PSYC 3401
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  • 1. PSYC 3401 Experimental Psychology Prof Traci Welch Moritz Public Services Librarian Assistant Professor Heterick Memorial Library
  • 2. Goals for today Devise a research strategy Begin background research Select and access resources Critically evaluating resources Saving resources found using Bibliographic Citation Software
  • 3. How am I going to remember everything you are going to tell me?
  • 4. Research Guides
  • 5. What do I do first? Take a look at your topic and identify key search terms, Ask a question.  Most databases now use an implied Boolean logic search scheme so a keyword search will get you started.  Boolean logic is the use of AND, NOT, OR to narrow or expand your search  See Research Guide for PSYC 3401 
  • 6. Research Strategy DEFINING YOUR TOPIC Most important part of research is at the beginning
  • 7. Research Tools Internet Catalogs POLAR OhioLINK Databases Reference Sources General Subject Specific
  • 8. Primary Secondary Tertiary  In the humanities and social sciences, primary sources are the direct evidence or first-hand accounts of events without secondary analysis or interpretation. A primary source is a work that was created or written contemporary with the period or subject being studied.  A primary source is an original document containing firsthand information about a topic. Different fields of study may use different types of primary sources. http://www.lib.vt.edu/help/research/primary-secondary-tertiary.html Virginia Tech University Libraries Accessed 08/23/2013
  • 9. Primary Secondary Tertiary Examples: Original Research Diaries Interviews Letters 9 Original works of art Photographs Speeches Works of literature
  • 10. Primary Secondary Tertiary  Secondary sources analyze or interpret historical events or creative works. A secondary source contains commentary on or discussion about a primary source. The most important feature of secondary sources is that they offer an interpretation of information gathered from primary sources.
  • 11. Primary Secondary Tertiary A 11 tertiary source presents summaries or condensed versions of materials, usually with references back to the primary and/or secondary sources. They can be a good place to look up facts or get a general overview of a subject, but they rarely contain original material.  Examples:      Almanacs, dictionaries, encyclopedias Indexes, bibliographies Text books Trade publications Newspaper, magazine articles
  • 12. Reference Resources Oxford English Dictionary Oxford Reference Online Oxford Scholarship See the Databases under “Multidisciplinary” tab for more options
  • 13. So what next? • • • • • • Start big doing background reading Look for patterns Look at reference sources, LC subject heading list, subject headings in research tools Ask a librarian  Look at thesaurus in the research tools Narrow your topic for a more focused product
  • 14. Scholarly, Peer-reviewed Popular  Periodical means the same as Magazine Usually magazines are more “popular”  Journals Scholarly or Professional Peer reviewed See Research Guide for PSYC 3401 for this and other Handouts
  • 15. Empirical Article -summarizing original research Components of…  Abstract – A report of an empirical study includes an abstract that provides a very brief summary of the research.  Introduction – The introduction sets the research in a context, which provides a review of related research and develops the hypotheses for the research.  Method – The method section is a description of how the research was conducted, including who the participants were, the design of the study, what the participants did, and what measures were used.  Results – The results section describes the outcomes of the measures of the study.  Discussion – The discussion section contains the interpretations and implications of the study.  General Discussion – There may be more than one study in the report; in this case, there are usually separate Method and Results sections for each study followed by a general discussion that ties all the research together.  References – A references section contains information about the articles and books cited in the report.
  • 16.  Language Recognizing Empirical Research  measurement  psychological aspects  reports  research statistics  usage  Length of Article  Empirical research articles are usually substantial (more than 1 or 2 pages) and include a bibliography or cited references section (usually at the end of the article).
  • 17. Searching for empirical studies Hints and Tips 1. Always click on “peer reviewed” and/or “scholarly (peer reviewed) periodicals” link if available 2. Try a search that combines the keyword "empirical" with keywords that represent your topic. Example: social work and empirical. 3. Also try the keywords "research," "experiment," or "study" 4. Some databases will allow you to limit your search to a particular type of publication or content. Use this feature to limit your search to only empirical or research-based articles or case study
  • 18. Internet Tools Google and Wikipedia aren’t intrinsically evil, just use them for the correct purpose in your research.
  • 19. Internet Tools Note: If working off campus please see the “Google scholar” tab at the Research Guide for PSYC 3401 Google Scholar ONU buys Full-text database OhioLINK Permits Google to link to full-text ONU user sees licensed full-text articles Google asks to link to content Run Google Scholar Search
  • 20. Critically analyzing web sources  Timeliness of the information  Depth and importance of the information  Source of the information  Reliability of the information  Possible bias present in the information
  • 21. What do I do next? Use library resources to continue your background research.
  • 22. Research Strategy If needed, you will want to get an overview of your topic. Reference works can help as well as general books. DEFINING YOUR TOPIC BACKGROUND RESEARCH
  • 23. SEARCH a new way to explore the library’s resources
  • 24. What is included?  POLAR  Article-level searching for all EBSCO databases  Article-level searching for a variety of other databases: JSTOR, Hoover’s, AccessPharmacy, etc.  Title-level searching for most other databases: IEEE, CIAO, Proquest Nursing & Allied Health  OhioLink central catalog
  • 25. Results: Full Text, Polar
  • 26. Results: OhioLink
  • 27. Results: Find It @ ONU
  • 28. Results: ILL
  • 29. Facets: Limit Your Results
  • 30. Things to Remember  Facets are your Friend: After you search, limit your results to what you really want  A tool not a solution: This is not the solution to everything  Ask the librarians for help: We would be glad to help you or your students with best practices  There will still be some small changes coming
  • 31. Research Strategy DEFINING YOUR TOPIC With a basic understanding of your topic, it is time to get more detail BACKGROUND RESEARCH DETAILED RESEARCH
  • 32. Research Tools∞Databases Often tools for locating journal and newspaper articles Most are subject-specific – some multi-disciplinary Many give access to full text of articles Heterick has over 250
  • 33. Databases -- Subject Specific      MEDLINE with Full Text PsycINFO 1967 – present Psychology and Behavioral Science Collection Gender Studies Database PubMed (for off campus access, click on the “off-campus access” flag and log in using first and last name and all 11 digits ONU ID )
  • 34. Tools -- Bibliographic Citation Software
  • 35. Databases -- Subject Specific Medline Plus with full text
  • 36. Databases -- Subject Specific PsycINFO
  • 37. Databases -- Subject Specific Psychology and Behavioral Science Collection
  • 38. Databases -- Subject Specific Gender Studies Database
  • 39. Databases -- Subject Specific PubMed
  • 40. Databases -- Subject Specific Social Index Sciences Citation
  • 41. Citation Databases “General” databases – searchable by subject, title, author, etc. Citation databases – as above but tells you who has cited a particular article - significance
  • 42. Citation Databases (ISI)  Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED)--1980-present  Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI)--1980-present  Arts & Humanities Citation Index (A&HCI)--1980-present  Combined into product, Web of Knowledge
  • 43. General or Subject Specific Database Your Search Terms Keyword / subject Author Title Etc Citation Database Your Search Terms KW / subject Author Title Etc. Sources (citations) used by authors themselves
  • 44. Advantages Gauge significance of individual articles & authors Uses expertise of experts in the field Gives insight into research patterns in different disciplines Can save you time – especially when doing more rigorous research
  • 45. Detailed Research DEFINING YOUR TOPIC BACKGROUND RESEARCH DETAILED RESEARCH FINAL PRODUCT
  • 46. QUESTIONS? Ask at the Reference Desk Phone the Reference Desk – 2185 Contact us by E-mail reference@onu.edu