Dennis bushnell blue-tech-forum-2011

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Dennis bushnell blue-tech-forum-2011

  1. 1. The Water “End Game”! !"##$%&'(&)*%+#",,& -+$".&/0$"#1%2& 34/4&56#7,"8&9"%"6:0+&-"#2":& • Hunter-Gatherer - “Nature Provided”! • Agriculture - Controlled Nature (Plants/ Animals), enabled civilization! • Industrial - Mechanized Agriculture! [1800-97% Farmers,Now-2%] ! • IT/BIO/Nano - Automating Industry/ Agriculture [ 1950-60%,Now-11%, heading to 2%] ! • Virtual - Robotization of IT/Bio/Nano/ Industry/Agriculture [TBD]! • Technology MATTERS - For Both Good and ill………! Humans Have “Taken Over” and Vastly Shortened “Evolution” - Human Engendered ‘Evolution” ~E7 times “Natural” Of the Planet! - Global Warming, Pollution, Deforestation, Species Extinction, Ground Cover changes, Ocean Acidification! - Huge “Public Works” (e.g. 3 Gorges Dam)! Of the Human Species! - Genomic Design and Repair! - “Mind Children” (Moravec)! Products/Life Forms! - Cross Species Molecular Breeding! - “Directed Evolution” (Maxygen etc.)! ;<--&=%1>62"%??(& @  )6%"A&*BC#&D/E5;!F&/0$"#0"& @  )8&GHIIJ& &&K&LKM&A"7:""%&-& &K&4&>"2":&2C&G(M&>"2":&E0"6#&9$%"&
  2. 2. !"#$%&'$()$&'*$+,*$-./0&+*12&'0/34$ 5670&+*68& 9$:'";*<+*=$&''/>&.$"?$/<*9?'**$@A00*'6$/3$ +,*$B'<7<$(<*&3$,&6$6,/C*=D$/3$&$?*#$ E*&'6$F$G&6*=$AH"3$I4'"A3=$+'A+,JD$ #,&+$/6$&<+A&..E$,&HH*3/34K$?'"0$LMNN$ +"$LNON$+"$LNMOPPP$ $$$$$9$$Q'*&+*'$+,&3$H'";*<+*=$#"'6+$<&6*$ -(L$'/6*$'&+*D$(<*&36$#&'0/34$ ?&6+*'D(<*&3$B</=/R<&7"3$MNS$?&6+*'& <C%$1N"&O""AP60Q%&#C2&$#0,*A"A&$#& -*::"#2&R6:>$#7&=%1>62"%& @  %"66/.$T*+,&3*$FLLS$-(LK$U*.*&6*F6K$FVA3='&1 (<*&3K$ @  VA3='&$@"/.$&3=$(<*&3$-(L$U*.*&6*6$ @  U*=A<*=$(<*&3$-(L$AH+&W*$F$V*0H$/3<'*&6*D$ B</=/R<&7"3D$B.4&*$U*=A<7"36K$ @  %A'+,*'$B.G*="$<,&34*6$ @  %A'+,*'$2&+*'$5>&H"'&7"3$ @  (<*&3$-/'<A.X1(L$<,&34*6D!L@$:'"=X$ R$2+&2+"&<C%$1N"&O""AP60Q%((& @  YE$LMNND$:"66/G.EZ$ $9$ML9MO$=*4'**6$-$ $9$B+$+,"6*$V*0H*'&+A'*6D$G*E"3=$LMNN$F$[$ LMN/6,8K$&..$+,*$]<*$0*.+6D$6"0*$^_$T*+*'$(<*&3$ U/6*D$=/'*<+.E$&)*<+$">*'$L$Y/../"3$H*"H.*X$ 9$B.+*'&7"3$"?$+,*$(<*&3$-/'<A.&+"'6D$!L@$ H'"=A<7"3$/3$B3"`/<$(<*&36D$V"`/<$&+0"6H,*'*$ &3=$(a"3*$.&E*'$b*H.*7"3$Fc"6/34$&'*&$"?$ (<*&36$*dA&.$+"$6+&+*$"?$V*`&6$*&<,$E*&'$3"#$+"$ &3"`/<$<"3=/7"36S& The “Great Dying” [The Permian [90%] Extinction- 250 MY ago] triggered [as was Venusian Warming] by massive Volcanic CO2 release. Anthropogenic CO2 release[ 100X largest volcanic rate] is substituting for the Volcanic input, triggering the positive feedback mechanisms!
