Demography of Sudan Learning Objectives Definition of Demography What is SWOT Analysis? Sudan Population Profile Sudan Population Analysis Population pyramid and Demographic Stages Example text Go ahead and replace it with your own text. This is an example text.Your own footer Your Logo
Demography: historical perspectiveDemography is the study of human populationdynamics.Guillard defined demography as: ‘the mathematicalknowledge of populations, their general movements,and their physical, civil, intellectualand moral state’ (Guillard 1855:xxvi).
DemographyThe determinants and consequences of populationchange and is concerned with virtually everything thatinfluences or can be influenced by: Population Size Population growth or decline Population processes (levels and trends in mortality, fertility and migration that are determining population size and change).
DemographyPopulation characteristics (education, religion,or ethnicity)Population structure (how many by age)
Processes relevant to demography: • Mortality rate in Sudan= 17.2 per 1000 live birth •Maternal mortality ratio (per 2 100,000 live births)= 216 • Under-5 mortality rate (per 1,000live births)= 78 (UNFPA) Mortality Fertility Migration • Thetotal fertility rate •Net Migration Rate -4.52 was estimated at 5.6 in 1 3 migrant(s)/1,000 2010 SHHS population (2011 est
Demography of Sudan Learning Objectives Definition of Demography Aim of SWOT Analysis Sudan Population Profile Sudan Population Analysis Population pyramid and Demographic Stages Example text Go ahead and replace it with your own text. This is an example text.Your own footer Your Logo
Sudan PopulationProfile Population 33.419,000 (UNFPA) 33 % urban 67 % rural Annual Population Growth Rate 2.4 %
Sudan PopulationProfile Youth population 62 % Internally Displaced Population 14 % Nomads Population 9.1 %
Sudan PopulationProfile Contraceptives Prevalence Rate 9.1 % (SHHS 2010) Unmet need for family planning 29.9 % (SHHS 2010)
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SWOT Analysis Learning Objectives What is SWOT Analysis? Definition of Demography Sudan Population Profile Who needs SWOT Analysis? Sudan Population Analysis Population pyramid and Demographic Stages Example text Go ahead and replace it with your own text. This is an example text.Your own footer Your Logo
Sudan Population AnalysisMortality rates remain high at 17.2 deaths per 1,000Life expectancy at birth is about 60 years. The lifeexpectancy shows an increased trend over the years(from 38 years in 1956)National poverty rate stands at 46.5 % with regionaldisparities ranging from 26 % in Khartoum State to69.4% in North Darfur State.Maternal mortality varies widely between regions(highest MMR is 334.9 in South Darfur state and lowestis 105 in Sinnar state).
Sudan Population AnalysisIn 2010, half of deliveries were assisted only by a VillageMidwife; just one fifth were delivered by skilled healthpersonnel.HIV prevalence rate is 0.67 % reflecting a concentratedepidemic among most at-risk populations. Current trends,however, suggest an increase in HIV prevalence to 1.12 %by 2015.Sudan has always had a highly mobile population. There is asignificant nomadic population (up to 10%), heavy seasonallabor migration and large outmigration; Sudan is the sourceof both skilled and unskilled labor for most of the GulfStates.
Sudan Population Analysis Close to half of women in Sudan are illiterate. Women are disadvantage in most communities and the majority of women who work are engaged in unpaid work and in the informal sector activities.Gender-based and sexual violence and exploitation ofwomen and girls is widespread in conflict-affected areas.Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting and child marriage arealso wide spread. FGM/C prevalence rate stands at 65 %despite intensive campaigns to eradicate the practice.Despite the high youth population (62 %), the role ofyoung people in social and political life is limited.
Sudan Population AnalysisA quarter of young people living in urban areas andhalf of those living in rural areas are poor.Sudan has over four million Internally Displaced Persons(IDPS), many in large camps in Darfur and many settledin margins of the urban areas. Despite high rates of early marriage, 95 % of married adolescents do not have access to family planning. (UNFPA)
SWOT Analysis Learning Objectives Definition of Demography Sudan Population Profile Sudan Population Analysis How to conduct SWOT Analysis? Population pyramid and Demographic Stages Example text Go ahead and replace it with your own text. This is an example text.Your own footer Your Logo
Population pyramid: age structureThe number and proportion of people at each age ina population
Demographic stages Post Industrial Stage Low birth and death rates Population growth very slow.Transitional Stage Industrial Stage Lowered death rate Birth rate decline Rapid population Population growth slowgrowth Pre-industrial Stage Birth and death rates high Modest population growth
Population pyramid: agestructure(Expanding)= pre industrial stage