Scherr, Scaling Up Carbon Trading In Land Use 3 09


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  • Scherr, Scaling Up Carbon Trading In Land Use 3 09

    1. 1. Agriculture and Forestry: Their Potential to Mitigate Climate Change at a Global Scale Sara J. Scherr, Ecoagriculture Partners Land Use Carbon & Poverty Reduction: Challenges & Opportunities Washington, DC, March 13, 2009
    2. 2. Most terrestrial area is in agricultural, grazing or production forest landscapes
    3. 3. Emissions reduction and sequestration in working landscapes: Huge potential
    4. 4. PES for climate change can integrate production, ecosystem, livelihood goals Conservation Ecosystem process & function Wild biodiversity ECOSYSTEM SERVICES Locally beneficial services Globally & regionally beneficial services Sustainable Agriculture Livelihood support PAYMENT FOR ECOSYSTEM SERVICES
    5. 5. So why is the climate change community so skeptical? <ul><li>They are uninformed </li></ul><ul><li>They are afraid A-F will distract from action on energy </li></ul><ul><li>They don’t trust A-F will be real (permanence, msrmt) </li></ul><ul><li>They don’t believe it is feasible to achieve A-F impacts at scale </li></ul>
    6. 6. Challenge 1: Can we mobilize A-F at a large enough scale to make a difference for the climate? <ul><li>Perception of agriculture and forestry as lagging sectors with weak institutions </li></ul><ul><li>Climate action to date has focused on small projects, thus few models </li></ul><ul><li>Smallholders assumed to = small scale </li></ul><ul><li>Perception of low economies of scale due to site-specificity/diversity of solutions </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on achieving high impacts per hectare, rather than high total impacts </li></ul><ul><li>Political reluctance to set climate standards or regulations for agricultural sector </li></ul>
    7. 7. Challenge 2: Community planning -- Too hard? too costly? too risky?
    8. 8. Challenge 3: Will value chains generate sufficient incentives for producers?
    9. 9. Yes we can: Operate at scale <ul><li>Large-scale government programs for restoring degraded lands and forests (e.g., India, China) </li></ul><ul><li>Large-scale development projects on sustainable land management (e.g., IFAD, Sahel) </li></ul><ul><li>National platforms for coordinating action on SLM (e.g., TerrAfrica) </li></ul><ul><li>Territorial management initiatives (e.g., in Andes, Mesoamerica) </li></ul><ul><li>NGO, farmer, agribusiness networks (e.g., IFAP, EAFF, dairy networks) </li></ul>
    10. 10. Yes we can: Mobilize communities for climate planning and investment <ul><li>Initiate climate action with organized & tenure-secure communities </li></ul><ul><li>Build capacity of farmer and local/landscape organizations (numerous landscape initiatives) </li></ul><ul><li>Develop small grant facilities for local analysis, planning, technical assistance, mapping (e.g., Google Earth) </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure community representatives are ‘at the table’ to set PES rules (e.g., CKS; start with Copenhagen) </li></ul>
    11. 11. Yes we can: Build efficient value chains for climate payments to farmers <ul><li>Institutionalize intermediary & bundling services, accountable to farmer clients (e.g., build on farmer coop models) </li></ul><ul><li>Establish livelihood-focused Carbon Funds (e.g., Food Security Carbon Fund) </li></ul><ul><li>Utilize landscape-scale planning and monitoring tools (e.g. ) </li></ul><ul><li>“ Bundle” agricultural products with climate regulation services </li></ul><ul><li>Incorporate into outgrower schemes (numerous models) </li></ul>
    12. 12. Building support for full inclusion of agriculture & forestry in climate action <ul><li>Building a rigorous case for the potential to scale </li></ul><ul><li>Document existing programs that can be scaled </li></ul><ul><li>Document landscape-wide GHG emissions/storage in diverse landscapes </li></ul><ul><li>Calculate impacts of landscape-wide action </li></ul><ul><li>Devise concrete strategies for action at scale </li></ul><ul><li>Pilot country plans where major co-benefits identified for ‘re-carbonizing’ or protecting standing carbon in landscapes </li></ul><ul><li>Integrate climate action in major agricultural investment programs of donors & development banks </li></ul><ul><li>Mobilize voluntary carbon market to pilot and document diverse strategies </li></ul>
    13. 13. Thank you…