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Can we hack open source cloud platforms to help reduce emissions? cloudstack collab

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To over come the lack of transparency around energy and emissions in the cloud space, we need to hack the open source cloud platforms, and write that transparency in.

To over come the lack of transparency around energy and emissions in the cloud space, we need to hack the open source cloud platforms, and write that transparency in.

Published in Technology
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  • 1. Can we hack open source #cloud platforms to help reduce emissions? Tom Raftery cloudstack collaboration conference 2012, Las Vegas 1Saturday 1 December 12
  • 2. Tom Raftery • Lead analyst, energy and sustainability practice, RedMonk • CIX, Chip & Zenith • GreenMonk.net • twitter.com/tomraftery • tom@redmonk.com • +34 677 695 468 • SlideShare.net/TomRaftery 2Saturday 1 December 12CIX, Chip & Zenith - involvement with Cloud, going back to mid 90’s
  • 3. Data? http://www.wspenvironmental.com/media/docs/ourlocations/usa/NRDC-WSP_Cloud_Computing.pdf 3Saturday 1 December 12WSP Environmental & NRDC report on cloud says cloud can reduce emissions - goodHowever:Lots of assumptionsNo real data
  • 4. Garret FitzGerald 1926-2011 4Saturday 1 December 12Unlikely politician - highly intelligent academic, unimpeachable integrity, head in the clouds(!)
  • 5. Garret FitzGerald Photo http://www.flickr.com/photos/caribb/5391899550/ 5Saturday 1 December 12Before he became a politician -In 1949 analyzed the earliest published Aeroflot timetables, and produced one of the first accurateestimations of the size of Russias airliner fleet - previously a closely guarded secret
  • 6. Garret FitzGerald Photo http://www.flickr.com/photos/steve_brace/2568478072/ 6Saturday 1 December 12KGB thought he was a spy!And look an image with KGB logo - and a sleeping cat!Proving there’s no such thing as security by obscurity & the internet rocks!
  • 7. Cloud problem No transparency 7Saturday 1 December 12
  • 8. Problem http://greenmonk.net/2011/07/21/carbon-disclosure-projects-emissions-reduction-claims-for-cloud-computing-are-flawed/ 8Saturday 1 December 12Something I have been blogging about for quite a while
  • 9. Problem http://greenmonk.net/2012/01/09/is-cloud-computing-green/ 9Saturday 1 December 12And giving conference talks about it as well
  • 10. Problem http://www.nytimes.com/2012/09/23/technology/data-centers-waste-vast-amounts-of-energy-belying-industry-image.html 10Saturday 1 December 12Data centers use vast amounts of electricityTypically only 6-12% of the electricity powering their servers goes to perform computations - McKinsey &Co.Rest used to keep servers idling and ready in case of a surge in activity - dynamic provisioning - i.e. theelastic in ec2!
  • 11. Energy ≠ Emissions 11Saturday 1 December 12NYT article was good but concentrated on energyBear in mind that energy use and emissions are not necessarily relatedEnergy is not a proxy for emissions
  • 12. Facebook Photo http://www.facebook.com/album.php?id=193287527693&aid=183026 12Saturday 1 December 12A practical example of this is...Prineville siteOpen Compute - open sourced the design of DC & hardware!
  • 13. Energy “As of the end of Q3 2011, the Prineville data center had a power usage effectiveness (PUE) of 1.08... much lower than the industry standard of 1.5. Facebook’s energy consumption per unit of computing power has declined by 38%” http://opencompute.org/about/energy-efficiency/ 13Saturday 1 December 12
  • 14. Emissions http://www.pacificorp.com/es/mining.html 14Saturday 1 December 1258% of its energy from coal12% from gas=> over 70% from fossil fuel directly.22.5% is purchased from other suppliers so could also be fossil fuel.
  • 15. Dublin http://www.datacenterknowledge.com/archives/2011/08/07/lightning-in-dublin-knocks-amazon-microsoft-data-centers-offline/ 15Saturday 1 December 12MicrosoftAmazonGoogleIBMSunGardDigital Realty TrustAll have significant DC’s in Dublin
  • 16. Emissions Ireland sources 84% of electricity from fossil fuels http://www.eirgrid.com/operations/systemperformancedata/electricitystatistics/ 16Saturday 1 December 12
  • 17. Emissions UK sources >90% of its electricity from fossil fuels https://restats.decc.gov.uk/cms/national-renewables-statistics/ 17Saturday 1 December 12“Renewables contribution to UK electricity generation was 9.4% in 2011”
  • 18. Emissions http://www.pacificorp.com/es/mining.html 18Saturday 1 December 12The carbon intensity of a data center’s electricity is more important than it’s efficiency!
