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  1. 1. EDWARD LEE THORNDIKE Created by: Mahmud hasan 11311004 Muh fatkhur rahman 113110 Aris lathifah 11311022 Nurul Miftakhul Jannah 11311008
  2. 2. Thorndike was born in Williamsburg, Massachusetts, in 1874, and was the second son of a Methodist minister. His bibliography comprised 507 books, monographs, and journal articles.
  3. 3. ANIMAL RESEARCH BEFORE THORNDIKE
  4. 4. Thorndike developed a methodology suitable not only for experimental study of animal learning but for much of animal and human behavior as well.
  5. 5. MAJOR THEORETICAL CONCEPTS • Connectionism • Selecting and Connecting • Learning Is Incremental, Not Insightful • Learning Is Not Mediated By Ideas • All Mammals Learn in the Same Manner
  6. 6. THORNDIKE BEFORE 1930 • The Law Of Readiness • The Law of Exercise • The Law of Effect
  7. 7. SECONDARY CONCEPTS BEFORE 1930 • Multiple Response • Set or Attitude • Prepotency of Elements • Response by Analogy • Associative shifting
  8. 8. THORNDIKE AFTER 1930 • Revised Law of Exercise • Revised law of effect • Belongingness • Spread of Effect
  9. 9. SCIENCE AND HUMAN VALUES Thorndike was a very colorful person who expressed opinions on a wide variety of topics. His thoughts on the learning process and his views concerning the relationship between the learning process and educational practices.
  10. 10. THORNDIKE ON EDUCATION Thorndike believed that educational practices should be studied scientifically. as more was discovered about the nature of learning more could be applied to improve teaching practices.
  11. 11. EVALUATION OF THORNDIKE THEORY • Contributions • Criticisms
  12. 12. The learning situation must be made to resemble the real world as much as possible.
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