  3. 3. ET%+C:"U#"6:%+C:"&'"2+6#"& D)*:B%F&V.:C>&C0"6#&W6:>$#7S& "XB"02"A&2C&$#0$2"&*#A":%"6& ,6#A%,$A"%&6#A&0:"62"&Y$A6,& R6N"%&W$2+&>C:26,$28&*B&2C&C:A":& C.&GI&>$,,$C#&V"60+S??(& 43!Z&2+":"&$%&2+"&N":8&:6B$A& [,60$6,&'",1#7Z&'6#8&C.&2+"& WC:,A%&>6C:&:$N":%&V&"(7(& '"QC#7Z&]6#72^"Z&;#A*%Z&[6#7"%& ):6+>6B*2:6Z&"20(S&6:"&[,60$":& ."A(&Y+"%"&6:"&A:8$#7&*BZ&W$,,& %":$C*%,8U6AN":%",8&6T"02&%C>"& HUM2+&C.&2+"&B,6#"2%&+*>6#%& /EE3(&& 961C#6,V%S&.C:&D[C$#7&[:""#F& @  56<&.&734$:'/<*$"?$:*+'".*A0$ @  I2&'0/34J$Fe""=6D$6+"'06D$=/6*&6*D$"<*&3$ .*>*.6D$='"A4,+6D$6H*</*6$*`73<7"36D$7=&.$ #&>*6D$(<*&3$B</=/R<&7"3D$(<*&3$ -/'<A.&7"3D$!L@$K$ @  f&7"3&.$@*<A'/+E1Q*"9:"./7<6$F$T/==.*$5&6+$ &3=$&..$+,&+K$ @  $5<"3"0/<61$Y&.&3<*$"?$:&E0*3+6$F">*'$,&.?$ "?$[$ghNNY$:ci@$+'&=*$=*R</+$/6$(/.K$$ @  :*'6"3&.$5<"3"0/<61$I]3=*H*3=*3<*J$ V&-C#N"#1C#6,S&=#":78&E*2,CCQ& •  <"6Q&0+"6B&E$,&W6%&_I`&62&%C>"&`a&'&)),U!68Z& #CW&B*>B$#7&P",CW&`I&6#A&!">6#A&:$%$#7Z& "%B(&$#&4%$6Z&-C%2%&W$,,&7:"62,8&"%06,62"& •  <"6Q&0+"6B&b:6#$*>&V&*#,"%%&W"&7C&):""A":U& Y+C:$*>S&$%&c&GIGL& •  <"6Q&0+"6B&#62*:6,&76%&$%&GIdI$%+& •  <"6Q&0+"6B&-C6,&$%&GILI&$%+??(-C6,&-EG&& /"e*"%2:61C#&W$,,&B:$0"&0C6,&6PCN"&2+"&>6C:& :"#"W6P,"%&
  4. 4. -*::"#2&RC:,AW$A"&=#":78&b%67"& @  <"2:C,"*>&K&HfI&=XCC*,"%& @  362*:6,&[6%&K&`L& @  -C6,&K&gI& @  )$C>6%%&K&LL&V&:"+*37&.$+"$ODNNNj&S& @  3*0,"6:&O$%%$C#&K&G`& @  h8A:C","02:$0&K&g& @  ["C2+":>6,&K&G&&V&H"+*37&.$+"$_DNNN&S& @  /C,6:&K&(G&&V&:"+*37&.$+"$ODNNNjK& @  E2+":%&VR$#AZ&"20(S&K&ca&V:"+*37&.$+"$[_DNNNK& /*77"%2"A&[:""#&=#":78&)"%2& )"2%UDR68%&OC:W6:AF& @  @*&#&+*'$B41!&."H,E+*6D$BdA&<A.+A'*1B.4&*1$ -E&3"G&<+*'/&D$-*..A."6/<$Y/"?A*.6D$4*3"0/<$G/"$ +"$'*H.&<*$:*+'".*A0$?"'$+'&36H"'+&7"3$ @  b'/..*=$Q*"+,*'0&.D$Y/"0&66D$@".&'$V,*'0&.$&3=$ f&3"$:.&67<$:k$F$#/+,$+,*'0&.$6+"'&4*1V9:k$ *`+'&<7"3D$!EG'/=$>*,/<.*$b/6+'/GA+*=$5.*<X$ 6+"'&4*$"'$@+*'./34$T9Q$?"'$@".&'$3/4,+$70*K$&3=$ 2/3=$+"$'*H.&<*$<"&.$ @  50*'4/34$2/.=<&'=$9$c5fU$$ O:C>&)$C"#7$#"":$#7?((& @  =#7$#"":"A&'$0:CP"%&W+$0+&*1,$^"&-EGZ& %*#,$7+2&6#A&W6%2"&W62":&2C&B:CA*0"& V&B:C"02"AS&GIZIII&76,%&C.