Writing Seminar Rogers Spring 2012


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Writing Seminar Rogers Spring 2012

  1. 1. ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY & RESEARCH STRATEGIES Writing Seminar Dr. Scott Rogers Traci Welch Moritz Public Services Librarian/Assistant Professor Heterick Memorial LibrarySpring 2012
  2. 2. What today is all about Aid in constructing research strategy for finding resources for annotated bibliography Field research Primary vs. Secondary Resources Using RefWorks
  3. 3. WELCOME to the LIBRARY
  4. 4. What you can expect from HML Knowledgeable degreed librarians on duty over 60 hours per week Friendly faces ready to help 101.5 hours per week Access to the resources you need both on and off campus Resources available in a timely manner
  5. 5. Librarians and support staffhttp://www-new.onu.edu/academics/heterick_memorial_library/staff
  6. 6. What we expect you to know WorldCAT 1.4 billion items OhioLINK Ca. 20,000,000 itemsPOLAR Ca. 400,000 items
  7. 7. + even more! 250 Databases About 700+ print periodical subscriptions 10s of thousands electronic journal titles Juvenile collection Audiovisuals – physical and streaming
  8. 8. How am I suppose to remember allthis stuff?
  9. 9. Annotated Bibliography  Allows you to see what is out there  Helps you narrow your topic and discard any irrelevant materials  Aids in developing the thesis  Makes you a better scholar
  10. 10. Bibliographic Citation Software REFWORKS
  11. 11. Managing Information -RefWorks Licensed state-wide, access free to Ohio students for the rest of your life! See: http://0- www.refworks.com.polar.onu.edu/ Write n’ Cite interfaces with MS Word Excellent Tutorials Help available at Heterick Research Guide for HONR 231 for instructions on how to get your free-for- a-life-time account
  12. 12. What should I do first?• Finding the right search term• Start big and then use patterns you see in the results list to narrow your topic• Most resources will have built into their system a “thesaurus” or “subject” or suggested topics links, use them• Ask a librarian or your professor for suggestions
  13. 13. Field Research Field research can be considered either as a broad approach to qualitative research or a method of gathering qualitative data. The essential idea is that the researcher goes “into the field” to observe the phenomenon in it’s natural state or in situ. As such, it is probably most related to the method of participant observation. The field researcher typically takes extensive field notes which are subsequently coded and analyzed in a variety of ways (Trochimn, B 1999)
  14. 14. Field Research What is qualitative research? Qualitative research is a method of inquiry employed in many different academic disciplines, traditionally in the social sciences, but also in market research and further contexts.[1] Qualitative researchers aim to gather an in- depth understanding of human behavior and the reasons that govern such behavior. The qualitative method investigates the why and how of decision making, not just what, where, when. Hence, smaller but focused samples are more often needed, rather than large samples. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Qualitative_research
  15. 15. Field Research  Observation  Participant  Direct Interview  Survey  Print  Person  Mail/Email  Phone
  16. 16. Field Research More info on qualitative research http://www.socialresearchmethods.net/kb/ qual.php http://www.qsrinternational.com/what-is- qualitative-research.aspx http://wilderdom.com/research/Qualitative VersusQuantitativeResearch.html http://carbon.ucdenver.edu/~mryder/itc/pra ct_res.html
  17. 17. What do I do next?Use library resources to continue your backgroundresearch.
  18. 18. Libraries at ONU  Heterick Memorial•Taggert Law LibraryLibrary•Library for Law  Undergraduateschool, Library, accessibleaccessible to all to all
  19. 19. •Highly structured information environment Way individual records are arranged Subject headings Catalog software optimized for above Deal with material in many formats•Implies heavy human involvement•Preparation relatively labor-intensiveEmphasis on precision•Implies a learning curve to use successfully
  20. 20. ONU ID is Library card EVA Eva Maglott 00021559801 Eva Maglott Please use all digits in your student ID number.
