PSpiceアプリケーションセミナー(モータアプリケーション回路)
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PSpiceアプリケーションセミナー(モータアプリケーション回路)

PSpiceアプリケーションセミナー(モータアプリケーション回路)

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PSpiceアプリケーションセミナー(モータアプリケーション回路) PSpiceアプリケーションセミナー(モータアプリケーション回路) Presentation Transcript

  • PSpiceアプリケーションセミナー~モータアプリケーション回路~
    1
    株式会社ビー・テクノロジーhttp://www.bee-tech.com/
  • モデル
    デザインキット回路方式のテンプレート
    回路解析シミュレータ
    All Rights Reserved Copyright (C) Bee Technologies Inc.
    2
  • 3
    スパイス・パーク http://www.spicepark.com/⇒ スパイスモデルをご提供
    今週のスパイスモデル:1週間に1回無料でスパイスモデルをご提供
    All Rights Reserved Copyright (C) Bee Technologies Inc.
  • デバイスモデル、
    シミュレーションに
    関する月刊小冊子
    All Rights Reserved Copyright (C) Bee Technologies Inc.
    4
  • 売上
    Break Even Time
    (損益分岐点到達時間)
    利益
    Break Even After Release
    (販売開始後損益分岐点到達時間)
    Time to Market
    (商品開発時間)
    累積コスト・投資
    Time to Marketの短縮が売上、利益の増大と投資、コストの削減に直結する
    販売開始
    開発開始
    具体的な施策としてシミュレーション技術の導入がある
    ->1回でも試作回数を削減させるのが目的である
    All Rights Reserved Copyright (C) Bee Technologies Inc.
    5
  • All Rights Reserved Copyright (C) Bee Technologies Inc.
    6
  • 回路開発実験室と同じ環境をコンピュータ上に創る
    自分が良く採用するデバイスのデバイスモデル(SPICE MODEL)を
    最初から準備し、整備していく。
    All Rights Reserved Copyright (C) Bee Technologies Inc.
    7
  • 序論
    コイルの等価回路の考え方(周波数を考慮する)
    注意:動作周波数により、3素子モデルではなく、5素子モデル、ラダー・モデル
        が採用される事もあります。
    All Rights Reserved Copyright (C) Bee Technologies Inc.
    8
  • 序論
    *$
    *PART NUMBER: 22R105
    *MANUFACTURER: Newport Components
    *All Rights Reserved Copyright (C) Bee Technologies Inc. 2005
    .SUBCKT 22R105 1 2
    L1 1 2 XXXXXX
    R1 1 2 XXXXXX
    C1 1 2 XXXXXX
    .ENDS
    *$
    All Rights Reserved Copyright (C) Bee Technologies Inc.
    9
  • 序論
    All Rights Reserved Copyright (C) Bee Technologies Inc.
    10
  • 序論
    All Rights Reserved Copyright (C) Bee Technologies Inc.
    11
  • 序論
    微小な抵抗を配置する
    All Rights Reserved Copyright (C) Bee Technologies Inc.
    12
  • 序論
    All Rights Reserved Copyright (C) Bee Technologies Inc.
    13
  • 14
    1.ステッピングモーターのスパイスモデル1.1周波数モデルについて
     周波数の任意の点
     周波数の任意の帯域
       3素子モデル
       5素子モデル
       ラダーモデル1.2周波数モデル+内部電圧依存性について2.DCモーターのスパイスモデル2.1従来の等価回路モデル2.2新規開発した等価回路モデル
    All Rights Reserved Copyright (C) Bee Technologies Inc.
  • Bipolar Stepping Motor Driver
    Simulation Example:
    Predict the Ripple Current Magnitude at set Chopping Frequency
    15
    All Rights Reserved Copyright (C) Bee Technologies Inc.
  • Test circuit:
    TB62206FG Model is connected to Stepper Motor Model (100k-1MHz).
    Phase current is simulated at fchop=100kHz to predict motor current ripple.
    16
    All Rights Reserved Copyright (C) Bee Technologies Inc.