  • 19. Cloud providers 19Saturday 1 December 12Partial list of cloud companies
  • 20. Clean cloud providers 20Saturday 1 December 12Rackspace’s UK data center runs on 100% renewable powerGoogle have large renewable investments and their operations are carbon neutral
  • 21. Clean cloud providers 21Saturday 1 December 12Greenqloud are based in Iceland where elec is 100% renewable
  • 22. Clean cloud providers http://aws.amazon.com/about-aws/sustainable-energy/ 22Saturday 1 December 12Amazon claim 0 carbon for two of their regions
  • 23. Clean cloud providers https://twitter.com/jeffbarr/status/251306461836222464 23Saturday 1 December 12 but demur when asked to back up the claimHow can we verify it is true?*Sound of crickets chirping*
  • 24. Problem Data? 24Saturday 1 December 12
  • 25. Cloud emissions data 25Saturday 1 December 12Partial list of cloud companies
  • 26. Cloud emissions data providers http://www.sapsustainabilityreport.com/greenhouse-gas-footprint 26Saturday 1 December 12This is as granular as the data gets!
  • 27. Cloud emissions data providers http://www.salesforce.com/company/sustainability/savings.jsp 27Saturday 1 December 12Completely inaccurate depending on where in EU on premise is being hostedIf hosted in France or Spain with low carbon intensity - move to Salesforce could increase emissionsWothout Salesforce emissions data, how do we know?
  • 28. Cloud emissions data providers http://www.salesforce.com/company/sustainability/impact.jsp 28Saturday 1 December 12Reports 2 weeks lateGives data for carbon saved, not carbon emitted
  • 29. Cloud emissions data providers http://my.greenqloud.com 29Saturday 1 December 12Also publishing CO2 savings, as opposed to emissions
  • 30. Why don’t they? Photo http://www.flickr.com/photos/pahudson/7742561802/ 30Saturday 1 December 12Competitive intelligence
  • 31. Why don’t they? Photo http://www.flickr.com/photos/nathanmarciniak/2207977707/ 31Saturday 1 December 12Hide their emissions
  • 32. Why don’t they? http://www.flickr.com/photos/jwgreen/340528570/ 32Saturday 1 December 12Lack of reporting standards
  • 33. Outcome “If you can’t measure it, you can’t manage it” 33Saturday 1 December 12Lack of focus on emissions => increased emissions
  • 34. Reminder A quick recap of 2012 so far... 34Saturday 1 December 12
  • 35. Recap 35Saturday 1 December 12In  the  third  quarter  alone,  crop  produc2on  dropped  $12  billion  “due  to  this  summer’s  severe  heat  and  drought.”    Drop  in  US  farm  inventories  was  so  sharp  in  the  last  quarter  that  it  wiped  0.2%  off  of  U.S.  GDP  in  the  latest  revision.In  Texas,  the  drought  has  killed  more  than  300  million  trees.  Nearly  98%  of  Nebraska  is  in  extreme  to  excep2onal  drought  —  3  months  ago,  none  of  it  was!hSp://thinkprogress.org/climate/2012/09/30/929381/epic-­‐dust-­‐bowl-­‐of-­‐2012-­‐con2nues/
  • 36. Recap http://www.reuters.com/article/2012/06/27/us-usa-wildfires-idUSBRE85L1DD20120627 http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-19433715 36Saturday 1 December 12One of the worst wildfire seasons on recordWildfires in US and EU
  • 37. Recap http://edition.cnn.com/2012/09/29/world/asia/pakistan-floods/index.html http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-19767627 37Saturday 1 December 12Serious floods
  • 38. Recap http://phys.org/news/2012-11-sea-levels-faster-ipcc.html 38Saturday 1 December 12Sea-levels rising 60% faster than IPCC projections28 November in journal Environmental Research Lettersrate of 3.2mm/year compared to 2mm/year in IPCC report
  • 39. Recap http://www.reuters.com/article/2012/07/02/us-usa-weather-records-idUSBRE8611EL20120702 39Saturday 1 December 12From June 25th - July 1st 2012 in US 2,171 US records broken or matchedIn June 2012 that number is 3,215