&.*",U&60:"K8"6:Z& W$2+&=0C#C>$0%&0C>B"11N"&W$2+& <"2:C,"*>&62&%C>"&iLIUPP,(&V&<"2:C,"*>& #CW&c&iHIIUPP,S& @  DjC*,"&)$C2"0+#C,C7$"%F&Z&36%0"#2& Y"0+#C,C78Z&4&BC2"#16,&'4jE9& 2:6#%BC:261C#&.*",%&P:"6Q2+:C*7+(& Y+"&=0C%8%2">&6BB"6:%&2C&P"& D-:6%+$#7F& •  O:"%+&R62":&/+C:267"%& •  /B"0$"%&=X1#01C#%Z&=>":7"#0"&C.&O:67$,"& 'C#CK0*,2*:"&)$C>"%& •  -EG&"20(&$#A*0"A&D-,$>62"&-+6#7"F& •  D<C,,*1C#F&C.&6,,&>6##":& •  !".C:"%261C#& •  5C%%"%&C.&YCB%C$,&k&R$,A,$."&h6P$262& &K&EN":6,,Z&h*>6#%&<:6010$#7&D4#1K Y"::6.C:>$#7F&
  5. 5. “Prevention of collapse of the Ecosystem has now become the overwhelming issue”! European Commission on Key Technologies for Europe,2005! R62":UOCCA& •  -*::"#2&.CCA&B:CA*01C#&P6%"A&C#&O:"%+&R62":&<,6#2%& •  R"&6:"&D:*##$#7&C*2F&C.&O:"%+&R62":& •  Y+"&=0C%8%2">&$%&D-:6%+$#7FZ&2+"&D0CA"&WC:AF&$%& D/*%26$#6P$,$28F& [Engendered by Population Growth,~ 40% too many of us for the Ecosystem to support NOW, if/as ROW attains U.S. Consumption rate will need 3 more planets…]! -  Resulting in “PEAK EVERYTHING”…………! -  A “Solution” is to switch to Halophytes [ “Salt Plants”], produce food on wastelands using saline/salt water, 22 nations working this, ‘Solves” Land, water, food, energy, minerals and climate change. & j*%2&6&7CCA,8&BC:1C#&C.&2+"&/6+6:6&06B6P,"&C.& B:CN$A$#7&V&*%$#7&+6,CB+82"%Z&%"6W62":&;::$7(S& %*l0$"#2&)$C>6%%&2C&:"B,60"&455&C.&2+"&OC%%$,& -6:PC#Z&B:CN$A"&B"2:C0+">$06,&.""A%2C0Q&6#A& 6,,&2+"&:"e*$%$2"&.CCA&W+$,%2&:"2*:#$#7&%C>"&C.& 2+"&M`m&C.&2+"&.:"%+&W62":&#CW&*%"A&.C:&& -C#N"#1C#6,&47:$0(&2C&A$:"02&+*>6#&*%"(& EN":6,,&n&D/C,N"%F&,6#AZ&W62":Z&.CCAZ&"#":78&k& W6:>$#7?&& T&.+,A6$MNMKY+"%"&$##62"&=0C%8%2">& 9"%2:$01C#%U&%+C:o6,,%&W$,,&#"0"%%6:$,8& %+$p&WC:,A&=0C#C>"2:$0%&.:C>&6& VBCB*,61C#Z&"0C#C>8Z&%26#A6:A&C.& ,$N$#7S&[9ERYh&'6#2:6&2C&C#"&C.& D%*%26$#6P$,$28F&W$2+&BC%%$P,8& BCB*,61C#&0C#2:C,&$#%12*2"A&6,C#7&2+"& W68&n&-+6#7"%&=q=9]Yh;3[&
