PSYC 3401


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PSYC 3401

  1. 1. PSYC 3401 Experimental Psychology Prof Traci Welch Moritz Public Services Librarian Assistant Professor Heterick Memorial Library
  2. 2. Goals for today Devise a research strategy Begin background research Select and access resources Critically evaluating resources Saving resources found using Bibliographic Citation Software
  3. 3. How am I going to remember everything you are going to tell me?
  4. 4. Research Guides
  5. 5. What do I do first? Take a look at your topic and identify key search terms, Ask a question.  Most databases now use an implied Boolean logic search scheme so a keyword search will get you started.  Boolean logic is the use of AND, NOT, OR to narrow or expand your search  See Research Guide for PSYC 3401 
  6. 6. Research Strategy DEFINING YOUR TOPIC Most important part of research is at the beginning
  7. 7. Research Tools Internet Catalogs POLAR OhioLINK Databases Reference Sources General Subject Specific
  8. 8. Primary Secondary Tertiary  In the humanities and social sciences, primary sources are the direct evidence or first-hand accounts of events without secondary analysis or interpretation. A primary source is a work that was created or written contemporary with the period or subject being studied.  A primary source is an original document containing firsthand information about a topic. Different fields of study may use different types of primary sources. Virginia Tech University Libraries Accessed 08/23/2013
  9. 9. Primary Secondary Tertiary Examples: Original Research Diaries Interviews Letters 9 Original works of art Photographs Speeches Works of literature
  10. 10. Primary Secondary Tertiary  Secondary sources analyze or interpret historical events or creative works. A secondary source contains commentary on or discussion about a primary source. The most important feature of secondary sources is that they offer an interpretation of information gathered from primary sources.
  11. 11. Primary Secondary Tertiary A 11 tertiary source presents summaries or condensed versions of materials, usually with references back to the primary and/or secondary sources. They can be a good place to look up facts or get a general overview of a subject, but they rarely contain original material.  Examples:      Almanacs, dictionaries, encyclopedias Indexes, bibliographies Text books Trade publications Newspaper, magazine articles
  12. 12. Reference Resources Oxford English Dictionary Oxford Reference Online Oxford Scholarship See the Databases under “Multidisciplinary” tab for more options
  13. 13. So what next? • • • • • • Start big doing background reading Look for patterns Look at reference sources, LC subject heading list, subject headings in research tools Ask a librarian  Look at thesaurus in the research tools Narrow your topic for a more focused product
  14. 14. Scholarly, Peer-reviewed Popular  Periodical means the same as Magazine Usually magazines are more “popular”  Journals Scholarly or Professional Peer reviewed See Research Guide for PSYC 3401 for this and other Handouts
  15. 15. Empirical Article -summarizing original research Components of…  Abstract – A report of an empirical study includes an abstract that provides a very brief summary of the research.  Introduction – The introduction sets the research in a context, which provides a review of related research and develops the hypotheses for the research.  Method – The method section is a description of how the research was conducted, including who the participants were, the design of the study, what the participants did, and what measures were used.  Results – The results section describes the outcomes of the measures of the study.  Discussion – The discussion section contains the interpretations and implications of the study.  General Discussion – There may be more than one study in the report; in this case, there are usually separate Method and Results sections for each study followed by a general discussion that ties all the research together.  References – A references section contains information about the articles and books cited in the report.
  16. 16.  Language Recognizing Empirical Research  measurement  psychological aspects  reports  research statistics  usage  Length of Article  Empirical research articles are usually substantial (more than 1 or 2 pages) and include a bibliography or cited references section (usually at the end of the article).
  17. 17. Searching for empirical studies Hints and Tips 1. Always click on “peer reviewed” and/or “scholarly (peer reviewed) periodicals” link if available 2. Try a search that combines the keyword "empirical" with keywords that represent your topic. Example: social work and empirical. 3. Also try the keywords "research," "experiment," or "study" 4. Some databases will allow you to limit your search to a particular type of publication or content. Use this feature to limit your search to only empirical or research-based articles or case study
  18. 18. Internet Tools Google and Wikipedia aren’t intrinsically evil, just use them for the correct purpose in your research.
  19. 19. Internet Tools Note: If working off campus please see the “Google scholar” tab at the Research Guide for PSYC 3401 Google Scholar ONU buys Full-text database OhioLINK Permits Google to link to full-text ONU user sees licensed full-text articles Google asks to link to content Run Google Scholar Search
  20. 20. Critically analyzing web sources  Timeliness of the information  Depth and importance of the information  Source of the information  Reliability of the information  Possible bias present in the information
  21. 21. What do I do next? Use library resources to continue your background research.
  22. 22. Research Strategy If needed, you will want to get an overview of your topic. Reference works can help as well as general books. DEFINING YOUR TOPIC BACKGROUND RESEARCH
  23. 23. SEARCH a new way to explore the library’s resources
  24. 24. What is included?  POLAR  Article-level searching for all EBSCO databases  Article-level searching for a variety of other databases: JSTOR, Hoover’s, AccessPharmacy, etc.  Title-level searching for most other databases: IEEE, CIAO, Proquest Nursing & Allied Health  OhioLink central catalog
  25. 25. Results: Full Text, Polar
  26. 26. Results: OhioLink
  27. 27. Results: Find It @ ONU
  28. 28. Results: ILL
  29. 29. Facets: Limit Your Results
  30. 30. Things to Remember  Facets are your Friend: After you search, limit your results to what you really want  A tool not a solution: This is not the solution to everything  Ask the librarians for help: We would be glad to help you or your students with best practices  There will still be some small changes coming
  31. 31. Research Strategy DEFINING YOUR TOPIC With a basic understanding of your topic, it is time to get more detail BACKGROUND RESEARCH DETAILED RESEARCH
  32. 32. Research Tools∞Databases Often tools for locating journal and newspaper articles Most are subject-specific – some multi-disciplinary Many give access to full text of articles Heterick has over 250
  33. 33. Databases -- Subject Specific      MEDLINE with Full Text PsycINFO 1967 – present Psychology and Behavioral Science Collection Gender Studies Database PubMed (for off campus access, click on the “off-campus access” flag and log in using first and last name and all 11 digits ONU ID )
  34. 34. Tools -- Bibliographic Citation Software
  35. 35. Databases -- Subject Specific Medline Plus with full text
  36. 36. Databases -- Subject Specific PsycINFO
  37. 37. Databases -- Subject Specific Psychology and Behavioral Science Collection
  38. 38. Databases -- Subject Specific Gender Studies Database
  39. 39. Databases -- Subject Specific PubMed
  40. 40. Databases -- Subject Specific Social Index Sciences Citation
  41. 41. Citation Databases “General” databases – searchable by subject, title, author, etc. Citation databases – as above but tells you who has cited a particular article - significance
  42. 42. Citation Databases (ISI)  Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED)--1980-present  Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI)--1980-present  Arts & Humanities Citation Index (A&HCI)--1980-present  Combined into product, Web of Knowledge
  43. 43. General or Subject Specific Database Your Search Terms Keyword / subject Author Title Etc Citation Database Your Search Terms KW / subject Author Title Etc. Sources (citations) used by authors themselves
  44. 44. Advantages Gauge significance of individual articles & authors Uses expertise of experts in the field Gives insight into research patterns in different disciplines Can save you time – especially when doing more rigorous research
  46. 46. QUESTIONS? Ask at the Reference Desk Phone the Reference Desk – 2185 Contact us by E-mail