Substance abuse

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Substance abuse

  1. 1. “Substance abuse is a problem no onereally talks about, abuse and neglect isthe number one cause of injury tochildren in the country. More childrendie of abuse or neglect than naturalcauses.” -Donna Miller-
  2. 2. Substance Abuse in Children
  3. 3. The Direct and indirect effects of alcohol and otherdrugs on children lead to manyadverse health and safety risksfor the child, family, andcommunity.
  4. 4.  Addiction develops from a complex interplay between the individual, the agent (drugs and alcohol), and the environment.- Behavior, Affect, and Temperament- Peer Group- Genetics- Sex (Gender)- Community Environment
  5. 5.  Protective factors are characteristics within the individual, the family, and the environment that advance one’s ability to resist adverse outcomes. Protective factors for the pediatric population include growing up in a nurturing home with open communication with parents and positive parental support.
  6. 6.  Positive self-esteem, self-concept, self-control, assertiveness, social competence, and academic achievement all promote resistance to drug use. In addition, regular church attendance and a sense of morality have been shown to be protective against drug abuse.
  7. 7.  Prevention efforts prior to 1970 were based on an information- deficit approach. The assumption was that children lacked adequate knowledge regarding the effects of drug use. Thus, prevention efforts involved the dissemination of information.

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