  • Block Diagram
    Device Feature:
    • Input logic to drive Bipolar Step Motor
    • Internal OSC
    • Current Level Set
    • Mixed Decay Control
    • Charge Pump Unit
    • H-Bridge Output
    • Protection Unit
    17
    All Rights Reserved Copyright (C) Bee Technologies Inc. 2010
  • Model SUBCKT(Behavioral Logic Model)
    Model is include:
     Input logic to drive Bipolar Step Motor
     Internal OSC
     Current Level Set
     Mixed Decay Control
     Charge Pump Unit
     H-Bridge Output
     Protection Unit (Over Current Protection
    18
    All Rights Reserved Copyright (C) Bee Technologies Inc. 2010
  • Stepping Motor Phase Inductance (Ls) vs. Frequency
    Phase Inductance (Ls) is selected at phase frequency 100kHz
    19
    All Rights Reserved Copyright (C) Bee Technologies Inc.
  • Phase Inductor model (100k-1MHz)
    Motor coil is modeled from an inductor series with resistor.
    Model parameters are extracted to fit characteristics around chopping frequency (100kHz).Ls=1.6mH, Rs=8.25ohm
    20
    All Rights Reserved Copyright (C) Bee Technologies Inc.
  • Recommended Application CircuitBench Test (Bread Board Circuit)
    21
    All Rights Reserved Copyright (C) Bee Technologies Inc.
  • Recommended Application CircuitBench Test (Bread Board Circuit)
    Phase Signal Input
    Bipolar Stepping Motor
    Motor Phase Current
    TB62206FG
    Current Probe
    22
    All Rights Reserved Copyright (C) Bee Technologies Inc.
  • Measured result: Mixed Decay Mode ripple current
    Measured result show the ripple current
    OSC Signal
    Ripple Current Magnitude
    Motor Phase Current
    VM=24,18,12V
    23
    All Rights Reserved Copyright (C) Bee Technologies Inc.
  • Simulated result: (the chopping frequency is approximately 100kHz)
    The result show how model simulate Ripple Current Magnitude at fchop is approximately 100kHz.
    Ripple Current Magnitude
    24
    All Rights Reserved Copyright (C) Bee Technologies Inc.
  • 25
    1.1周波数モデルについて
    TECO ELEC. & MACH.CO.,LTD.’s Unipolar Stepping Motor 4H4018-X0101
    • DC Voltage........................DC 12.0 V
    • Rated Current....................0.23 A/Phase
    • Step Angle.........................1.8(degrees)
    • Leads ................................6
    All Rights Reserved Copyright (C) Bee Technologies Inc.
  • 26
    1.1周波数モデルについて
    The Winding Impedance vs. Frequency characteristicsare obtained with a Precision Impedance Analyzer (Agilent 4294A).
    All Rights Reserved Copyright (C) Bee Technologies Inc.
  • 27
    1.1周波数モデルについて
    All Rights Reserved Copyright (C) Bee Technologies Inc.
  • 28
    1.2周波数モデル+内部電圧依存性について
    Impedance
    Back EMF
    All Rights Reserved Copyright (C) Bee Technologies Inc.
  • 29
    1.2周波数モデル+内部電圧依存性について
    3素子モデルからラダーモデルへ
    All Rights Reserved Copyright (C) Bee Technologies Inc.
  • 30
    1.2周波数モデル+内部電圧依存性について
    PWM Controller IC
    • Current Mode
    • Voltage Mode
    Output Device
    • MOSFET
    • BJT
    • Darlington Transistor
    • etc…
    Microcontroller
    STEPPING MOTOR
    All Rights Reserved Copyright (C) Bee Technologies Inc.
  • 31
    1.2周波数モデル+内部電圧依存性について
    IDEAL MOSFT
    Clock signal (600pps)
    Input Speed [pps] here.
    Unipolar stepping motor (driven with 600pps)
    • The clock signal and the motor model are synchronized. Input the value in the “PARAMETERS: pps= ” to set the speed condition.
    All Rights Reserved Copyright (C) Bee Technologies Inc.
  • 32
    1.2周波数モデル+内部電圧依存性について
    Set current (0.100A)
    Modulated control signal
    Phase sequence control signal
    • Input the set current value and configure the phase sequence control signal. PWM will regulate the phase current a the set current level.