  6. 6. DR62":&/06:0$28&$%&#CW&2+"& &%$#7,"&7:"62"%2&2+:"62&2C&h*>6#& h"6,2+ZY+"&=#N$:C#>"#2&6#A&2+"& [,CP6,&OCCA&/*BB,8F& R+":"&2+"&O:"%+&R62":&[C"%& •  M`m&.C:&.:"%+&W62":&B,6#2&47:$0*,2*:"& •  HLm&;#A*%2:$6,& •  HLm&+C*%"+C,A& &R"&-Eb5!Z&N$6&["#C>$0%Z&06:".*,&"#7$#"":$#7Z& 0C::C%$C#&%C,*1C#%&2C&"#6P,"&%"6W62":&0CC,$#7Z& <C,$08U56WZ&0+6#7"%&$#&,$."&%28,"%U&A$"2Z&BC,,*1C#& 6P62">"#2&=Y-(&&:"A*0"&'b-h&2+"&.:"%+&W62":& :"e*$:">"#2%&.C:&+*>6#%Z&B":+6B%&P8&CN":&LImr& '*0+&C.&2+$%&>""1#7&$%&A"NC2"A&2C&<CB*,61#7& 2+"%"&%C,*1C#&%B60"%???(& /C>"&gam&C.&2+"&W62":&C#&2+"&<,6#"2&$%& /6,$#"U/6,2&W62":Z&Y+"&2+"%$%&C.&2+$%&P:$".&$%& 2+62&6&'4jE9&%C,*1C#&CB1C#&%"2&.C:& DR62":F&$%&2C&*1,$^"&/6,$#"U&/6,2& R62":????(& K&q$6&h6,CB+82"%&.C:&OCCAUOCAA":U=#":78& K&q$6&4AN6#0"A&=#":78Z&V&/":$C*%S& !"%6,$#$^61C#& -C#N"#1C#6,Uh$%2C:$06,&DR$%AC>F&K& /"6W62":U/6,$#"&$#0*:%$C#%UC00*:6#0"& !"2:$>"#26,K2CK!$%6%2":C*%&.C:& 47:$0*,2*:"& b#0C#N"#1C#6,&K&Saline/Salt water Agriculture a Viable- to-Desirable Alternative to Conventional Agriculture
  7. 7. 4AN6#267"%&C.&/"6W62":&4[& @  l^m$"?$&..$#&+*'$/6$6*&#&+*'D#/..$3"+$IUA3$ (A+J$ @  @*&#&+*'$-"3+&/36Z$ $9$#/=*$>&'/*+E$"?$/0H"'+&3+$0/3*'&.6$ $9$[$nNm$"?$fA+'/*3+6$'*dA/'*=$?"'$B4'/<A.+A'*$ F3**=$+"$&==$f/+'"4*3D:,"6H,"'A6$&3=$ ]'"3K$ •  ]3$H'"`/0/+E$+"$&$3A0G*'$"?$b'E1b*6*'+$ B'*&6$ 4,2":#61N"&/"6W62":&4[& =>B,C8>"#2&4BB:C60+"%& @  b*6&./3/a&7"3$F/3$Q*3*'&.D+""$*`H*36/>*$ ?"'$B4'/<A.+A'*K$ @  -".=1=**H*'$(<*&3$#&+*'$+"$F>/&$,*&+$ *`<,&34*'6K$H'*</H/+&+*$0"/6+A'*$?'"0$+,*$ &+0"6H,*'*$ @  @*&#&+*'$Q'**3,"A6*6$F/3>".>*$ >&H"'/a&7"31'*9H'*</H/+&7"3K$ @  b/'*<+$:.&3+$@*&#&+*'$]''/4&7"3$ ;::$761C#&;#s*"#0"%&bBC#& 96$#.6,,& @  D;::$761C#&06#&9"B:"%"#2&6#&=#C:>C*%& <":2*:P61C#&C.&2+"&9"7$C#6,&42>C%B+":$0&R62":& 6#A&h"62&)6,6#0"F& @  -CC,ZR"2&/*:.60"&$#0:"6%"%&,CW&,"N",&42>C%B+":$0& ;#%26P$,$1"%Z$#0$2"%&D/2C:>%F& @  q6:$C*%&/2*A$"%&;#A$062"&K&& &K&H`mKGLm&B:"0$B$261C#&;#0:"6%"&V.:C>&C#,8&(f&60:"& >"2":&;::$761C#S& &K&;::$761C#&$#0:"6%"A&96$#.6,,&P8&gHm& &K&;::$761C#&6#A&q"7"261C#&0+6#7"%&6:"&0,"6:& AC>$#61#7&.602C:%&W$2+&A$:"02&$#s*"#0"&*BC#& 62>C%B+":$0&W62":&0C#2"#2& h6,CB+82"&V/6,2K<,6#2S&b1,$^61C#& V<":&]"#%"#S& @  :&+*3+6$/66A*=$?"'