Sao Paulo An Example Of An Ledc


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Sao Paulo An Example Of An Ledc

  1. 1. Sao Paulo - An example of an LEDC city trying to help itself <ul><li>Lesson Aims: </li></ul><ul><li>To look at how Sao Paulo has coped with Urbanisation </li></ul><ul><li>To understand how the self-help scheme has worked </li></ul>CW 5 th March 2004
  2. 2. Recap on last lesson - A case study of urbanisation in LEDCs: Lima, Peru <ul><li>Large numbers of people in developing cities live in slum areas called shanty towns. </li></ul><ul><li>A shanty town is a collection of shacks and poor-quality housing which often lack electricity, a water supply or sewage disposal </li></ul><ul><li>In Lima, the capital of Peru, a large shanty town called ‘Villa El Salvador’ started in 1971 </li></ul><ul><li>Most of the people there are extremely poor- have little belongings, can't afford food, and have no running water or electricity </li></ul><ul><li>They live in extreme poverty, and suffer from malnutrition, TB, and Diahorrea amongst other things </li></ul><ul><li>Despite this, ‘Villa El Salvador’ is a success: a well planned town with an excellent community spirit </li></ul>
  3. 3. Self-Help Schemes
  4. 4. Self-Help Schemes <ul><li>Most local authorities would prefer not to have shanty towns, but they cannot afford to provide new, high-quality housing to replace them. </li></ul><ul><li>To overcome this problem, they encourage people to improve their own property through Self-Help Schemes . </li></ul>
  5. 5. Self-Help Schemes- Continued <ul><li>In these schemes, the authority provides land, a small loan, cheap building materials and basic services. </li></ul><ul><li>The squatters then help each other to build their own homes and improve their living conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Hence: Self -Help </li></ul>
  6. 6. Case Study Self-Help scheme in Sao Paulo, Brazil
  7. 7. Location of Sao Paulo, Brazil
  8. 8. Sao Paulo- Background information <ul><li>Sao Paulo is the richest and largest city in Brazil. </li></ul><ul><li>Urbanisation (from rural Brazil, to the big cities) has increased the population of Sao Paulo from 7 million in 1970 to 23 million today </li></ul><ul><li>The city authorities have an impossible task of providing housing and services for all </li></ul>
  9. 9. The rich people of Sao Paulo <ul><li>The well-off of Sao Paulo live in elegant, expensive houses with large gardens and swimming pools </li></ul><ul><li>The properties are located near to the CBD </li></ul>
  10. 10. Housing for the poor (Favelas) <ul><li>Location </li></ul><ul><li>Favelas (shanty towns) are located on land that no-one else wants </li></ul><ul><li>These are on the edge of Sao Paulo, on steep slopes, marshy areas and even on rubbish tips </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Features </li></ul><ul><li>The Favelas are similar to the shanty towns in Lima </li></ul><ul><li>primitive shacks of wood and metal </li></ul><ul><li>some with only one room </li></ul><ul><li>Disease is common </li></ul>Housing for the poor (Favelas)
  12. 12. <ul><li>People </li></ul><ul><li>They are mainly newcomers to the city with large families and no jobs or money </li></ul><ul><li>They are squatters with no legal rights and can be moved on at any time </li></ul>Housing for the poor (Favelas)
  13. 13. The Sao Paulo Self-Help Scheme <ul><li>The self-help scheme involved providing some land, a cheap loan and building material in and around Sao Paulo. </li></ul><ul><li>They then had to build the houses themselves: </li></ul>
  14. 16. Task On the A4 (plain) paper provided Copy the picture off the board (a useful sketch for use in Exams)
  15. 17. An Example of a ‘Self-Help Scheme’ house
  16. 18. Extension exercise <ul><li>Have a go at the following GCSE question: </li></ul>