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Sao Paulo An Example Of An Ledc
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Sao Paulo An Example Of An Ledc


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  • 1. Sao Paulo - An example of an LEDC city trying to help itself
    • Lesson Aims:
    • To look at how Sao Paulo has coped with Urbanisation
    • To understand how the self-help scheme has worked
    CW 5 th March 2004
  • 2. Recap on last lesson - A case study of urbanisation in LEDCs: Lima, Peru
    • Large numbers of people in developing cities live in slum areas called shanty towns.
    • A shanty town is a collection of shacks and poor-quality housing which often lack electricity, a water supply or sewage disposal
    • In Lima, the capital of Peru, a large shanty town called ‘Villa El Salvador’ started in 1971
    • Most of the people there are extremely poor- have little belongings, can't afford food, and have no running water or electricity
    • They live in extreme poverty, and suffer from malnutrition, TB, and Diahorrea amongst other things
    • Despite this, ‘Villa El Salvador’ is a success: a well planned town with an excellent community spirit
  • 3. Self-Help Schemes
  • 4. Self-Help Schemes
    • Most local authorities would prefer not to have shanty towns, but they cannot afford to provide new, high-quality housing to replace them.
    • To overcome this problem, they encourage people to improve their own property through Self-Help Schemes .
  • 5. Self-Help Schemes- Continued
    • In these schemes, the authority provides land, a small loan, cheap building materials and basic services.
    • The squatters then help each other to build their own homes and improve their living conditions
    • Hence: Self -Help
  • 6. Case Study Self-Help scheme in Sao Paulo, Brazil
  • 7. Location of Sao Paulo, Brazil
  • 8. Sao Paulo- Background information
    • Sao Paulo is the richest and largest city in Brazil.
    • Urbanisation (from rural Brazil, to the big cities) has increased the population of Sao Paulo from 7 million in 1970 to 23 million today
    • The city authorities have an impossible task of providing housing and services for all
  • 9. The rich people of Sao Paulo
    • The well-off of Sao Paulo live in elegant, expensive houses with large gardens and swimming pools
    • The properties are located near to the CBD
  • 10. Housing for the poor (Favelas)
    • Location
    • Favelas (shanty towns) are located on land that no-one else wants
    • These are on the edge of Sao Paulo, on steep slopes, marshy areas and even on rubbish tips
  • 11.
    • Features
    • The Favelas are similar to the shanty towns in Lima
    • primitive shacks of wood and metal
    • some with only one room
    • Disease is common
    Housing for the poor (Favelas)
  • 12.
    • People
    • They are mainly newcomers to the city with large families and no jobs or money
    • They are squatters with no legal rights and can be moved on at any time
    Housing for the poor (Favelas)
  • 13. The Sao Paulo Self-Help Scheme
    • The self-help scheme involved providing some land, a cheap loan and building material in and around Sao Paulo.
    • They then had to build the houses themselves:
  • 14.  
  • 15.  
  • 16. Task On the A4 (plain) paper provided Copy the picture off the board (a useful sketch for use in Exams)
  • 17. An Example of a ‘Self-Help Scheme’ house
  • 18. Extension exercise
    • Have a go at the following GCSE question: