﬁne in loop’s body some conditions for each level of the factor and use this condition as a condition for if() control structures Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 111. Problem of data splitting: package iteratorsCapabilities isplit(x, f, drop = FALSE) Another important type of iterator. It returns the the iterator that divides the data in the vector x into the groups deﬁne by f x - vector or data frame of values to be split into groups f - a factor or list of factors used to categorize x drop - logical indicating if levels that do not occur should be dropped More detailed information you can ﬁnd in documentation Note! This is very useful! For example, you have data-vector and vector containing values of the factor corresponding these data. Factor has pre-deﬁned levels. Thus, you can extract data in loop for each of the levels of the factor without additional operations. Also you can deﬁne in loop’s body some conditions for each level of the factor and use this condition as a condition for if() control structures Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 112. Problem of data splitting: package iteratorsCapabilities isplit(x, f, drop = FALSE) Another important type of iterator. It returns the the iterator that divides the data in the vector x into the groups deﬁne by f x - vector or data frame of values to be split into groups f - a factor or list of factors used to categorize x drop - logical indicating if levels that do not occur should be dropped More detailed information you can ﬁnd in documentation Note! This is very useful! For example, you have data-vector and vector containing values of the factor corresponding these data. Factor has pre-deﬁned levels. Thus, you can extract data in loop for each of the levels of the factor without additional operations. Also you can deﬁne in loop’s body some conditions for each level of the factor and use this condition as a condition for if() control structures Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 113. Problem of data splitting: package iteratorsCapabilities isplit(x, f, drop = FALSE) Another important type of iterator. It returns the the iterator that divides the data in the vector x into the groups deﬁne by f x - vector or data frame of values to be split into groups f - a factor or list of factors used to categorize x drop - logical indicating if levels that do not occur should be dropped More detailed information you can ﬁnd in documentation Note! This is very useful! For example, you have data-vector and vector containing values of the factor corresponding these data. Factor has pre-deﬁned levels. Thus, you can extract data in loop for each of the levels of the factor without additional operations. Also you can deﬁne in loop’s body some conditions for each level of the factor and use this condition as a condition for if() control structures Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 114. Problem of data splitting: package iteratorsCapabilities isplit(x, f, drop = FALSE) Another important type of iterator. It returns the the iterator that divides the data in the vector x into the groups deﬁne by f x - vector or data frame of values to be split into groups f - a factor or list of factors used to categorize x drop - logical indicating if levels that do not occur should be dropped More detailed information you can ﬁnd in documentation Note! This is very useful! For example, you have data-vector and vector containing values of the factor corresponding these data. Factor has pre-deﬁned levels. Thus, you can extract data in loop for each of the levels of the factor without additional operations. Also you can deﬁne in loop’s body some conditions for each level of the factor and use this condition as a condition for if() control structures Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 115. Problem of data splitting: package iteratorsCapabilities isplit(x, f, drop = FALSE) Another important type of iterator. It returns the the iterator that divides the data in the vector x into the groups deﬁne by f x - vector or data frame of values to be split into groups f - a factor or list of factors used to categorize x drop - logical indicating if levels that do not occur should be dropped More detailed information you can ﬁnd in documentation Note! This is very useful! For example, you have data-vector and vector containing values of the factor corresponding these data. Factor has pre-deﬁned levels. Thus, you can extract data in loop for each of the levels of the factor without additional operations. Also you can deﬁne in loop’s body some conditions for each level of the factor and use this condition as a condition for if() control structures Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 116. Problem of data splitting: package iteratorsCapabilities isplit(x, f, drop = FALSE) Another important type of iterator. It returns the the iterator that divides the data in the vector x into the groups deﬁne by f x - vector or data frame of values to be split into groups f - a factor or list of factors used to categorize x drop - logical indicating if levels that do not occur should be dropped More detailed information you can ﬁnd in documentation Note! This is very useful! For example, you have data-vector and vector containing values of the factor corresponding these data. Factor has pre-deﬁned levels. Thus, you can extract data in loop for each of the levels of the factor without additional operations. Also you can deﬁne in loop’s body some conditions for each level of the factor and use this condition as a condition for if() control structures Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 117. Problem of data splitting: package iteratorsCapabilities x < - r n o r m (200) f < - f a c t o r ( s a m p l e (1:10 , l e n g t h ( x ) , r e p l a c e = TRUE ) ) it < - isplit (x , f ) nextElem ( it ) $ value [1] 0.14087878 -0.94439161 0.13593045 [4] -0.25732860 0.09422130 -0.55166303 [7] -0.18325419 -0.00871019 0.38344388 [10] -1.05761926 1.16126462 -0.02280205 [13] -0.67338941 1.68724264 0.92112983 [16] 1.39782337 -0.51060989 $ key $ key [[1]] [1] " 1 " Kutergin A. High performance computing with R
- 118. Problem of data splitting: package iteratorsCapabilities Special types of iterators Also there are special types of iterators. Like: irnorm(..., cont) or irunif(..., count). These function returns an iterator that return random number of various distributions. Each one is a wrapper around a standard R function count - number of times that the iterator will ﬁre. If not speciﬁed, it will ﬁre values forever ... - arguments to pass to the underling rnorm function Example: # create an iterator that returns three random numbers it < - irnorm (1 , c o u n t =2) nextElem ( it ) ; nextElem ( it ) [1] 0.1592311 [1] -1.387449 t r y ( nextElem ( it ) ) # expect a StopIteration exception Error : StopIteration Kutergin A. High performance computing with R

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