$!&."H,E+*$-'"HF6K$ FQ*3*7<6DQ*3"0/<6K$ @  MNDNNNj$If&+A'&.J$!&."H,E+*$:.&3+6DL_N$"?$+,*6*$ &'*$H"+*37&.$I@+&H.*J$<'"H6$ @  U*6*&'<,$"34"/34$"31?"'$!&."H,/./<$F@&.+9 c(k]fQK$!&."H,E+*6DV,*$0"'*$6&.+$+,*$?&6+*'$+,*$ 4'"#+,P$ @  !A4*$&'*&6$#"'.=#/=*$&'*$&.'*&=E$6&.+9&)*<+*=$ FM$Y$!*<+&'*6K$&3=$&3"+,*'$Y/../"3$!*<+&'*6$ ">*'./*$@&./3*$BdA/?*'6X$ @  (>*'$MNN$,&."H,E+*$H.&3+6$3"#$/3$I+'/&.6J$?"'$ I-"00*'</&.J$&HH./<&7"36$
  8. 8. V/6>B,"S&-C*#2:$"%&W$2+&/6,$#"& 4[&B:C"02%& @  -+$#6& @  '"X$0C& @  =:$2:$6& @  ;#A$6& @  <6Q$%26#& @  ;%:6",& @  5$P86& @  jC:A6#& @  Y*#$%$6& &K&-*::"#2&/262*%Z<:C2C28B"& O6:>%U=XB":$>"#2%&.C:& OEE!& @  =78B2& @  ;:6#& @  'C:C00C& @  b(/(& @  /6*A$&4:6P$6& @  /8:$6& @  b4=& @  t*W6$2& @  4*%2:6,$6& @  /*A6#& -+$#"%"&/"6W62":&4[&9"BC:1#7& @  ["#"106,,8&'CA$u"A&V7:CW#&C#&D)"60+"%F&*%$#7& /"6W62":Sv& &K&YC>62C& &K&=77B,6#2& &K&<"BB":& &K&R+"62& &K&9$0"& &K&96B"%""A& OC:&0"#2*:$"%Z&C#&2+"&;#A$6#& /*P0C#1#"#2Z&2+":"&+6%&P""#&6& N":8&%*00"%%.*,&/6,$#"U&):60Q$%+& W62":&47:$0*,2*:"&.C:&OCCA&6#A& OCAA":(&h6,CB+82"&.6:>$#7&+6%& P""#&0C#A*02"A&.C:&>6#8&8"6:%& W$2+C*2&#C10"6P,"&%6,2&P*$,A*B?(& Y+"&<C2"#16,V%S&.C:&"#+6#0"A& Vh6,CB+82"S&<,6#2&[:CW2+&N$6& 36#CU)$C&Y"0+#C,C78&2+C*7+2&2C& P"&56:7"ZMIm&$>B:CN">"#2%& 2+*%&.6:ZFE#,8&)"7$##$#7F& &K&4#&=X6>B,"&9"e*$%$2"&-6B6P$,$28&K& 3$2:C7"#&O$X61C#&V*1,$^61C#U"X2:601C#& .:C>&2+"&6$:S&
  9. 9. E#K7C$#7&9"%"6:0+&4:"6%& @  53,&3<*=$:.&3+$4'"#+,$'&+*6$&3=$*3,&3<*=$ I@&.+9c">/34J$ @  U*=A<*=$#&+*'13A+'/*3+$U*dA/'*0*3+6$ @  ]''/4&7"3$5o</*3<E$]0H'">*0*3+6$ @  :.&3+$1c/?*?"'0$+&/."'/34$?"'$6H*</R<$Y/"9 -"3>*'6/"31U*R3/34$:'"<*66*6$ @  p@&?*J1q-"3+&/3*=J$@&./3*1@*&#&+*'$]''/4&7"3$ :'&<7<*6DB>"/=9+"9(G>/&+*$%'*6,$BdA/?*'$ -"3+&0/3&7"3$ /6>B,"&&DR6%2",6#A%F&/*$26P,"& .C:&h6,CB+82"&)$C>6%%& B:CA*01C#& @  R"%2":#&4*%2:6,$6& @  &4:C*#A&2+"&4:6P$6#&/"6U<":%$6#&[*,.& @  &'$AA,"&=6%2& @  Y+"&/6+6:6& @  /C*2+W"%2&b(/(&$#0,(&R"%2&Y"X6%& @  42606>6&$#&/C*2+&4>":$06& @  DE2+":%F&WC:,AW$A"& Y+*%&.6:Z&b%$#7&h6,CB+82"U&%"6W62":&4[&C#& !"