Calhoun Rbms Rev June 2008


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  • I’d like to start today with a story about failure. As we know, Thomas Edison was a talented inventor. He went out and looked for problems to solve through inventions. When he was asked about an invention that failed after 10,000 experiments, he’s said to have replied “ I have not failed. I’ve just found 10,000 ways that won’t work.”
  • Calhoun Rbms Rev June 2008

    1. 1. Metadata 2.0, Glocalization, and Being Where Their Eyes Are: What’s So Special About Special Collections? Karen Calhoun Vice President, WorldCat & Metadata Services Los Angeles, CA 26 June 2008 49 th Annual RBMS Preconference
    2. 2. The Dream of Local Integration
    3. 4. Artist Beverly A. Mitchell
    4. 5. One Hundred Flowers Blooming “ At this stage, no new effort should be undertaken without a sense of how it will be merged with other existing collections and where the resources for long-term maintenance will come from.” --A Cornell University Library digital projects librarian Moving from Project to Program
    5. 6. The Portal Dream: A Unifying System Model Other Libraries Catalogs Local Library Catalog Digital Collections Licensed Databases Other (e.g.,DSpace) Many diverse, separate interfaces Portal: an Integrating System Authentication layer Unified Web Interface (“Google-like”)
    6. 7. Our Concept Map of Digital Collections Program Best Practices
    7. 8. How It Ended <ul><li>“ One reviewer of an early draft of this report wondered if an integrated discovery framework would add sufficient value, considering that despite the impressive volume of material that CUL has digitized, most of the existing collections are fragments of larger corpuses or otherwise narrow in scope.” </li></ul>
    8. 9. An Early Earthquake: Where Do You Begin an Online Search for Information on a Topic? College Students’ Perceptions of Libraries and Information Resources: a Report to the OCLC Membership :
    9. 10. 300 of the most influential websites, positioned on the greater Tokyo-area train map.
    10. 11. LC Action Item 6.4: “Support research and development on the changing nature of the catalog to include consideration of a framework for its integration with other discovery tools.” Calhoun, Karen.  The Changing Nature of the Catalog and Its Integration with Other Discovery Tools.   Washington, DC: Library of Congress, 17 March 2006.
    11. 12. The Catalog in Context Online catalogs represent one node in the end user’s information universe
    12. 13. Outward Integration “ Integration should be outward rather than inward, with libraries seeking to use their components in new ways” --Interviewee for LC report on future of the catalog
    13. 14. Longer Term Vision <ul><li>Switch users from where they find things to library-managed collections of all kinds </li></ul><ul><li>Local catalog one link in a chain of services, one repository managed by the library </li></ul><ul><li>More coherent and comprehensive scholarly information systems, perhaps by discipline </li></ul><ul><li>Infrastructure to permit global discovery and delivery of information among open, loosely-coupled systems </li></ul><ul><li>Critical mass of digitized publications and special collections online </li></ul><ul><li>Many starting points on the Web leading to many types of scholarly information objects </li></ul>
    14. 15. Intermediate Vision <ul><li>Shared OPACs: begin to aggregate discovery function for books, serials, and their e-counterparts </li></ul><ul><li>Draw on the local catalog’s strongest suit: support for inventory control and delivery </li></ul><ul><li>Larger scale collaboration on collection development/resource sharing, storage, preservation </li></ul>
    15. 16. Intermediate Vision, 2 <ul><li>Start to build bigger scholarly information environments—with libraries playing a role—to aggregate more of the expanding universe of scholarly digital assets </li></ul><ul><li>Metadata and outreach skills = strategic assets </li></ul>
    16. 17. Intermediate Vision, 3 <ul><li>Beginning of the era of special collections </li></ul><ul><li>Aggregate discovery of digital collections </li></ul><ul><li>More emphasis on visual resources </li></ul>
    17. 18. A New Kind of (GLocal) Library: Outreach, Engagement, Participation, Visibility <ul><li>Engage with research, teaching, and learning materials and systems </li></ul><ul><li>Engage locally with citizens, students and scholars </li></ul><ul><ul><li>… and their digital assets </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Make library collections and scholarly output more visible on the network </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Be where the user is </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Move to next generation systems and services (metadata 2.0) </li></ul>An online social network
    18. 19. What If We Do Nothing?
