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2003 08 Tceq Speaker Notes
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2003 08 Tceq Speaker Notes


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  • 1. Presented At Southeast Chapter of TAWWA August Meeting 08/21/03 By Buck Henderson Manager Public Drinking Water Section Water Supply Division
  • 2. 2002 Bioterrorism Act (Public Law 107-188) < VA’s for CWS >3,300 population Served Í Between 50,000 & <100,000 due 12/31/03 Í Between 3,300 & <50,000 due 06/30/04 * Note: ERPs are due 6 months after submittal of VAs < FOIA Protection < Increased Penalties
  • 3. Texas HB 9 < State Protection from open records & open meetings for security sensitive information < Protection of VAs, ERPs, security systems & location of security cameras < Developed a Critical Infrastructure Protection (CIP) Council to advise the Governor
  • 4. Critical Infrastructure Protection Council < Dept of Agriculture < Office of Att. General < General Land Office < Public Utility Commission < TCEQ < Tx Dept of Health < Dept of Information Services < Dept of Public Safety < Division of Emergency Management < Tx National Guard < Railroad Commission < Tx Strategic Military Planning Commission < Tx Dept of Transportation
  • 5. Critical Infrastructure Protection Council Duties < Develop a statewide CIP Strategy < Develop an annual report to the Governor to: Í Update progress on CIP Strategy Í Provide status & funding of state security programs Í Recommend actions to reduce threats to Homeland Security Í Recommend ways to improve alert, response and recovery capabilities of state & local authorities
  • 6. A “Vulnerability Assessment” (VA) is an evaluation of a water system that identifies the system’s security weaknesses and focuses on possible threats to its ability to provide safe and adequate drinking water.
  • 7. quot;Security Vulnerability Self Assessment Guide For Small Drinking Water Systems Serving Populations Between 3,300 and 10,000quot; - (Handout Outline) TCEQ Home Web site : ecurity.html#water
  • 8. A Vulnerability Assessment addresses risks for all components of a Water System <Wellhead or Surface Water Intake <Treatment Plant <Storage Tank(s) <Pumps <Distribution System
  • 9. Six Common Elements of a Vulnerability Assessment < Description of the Water System < Identification & prioritization of possible emergency situations < Determination of Critical Components that might be subject to attack < Assessments of the Likelihood of such an attack < Evaluation of existing response measures < Analysis of current risk & development of a prioritized plan for risk reduction
  • 10. An “Emergency Response Plan” (ERP) is a well thought-out series of planned actions designed to allow operators to effectively respond to natural and man-made emergencies.
  • 11. Events That May Trigger A Response < Security Breach < Direct Utility Notification/Threat < Media Notification < Law Enforcement/National Alert < Early Warning System < Consumer Complaint < Public Health Notification
  • 12. Who To Contact For A Possible Event <Internal Í ERP Í Communication Tree <External Í Local Law Enforcement (911) & ERs Í TCEQ Region Office (24-hour Hotline # 1-800-255-3924) Í Civic Government <Incident Command Í Criminal Investigation Í Public Health Investigation Í Environmental Response & Remediation
  • 13. Who Determines Threat Credibility ? < Role of Law Enforcement < Role of The Utility < Role of The TCEQ PDW Program < Role of the State Health Department < Role of Local & Other State Governments
  • 14. Immediate Operational Response < Isolation & Containment < Backflow / Purging < Elevated Disinfection
  • 15. Contengencies For Public Health Response < Alternate Water Supply < Bottled Water < Fire Protection < Sanitation
  • 16. Information Used For A Threat Assessment < Previous security events @ the utility < National trends for security events (ISAC) < Details of the circumstances that triggered the event < Warnings & Alerts < Intelligence Information < National/Sector/DEM Threat Level < Site Characterization < Field Screening Results < Analytical Results < Distribution System Modeling < Additional Resources
  • 17. Site Characterization The process of collecting information from the site of a suspected contamination event at a DW System < Site Investigation < Field Safety Screening < Rapid Field Water Testing < Sample Collection < Maintain Crime Scene Integrity Í Avoid disturbing physical evidence < Photos/videos may likely be helpful
  • 18. General Evidence of Potential Contamination < Discarded gloves, masks, goggles & protective outerwear < Discarded equipment - tubing, hoses, pumps, sprayers, etc. < Unusual empty containers (caution !) < Unusual residual material around the site- powders, granules, oily liquids, metallic debris, etc. (caution !)
  • 19. Signs of Possible Chemical Contamination < Unexplained dead/sick wildlife < Unusual dead, discolored or withered vegetation < Oily liquid on surfaces or oily film on water surface < Unusual odors Í Almonds, peach, fruity/flowery, sharp/pungent, garlic/horseradish, sulfur, new mown hay, irritating < Unexplained low lying fog
  • 20. Typical Public Health Response Measures < Boil Water Advisory < Don’t Drink Advisory < Don’t Use Advisory < Seek Medical Attention
  • 21. Who Is Involved In Remediation Efforts ? < Role of The Utility < Role of The TCEQ < Role of Remediation Teams < Role of the State Health Department
  • 22. Remediation, Disinfection & Decontamination < Characterization of Contaminated Area < Containment of Contaminated Water < Treatment, Disinfection & Decontamination < Disposal of Decontamination Residuals < Return to Normal Operation
  • 23. How Can A Water System Prepare ? < Conduct a VA < Develop an ERP < Develop Response Guidelines < Establish & Maintain a Communication Tree < Familiarize First Responders to your WS < Training & Desk/Field exercises < Enhance Physical Security < Implement An Early Warning System
  • 24. Effective Communication With Stakeholders < Let Public know you have Identified your weaknesses thru VAs & ERPs Í But do not provide details of weaknesses and corrective actions you will take < Being too free with your system’s security information is a vulnerability itself < Your goal should be to provide enough information so the public is reassured & key players are prepared, but limit access to sensitive info by the “need to know” rule
  • 25. VA & ERP Communication Targets < Internal Staff (most important) < State Drinking Water Agencies < First Responders < Priority Customers & community Organizations < General customers < Others (Public Health Sector & other systems)
  • 26. Common Questions < Who performs/pays for response sampling? < Who performs/pays for analyses of water samples suspected of contamination? < Who determines what to test for?
  • 27. “He is best secure from dangers who is on his guard even when he seems safe” -Syrus Publilius