%":2%U&W6%2",6#A%&0C*,A&:"2*:#&%C>"& M`m&C.&2+"&O:"%+&W62":&2C&A$:"02&h*>6#& b%"Z&D/C,N"FZ&56#AZ&R62":Z&OCCAZ&=#":78Z& -,$>62"& &3"X2&n&Y+"&C2+":&'4jE9&D4,2":#61N"& 4BB:C60+Z&O:C#1":&=#":7"10%&.C:& !"%6,$#$^61C#??& There are three emerging Energetics approaches with the capacity to provide cost-effective Desalinization: - Biomass/ Biofuels produced via Halophytes using seawater on Deserts/ wastelands - Nano-plastic solar PV, 30 cents/ watt - LENR
  10. 10. 5=39&V5CW&=#":78&3*0,"6:&9XS& @  E:$7$#6,,8&A*PP"A&D-C,A&O*%$C#FZ&6#&"XB":$>"#26,& A$%0CN":8&W$2+&:"B,$061C#&$%%*"%&6#A&#C& 600"B26P,"&2+"C:8& @  3CWZ&CN":&G&A"06A"%&C.&>6%%$N"&WC:,AKW$A"&A626& 0C,,"01C#U"XB":$>"#2%&$#A$062"&$%&D:"6,FZ&;26,$6#& A626&n&HLtR&.C:&H`&+C*:%Z&9C*1#",8& @  3CWZ&6&N$6P,"&Y+"C:8&V&R$AC>U56:%"#S& @  3C2&DhC2&O*%$C#FZ&$%&","02:CW"6Q&$#2":601C#%& "XB,$06P,"&N$6&2+"&D/26#A6:A&'CA",F&C.&w*6#2*>& Y+"C:8&C#&/*:.60"%& @  Y+"C:8&P"$#7&*%"A&2C&$#0:"6%"&+"62&De*6,$28F&6#A& B:60106,$28Z&#C&:6A$C601N$28&%6."28&$%%*"%Z&7C$#7& -E''=9-;45&$#&:"6,&1>"& '6:0+&HGZ&GIIg& Dr. Joseph M. Zawodny NASA Langley& d`& &5=39&R5Y&V&j(&x6WCA#8S& @  R5Y&:",$"%&C#&2+"&R"6Q&3*0,"6:&.C:0"&W+$0+v& !  <:CA*0"%&6&#"*2:C#&N$6&","02:C#&06B2*:"& !  !C"%&#C2&+6N"&6&-C*,C>P&P6::$":&2C&CN":0C>"& @  Y+"&2+"C:8&0C>P$#"%&w=!Z&-C#A"#%"A&'6y":Z&3*0,"6:Z&6#A& <,6%>6&<+8%$0%&6#A&6,%C&-+">$%2:8& @  B&z&"{&!&#&z&!"" &;#+$P$2"A&P8&I(a`'"q& @  "{&$%&6&D+"6N8&","02:C#F&6,,CW"A&P8&w=!&K&:"e*$:"%&+$7+&","02:$0& u",A%&|cHIHHqU>&C:&HIqU}~& @  h$7+&u",A%&:"%*,2&.:C>&6&P:"6QACW#&C.&2+"&)C:#KEBB"#+"$>":& 4BB:CX$>61C#&N$6&6&0C*B,$#7&C.&/*:.60"&<,6%>C#&<C,6:$2C#%&2C& 6&0C,,"01N"&B:C2C#&:"%C#6#0"&$#&2+"&>"26,&+8A:$A"&|$#&2+"&;9~(& @  Y+"&:"%*,2&$%&6#&b,2:6&5CW&'C>"#2*>&3"*2:C#&W+$0+&$%&:6B$A,8& 6P%C:P"A&P8&#"6:P8&#*0,"$(& Y+"&R62":&D=#A&[6>"F& •  /6,$#"U&/6,2&R62":&4[&.C:&OCCA&6#A&)$C>6%%& V&O*",%Z&<"2:C0+">$06,&O""A%2C0QS&C#& W6%2",6#A%U&A"%":2%Z&/C,N"%&56#AZ&R62":Z&OCCAZ& =#":78Z&-,$>62"& •  !"