PSYC 3401Experimental Psychology Prof Traci Welch Moritz Public Services Librarian Assistant Professor Heterick Memorial Library
Goals for today Devise a research strategy Begin background research Select and access resources Critically evaluating resources Saving resources found using Bibliographic Citation Software
How am I going to remember everything you are going to tell me?
What do I do first?
Take a look at your topic and identify key search terms, Ask a question.
Most databases now use an implied boolean logic search scheme so a keyword search will get you started.
Boolean logic is the use of AND, NOT, OR to narrow or expand your search
See Research Guide for PSYC 3401
Research Strategy DEFINING YOUR TOPIC Most important part of research is at the beginning
Research Tools Internet Catalogs POLAR OhioLINK Databases General Subject Specific
So what next?
Start big doing background reading
Look for patterns
Look at reference sources, LC subject heading list, subject headings in research tools
Ask a librarian
Look at thesaurus in the research tools
Narrow your topic for a more focused product
Internet Tools Google and Wikipedia aren’t intrinsically evil, just use them for the correct purpose in your research.
Note: If working off campus please see the “google scholar” tab at the Research Guide for PSYC 340 Google Scholar ONU buys Full-text database Google asks to link to content OhioLINK Permits Google to link to full-text Run Google Scholar Search ONU user sees licensed full-text articles Internet Tools
Internet Tools Research Guide PSYC 340
Critically analyzing web sources What? is the page/site about Who? created and maintains this site Where? Is the information coming from Why? Is the information presented on the web When? Was the page created or last updated How? Accurate or credible is the page From the University of Wisconsin Library, worksheet for evaluating web sites
What do I do next? Use library resources to continue your background research.
Research Strategy DEFINING YOUR TOPIC If needed, you will want to get an overview of your topic. Reference works can help as well as general books. BACKGROUND RESEARCH
Find a Book∞POLAR
Find a Book∞POLAR
Looks in several locations (usually subject, article title, abstracts or contents)
Does not require an exact match
Generates comparatively large number of hits (not precise)
Good if you are not familiar with terminology
Look for the same or similar words which keep appearing
Find a Book∞POLAR
Looks in one place – subject
Usually requires an exact match between your term and a pre-set list of terms
Can be used after keyword search has identified specific subjects
Click on the “Find Similar Items” link found on each item record
Find a Book∞OhioLink Materials owned by all Ohio colleges, universities, several public libraries Ca. 10 million items Link from POLAR permits you to submit requests. Available from Heterick home page Most requests arrive in 2-3 working days No charge Limited to 100 items at a time MAY RENEW UP TO 4 TIMES
What do I do next? Use databases to find articles based on your search strategy
Research Strategy DEFINING YOUR TOPIC BACKGROUND RESEARCH With a basic understanding of your topic, it is time to get more detail DETAILED RESEARCH
Research Tools∞Databases Often tools for locating journal and newspaper articles Most are subject-specific – some multi-disciplinary Many give access to full text of articles Heterick has over 250
Scholarly, Peer-reviewed Popular Periodical means the same as Magazine Usually magazines are more “popular” Journals Scholarly or Professional Peer reviewed See Research Guide for PSYC 340 for this and other Handouts
Databases -- Subject Specific MEDLINE with Full Text Psychology and Behavioral Science Collection Gender Studies Database PsycINFO 1967 – present PubMed (for off campus access, click on the “off-campus access” flag and log in using first and last name and all 11 digits ONU ID )
Tools -- Bibliographic Citation Software REFWORKS
Databases -- Subject Specific Medline Plus with full text
Databases -- Subject Specific Psychology and Behavioral Science Collection
Databases -- Subject Specific Gender Studies Database
Databases -- Subject Specific PsycINFO
Databases -- Subject Specific PubMed
Databases -- Subject Specific Social Sciences Citation Index
“General” databases – searchable by subject, title, author, etc. Citation databases – as above but tells you who has cited a particular article - significance Citation Databases
Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED)--1980-present Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI)--1980-present Arts & Humanities Citation Index (A&HCI)--1980-present Combined into product, Web of Knowledge Citation Databases (ISI)
General or Subject Citation Specific Database Database Your Search Terms Your Search Terms KW / subject Keyword / subject Sources (citations) used by authors themselves Author Author Title Title Etc Etc.
Gauge significance of individual articles & authors Uses expertise of experts in the field Gives insight into research patterns in different disciplines Can save you time – especially when doing more rigorous research Advantages
Empirical Article -- summarizing original research Components of… Abstract – A report of an empirical study includes an abstract that provides a very brief summary of the research. Introduction – The introduction sets the research in a context, which provides a review of related research and develops the hypotheses for the research. Method – The method section is a description of how the research was conducted, including who the participants were, the design of the study, what the participants did, and what measures were used. Results – The results section describes the outcomes of the measures of the study. Discussion – The discussion section contains the interpretations and implications of the study. General Discussion – There may be more than one study in the report; in this case, there are usually separate Method and Results sections for each study followed by a general discussion that ties all the research together. References – A references section contains information about the articles and books cited in the report.
Recognizing Empirical Research Language measurement psychological aspects reports research statistics usage Length of Article Empirical research articles are usually substantial (more than 1 or 2 pages) and include a bibliography or cited references section (usually at the end of the article).
Searching for empirical studies Hints and Tips 3. Also try the keywords "research," "experiment," or "study" 4. Some databases will allow you to limit your search to a particular type of publication or content. Use this feature to limit your search to only empirical or research-based articles or case study 1. Always click on “peer reviewed” and/or “scholarly (peer reviewed) periodicals” link if available 2. Try a search that combines the keyword "empirical" with keywords that represent your topic. Example: social work and empirical.
InterLibrary Loan Youcan cut and paste from most any source, so just fill in all the lines you can. ISSN is the unique number every periodical is assigned so it’s great if you can include that in your request. Be sure to only use the print ISSN, not the on-line ISSN.
Detailed Research DEFINING YOUR TOPIC BACKGROUND RESEARCH DETAILED RESEARCH FINAL PRODUCT
QUESTIONS? Ask at the Reference Desk Phone the Reference Desk – 2185 Contact us by E-mail email@example.com Use Chat Help feature or IM feature