    20. 21. 2 ENHANCE ACCESS TO RARE, UNIQUE, AND OTHER SPECIAL HIDDEN MATERIALS <ul><li>2.1.1 Make the discovery of rare, unique and other special hidden materials a high priority </li></ul><ul><li>2.1.2 Streamline cataloging for rare, unique and other special hidden materials, emphasizing greater coverage and broader access </li></ul><ul><li>2.1.3 Integrate access to rare, unique and other special hidden materials with other library materials </li></ul><ul><li>2.1.4 Encourage digitization to allow broader access </li></ul><ul><li>2.1.5 Share access to rare, unique and other special hidden materials </li></ul>
    21. 22. Don’t Get Further Behind! Learn from the Archivists <ul><li>Item level description – Get over it! </li></ul><ul><li>Some access is better than no access - really </li></ul>David Steuart Erskine, founder, Scottish Society of Antiquaries
    22. 23. Aggregations Are Good: The Center for History and New Media
    23. 24. A Slidell Volunteer’s Story
    24. 25. Promiscuous Metadata
    25. 26. Be Where Their Eyes Are Photo of John Muir, seated on rock
    26. 30. You Cannot Win If You Do Not Play … Get Discovered! <ul><li>Get harvested </li></ul><ul><li>Share your metadata </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Aggregators are good … and they are here to stay </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Embrace “the third order of order” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Make the biggest pile you can </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“Include and postpone” – items can be organized over time; some organizations will be grassroots, others will be formal (taxonomies, etc.) – or both </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Quantity trumps quality </li></ul>
    27. 31. Be Ready for Partners: Preserve Your Right to Reuse & Remix
    28. 32. How Can Metadata Help?
    29. 33. Metadata 2.0: A Second Attempt to Fit the Puzzle Together <ul><li>Nebula: An interstellar cloud of dust, gas, and plasma; the first stage of a star’s cycle. </li></ul>Orion Nebula
    30. 35. The Changing Context for Metadata Management <ul><li>B.W. (Before the Web) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For finding and managing library materials (mostly print) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Catalog records (well-understood rules and encoding conventions) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shared cooperative cataloging systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Usually handcrafted, one at a time </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A.W. (After the Web) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For finding and managing many types of materials, for many user communities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Many types of records, many sources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Loosely coupled metadata management, reuse and exchange services among multiple repositories </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Multiple batch creation and metadata extract, conversion, mapping, ingest and transfer services </li></ul></ul>
    31. 36. Shifting Gears: “Metadata Switch” <ul><li>Discovery and delivery are mediated by large information hubs </li></ul>
    32. 37. GLOBAL GROUP LOCAL Outward Integration, Exposure, And Linking Of Collections (e.g., Google, WorldCat, Other aggregators, national libraries, consortia) Local/Group Authentication, Discovery And Delivery Services Data Flows, Syndication, Synchronization, Linking We Can Be Connected: A New Vision for Metadata Management
    33. 38. An End to End View of an Integrated, High Quality Discovery to Delivery Process The (invisible) cloud of complexity on the global metadata network <ul><li>Text </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Print </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Licensed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Digital </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Archival </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Data </li></ul><ul><li>Images </li></ul><ul><li>Sound </li></ul><ul><li>Video </li></ul><ul><li>Multimedia </li></ul><ul><li>Objects </li></ul><ul><li>More </li></ul>Expectation: Easily Find It AND Easily Get It
    34. 39. “ Quality” in the User Workflow from Discovery to Delivery Library user studies suggest that users expect finding and getting information they want, when and where they want it, to be easy and convenient. These users’ tolerance for barriers to easy and convenient discovery and delivery is limited.
    35. 40. “ A colleague … sang the praises of the digital world to us. He can now, he told us, get direct access to information … His enthusiasm had screened out an enormous array of people, organizations, and institutions involved in this “direct” touch. The university, the library, publishers, editors, referees, authors, the computer and infrastructure designers, the cataloguers and library collection managers, right down to the students working their way through college by [working in the library] had no place in his story.” Brown, John Seely, and Paul Duguid. 2000. The social life of information . Boston: Harvard Business School Press.
    36. 41. Opening Up Metadata Silos <ul><li>“ We have drawn a wall around what is and what is not of interest to ‘cataloging’ that is not necessarily backed up by any good rationale. Many things that we decide are not of interest … are in fact of high significance to the success and ease our users will have in carrying out the tasks we mean to support … I don’t mean that “catalogers” need to apply the exact same standards to journal articles, institutional repository metadata, [etc.] … But we do need to consider it our responsibility to figure out how all these things can fit together.” </li></ul>Rochkind, Jonathan. Bibliographic Wilderness [blog]. “‘Broken’ huh?” May 27 2007
    37. 42. We’re “On Notice”! Steve Colbert’s “On-Notice” Board Inspired by Ricky Erway and Jennifer Schaffner. 2008. Shifting Gears: Gearing Up to Get Into the Flow . Podcast available from:
    38. 43. The Prize Is Worth the Effort: Reconnecting Users and Libraries on the Web No man is an Island, entire of itself; every man is a piece of the Continent, a part of the main. Meditation XVII , John Donne No library is an island (no matter how big) St. Gallen Library Attribution: Ben and Clare benandclare/1096666766/
    39. 44. By ideonexus Comments? Observations? Questions? Thanks for the chance to speak with you today. Karen Calhoun [email_address]