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Reading strategies overview
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  • 1. Elkhart Community Schools
  • 2. Listening SpeakingReading Writing
  • 3. ActualDifferences inQuantity ofWords Heardtypical hour, the average child wouldWelfareWorking ClassProfessional616 Words1,251 Words2,153 Words
  • 4. 85% of ECS’s students fallinto the first two categories:- welfare- working class
  • 5. LanguageReading Thinking
  • 6. Reading ISThinking“The purpose of reading isunderstanding.”
  • 7. “True comprehension goes beyondliteral understanding and involves thereader’s interaction with text. Ifstudents are to become thoughtful,insightful readers, they must extendtheir thinking beyond a superficialunderstanding of the text.”Stephanie Harvey and Anne Goudvis
  • 8. “Once thought of as the naturalresult of decoding plus oral language,comprehension is now viewed as a muchmore complex process involvingknowledge, experience, thinking andteaching.”(Linda Fielding and P. David Pearson, 1994)
  • 9. Researchers identified strategies that proficientreaders use to construct meaning from text.Pearson, Keene, Harvey, Goudvis, Robb and otherssummarized these strategies.Elkhart Community School’s Top 10Reading Strategies are based on thework of the above researchers.
  • 10. 7. Make Inferences ThenDraw Conclusions8. Summarize and Synthesi9. Check Your Understandi10.Build Fluency1. Connect to the Text2. Ask Questions3. Expand Vocabulary4. Predict & Prove5. Sense It6. Decide What’sImportant
  • 11. Making Connections: A Bridge Fromthe New to the KnownText to SelfText to TextText to World
  • 12. Asking Questions: The Strategy ThatPropels Readers Forward“Questioning is the strategy that keeps readersengaged. When readers ask questions, they clarifyunderstanding and forge ahead to make meaning.Asking questions is at the heart of thoughtfulreading.”Harvey and Goudvis
  • 13. “The larger the reader’s vocabulary(either oral or print), the easier it is tomake sense of the text.”Report of the National Reading Panel
  • 14. “Research suggests that when studentsmake predictions their understandingincreases and they are more interested inthe reading material.”Fielding, Anderson, Pearson, Hanson
  • 15. Visualizing: A Tool to EnhanceUnderstanding“Visualizing is a comprehension strategy thatenables readers to make the words on a pagereal and concrete.”Keene and Zimmerman
  • 16. “Thoughtful readers grasp essential ideas andimportant information when reading. Readersmust differentiate between less important ideasand key ideas that are central to the meaning ofthe text.”Harvey and Goudvis
  • 17. “Inferring is at the intersection of taking what isknown, garnering clues from the text, and thinkingahead to make a judgment, discern a theme, orspeculate about what is to come.”Harvey and Goudvis
  • 18. The Evolution of ThoughtSynthesizing is putting togetherseparate parts into a new whole….aprocess akin to working a jigsaw puzzle.Harvey and Goudvis
  • 19. “If confusion disrupts meaning, readers need tostop and clarify their understanding. Readers mayuse a variety of strategies to “fix up”comprehension when meaning goes awry.”Harvey and Goudvis
  • 20. “Fluency is important because it freesstudents to understand what they read.”Report of the National Reading Panel
  • 21. CAUTION!“Although these strategies tend to be introducedindependently, readers rarely use these in isolationwhen reading. These thoughts interact and intersectto help readers make meaning and often occursimultaneously during reading.”Harvey and Goudvis
  • 22. Reading isThinkingSense ItMakingInferences/DrawConclusionsConnectTo TextAsk QuestionsSummarize/SynthesizeDecide What’sImportantBuild FluencyExpandVocabularyPredict andProveCheckUnderstanding