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Africa RISING West Africa: 2012 report on sustainable intensification of cereal-based farming systems in the Sudan and Guinea Savanna Zones in Mali
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Africa RISING West Africa: 2012 report on sustainable intensification of cereal-based farming systems in the Sudan and Guinea Savanna Zones in Mali


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Presented by E. Weltzien (ICRISAT-Mali) at the Africa RISING West Africa Review and Planning Meeting Tamale, Ghana, 23-25 October 2012 …

Presented by E. Weltzien (ICRISAT-Mali) at the Africa RISING West Africa Review and Planning Meeting Tamale, Ghana, 23-25 October 2012

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  • 1. Africa RISING West Africa: 2012 report on Sustainable Intensification of Cereal-Based Farming Systems in the Sudan and Guinea Savanna Zones in Mali E. Weltzien (ICRISAT-Mali) Africa RISING West Africa Review and Planning Meeting Tamale, Ghana, 23-25 October 2012
  • 2. Outline and Contributors to Mali presentation 1. Moving toward sustainable increases in on-farm productivity: fodder production (ILRI/ICRAF/ICRISAT) 2. Moving toward sustainable increases in on-farm productivity: Food crop diversity (ICRISAT, AVRDC/ICRAF) 3. Improved natural resource management and reduced vulnerability (ICRAF/ILRI/ICRISAT) 4. Child Nutrition: Enhancing mothers’ opportunities for preventing malnutrition (ICRISAT/AVRDC)Africa RISING , WCA work planning and review , Tamale 23-26 October 2012 2
  • 3. Choice of priority activities in Mali Stakeholder workshops in the two target districts identified opportunities for SI Quick win options & implementation capacity available in Mali Targeted output/ Entry Point Target area Implementation partners Intensified livestock Bougouni ILRI, ICRISAT, production – fodder, grazing Koutiala Mobiom, AMEDD, WU Increased Crop Diversity – Koutiala, AMASSA, Mobiom, access to seed Bougouni ICRISAT, AVRDC, ICRAF Food and Nutrition Training of Koutiala AMEDD, MSF, ICRISAT, mothers AVRDC Transversal: Soil fertility and Koutiala, AMEDD, Mobiom, Land Use issues Bougouni ILRI, ICRAF, ICRISAT, Rural Radio stations
  • 4. Moving toward sustainable increases in on-farmproductivity: fodder production (ILRI, ICRAF, ICRISAT) Diagnostics of on-farm productivity from a livestock production perspective Testing fodder crops and trees in cereal based systems (all partners) Quantify biomass productivity in farmer managed experiments and in surrounding areas (Tom, Gatien) Options for modeling (Gatien)
  • 5. Diagnostic survey of organizational and institutional issues:land-use, NRM including forest, livestock and cropproduction systems Community surveys using PRA techniques and Household surveys (250 households, 25 villages, Koutiala and Bougouni districts)
  • 6. Population pyramid of Garalo “commune”in Koutiala in 2009/2010 > 80 ]70 - 75] Female Male ]60 - 65] ]50 - 55] ]40 - 45] ]30 - 35] ]20 - 25] ]10 - 15] ]0 - 5] 0.15 0.10 0.05 0.00 0.05 0.10 0.15 Proportion of the Total Population Age Class
  • 7. Principal Sources of household income in Koutiala and Bougouni (% of households )Income source Koutiala (% of household Bougouni (% of household interviewed) interviewed)Sale of crops 60 65Sale of animals 18 11Off-farm activities 15 10(small-scale commerce, remittances,salaried work)Vegetable production 5 2Forest products 2 9Others (e.g. fishing) 0 3
  • 8. Use of crop produced by the households inKoutiala and Bougouni Crop Household Sale (%) consumption (%) Koutiala Bougouni Koutiala Bougouni Millet 79 75 12 23 Maize 76 72 16 22 Sorghum 77 77 14 16 Rice 75 60 20 29 Cotton 9 0 91 100 Groundnut 49 41 40 52 Cowpea 84 55 16 40
  • 9. Key issues for Sustainable Intensification from survey results Access to agricultural implements and inputs, credit Risk mitigation to cope with climate variability, and market shocks Information systems and training on improved agronomy, quality control of drugs and pesticides Value addition particularly cereals and livestock value chains Adequate feed for traction animals
  • 10. Testing fodder crops and trees in cereal basedsystems (No of coops, tests and women/men)Type test District No. No. No. No. Coops tests wom men enComparing Bougouni 4 28 6 22fodder cropsIntercropping Koutiala 4 12 0 12Installation of Bougouni 7 26 3 23fodder banksInstallation of Koutiala 16 64 31 33fodderbanks
  • 11. Quantify total biomass in selected farms and possiblysurrounding areas Historical ground measurements of ligneous biomass procured from Univ. Edinburgh on Ghana-Burkina-Mali transect for calibration of automatic ligneous biomass estimates from radar satellite (L-band) 12-meter resolution ALOS/PALSAR imagery acquired and received for 2006, 2011 covering 4,900 km2 in each of Koutiala, Bougouni districts for testing of automatic ligneous biomass estimates from satellite (ordered for Ghana sites as well) WorldView2 imagery ordered for peak biomass (late September) over 4 communities in Koutiala, Bougouni (more over CRP1.1 in Mali, Ghana) Regional protocols meeting in Niamey 17-20 September (CRP1.1)
  • 12. Options for modelling (Mc Knight project) :  The NUANCES crop model « FIELD » is being calibrated for cotton, maize, sorghum, millet, groundnut and cowpea, using various existing datasets. The FIELD crop model is being coupled with the NUANCES Livestock model LIVSIM (already calibrated for Malian cattle breeds), to obtain a model operating at farm scale