    All Rights Reserved Copyright (C) Bee Technologies Inc.
  • 33
    1.2周波数モデル+内部電圧依存性について
    T=1/pps
    Clock
    FA Phase Excitation
    /FA Phase Excitation
    FB Phase Excitation
    /FB Phase Excitation
    All Rights Reserved Copyright (C) Bee Technologies Inc.
  • 34
    1.2周波数モデル+内部電圧依存性について
    All Rights Reserved Copyright (C) Bee Technologies Inc.
  • 35
    1.2周波数モデル+内部電圧依存性について
    Current Rise Time vs. Speed SimulationClock Rate = 600pps
    600[pps]
    Clock
    Phase A
    tr=172.935
    Phase A Current
    (ID of MOSFET)
    Phase A current rise time is 172.935usec.At 600[pps] clock rate.
    All Rights Reserved Copyright (C) Bee Technologies Inc.
  • 36
    1.2周波数モデル+内部電圧依存性について
    Current Rise Time vs. Speed SimulationClock Rate = 750pps
    750[pps]
    Clock
    Phase A
    tr=173.619
    Phase A Current
    (ID of MOSFET)
    Phase A current rise time is 173.619usec. At 750[pps] clock rate.
    All Rights Reserved Copyright (C) Bee Technologies Inc.
  • 37
    1.2周波数モデル+内部電圧依存性について
    Current Rise Time vs. Speed SimulationClock Rate = 1000pps
    1000[pps]
    Clock
    Phase A
    tr=174.773
    Phase A Current
    (ID of MOSFET)
    Phase A current rise time is 174.773usec. At 1000[pps] clock rate.
    All Rights Reserved Copyright (C) Bee Technologies Inc.
  • 38
    1.2周波数モデル+内部電圧依存性について
    The measurement and simulation result of phase current rise time.
    All Rights Reserved Copyright (C) Bee Technologies Inc.
  • 39
    1.2周波数モデル+内部電圧依存性について
    E_AEMF VALUE
    ?
    ?
    ?
    BackEMFVoltage(v)
    関数を作成する
    Speed (pps)
    All Rights Reserved Copyright (C) Bee Technologies Inc.
  • 40
    1.2周波数モデル+内部電圧依存性について
    Impedance
    Back EMF
    All Rights Reserved Copyright (C) Bee Technologies Inc.
  • 41
    2.DCモーターのスパイスモデル2.1従来の等価回路モデル2.2新規開発した等価回路モデル
    All Rights Reserved Copyright (C) Bee Technologies Inc.
  • 42
    2.1従来の等価回路モデル
    COMPONENTS: DC MOTOR
    PART NUMBER: FA -130
    MANUFACTURER: MABUCHI MOTOR CO.,LTD.
    All Rights Reserved Copyright (C) Bee Technologies Inc.
  • 43
    2.1従来の等価回路モデル
    *$
    *PART NUMBER: FA - 130
    *All Rights Reserved Copyright (c) Bee Technologies Inc. 2005
    *V=1.5V, I0=0.150A
    .SUBCKT FA-130 1 2 PARAMS: IL=0.150
    .........
    .........
    .........
    .........
    .........
    .........
    *$
    All Rights Reserved Copyright (C) Bee Technologies Inc.
  • 44
    2.1従来の等価回路モデル
    All Rights Reserved Copyright (C) Bee Technologies Inc.
  • 45
    2.1従来の等価回路モデル
    All Rights Reserved Copyright (C) Bee Technologies Inc.
  • 46
    2.1従来の等価回路モデル
    All Rights Reserved Copyright (C) Bee Technologies Inc.
  • 47
    2.2新規開発した等価回路モデル
    MABUCHI MOTOR RS-380PH
    • Voltage Range..........................12.0 V
    • Normal Voltage.........................7.2 V
    • Normal Load.............................9.8 mNm
    • Speed at No Load.....................16,400 rpm
    • At Normal Load
    Speed................................14,200 rpm
    Current...............................2.9A
    All Rights Reserved Copyright (C) Bee Technologies Inc.