  • 40. Recap http://nsidc.org/arcticseaicenews/2012/09/arctic-sea-ice-extent-settles-at-record-seasonal-minimum/ 40Saturday 1 December 12Huge issues of ice loss in the arctic
  • 41. Recap http://nsidc.org/arcticseaicenews/2012/09/arctic-sea-ice-extent-settles-at-record-seasonal-minimum/ 41Saturday 1 December 12Lack of focus on emissions => increased emissions
  • 42. Recap http://nsidc.org/arcticseaicenews/2012/09/arctic-sea-ice-extent-settles-at-record-seasonal-minimum/ 42Saturday 1 December 12Minimum was 760,000 square kilometers (293,000 square miles) below previous record minimum extentin the satellite record, which occurred on September 18, 2007. This is an area about the size of the stateof Texas.3.29 million square kilometers (1.27 million square miles) below the 1979 to 2000 average minimum,representing an area nearly twice the size of the state of Alaska18% below 2007 and 49% below the 1979 to 2000 average
  • 43. Recap http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YegdEOSQotE 43Saturday 1 December 12That’s not to mention the issue of arctic methane - what its effects will be are, as yet, unknown (but theywon’t be good!)
  • 44. Recap http://www.unep.org/newscentre/Default.aspx?DocumentID=2698&ArticleID=9338&l=en 44Saturday 1 December 12Not factored into emissions accounting or climate models before nowCan lead to infrastructure failureclimate projections indicate substantial loss of permafrost by 2100Positive feedback
  • 45. Cloud? Cloud computing’s emissions don’t directly cause all these issues. But they do play a significant part. 45Saturday 1 December 12
  • 46. Solution? Open Source 46Saturday 1 December 12Here’s where we can help
  • 47. Solution? 47Saturday 1 December 12
  • 48. Solution? http://www.flickr.com/photos/fabricio/3549693646/ 48Saturday 1 December 12Why write patches foropen source cloud platforms?
  • 49. Solution? http://www.flickr.com/photos/dixieroadrash/3769522479/ 49Saturday 1 December 12Get the update accepted back into the core
  • 50. Solution? http://www.amee.com/products/ 50Saturday 1 December 12Companies like AMEE already provide API’s for this kind of info
  • 51. Solution? http://www.eucalyptus.com/about/customers 51Saturday 1 December 12And thus distributed with next update
  • 52. Solution? http://www.cloudstack.org/users.html 52Saturday 1 December 12And thus distributed with next update
  • 53. Solution? http://www.openstack.org/foundation/companies/ 53Saturday 1 December 12And thus distributed with next update
  • 54. btw https://www.mastodonc.com/dashboard 54Saturday 1 December 12The Mastodon C dashboard gives stats on emissions from various cloud providers - in case you’reinterested in keeping your cloud emissions down.Lot of it is guestimated data - need real data.
  • 55. Carbon http://www.pwc.com/gx/en/sustainability/publications/low-carbon-economy-index/index.jhtml 55Saturday 1 December 12PwC - largest of the "Big Four" accountancy firms2012 carbon report found CO2 emissions reductions of 0.8% from 2000-2011To stop Global Warming exceeding 2CNeed to reduce CO2 emissions by 5.1% every year until 2050
  • 56. Good News http://www.flickr.com/photos/traftery/7202866726/ 56Saturday 1 December 12Jim Hagemann Snabe - co-CEO of SAPWants SAP to be “a leader in this space”
  • 57. Good News http://solidfire.com/fueled-by-solidfire/cloudsigma/ 57Saturday 1 December 12Robert Jenkins, CEO of CloudSigma (Swiss based Carbon Neutral cloud co.)Getting ready to implement this
  • 58. Good News http://my.greenqloud.com 58Saturday 1 December 12GreenQloud are going to contribute their code to CloudStack in Q2 next year
  • 59. Conclusion Adding emissions metrics & reporting to cloud computing will help reduce emissions. Question is - is anyone up for it? 59Saturday 1 December 12
  • 60. Thanks! Contact information: Tom Raftery Principal Analyst, Energy & Sustainability, RedMonk Tom@redmonk.com, GreenMonk.net, Twitter.com/tomraftery +34 677 695 468 60Saturday 1 December 12