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Usage-centered design of adaptable visualization services. Application to cooperation support services system in the AEC sector. …

Usage-centered design of adaptable visualization services. Application to cooperation support services system in the AEC sector.
Sylvain Kubicki1 and Gilles Halin2
1 Public Research Centre Henri Tudor, Luxembourg
2 Research Centre in Architecture and Engineering (CRAI), France

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  • 1. Usage-centered design of adaptable visualization services. Application to cooperation support services system in the AEC sector. Sylvain Kubicki1 and Gilles Halin2 1Public Research Centre Henri Tudor, Luxembourg 2Research Centre in Architecture and Engineering (CRAI), France
  • 2. Overview  Introduction −  Service innovation in construction sector  Adaptable Visualization Services (AVS)  Usage-based AVS design  A first case study  Conclusion February 17, 2010 IESS 1.0 2010
  • 3. Introduction Service innovation in Architecture, Engineering and Construction (AEC) Sector February 17, 2010 IESS 1.0 2010
  • 4. Specificities of the AEC sector   Building life-cycle overview Planning Design Construction Use “Ray & Maria Stata Center for CIIS, MIT”   Main characteristics of the construction Arch. Gehry Partners sector −  Only one object produced −  Short-lived teams −  Independent and heterogeneous actors −  Wide range of models and methods   More and more viewpoints −  Restricted areas of responsibility −  Internal strategies vs. project strategies Dresden station, Germany Arch. Foster and Partners Introduction Adaptable Visualization Services AVS Design Case study Conclusion February 17, 2010 IESS 1.0 2010
  • 5. Cooperation between actors   Cooperation is essential −  To ensure project success −  Difficulties ●  Low predictable environment ●  Communications not standardized −  Groupware solutions remain under- used   Service-based innovation −  Cooperation support business services −  Sustainable Service Innovation Process S2IP Introduction Adaptable Visualization Services AVS Design Case study Conclusion February 17, 2010 IESS 1.0 2010
  • 6. Sustainable Service Innovation Process - S2IP   Developed in CRPHT Luxembourg −  Applied to Business Services design in construction sector: Build-IT project [Kubicki et al. 2009] −  In partnership with CRTI-B (a professional standardization organization) Service
 Service
 Service
 Service
 Service
 Value Design Exposi4on Management Capitaliza4on - Work practices - Transfer to the - Requirements standardization - IPR sector (call for -  Feedback (users for commercial -  Services management tender) + SSII) platform platform (“CRTI-weB” - Assessment of -  Managing -  MDE approach prototyping trademark + open- service delivery services evolution for rapid -  Pilot projects source) (metrics) prototyping experiments [Kubicki et al. 2009] Kubicki S., Dubois E., Halin G. and Guerriero A. (2009) Towards a Sustainable Services Innovation in the Construction Sector. CAISE, 21st International Conference on Advanced Information Systems. February 17, 2010 8-12 June 2009. Amsterdam. LNCS 5565, pp. 319–333, 2009. IESS 1.0 2010
  • 7. Service value related processes   Focus on experiments of Business Student project Services −  Real construction projects (pilot-projects) −  Aims ●  Validating business services design Student project ●  First step of a sectorial change management ●  Standardization (practices + services)   Other results School – Luxembourg Cents −  Basic Human Computer Interfaces: −  Interviews have shown that visualization has to be adapted to its users… and their particular needs Offices/Hotel– Luxembourg Kirchberg Introduction Adaptable Visualization Services AVS Design Case study Conclusion February 17, 2010 IESS 1.0 2010
  • 8. Part I Adaptable Visualization Services February 17, 2010 IESS 1.0 2010
  • 9. Viewpoints and visualization Current visualization modes Emerging visualization modes Introduction Adaptable Visualization Services AVS Design Case study Conclusion February 17, 2010 IESS 1.0 2010
  • 10. The concept of usage  Users needs related to −  Their role in the cooperative activity •  e.g. in AEC: architect, engineer, owner of a building… −  Available business services in the collective project  Example of usage: architect need − Searching for specific documents in order to check their consistency with main architectural plans  Defining usages − …As guidelines in User Interface (UI) design Introduction Adaptable Visualization Services AVS Design Case study Conclusion February 17, 2010 IESS 1.0 2010
  • 11. Usage centered UI design  Usage centered [Constantine & Lookwood 2003] −  Software Engineering approach −  Task oriented −  Based on a collection of models −  Incremental design with interconnected models Introduction Adaptable Visualization Services AVS Design Case study Conclusion February 17, 2010 IESS 1.0 2010
  • 12. Adaptable and adaptive UI design   In Human-Computer Interface domain −  Adaptable UI can be modified by users −  Adaptive UI changes without explicit intervention of users   Emergent UI design by models −  « To design once and generate many times » −  Modeling different contexts of use (CU) −  Modeling user interface elements evolution −  Based on differents models: CU (user, platform, environment), domain (task, concept), UI (elements)... [Sottet, J. et al. 2006] Introduction Adaptable Visualization Services AVS Design Case study Conclusion February 17, 2010 IESS 1.0 2010
