Taking the Mystery Our of Copyright & Fair Use Guidelines


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  • While copyright law is difficult to understand, it is important for school, teachers, and students to respect the rights of copyright holders while still taking advantage of the opportunities to use these materials for fair use in teaching and learning. Technology has created new gray areas in how we interpret copyright. Today’s discussion, will hopefully make you more aware of the guidelines for fair use, and is only a beginning conversation.
  • Taking the Mystery Our of Copyright & Fair Use Guidelines

    1. 1. Taking the Mystery Out of Copyright and Fair Use Guidelines
    2. 2. What is Copyright? <ul><li>According to the U.S. Copyright Office: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“Copyright is a form of protection provided by the laws of the United States (title 17, U.S. Code) to the author of “original works of authorship.” </li></ul></ul>
    3. 3. How Long Does Copyright Last? <ul><li>Individuals (after 1978) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For their life + 70 years </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Corporate Authors (after 1978) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>95 years after publication </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>120 years after creation if not published </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Works published between 1923-1978 are protected for 95 years. </li></ul>
    4. 4. What is Subject to Copyright? <ul><li>Literary Works </li></ul><ul><li>Pictorial, Graphic, and Sculptural Works </li></ul><ul><li>Musical Works </li></ul><ul><li>Dramatic Works </li></ul><ul><li>Choreographic Works </li></ul><ul><li>Motion Pictures and AV </li></ul><ul><li>Sound Recordings </li></ul><ul><li>Architectural Works </li></ul><ul><li>Any work that is fixed (tangible), original, or new work from modified original. </li></ul>
    5. 5. What is Fair Use? <ul><li>Use of copyrighted materials for activities such as: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Criticism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Comment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>News reporting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Teaching </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scholarship </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Research </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. How Does Fair Use Work? <ul><li>Purpose </li></ul><ul><li>Nature </li></ul><ul><li>Amount and Sustainability </li></ul><ul><li>Potential Marketability </li></ul>
    7. 7. Fair Use - Purpose
    8. 8. Fair Use - Nature
    9. 9. Fair Use - Amount & Sustainability <ul><li>How much of the work will you use? Examples: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Copies: Page or chapter from book, an article, short essay or poem, chart, diagrams, cartoons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Video: 10% or 3 minutes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Text: 10% or 1,000 words </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Music & Lyrics: 10% or 30 seconds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Illustrations or Photos: <5 images from one artists; 15 images from a collection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Multimedia Project: no more than 2 copies </li></ul></ul>
    10. 10. Fair Use - Potential Marketability
    11. 11. What is the Public Domain? <ul><li>Works that are not owned by anyone. </li></ul><ul><li>Everything published before 1923. </li></ul><ul><li>US federal works </li></ul><ul><li>Works chosen by authors to be placed in the public domain (notice included on item) </li></ul><ul><li>Work published on the Internet is not in the public domain </li></ul>
    12. 12. Creative Commons <ul><li>Licenses that let people copy and distribute the work under specific conditions . </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Links back to a website (URL) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Give credit back </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Noncommercial purposes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Taj Mahal, by Emperor Shar Jahn </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Photo by Howard Davis. © Howard Davis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Retrieved October 15, 2007 from </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.greatbuildings.com/cgibin/gbi.cgi/ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Taj_Mahal.html/cid_1821108.html </li></ul></ul>
    13. 13. Copyright Spectrum Full Copyright Public Domain Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial No Derivative Works Share Alike
    14. 14. Examples of Creative Commons License Photos:
    15. 15. Five Keys for Teachers and Students to Remember <ul><li>Always assume an item is copyrighted, unless it is in the public domain. </li></ul><ul><li>The Internet is NOT considered public domain. </li></ul><ul><li>Seek permission from the owner of a copyrighted work when you want to use a work commercially , if you intend to use it repeatedly or you intend to use an entire work longer than 2,500 words. </li></ul><ul><li>For electronic media, a general rule of thumb is < 10% is considered Fair Use. </li></ul><ul><li>Always site your source. </li></ul>