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PSYC 3401
 

PSYC 3401

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    PSYC 3401 PSYC 3401 Presentation Transcript

    • PSYC 3401Experimental Psychology
      Prof Traci Welch Moritz
      Public Services Librarian
      Assistant Professor
      Heterick Memorial Library
    • Goals for today
      Devise a research strategy
      Begin background research
      Select and access resources
      Critically evaluating resources
      Saving resources found using Bibliographic Citation Software
    • How am I going to remember everything you are going to tell me?
    • What do I do first?
      • Take a look at your topic and identify key search terms, Ask a question.
      • Most databases now use an implied boolean logic search scheme so a keyword search will get you started.
      • Boolean logic is the use of AND, NOT, OR to narrow or expand your search
      • See Research Guide for PSYC 3401
    • Research Strategy
      DEFINING YOUR TOPIC
      Most important
      part of
      research is
      at the
      beginning
    • Research Tools
      Internet
      Catalogs
      POLAR
      OhioLINK
      Databases
      General
      Subject Specific
    • So what next?
      • Start big doing background reading
      • Look for patterns
      • Look at reference sources, LC subject heading list, subject headings in research tools
      • Ask a librarian 
      • Look at thesaurus in the research tools
      • Narrow your topic for a more focused product
    • Internet Tools
      Google and Wikipedia aren’t intrinsically evil, just use them for the correct purpose in your research.
    • Note: If working off
      campus please see the “google scholar” tab at the Research Guide for PSYC 340
      Google Scholar
      ONU buys
      Full-text
      database
      Google asks
      to link to
      content
      OhioLINK
      Permits
      Google to
      link to full-text
      Run Google Scholar
      Search
      ONU user sees
      licensed full-text
      articles
      Internet Tools
    • Internet Tools
      Research Guide
      PSYC 340
    • Critically analyzing web sources
      What? is the page/site about
      Who? created and maintains this site
      Where? Is the information coming from
      Why? Is the information presented on the web
      When? Was the page created or last updated
      How? Accurate or credible is the page
      From the University of Wisconsin Library, worksheet for evaluating web sites
    • What do I do next?
      Use library resources to continue your background research.
    • Research Strategy
      DEFINING YOUR TOPIC
      If needed, you will want to get an overview of your topic.
      Reference works can help as well as general books.
      BACKGROUND
      RESEARCH
    • Find a Book∞POLAR
    • Find a Book∞POLAR
      • Looks in several locations (usually subject, article title, abstracts or contents)
      • Does not require an exact match
      • Generates comparatively large number of hits (not precise)
      • Good if you are not familiar with terminology
      • Look for the same or similar words which keep appearing
      KEYWORD
    • Find a Book∞POLAR
      • Looks in one place – subject
      • Usually requires an exact match between your term and a pre-set list of terms
      • Precise
      • Can be used after keyword search has identified specific subjects
      • Click on the “Find Similar Items” link found on each item record
      SUBJECT
    • Find a Book∞OhioLink
      Materials owned by all Ohio colleges, universities, several public libraries
      Ca. 10 million items
      Link from POLAR permits you to submit requests. Available from Heterick home page
      Most requests arrive in 2-3 working days
      No charge
      Limited to 100 items at a time
      MAY RENEW UP TO 4 TIMES
    • What do I do next?
      Use databases to find articles based on your search strategy
    • Research Strategy
      DEFINING YOUR TOPIC
      BACKGROUND
      RESEARCH
      With a basic understanding of your topic, it is time to get
      more detail
      DETAILED
      RESEARCH
    • Research Tools∞Databases
      Often tools for locating journal and newspaper articles
      Most are subject-specific – some multi-disciplinary
      Many give access to full text of articles
      Heterick has over 250
    • Scholarly, Peer-reviewed Popular
      Periodical means the same as Magazine
      Usually magazines are more “popular”
      Journals
      Scholarly or Professional
      Peer reviewed
      See Research Guide for PSYC 340 for this and other Handouts
    • Databases -- Subject Specific
      MEDLINE with Full Text
      Psychology and Behavioral Science Collection
      Gender Studies Database
      PsycINFO 1967 – present
      PubMed
      (for off campus access, click on the “off-campus access” flag and log in using first and last name and all 11 digits ONU ID )
    • Tools -- Bibliographic Citation Software
      REFWORKS
    • Databases -- Subject Specific
      Medline Plus with full text
    • Databases -- Subject Specific
      Psychology and Behavioral Science Collection
    • Databases -- Subject Specific
      Gender Studies Database
    • Databases -- Subject Specific
      PsycINFO
    • Databases -- Subject Specific
      PubMed
    • Databases -- Subject Specific
      Social Sciences Citation Index
    • “General” databases – searchable by subject, title, author, etc.
      Citation databases – as above but tells you who has cited a particular article - significance
      Citation Databases
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED)--1980-present
      Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI)--1980-present
      Arts & Humanities Citation Index (A&HCI)--1980-present
      Combined into product, Web of Knowledge
      Citation Databases (ISI)
    • General or Subject Citation Specific Database Database
      Your Search Terms
      Your Search Terms
      KW / subject
      Keyword / subject
      Sources
      (citations)
      used by
      authors
      themselves
      Author
      Author
      Title
      Title
      Etc
      Etc.
    • Gauge significance of individual articles & authors
      Uses expertise of experts in the field
      Gives insight into research patterns in different disciplines
      Can save you time – especially when doing more rigorous research
      Advantages
    • Empirical Article -- summarizing original research
      Components of… 
      Abstract – A report of an empirical study includes an abstract that provides a very brief summary of the research.
      Introduction – The introduction sets the research in a context, which provides a review of related research and develops the hypotheses for the research.
      Method – The method section is a description of how the research was conducted, including who the participants were, the design of the study, what the participants did, and what measures were used.
      Results – The results section describes the outcomes of the measures of the study.
      Discussion – The discussion section contains the interpretations and implications of the study.
      General Discussion – There may be more than one study in the report; in this case, there are usually separate Method and Results sections for each study followed by a general discussion that ties all the research together.
      References – A references section contains information about the articles and books cited in the report.
    • Recognizing Empirical Research
      Language
      measurement
      psychological aspects
      reports
      research statistics
      usage
      Length of Article
      Empirical research articles are usually substantial (more than 1 or 2 pages) and include a bibliography or cited references section (usually at the end of the article).
    • Searching for empirical studies Hints and Tips
      3. Also try the keywords "research," "experiment," or "study"
      4. Some databases will allow you to limit your search to a particular type of publication or content. Use this feature to limit your search to only empirical or research-based articles or case study
      1. Always click on “peer reviewed” and/or “scholarly (peer reviewed) periodicals” link if available
      2. Try a search that combines the keyword "empirical" with keywords that represent your topic. Example: social work and empirical.
    • InterLibrary Loan
      Youcan cut and paste from most any source, so just fill in all the lines you can. ISSN is the unique number every periodical is assigned so it’s great if you can include that in your request. Be sure to only use the print ISSN, not the on-line ISSN.
    • Detailed Research
      DEFINING YOUR TOPIC
      BACKGROUND
      RESEARCH
      DETAILED
      RESEARCH
      FINAL PRODUCT
    • QUESTIONS?
      Ask at the Reference Desk
      Phone the Reference Desk – 2185
      Contact us by E-mail reference@onu.edu
      Use Chat Help feature or
      IM feature