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  • 1. Build and Delivery Elements
  • 2. Build and Delivery: Requirements  Build and Deliver an End-to-end Prototype  Provides an Integrated Carbon Information System  Creates technical measurement and monitoring capabilities to assess carbon benefits of GEF and other program (future) carbon impact and benefits  Enables technical measurement and monitoring capabilities to promote Best Practices and positive socio-economic outcomes  Supports technical measurement and monitoring capabilities to enable policy and institutional context analysis
  • 3. Build and Delivery: Requirements  System will have certain functional attributes:  Measure actual carbon stocks, calculate sequestered carbon at any given moment during project implementation.  Forecast feasible carbon targets for GEF projects.  Recommend policy/institutional changes to maximize carbon benefits or minimize trade-offs.  Support capacity development components of GEF and non- GEF projects for subsequent country and community use.
  • 4. Build and Delivery: Outputs  Provides project design options to optimize carbon stock increases with livelihood benefits  Provides capabilities to asses carbon characteristics and carbon benefits of GEF projects  Provides access to agroforestry information for creating integrated sustainable agriculture systems  Optimizes multiple benefits within a smallholder carbon project
  • 5. Build and Delivery: Design  Constructed on a previous approach called the Carbon PMMP:  Protocols (P) that provide both tools and guidance for measurement and monitoring of carbon in agricultural, agro- forestry, and forest landscapes  Measurement (M) that provide both above and below ground measurements of carbon on the landscape, considers all IPCC pools and is robust and statistically accurate suitable for project and program evaluation of carbon benefits  Monitoring (M) that allows for continuous measurements over time for on going evaluation of progress in program carbon benefits  Participatory (P) involvement of user communities with the GEF, UNEP and rural communities and their land managers.
  • 6. Build and Delivery: Components  Integration of a suite of measurement and monitoring methods and technologies: 1. Ground based sample frame collection of in-situ measurements of above ground, belowground and soil carbon and nitrogen 2. Laboratory analysis of in situ samples 3. Ground-calibrated remote sensing observations of land use and cover, vegetation attributes and structure 4. Statistical analytical and spatial analysis of stratified samples and continuous fields 5. Numerical models 6. Local and program wide social/economic impact tools and best practice tools
  • 7. Build and Deliver  Aim: to apply emerging technologies to measure and monitor land use changes to provide accurate environmental and carbon risk information. Technology Convergence APPLIED TO: Global Environmental Services (Earth observation (EO) systems, Global Positioning (Climate change, carbon Systems, web-enabled benefits, natural resource Geographic Information management, biodiversity) Systems, location-based services, large mass data storage)
  • 8. eastern western Fort Tenan
  • 9. Eastern Sites
  • 10. Western Sites
  • 11. Fort Tenan Sites
  • 12. Remote Sensing
  • 13. Key Elements of Measurement  Ground measurements provide calibration and detailed sample frame analysis  Remote sensing takes the ground samples to extrapolate spatially to the landscape  Remote sensing characterizes spatial heterogeneity and land use  Spectral analysis provides rapid soil carbon measurement  GIS provides the data base framework for organizing spatial data  Carbon and nitrogen models provide ex ante calculations and detailed accounting  Web-enabled geospatial information systems to provide local and global access
  • 14. The Technology Suite Integrates all of these essential components through key components •Ground measurement and calibration •Site characterization and planning •Carbon and Nitrogen accounting & modeling •Access to web based spatial information
  • 15. Carbon planner example The Carbon Planner identifies high potential and high risk land use areas for land use carbon project. This tool is aimed at project developers Geospatially related Geospatial Mapping Carbon Planner – Carbon Risk / Opportunity Map databases Biomass & Soil Carbon Carbon Risk & Opportunity Analysis Rainfall & Drought Risk Fire / Disease Risk Criteria for Cadastral / Project eligibility Ownership Data
  • 16. Ground calibration is essential Our methods and technologies provide the basis for accounting and reporting carbon for projects at the local scale.
  • 17. Carbon Accounting Manager Core System
  • 18. Linking remote sensing to C and N models and databases
  • 19. Ground measures Local TRFIC Technologies communities Remote measures Carbon2Markets tools WWW Satellite – ground integration GEF (markets) Analysis
  • 20. Remote sensing monitors for permanence and tracking carbon in biomass Plantation plot New trees Mature tress Natural forest
  • 21. 5. Carbon and Nitrogen Portal C/N Portal centralizes project information and allows users to access and manage their carbon accounts from anywhere.
  • 22. A Globally Distributed System
  • 23. Monitoring multiple communities at one time
  • 24. Carbon Measurement
  • 25. Multi-resolution zoom capability
  • 26. Integration of in situ carbon and nitrogen with imagery Plantation plot samples New trees Mature tress
  • 27. In Situ: GPS, Digital Photos, Forest Mensuration (DBH, height)
  • 28. Carbon Accounting Satellite Image Biomass-Carbon Calculation 50-60% 80% 100% 60-80%
  • 29. Biophysical measurements Forest density and type mapping in Thailand
  • 30. Leaf Area Index can be used as an Input to NPP-Carbon models L AI v s . F C (in G L A2 .0 ) 4 3 .5 3 2 .5 LAI 2 LA I-4 vs . F C (% ) 1 .5 LA I-5 vs . F C 1 0 .5 0 0 20 40 60 80 100 F ra c tio n a l C o v e r
  • 31. Hyper-rez tree crown detection
  • 32. MODIS VCF collection 3
  • 33. Component 3: 30m VCF 500m VCF 30m VCF merge Mask water isocluster 30m VCF stdev
  • 34. ETM+ radiometric correction (4,3,2)
  • 35. Tasseled Cap Transformation (bright,green,wet)
  • 36. VCF 500m
  • 37. ETM+ isocluster
  • 38. VCF 30m
  • 39. Detailed View ETM+ (4,3,2)
  • 40. Detailed view VCF 30m
  • 41. Component 4: Change Detection 30m VCF F/NF map Tasseled Cap NF mask >30% = Forest + Tasseled cap ETM+ Bright (forested masked) TM-ETM Change Tasseled cap (deforestation) TM (forested masked) Dark ∆≥X
  • 42. Detailed View ETM+ TM Acquired august 12, 2001 Acquired July 7, 1992
  • 43. Forest/Non-forest mask derived from VCF 500m VCF 500m Forest/Non-forest mask
  • 44. Change deforestation shown in red
  • 45. High resolution satellite monitoring of projects New plantings Older trees
  • 46. Applying Remote Sensing to Land Use Change Forest Burning Slashed Agriculture, grass Agriculture, bare soil
  • 47. Land Cover Change: Inter-annual Shifting Cultivation Transitions in Laos 2000-2001-2002 Land cover Area (ha) V-V-V 25666.02 V-V-NV 2579.49 NV-NV-V 3409.47 NV-NV-NV 1189.17 NV-V-V 2788.38 NV-V-NV 603 V-NV-V 2897.01 NV-NV-NV 1772.28
  • 48. Region east of Kingaroy, north of Nanango
  • 49. Zoom in at high resolution
  • 50. Region east of Kingaroy, north of Nanango. Small blue dots are waypopints. White is non forest/trees. Carbon sequestration range: 4-8 tCO2e per ha per yr (light to dark)
  • 51. TRFIC Earth
  • 52. User Defined Upload GeoSearch, GeoZoom Upload Polygons GeoAnalyst, GeoBundle
  • 53. Adaptable Interoperable Architecture