%6,$#$^61C#&N$6&36#C&Y"0+&6#A&=#":7"10%& V&%"6W62":&)$C>6%%Z&36#C&<,6%10&<qZ&5=39S&.C:& C2+":&2+6#&OCCAU&=#":78& •  EPN$C*%,8Z&/=9;Eb/&R62":&-C#%":N61C#U& 9"080,$#7Z&=Y-??(6%&:"e*$:"AU&B:6010"AZ& _0C#N"#$"#2FZ&"0C#C>$06,(& 2nd Law “Warming” ! The fundamental/major/most worrisome “limit to growth” is the capability of the planet to reject (radiate to space) heat. Production of “power” for human utilization produces, via the second law of thermodynamics, immense amounts of “waste heat”--we are only two-to-three orders of magnitude from a monotonic rise in surface temperature (required to radiate this waste heat)" --an excellent measure of a society’s wealth is currently the power production per capita.As the ROW attains U.S. energy usage rates and population increases - This becomes a ‘Limit” [Chaisson]!
  11. 11. G#A&56W&R6:>$#7&9"%2:$01C#%& *BC#&42>C%B+":$0&R6:>$#7& D/C,*1C#&/B60"V%S& @  =N"#2*6,,8&6#A&;#&["#":6,&K&#C&D#"WFU4AA$1N"& DR6%2"&h"62F&/*0+&6%&K&&OC%%$,&.*",%Z&&3*0%& V&5=39ZO$%%$C#&C:&O*%$C#S&Z&A:$,,"A&["C2+":>6,&6#A&& /B60"&/C,6:& &&V4,,&2+"%"&B:CA*0"&4AA$1C#6,&R6%2"&h"62S& @  5"p&W$2+&Y$A6,&6#A&Y"::"%2:$6,&/C,6:&N$6&)$C>6%%Z& Y+":>6,Z&<qZh8A:CZR$#A&6#A&-EG&06B2*:"U 0C#N":%$C#&2C&-E& Y+"&DO$#6,F&V&56%2&9"%C:2S& /C,*1C#& @ Q*3"0/<&..E$0"=/?E$+,*$Y/"+&$F$/3<.X$ ,A0&36K$+"$IV&W*$+,*$!*&+J$ $$$9$(34"/34$6+A=/*6$"?$I5`+'*0&H,/.*6qD$G/"."4/<6$/3$ =**H$"<*&3$>*3+6D$/3$=*6*'+6D$/3$r*.."#6+"3*$ H"".6$*+<X$$H.A6$+,*$"34"/34$Y/"$U*>".A7"3$ F$Q*3"0/<6D$@E3+,*7<$Y/"."4EK$H'")*'6$+,*$ H"66/G/./+E$"?$b*6/43*'$c/?*$?"'06$F$/3<.X$ !A0&3"/=6K$<&H&G.*$"?$+,'/>/34$/3$#,&+*>*'$ *>".>*6$F$k*3A69./W*$<"3=/7"36$/6$&$I#"'6+$<&6*J$ 9$[$ONN$=*4'**6$-$/?$&..$+,*$(<*&3$T*+,&3*1-(L$ I56<&H*6JK$ -C>>"#2%&R9Y&D96A$06,& ;##CN61C#F& DV,*$G&s.*$ /6$#/+,/3X$]+$/6$&$<A.+A'&.$"3*Z$G*+#**3$4."'/?E/34$ +,*$H&6+$"'$ 0&'<,/34$+"#&'=$+,*$?A+A'*D$G*+#**3$ H'"+*<734$ 6A<<*66*6$"'$<&33/G&./a/34$+,*0D$G*+#**3$ &>*'734$'/6W$"'$*0G'&</34$/+X$V,*$G&s.*$/6$ ?"'$+,*$6"A.$"?$+,*$"?$+,*$]3=A6+'E$F&3=$+,*$ %A+A'*$"?$!A0&3W/3=$KJ&&

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