WHAT IS EXCISE DUTY?
An excise duty is a type of tax charged on goods produced
within the country (as opposed to customs duties, charged on
goods from outside the country)
It is a tax on the production or sale of a good
Source of revenue for government to provide public service
For the liability of duty of central excise to arise ,the item in
question should not only be goods it should also be excisable
A goods become excisable if and only if it is mentioned in the
Central Excise Tariff Act 1985
Goods must be movable. Duty cannot be levied on immovable
property .Central excise duty cannot imposed on plant and
Goods must be marketable .The goods must be known in the
market and must be capable of being bought or sold
TYPES OF CENTRAL EXCISE DUTIES
Excise Duty, imposed on all excisable goods other than salt produced or
manufactured in India This duty is levied at the rates specified in the First
schedule to Central Excise Tariff Act 1985
Some commodities like pan masala and cars have special excise duties levied
on them .These items are covered under in schedule II to the Central Excise
Charged on goods listed in schedule III. This tax is shared between the central
and state governments and charged instead of sales tax.
LIABILITY FOR CENTRAL EXCISE
For condition must be present for the charge of
central excise duty:
1.The duty is on goods
2.The goods must be excisable
3 .The goods must be manufactured or produced
4.Such manufacture or production must be take
place in India
WHO IS LIABLE TO PAY EXCISE DUTY?
The liability to pay tax excise duty is always on the
manufacturer or producer of goods.
There are three types of parties who can be considered as
1. Those who personally manufacture the goods in question
2. Those who get the goods manufactured by employing hired
3. Those who get the goods manufactured by other parties
IS IT MANDATORY TO PAY DUTY ON ALL
Yes, it is mandatory to pay duty on all goods manufactured, unless
For example, duty is not payable on the goods exported out of
Similarly exemption from payment of duty is available, based on
conditions such as kind of raw materials used, value of turnover
(clearances) in a financial year, type of process employed etc.
BASIS FOR VALUATION OF GOODS
It is the duty payable on the basis of some
physical feature of the product unit like
weight ,length ,volume, thickness etc.
MAXIMUM RETAIL PRICE
Some manufactures had started the practice of
central excise by resorting to some questionable
In order to check these malpractices ,a new
For Example, Length of cigarette, quintal
basis of valuation was introduced ,that is ,the
maximum retail price(MRP)-based valuation
The government has the power to declare a
AD -VALOREM BASIS
value on the basis of which duty of central
The first three bases of valuation are applied for
excise will be charged .
When the government declare the value
,the duty is charged on the value and the
only a few goods.
In a large majority of cases the duty of central
excise is payable on the basis of the value of
the goods ,called the assessable value.
actual value of the goods is ignored