  • 48
    2.2新規開発した等価回路モデル
    • The Torque Constant KT is obtained as:
    RS-380PH at Normal Load:
    Torque = 9.8 mNm
    INormal Load = 2.9 A
    KT = 9.8/2.9 = 3.379 mNm/A
    (1)
    All Rights Reserved Copyright (C) Bee Technologies Inc.
  • 49
    2.2新規開発した等価回路モデル
    • The Back EMF Constant KE is obtained as:
    RS-380PH at No Load:
    Speed = 16,400 rpm
    VEMF = VNormal - RMINo Load = 7.2-0.3456 = 6.8544 V
    ,RM=0.576 and INo Load=0.6A (measurement data).
    KE =6.8544/16,400 = 0.41795 mV/rpm
    (2)
    All Rights Reserved Copyright (C) Bee Technologies Inc.
  • 50
    2.2新規開発した等価回路モデル
    Measured
    Calculated
    Precision Impedance Analyzer |Z| vs. Frequency measured data.
    • The Armature Inductance and Resistance are obtained with a Precision Impedance Anayzer (Agilent 4294A)
    • LS = 165 uH and RS = 575.977 m
    All Rights Reserved Copyright (C) Bee Technologies Inc.
  • 51
    1
    PARAMETERS:
    IL = 0.6
    E_TORG
    Trq
    IN+
    OUT+
    PARAMETERS:
    OUT-
    IN-
    0Vdc
    kt = 3.38m
    EVALUE
    rpm
    ke = 0.41795m
    C1
    RM
    4.7n
    0.575977
    0
    0
    N1
    1
    N5
    1
    LM
    165u
    L1
    IC = 0
    R0
    4.5u
    2
    N2
    0
    2
    N6
    Vsense
    0Vdc
    R1
    E_EMF
    N3
    IN+
    OUT+
    OUT-
    IN-
    0
    0
    Gintg
    Efctr
    IN-
    OUT-
    ang
    fctr
    C2
    IN+
    OUT+
    2
    OUT+
    IN+
    4.7n
    OUT-
    IN-
    Cdum
    Cintg
    0
    EVALUE
    10uF
    GVALUE
    Rdum2
    0
    0
    0
    0
    0
    IC = 0
    0
    0
    2.2新規開発した等価回路モデル
    物理的特性
    |Z| - Frequency
    Back EMF Voltage
    All Rights Reserved Copyright (C) Bee Technologies Inc.
  • 52
    2.2新規開発した等価回路モデル
    Simulation
    Steady-state current
    =3.8A (motor with fan)
    Input the Steady-State Current load condition.
    (ex. IL=0.6A for the No Load or IL=3.8A for the motor with fan).
    Steady-state current
    =0.6A (no load)
    All Rights Reserved Copyright (C) Bee Technologies Inc.
  • 53
    2.2新規開発した等価回路モデル
    Simulation
    Input the value of “IL”=1.1A for the steady-state current condition 0.6A (the value is not matched).
    Steady-state current
    =0.6A
    All Rights Reserved Copyright (C) Bee Technologies Inc.
  • 54
    2.2新規開発した等価回路モデル
    The test setup include 12Vdc source ,0.8 series resistor and the RS-380PH motor with fan.
    Simulation
    Measurement
    VM(t) ,5V/DIV
    IM(t) ,2A/DIV
    • This figure shows the result of the start-up transient simulation with RS-380PH motor model at condition 12V ,3.8A load.
    • The result is compared to the voltage and current waveforms obtained by the oscilloscope.
    All Rights Reserved Copyright (C) Bee Technologies Inc.
  • 55
    Bee Technologies Group
    デバイスモデリング
    スパイス・パーク(デバイスモデル・ライブラリー) 
    デザインキット
    デバイスモデリング教材
    【本社】
    株式会社ビー・テクノロジー
    〒105-0012 東京都港区芝大門二丁目2番7号 7セントラルビル4階
    代表電話: 03-5401-3851
    設立日:2002年9月10日
    資本金:8,830万円 (資本準備金:1,500万円)
    【子会社】
    Bee Technologies Corporation (アメリカ)
    Siam Bee Technologies Co.,Ltd. (タイランド)
    お問合わせ先)
    info@bee-tech.com
    All Rights Reserved Copyright (C) Bee Technologies Inc.