  21. 21. POLARThink of the call number asthe street address of thebook on the library shelves
  23. 23. FIND A BOOK∞POLAR •Looks in several locations (usually subject, article title, abstracts or contents) •Does not require an exact match •Generates comparatively large number of hits (not precise) •Good if you are not familiar with terminology •Look for the same or similar words which keep appearing
  24. 24. FIND A BOOK∞POLAR Click on the “Find Similar Items” link found on each item record•Looks in one place – subject•Usually requires an exact matchbetween your term and a pre-setlist of terms•Precise•Can be used after keyword searchhas identified specific subjects
  25. 25. Find a Book∞OhioLink Materials owned by all Ohio colleges, universities, several public libraries Ca. 10 million items Link from POLAR permits you to submit requests. Available from Heterick home page Most requests arrive in 2-3 working days No charge Limited to 100 items at a time MAY RENEW UP TO 4 TIMES
  26. 26. Primary vs. Secondary Sources What is a primary source? The definition of a primary source varies depending upon the academic discipline and the context in which it is used. In the humanities, a primary source could be defined as something that was created either during the time period being studied or afterward by individuals reflecting on their involvement in the events of that time. Using Primary Sources on the Web
  27. 27. What do I do next?Google and Wikipedia aren’t intrinsically evil, just use them for the correct purpose in your research.
  28. 28. Internet Tools Google ScholarNote: Ifworking ONU buysoff Full-text database Google askscampus to link toplease see contentthe OhioLINK Permits“google Google to Run Googlescholar” link to full-text Scholartab at the SearchResearchGuide for ONU user sees licensed full-textWriting articlesSeminar
  29. 29. Critically analyzing web sources Currency  Timeliness of the information. Relevance/Coverag  Depth and importance of e the information.  Source of the information. Authority  Reliability of the Accuracy information  Possible bias present in
  30. 30. What today is all about Review WWW, okay for research or just a bunch of crazy? Using databases to find scholarly research
  31. 31. Web ResearchDatabases “Pay to Internet (Search Engines) Play”  Material from numerous sources, individual. Government, etc. Usually created by a single publisher  Search engines must work with material prepared without regard for Content pre-arranged for easy specific software use  Quality of material varies Quality/ content control thru editorial staff  Generally do not access for-profit information Content usually available only to subscribers  Content often anonymous and undated Content source usually identified and dated
  32. 32. What do I do next?Use databases to find articles based on your search strategy
  33. 33. Research Tools∞Databases Often tools for locating journal and newspaper articles Most are subject-specific – some multi-disciplinary Many give access to full text of articles Heterick has over 250
  34. 34. Research Tools∞Databases Over 20,000 journals indexed, most are full text Divided by subject area offered at ONU Begin with a general database, Academic Search Complete JSTOR
  35. 35. Find an ArticlePeriodical means the same as MagazineUsually magazines are more “popular” Journals Scholarly or Professional Peer reviewed See Research Guide for HONR 231 for this and other Handouts
  36. 36. Research Tools∞DatabasesA. Academic Search Complete, Masterfile PremierB. JSTORC. Lexis-NexisD. Proquest NursingE. Opposing Viewpoints
  37. 37. General Database Scholarly journals, peer reviewed articles
  38. 38. General Database Scholarly journals, peer reviewed articles
  39. 39. General Database
  40. 40. Subject SpecificDatabase
  41. 41. Subject SpecificDatabase
  42. 42. Subject SpecificDatabase
  43. 43. Interlibrary Loan (ILL) Use when you need a book or article that is not available online, not owned by ONU or available via OhioLINK No charge/ limit on requests Most requests take 5-7 days to fill Use ILL form on library web
  44. 44. QUESTIONS? Ask at the Reference Desk Phone the Reference Desk – 2185 Contact us by E-mail reference@onu.edu Use Chat Help feature or the IM IM feature T-moritz@onu.edu