  • 13. From adaptive UI to Adaptable Visualization Service  Adaptive UI design − Simple user interface − In individual activity situations  UI design for collective activity − Another context : the actor context in the activity − Each actor has his own point of view •  A point of view : a set of visualization modes •  Adapted to different usages − Our approach •  Supporting viewpoint building by usage •  Choosing among a set of Adaptable Visualization Services Introduction Adaptable Visualization Services AVS Design Case study Conclusion February 17, 2010 IESS 1.0 2010
  • 14. Adaptable Visualization Service   Visualization services −  Visualize a collection of information −  Remote service offering added value −  Dedicated to a particular scientific domain −  Useful for interpretation of a large volume of data −  In an individual or collective visualization activity   Visualization Service design −  Based on the concept of “dataflow” or “pipeline” •  Data filtering, geometric transformation, image rendering −  Adaptable Visualization Services design is emerging [Hocová, P. et al. 2008] Introduction Adaptable Visualization Services AVS Design Case study Conclusion February 17, 2010 IESS 1.0 2010
  • 15. Part II Usage-based Adaptable Visualization Service design February 17, 2010 IESS 1.0 2010
  • 16. Usage-centered AVS design method Introduction Adaptable Visualization Services AVS Design Case study Conclusion February 17, 2010 IESS 1.0 2010
  • 17. Model-driven approach  Fundamental concepts of Model conforms to Driven Engineering (MDE) −  System [is represented by] Model [conforms to] Metamodel represented by −  Transformations between models  Our needs : -  Modeling usages and AVS •  From Business services and cooperation context models (past and ongoing works) -  By defining metamodels mappings Introduction Adaptable Visualization Services AVS Design Case study Conclusion February 17, 2010 IESS 1.0 2010
  • 18. Usage-centered AVS design method February 17, 2010 IESS 1.0 2010
  • 19. Usage – AVS models mapping  Focus on usage – AVS models mapping − Identifying possible AVS applicable in particular usages  Mapping usages and AVS attributes − According to their metamodels Introduction Adaptable Visualization Services AVS Design Case study Conclusion February 17, 2010 IESS 1.0 2010
  • 20. Part III A first case study February 17, 2010 IESS 1.0 2010
  • 21. Case study  Inspired from our previous experiments − Groupware service system for construction  Example of usage − “Searching a document” −  Ex. “I need the last meeting report”, ”I want to see a picture of the project ”  Actual technique in the system −  Searching in document tables −  Filtering Introduction Adaptable Visualization Services AVS Design Case study Conclusion February 17, 2010 IESS 1.0 2010
  • 22. Example : searching a document   Innovative AVS: Treemap + Cowerflow −  Usage – AVS attributes mapping Usage AVS Role concerned Architect AVS Name Treemap + Coverflow Name Searching a document Document with normalized Main concept Hierarchic structure of name Structure variable surfaces, Sub-concept Type, author different colors Searching between a lot of High quantity of Graphical documents, different quantity information with Information Quantity attributes with actors proportional surfaces Easy practice, rapid Usage Frequency Rare Usability learning At office, on desktop Required More efficiency on Context computer device large interface Introduction Adaptable Visualization Services AVS Design Case study Conclusion February 17, 2010 IESS 1.0 2010
  • 23. "Treemap + coverflow" alternative AVS Introduction Adaptable Visualization Services AVS Design Case study Conclusion February 17, 2010 IESS 1.0 2010
  • 24. "Treemap + coverflow" alternative AVS February 17, 2010 IESS 1.0 2010
  • 25. Conclusion February 17, 2010 IESS 1.0 2010
  • 26. Example validation steps   Usages validation −  37 architect-specific usages identified −  First step of validation based on pilot-projects + interviews −  Work still in progress   AVS validation −  AVS implemented in E.V.A. prototype −  Experiments process ●  Testing task ●  Final scenario −  17 experimenters confirmed the usage – AVS mapping −  Experiment technique to be improved   Next steps −  Improvement of usage and AVS metamodels Introduction Adaptable Visualization Services AVS Design Case study Conclusion February 17, 2010 IESS 1.0 2010
  • 27. S2IP for Adaptable Visualization Service design Service
 Service
 Service
 Service
 Service
 Value Design Exposi4on Management Capitaliza4on Conclusion Prospects -  Usage Next steps to be defined in applied research -  Model-driven AVS design project… -  Experiment with real users -  Prototyping Requires a platform providing Adaptable Visualization Services Introduction Adaptable Visualization Services AVS Design Case study Conclusion February 17, 2010 IESS 1.0 2010
  • 28. Thank You for your attention Questions ? Usage-centered design of adaptable visualization services. Application to cooperation support services system in the AEC sector. Sylvain Kubicki & Gilles Halin

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