  • 13. Moving toward sustainable increases in on-farmproductivity: Food crop diversity Training facilitators for trial implementation (All partners) Diversify seed enterprise and tree nursery options (ICRISAT, ICRAF, AVRDC) Information campaign on Integrated Striga and Soil fertility management
  • 14. Training facilitators for trialimplementation1. NGO’s recruit 1 technical facilitator each, regular coaching and mentoring by scientists2. NGO’s train coop ‘animateurs’, trainers with mentoring from NGO technicians and scientists (20 coops)3. Additional training for seed production, fruit tree grafting, farmer managed regeneration, best practices for fuel wood
  • 15. Diversify seed enterprise and tree nurseryoptions (ICRISAT, ICRAF, AVRDC) Capacity bldg for seed sale for coops: sale of minipacks of 100g (100 F CFA) Creating Union of seed cooperatives Seed production skills, norms for certification Capacity to conduct variety trials for choosing new varieties for seed production, and creating demand for seed Grafting and other tree nursery techniques
  • 16. No. of variety tests sown:Crop # coops # test # # coops # test # (B) women (K) womenSorghum 6 21 10 7 32 4Millet (pops) 7 21 1 6 26Cowpea 4 28 9 4 14 14Groundnut 8 26 18Soybean 6 17 9Maize 4 14Vegetables (4) 8 67 51
  • 17. Information campaign on Integrated Strigaand soil fertility management using videos “Fighting Striga” DVDs distributed Second level distribution of DVDs monitored Field agents, technicians and lead farmers trained Fighting Striga videos shown in to approx 3700 farmers, (30% youth and children)
  • 18. Improved natural resource managementand reduced vulnerability Overview over land-use and NRM issues in the Sikasso region, and specifically Koutiala and Bougouni cercles Validation of local land-use plans Establishment of innovation platforms, and rural resource centers Supporting networks of farmer cattle breeders and sorghum breeding
  • 19. Land use and NRM Transhumance, crops and forest use Conservation of forests and water resources Forests and resilience Maintenance of roads and passageways Land use by women Firewood production
  • 20. Types of land use conventionsanalysed in detail1. Natural resources management issues;2. Maintenance of passageways for transhumance, and local roads3. Managing local fishery resources.
  • 21. Objectives of innovation platform in Bougouni (Yoroubougoula) : Limited awareness and adoption of improved technologies Land degradation, inadequate supply of crop and livestock inputs Market-related constraints including limited access to credit, low farm- gate prices, high cost and low quality of inputs, weak linkages between producers, and many other actors along the 2 value chains Policy-related constraints such as conflicts arising from access to community resources and utilization especially between farmers and pastoralists Institutional-related constraints such as lack of grazing areas and livestock watering points Ineffective extension and other technical support systems, as well as lack of policy incentives,Are serious constraints to the intensification of farming systems insouthern Mali
  • 22. Establishment of innovation platformsActivities carried out Coalition of IP actors set up Stakeholders analysis to determine project partners and their roles in the IP Need assessment and priority setting Preferred communication tools and strategies for mobilization of actors defined for the official lunching of the IP Set up of IP management team (members and their roles)
  • 23. Establishment of innovation platformsRoles of the IP management team Follow-up the implementation of the recommendations on IP activities Monitor, evaluate and orient the IP activities Sensitize the IP actors Prepare the agenda and convene the IP meetings Contribute to activities retained by the IP actors Facilitate the interactions among the various IP actors
  • 24. 4.2.1 Develop and test options for introducing communication tools for preventing child malnutrition, into community health care system  Nutrition activities based on the first 1000 days of life concept  4 training modules prepared based on the 7 Essential Nutrition Actions (ENA) framework  Intervention areas: 6 communes in Koutiala; 6 villages per commune (36 villages in all)Africa RISING M&E expert meeting - Addis Ababa 24
  • 25. 4.2.1 communication tools for preventing child malnutrition, into community health care system (cont.)  2 levels of training:  Commune level: a total of 30 trainers per commune (5 trainers per village) at the health centres.  Village level: 25 mothers trained by the 5 trainers per village who received training at the commune level  Cross-cutting issues of training modules:  Exclusive breastfeeding; hygiene; processing methods for improved nutrient retention; dietary diversification; utilization of maternal and child health services; prevention of malaria and culinary demonstrationsAfrica RISING M&E expert meeting - Addis Ababa 25
  • 26. 4.4.1 Dietary diversity, nutritional performance of existing dietary options  6 health centers supplied with seeds for improved availability and access:  Cereals: sorghum, millet, maize  Legumes: cowpea, soybean  Vegetables/trees: amaranth, hibiscus (sorrel), moringa, baobab  Aflatoxin management activities in groundnuts in progressAfrica RISING M&E expert meeting - Addis Ababa 26
  • 27. Africa Research in Sustainable Intensification for the Next Generation